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guest_amd64_toIR.c

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- begin                                     guest_amd64_toIR.c ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
   This file is part of Valgrind, a dynamic binary instrumentation
   framework.

   Copyright (C) 2004-2010 OpenWorks LLP
      info@open-works.net

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
   published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
   License, or (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
   02110-1301, USA.

   The GNU General Public License is contained in the file COPYING.

   Neither the names of the U.S. Department of Energy nor the
   University of California nor the names of its contributors may be
   used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
   without prior written permission.
*/

/* Translates AMD64 code to IR. */

/* TODO:

   All Puts to CC_OP/CC_DEP1/CC_DEP2/CC_NDEP should really be checked
   to ensure a 64-bit value is being written.

   x87 FP Limitations:
 
   * all arithmetic done at 64 bits
 
   * no FP exceptions, except for handling stack over/underflow
 
   * FP rounding mode observed only for float->int conversions and
     int->float conversions which could lose accuracy, and for
     float-to-float rounding.  For all other operations,
     round-to-nearest is used, regardless.
 
   * FP sin/cos/tan/sincos: C2 flag is always cleared.  IOW the
     simulation claims the argument is in-range (-2^63 <= arg <= 2^63)
     even when it isn't.
 
   * some of the FCOM cases could do with testing -- not convinced
     that the args are the right way round.
 
   * FSAVE does not re-initialise the FPU; it should do
 
   * FINIT not only initialises the FPU environment, it also zeroes
     all the FP registers.  It should leave the registers unchanged.
 
    RDTSC returns zero, always.
 
    SAHF should cause eflags[1] == 1, and in fact it produces 0.  As
    per Intel docs this bit has no meaning anyway.  Since PUSHF is the
    only way to observe eflags[1], a proper fix would be to make that
    bit be set by PUSHF.
 
    This module uses global variables and so is not MT-safe (if that
    should ever become relevant).
*/

/* Notes re address size overrides (0x67).

   According to the AMD documentation (24594 Rev 3.09, Sept 2003,
   "AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual Volume 3: General-Purpose
   and System Instructions"), Section 1.2.3 ("Address-Size Override
   Prefix"):

   0x67 applies to all explicit memory references, causing the top
   32 bits of the effective address to become zero.

   0x67 has no effect on stack references (push/pop); these always
   use a 64-bit address.

   0x67 changes the interpretation of instructions which implicitly
   reference RCX/RSI/RDI, so that in fact ECX/ESI/EDI are used
   instead.  These are:

      cmp{s,sb,sw,sd,sq}
      in{s,sb,sw,sd}
      jcxz, jecxz, jrcxz
      lod{s,sb,sw,sd,sq}
      loop{,e,bz,be,z}
      mov{s,sb,sw,sd,sq}
      out{s,sb,sw,sd}
      rep{,e,ne,nz}
      sca{s,sb,sw,sd,sq}
      sto{s,sb,sw,sd,sq}
      xlat{,b} */

/* "Special" instructions.

   This instruction decoder can decode three special instructions
   which mean nothing natively (are no-ops as far as regs/mem are
   concerned) but have meaning for supporting Valgrind.  A special
   instruction is flagged by the 16-byte preamble 48C1C703 48C1C70D
   48C1C73D 48C1C733 (in the standard interpretation, that means: rolq
   $3, %rdi; rolq $13, %rdi; rolq $61, %rdi; rolq $51, %rdi).
   Following that, one of the following 3 are allowed (standard
   interpretation in parentheses):

      4887DB (xchgq %rbx,%rbx)   %RDX = client_request ( %RAX )
      4887C9 (xchgq %rcx,%rcx)   %RAX = guest_NRADDR
      4887D2 (xchgq %rdx,%rdx)   call-noredir *%RAX

   Any other bytes following the 16-byte preamble are illegal and
   constitute a failure in instruction decoding.  This all assumes
   that the preamble will never occur except in specific code
   fragments designed for Valgrind to catch.

   No prefixes may precede a "Special" instruction.
*/

/* casLE (implementation of lock-prefixed insns) and rep-prefixed
   insns: the side-exit back to the start of the insn is done with
   Ijk_Boring.  This is quite wrong, it should be done with
   Ijk_NoRedir, since otherwise the side exit, which is intended to
   restart the instruction for whatever reason, could go somewhere
   entirely else.  Doing it right (with Ijk_NoRedir jumps) would make
   no-redir jumps performance critical, at least for rep-prefixed
   instructions, since all iterations thereof would involve such a
   jump.  It's not such a big deal with casLE since the side exit is
   only taken if the CAS fails, that is, the location is contended,
   which is relatively unlikely.

   Note also, the test for CAS success vs failure is done using
   Iop_CasCmp{EQ,NE}{8,16,32,64} rather than the ordinary
   Iop_Cmp{EQ,NE} equivalents.  This is so as to tell Memcheck that it
   shouldn't definedness-check these comparisons.  See
   COMMENT_ON_CasCmpEQ in memcheck/mc_translate.c for
   background/rationale.
*/

/* LOCK prefixed instructions.  These are translated using IR-level
   CAS statements (IRCAS) and are believed to preserve atomicity, even
   from the point of view of some other process racing against a
   simulated one (presumably they communicate via a shared memory
   segment).

   Handlers which are aware of LOCK prefixes are:
      dis_op2_G_E      (add, or, adc, sbb, and, sub, xor)
      dis_cmpxchg_G_E  (cmpxchg)
      dis_Grp1         (add, or, adc, sbb, and, sub, xor)
      dis_Grp3         (not, neg)
      dis_Grp4         (inc, dec)
      dis_Grp5         (inc, dec)
      dis_Grp8_Imm     (bts, btc, btr)
      dis_bt_G_E       (bts, btc, btr)
      dis_xadd_G_E     (xadd)
*/


#include "libvex_basictypes.h"
#include "libvex_ir.h"
#include "libvex.h"
#include "libvex_guest_amd64.h"

#include "main_util.h"
#include "main_globals.h"
#include "guest_generic_bb_to_IR.h"
#include "guest_generic_x87.h"
#include "guest_amd64_defs.h"


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Globals                                              ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* These are set at the start of the translation of an insn, right
   down in disInstr_AMD64, so that we don't have to pass them around
   endlessly.  They are all constant during the translation of any
   given insn. */

/* These are set at the start of the translation of a BB, so
   that we don't have to pass them around endlessly. */

/* We need to know this to do sub-register accesses correctly. */
static Bool host_is_bigendian;

/* Pointer to the guest code area (points to start of BB, not to the
   insn being processed). */
static UChar* guest_code;

/* The guest address corresponding to guest_code[0]. */
static Addr64 guest_RIP_bbstart;

/* The guest address for the instruction currently being
   translated. */
static Addr64 guest_RIP_curr_instr;

/* The IRSB* into which we're generating code. */
static IRSB* irsb;

/* For ensuring that %rip-relative addressing is done right.  A read
   of %rip generates the address of the next instruction.  It may be
   that we don't conveniently know that inside disAMode().  For sanity
   checking, if the next insn %rip is needed, we make a guess at what
   it is, record that guess here, and set the accompanying Bool to
   indicate that -- after this insn's decode is finished -- that guess
   needs to be checked.  */

/* At the start of each insn decode, is set to (0, False).
   After the decode, if _mustcheck is now True, _assumed is
   checked. */

static Addr64 guest_RIP_next_assumed;
static Bool   guest_RIP_next_mustcheck;


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Helpers for constructing IR.                         ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
 
/* Generate a new temporary of the given type. */
static IRTemp newTemp ( IRType ty )
{
   vassert(isPlausibleIRType(ty));
   return newIRTemp( irsb->tyenv, ty );
}

/* Add a statement to the list held by "irsb". */
static void stmt ( IRStmt* st )
{
   addStmtToIRSB( irsb, st );
}

/* Generate a statement "dst := e". */ 
static void assign ( IRTemp dst, IRExpr* e )
{
   stmt( IRStmt_WrTmp(dst, e) );
}

static IRExpr* unop ( IROp op, IRExpr* a )
{
   return IRExpr_Unop(op, a);
}

static IRExpr* binop ( IROp op, IRExpr* a1, IRExpr* a2 )
{
   return IRExpr_Binop(op, a1, a2);
}

static IRExpr* triop ( IROp op, IRExpr* a1, IRExpr* a2, IRExpr* a3 )
{
   return IRExpr_Triop(op, a1, a2, a3);
}

static IRExpr* mkexpr ( IRTemp tmp )
{
   return IRExpr_RdTmp(tmp);
}

static IRExpr* mkU8 ( ULong i )
{
   vassert(i < 256);
   return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U8( (UChar)i ));
}

static IRExpr* mkU16 ( ULong i )
{
   vassert(i < 0x10000ULL);
   return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U16( (UShort)i ));
}

static IRExpr* mkU32 ( ULong i )
{
   vassert(i < 0x100000000ULL);
   return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U32( (UInt)i ));
}

static IRExpr* mkU64 ( ULong i )
{
   return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_U64(i));
}

static IRExpr* mkU ( IRType ty, ULong i )
{
   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I8:  return mkU8(i);
      case Ity_I16: return mkU16(i);
      case Ity_I32: return mkU32(i);
      case Ity_I64: return mkU64(i);
      default: vpanic("mkU(amd64)");
   }
}

static void storeLE ( IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* data )
{
   stmt( IRStmt_Store(Iend_LE, addr, data) );
}

static IRExpr* loadLE ( IRType ty, IRExpr* addr )
{
   return IRExpr_Load(Iend_LE, ty, addr);
}

static IROp mkSizedOp ( IRType ty, IROp op8 )
{
   vassert(op8 == Iop_Add8 || op8 == Iop_Sub8 
           || op8 == Iop_Mul8 
           || op8 == Iop_Or8 || op8 == Iop_And8 || op8 == Iop_Xor8
           || op8 == Iop_Shl8 || op8 == Iop_Shr8 || op8 == Iop_Sar8
           || op8 == Iop_CmpEQ8 || op8 == Iop_CmpNE8
           || op8 == Iop_CasCmpNE8
           || op8 == Iop_Not8 );
   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I8:  return 0 +op8;
      case Ity_I16: return 1 +op8;
      case Ity_I32: return 2 +op8;
      case Ity_I64: return 3 +op8;
      default: vpanic("mkSizedOp(amd64)");
   }
}

static 
IRExpr* doScalarWidening ( Int szSmall, Int szBig, Bool signd, IRExpr* src )
{
   if (szSmall == 1 && szBig == 4) {
      return unop(signd ? Iop_8Sto32 : Iop_8Uto32, src);
   }
   if (szSmall == 1 && szBig == 2) {
      return unop(signd ? Iop_8Sto16 : Iop_8Uto16, src);
   }
   if (szSmall == 2 && szBig == 4) {
      return unop(signd ? Iop_16Sto32 : Iop_16Uto32, src);
   }
   if (szSmall == 1 && szBig == 8 && !signd) {
      return unop(Iop_8Uto64, src);
   }
   if (szSmall == 1 && szBig == 8 && signd) {
      return unop(Iop_8Sto64, src);
   }
   if (szSmall == 2 && szBig == 8 && !signd) {
      return unop(Iop_16Uto64, src);
   }
   if (szSmall == 2 && szBig == 8 && signd) {
      return unop(Iop_16Sto64, src);
   }
   vpanic("doScalarWidening(amd64)");
}



/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Debugging output                                     ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Bomb out if we can't handle something. */
__attribute__ ((noreturn))
static void unimplemented ( HChar* str )
{
   vex_printf("amd64toIR: unimplemented feature\n");
   vpanic(str);
}

#define DIP(format, args...)           \
   if (vex_traceflags & VEX_TRACE_FE)  \
      vex_printf(format, ## args)

#define DIS(buf, format, args...)      \
   if (vex_traceflags & VEX_TRACE_FE)  \
      vex_sprintf(buf, format, ## args)


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Offsets of various parts of the amd64 guest state.   ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

#define OFFB_RAX       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RAX)
#define OFFB_RBX       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RBX)
#define OFFB_RCX       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RCX)
#define OFFB_RDX       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RDX)
#define OFFB_RSP       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RSP)
#define OFFB_RBP       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RBP)
#define OFFB_RSI       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RSI)
#define OFFB_RDI       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RDI)
#define OFFB_R8        offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R8)
#define OFFB_R9        offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R9)
#define OFFB_R10       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R10)
#define OFFB_R11       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R11)
#define OFFB_R12       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R12)
#define OFFB_R13       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R13)
#define OFFB_R14       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R14)
#define OFFB_R15       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_R15)

#define OFFB_RIP       offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_RIP)

#define OFFB_FS_ZERO   offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_FS_ZERO)
#define OFFB_GS_0x60   offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_GS_0x60)

#define OFFB_CC_OP     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_CC_OP)
#define OFFB_CC_DEP1   offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_CC_DEP1)
#define OFFB_CC_DEP2   offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_CC_DEP2)
#define OFFB_CC_NDEP   offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_CC_NDEP)

#define OFFB_FPREGS    offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_FPREG[0])
#define OFFB_FPTAGS    offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_FPTAG[0])
#define OFFB_DFLAG     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_DFLAG)
#define OFFB_IDFLAG    offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_IDFLAG)
#define OFFB_FTOP      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_FTOP)
#define OFFB_FC3210    offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_FC3210)
#define OFFB_FPROUND   offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_FPROUND)
//.. 
//.. #define OFFB_CS        offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_CS)
//.. #define OFFB_DS        offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_DS)
//.. #define OFFB_ES        offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_ES)
//.. #define OFFB_FS        offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_FS)
//.. #define OFFB_GS        offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_GS)
//.. #define OFFB_SS        offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_SS)
//.. #define OFFB_LDT       offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_LDT)
//.. #define OFFB_GDT       offsetof(VexGuestX86State,guest_GDT)

#define OFFB_SSEROUND  offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_SSEROUND)
#define OFFB_XMM0      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM0)
#define OFFB_XMM1      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM1)
#define OFFB_XMM2      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM2)
#define OFFB_XMM3      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM3)
#define OFFB_XMM4      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM4)
#define OFFB_XMM5      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM5)
#define OFFB_XMM6      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM6)
#define OFFB_XMM7      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM7)
#define OFFB_XMM8      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM8)
#define OFFB_XMM9      offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM9)
#define OFFB_XMM10     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM10)
#define OFFB_XMM11     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM11)
#define OFFB_XMM12     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM12)
#define OFFB_XMM13     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM13)
#define OFFB_XMM14     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM14)
#define OFFB_XMM15     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM15)
#define OFFB_XMM16     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_XMM16)

#define OFFB_EMWARN    offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_EMWARN)
#define OFFB_TISTART   offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_TISTART)
#define OFFB_TILEN     offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_TILEN)

#define OFFB_NRADDR    offsetof(VexGuestAMD64State,guest_NRADDR)


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Helper bits and pieces for deconstructing the        ---*/
/*--- amd64 insn stream.                                   ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* This is the AMD64 register encoding -- integer regs. */
#define R_RAX 0
#define R_RCX 1
#define R_RDX 2
#define R_RBX 3
#define R_RSP 4
#define R_RBP 5
#define R_RSI 6
#define R_RDI 7
#define R_R8  8
#define R_R9  9
#define R_R10 10
#define R_R11 11
#define R_R12 12
#define R_R13 13
#define R_R14 14
#define R_R15 15

//.. #define R_AL (0+R_EAX)
//.. #define R_AH (4+R_EAX)

/* This is the Intel register encoding -- segment regs. */
#define R_ES 0
#define R_CS 1
#define R_SS 2
#define R_DS 3
#define R_FS 4
#define R_GS 5


/* Various simple conversions */

static ULong extend_s_8to64 ( UChar x )
{
   return (ULong)((((Long)x) << 56) >> 56);
}

static ULong extend_s_16to64 ( UShort x )
{
   return (ULong)((((Long)x) << 48) >> 48);
}

static ULong extend_s_32to64 ( UInt x )
{
   return (ULong)((((Long)x) << 32) >> 32);
}

/* Figure out whether the mod and rm parts of a modRM byte refer to a
   register or memory.  If so, the byte will have the form 11XXXYYY,
   where YYY is the register number. */
inline
static Bool epartIsReg ( UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   return toBool(0xC0 == (mod_reg_rm & 0xC0));
}

/* Extract the 'g' field from a modRM byte.  This only produces 3
   bits, which is not a complete register number.  You should avoid
   this function if at all possible. */
inline
static Int gregLO3ofRM ( UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   return (Int)( (mod_reg_rm >> 3) & 7 );
}

/* Ditto the 'e' field of a modRM byte. */
inline
static Int eregLO3ofRM ( UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   return (Int)(mod_reg_rm & 0x7);
}

/* Get a 8/16/32-bit unsigned value out of the insn stream. */

static UChar getUChar ( Long delta )
{
   UChar v = guest_code[delta+0];
   return v;
}

static UInt getUDisp16 ( Long delta )
{
   UInt v = guest_code[delta+1]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+0];
   return v & 0xFFFF;
}

//.. static UInt getUDisp ( Int size, Long delta )
//.. {
//..    switch (size) {
//..       case 4: return getUDisp32(delta);
//..       case 2: return getUDisp16(delta);
//..       case 1: return getUChar(delta);
//..       default: vpanic("getUDisp(x86)");
//..    }
//..    return 0; /*notreached*/
//.. }


/* Get a byte value out of the insn stream and sign-extend to 64
   bits. */
static Long getSDisp8 ( Long delta )
{
   return extend_s_8to64( guest_code[delta] );
}

/* Get a 16-bit value out of the insn stream and sign-extend to 64
   bits. */
static Long getSDisp16 ( Long delta )
{
   UInt v = guest_code[delta+1]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+0];
   return extend_s_16to64( (UShort)v );
}

/* Get a 32-bit value out of the insn stream and sign-extend to 64
   bits. */
static Long getSDisp32 ( Long delta )
{
   UInt v = guest_code[delta+3]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+2]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+1]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+0];
   return extend_s_32to64( v );
}

/* Get a 64-bit value out of the insn stream. */
static Long getDisp64 ( Long delta )
{
   ULong v = 0;
   v |= guest_code[delta+7]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+6]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+5]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+4]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+3]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+2]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+1]; v <<= 8;
   v |= guest_code[delta+0];
   return v;
}

/* Note: because AMD64 doesn't allow 64-bit literals, it is an error
   if this is called with size==8.  Should not happen. */
static Long getSDisp ( Int size, Long delta )
{
   switch (size) {
      case 4: return getSDisp32(delta);
      case 2: return getSDisp16(delta);
      case 1: return getSDisp8(delta);
      default: vpanic("getSDisp(amd64)");
  }
}

static ULong mkSizeMask ( Int sz )
{
   switch (sz) {
      case 1: return 0x00000000000000FFULL;
      case 2: return 0x000000000000FFFFULL;
      case 4: return 0x00000000FFFFFFFFULL;
      case 8: return 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL;
      default: vpanic("mkSzMask(amd64)");
   }
}

static Int imin ( Int a, Int b )
{
   return (a < b) ? a : b;
}

static IRType szToITy ( Int n )
{
   switch (n) {
      case 1: return Ity_I8;
      case 2: return Ity_I16;
      case 4: return Ity_I32;
      case 8: return Ity_I64;
      default: vex_printf("\nszToITy(%d)\n", n);
               vpanic("szToITy(amd64)");
   }
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- For dealing with prefixes.                           ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* The idea is to pass around an int holding a bitmask summarising
   info from the prefixes seen on the current instruction, including
   info from the REX byte.  This info is used in various places, but
   most especially when making sense of register fields in
   instructions.

   The top 16 bits of the prefix are 0x3141, just as a hacky way
   to ensure it really is a valid prefix.

   Things you can safely assume about a well-formed prefix:
   * at most one segment-override bit (CS,DS,ES,FS,GS,SS) is set.
   * if REX is not present then REXW,REXR,REXX,REXB will read
     as zero.
   * F2 and F3 will not both be 1.
*/

typedef UInt  Prefix;

#define PFX_ASO   (1<<0)     /* address-size override present (0x67) */
#define PFX_66    (1<<1)     /* operand-size override-to-16 present (0x66) */
#define PFX_REX   (1<<2)     /* REX byte present (0x40 to 0x4F) */
#define PFX_REXW  (1<<3)     /* REX W bit, if REX present, else 0 */
#define PFX_REXR  (1<<4)     /* REX R bit, if REX present, else 0 */
#define PFX_REXX  (1<<5)     /* REX X bit, if REX present, else 0 */
#define PFX_REXB  (1<<6)     /* REX B bit, if REX present, else 0 */
#define PFX_LOCK  (1<<7)     /* bus LOCK prefix present (0xF0) */
#define PFX_F2    (1<<8)     /* REP/REPE/REPZ prefix present (0xF2) */
#define PFX_F3    (1<<9)     /* REPNE/REPNZ prefix present (0xF3) */
#define PFX_CS    (1<<10)    /* CS segment prefix present (0x2E) */
#define PFX_DS    (1<<11)    /* DS segment prefix present (0x3E) */
#define PFX_ES    (1<<12)    /* ES segment prefix present (0x26) */
#define PFX_FS    (1<<13)    /* FS segment prefix present (0x64) */
#define PFX_GS    (1<<14)    /* GS segment prefix present (0x65) */
#define PFX_SS    (1<<15)    /* SS segment prefix present (0x36) */

#define PFX_EMPTY 0x31410000

static Bool IS_VALID_PFX ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return toBool((pfx & 0xFFFF0000) == PFX_EMPTY);
}

static Bool haveREX ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return toBool(pfx & PFX_REX);
}

static Int getRexW ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return (pfx & PFX_REXW) ? 1 : 0;
}
/* Apparently unused.
static Int getRexR ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return (pfx & PFX_REXR) ? 1 : 0;
}
*/
static Int getRexX ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return (pfx & PFX_REXX) ? 1 : 0;
}
static Int getRexB ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return (pfx & PFX_REXB) ? 1 : 0;
}

/* Check a prefix doesn't have F2 or F3 set in it, since usually that
   completely changes what instruction it really is. */
static Bool haveF2orF3 ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return toBool((pfx & (PFX_F2|PFX_F3)) > 0);
}
static Bool haveF2 ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return toBool((pfx & PFX_F2) > 0);
}
static Bool haveF3 ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return toBool((pfx & PFX_F3) > 0);
}

static Bool have66 ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return toBool((pfx & PFX_66) > 0);
}
static Bool haveASO ( Prefix pfx ) {
   return toBool((pfx & PFX_ASO) > 0);
}

/* Return True iff pfx has 66 set and F2 and F3 clear */
static Bool have66noF2noF3 ( Prefix pfx )
{
  return 
     toBool((pfx & (PFX_66|PFX_F2|PFX_F3)) == PFX_66);
}

/* Return True iff pfx has F2 set and 66 and F3 clear */
static Bool haveF2no66noF3 ( Prefix pfx )
{
  return 
     toBool((pfx & (PFX_66|PFX_F2|PFX_F3)) == PFX_F2);
}

/* Return True iff pfx has F3 set and 66 and F2 clear */
static Bool haveF3no66noF2 ( Prefix pfx )
{
  return 
     toBool((pfx & (PFX_66|PFX_F2|PFX_F3)) == PFX_F3);
}

/* Return True iff pfx has F3 set and F2 clear */
static Bool haveF3noF2 ( Prefix pfx )
{
  return 
     toBool((pfx & (PFX_F2|PFX_F3)) == PFX_F3);
}

/* Return True iff pfx has 66, F2 and F3 clear */
static Bool haveNo66noF2noF3 ( Prefix pfx )
{
  return 
     toBool((pfx & (PFX_66|PFX_F2|PFX_F3)) == 0);
}

/* Return True iff pfx has any of 66, F2 and F3 set */
static Bool have66orF2orF3 ( Prefix pfx )
{
  return toBool( ! haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) );
}

/* Return True iff pfx has 66 or F2 set */
static Bool have66orF2 ( Prefix pfx )
{
   return toBool((pfx & (PFX_66|PFX_F2)) > 0);
}

/* Clear all the segment-override bits in a prefix. */
static Prefix clearSegBits ( Prefix p )
{
   return 
      p & ~(PFX_CS | PFX_DS | PFX_ES | PFX_FS | PFX_GS | PFX_SS);
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- For dealing with integer registers                   ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* This is somewhat complex.  The rules are:

   For 64, 32 and 16 bit register references, the e or g fields in the
   modrm bytes supply the low 3 bits of the register number.  The
   fourth (most-significant) bit of the register number is supplied by
   the REX byte, if it is present; else that bit is taken to be zero.

   The REX.R bit supplies the high bit corresponding to the g register
   field, and the REX.B bit supplies the high bit corresponding to the
   e register field (when the mod part of modrm indicates that modrm's
   e component refers to a register and not to memory).

   The REX.X bit supplies a high register bit for certain registers
   in SIB address modes, and is generally rarely used.

   For 8 bit register references, the presence of the REX byte itself
   has significance.  If there is no REX present, then the 3-bit
   number extracted from the modrm e or g field is treated as an index
   into the sequence %al %cl %dl %bl %ah %ch %dh %bh -- that is, the
   old x86 encoding scheme.

   But if there is a REX present, the register reference is
   interpreted in the same way as for 64/32/16-bit references: a high
   bit is extracted from REX, giving a 4-bit number, and the denoted
   register is the lowest 8 bits of the 16 integer registers denoted
   by the number.  In particular, values 3 through 7 of this sequence
   do not refer to %ah %ch %dh %bh but instead to the lowest 8 bits of
   %rsp %rbp %rsi %rdi.

   The REX.W bit has no bearing at all on register numbers.  Instead
   its presence indicates that the operand size is to be overridden
   from its default value (32 bits) to 64 bits instead.  This is in
   the same fashion that an 0x66 prefix indicates the operand size is
   to be overridden from 32 bits down to 16 bits.  When both REX.W and
   0x66 are present there is a conflict, and REX.W takes precedence.

   Rather than try to handle this complexity using a single huge
   function, several smaller ones are provided.  The aim is to make it
   as difficult as possible to screw up register decoding in a subtle
   and hard-to-track-down way.

   Because these routines fish around in the host's memory (that is,
   in the guest state area) for sub-parts of guest registers, their
   correctness depends on the host's endianness.  So far these
   routines only work for little-endian hosts.  Those for which
   endianness is important have assertions to ensure sanity.
*/


/* About the simplest question you can ask: where do the 64-bit
   integer registers live (in the guest state) ? */

static Int integerGuestReg64Offset ( UInt reg )
{
   switch (reg) {
      case R_RAX: return OFFB_RAX;
      case R_RCX: return OFFB_RCX;
      case R_RDX: return OFFB_RDX;
      case R_RBX: return OFFB_RBX;
      case R_RSP: return OFFB_RSP;
      case R_RBP: return OFFB_RBP;
      case R_RSI: return OFFB_RSI;
      case R_RDI: return OFFB_RDI;
      case R_R8:  return OFFB_R8;
      case R_R9:  return OFFB_R9;
      case R_R10: return OFFB_R10;
      case R_R11: return OFFB_R11;
      case R_R12: return OFFB_R12;
      case R_R13: return OFFB_R13;
      case R_R14: return OFFB_R14;
      case R_R15: return OFFB_R15;
      default: vpanic("integerGuestReg64Offset(amd64)");
   }
}


/* Produce the name of an integer register, for printing purposes.
   reg is a number in the range 0 .. 15 that has been generated from a
   3-bit reg-field number and a REX extension bit.  irregular denotes
   the case where sz==1 and no REX byte is present. */

static 
HChar* nameIReg ( Int sz, UInt reg, Bool irregular )
{
   static HChar* ireg64_names[16]
     = { "%rax", "%rcx", "%rdx", "%rbx", "%rsp", "%rbp", "%rsi", "%rdi",
         "%r8",  "%r9",  "%r10", "%r11", "%r12", "%r13", "%r14", "%r15" };
   static HChar* ireg32_names[16]
     = { "%eax", "%ecx", "%edx", "%ebx", "%esp", "%ebp", "%esi", "%edi",
         "%r8d", "%r9d", "%r10d","%r11d","%r12d","%r13d","%r14d","%r15d" };
   static HChar* ireg16_names[16]
     = { "%ax",  "%cx",  "%dx",  "%bx",  "%sp",  "%bp",  "%si",  "%di",
         "%r8w", "%r9w", "%r10w","%r11w","%r12w","%r13w","%r14w","%r15w" };
   static HChar* ireg8_names[16]
     = { "%al",  "%cl",  "%dl",  "%bl",  "%spl", "%bpl", "%sil", "%dil",
         "%r8b", "%r9b", "%r10b","%r11b","%r12b","%r13b","%r14b","%r15b" };
   static HChar* ireg8_irregular[8] 
     = { "%al", "%cl", "%dl", "%bl", "%ah", "%ch", "%dh", "%bh" };

   vassert(reg < 16);
   if (sz == 1) {
      if (irregular)
         vassert(reg < 8);
   } else {
      vassert(irregular == False);
   }

   switch (sz) {
      case 8: return ireg64_names[reg];
      case 4: return ireg32_names[reg];
      case 2: return ireg16_names[reg];
      case 1: if (irregular) {
                 return ireg8_irregular[reg];
              } else {
                 return ireg8_names[reg];
              }
      default: vpanic("nameIReg(amd64)");
   }
}

/* Using the same argument conventions as nameIReg, produce the
   guest state offset of an integer register. */

static 
Int offsetIReg ( Int sz, UInt reg, Bool irregular )
{
   vassert(reg < 16);
   if (sz == 1) {
      if (irregular)
         vassert(reg < 8);
   } else {
      vassert(irregular == False);
   }

   /* Deal with irregular case -- sz==1 and no REX present */
   if (sz == 1 && irregular) {
      switch (reg) {
         case R_RSP: return 1+ OFFB_RAX;
         case R_RBP: return 1+ OFFB_RCX;
         case R_RSI: return 1+ OFFB_RDX;
         case R_RDI: return 1+ OFFB_RBX;
         default:    break; /* use the normal case */
      }
   }

   /* Normal case */
   return integerGuestReg64Offset(reg);
}


/* Read the %CL register :: Ity_I8, for shift/rotate operations. */

static IRExpr* getIRegCL ( void )
{
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RCX, Ity_I8 );
}


/* Write to the %AH register. */

static void putIRegAH ( IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e) == Ity_I8);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RAX+1, e ) );
}


/* Read/write various widths of %RAX, as it has various
   special-purpose uses. */

static HChar* nameIRegRAX ( Int sz )
{
   switch (sz) {
      case 1: return "%al";
      case 2: return "%ax";
      case 4: return "%eax";
      case 8: return "%rax";
      default: vpanic("nameIRegRAX(amd64)");
   }
}

static IRExpr* getIRegRAX ( Int sz )
{
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   switch (sz) {
      case 1: return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RAX, Ity_I8 );
      case 2: return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RAX, Ity_I16 );
      case 4: return unop(Iop_64to32, IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RAX, Ity_I64 ));
      case 8: return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RAX, Ity_I64 );
      default: vpanic("getIRegRAX(amd64)");
   }
}

static void putIRegRAX ( Int sz, IRExpr* e )
{
   IRType ty = typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e);
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   switch (sz) {
      case 8: vassert(ty == Ity_I64);
              stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RAX, e ));
              break;
      case 4: vassert(ty == Ity_I32);
              stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RAX, unop(Iop_32Uto64,e) ));
              break;
      case 2: vassert(ty == Ity_I16);
              stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RAX, e ));
              break;
      case 1: vassert(ty == Ity_I8);
              stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RAX, e ));
              break;
      default: vpanic("putIRegRAX(amd64)");
   }
}


/* Read/write various widths of %RDX, as it has various
   special-purpose uses. */

static HChar* nameIRegRDX ( Int sz )
{
   switch (sz) {
      case 1: return "%dl";
      case 2: return "%dx";
      case 4: return "%edx";
      case 8: return "%rdx";
      default: vpanic("nameIRegRDX(amd64)");
   }
}

static IRExpr* getIRegRDX ( Int sz )
{
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   switch (sz) {
      case 1: return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RDX, Ity_I8 );
      case 2: return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RDX, Ity_I16 );
      case 4: return unop(Iop_64to32, IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RDX, Ity_I64 ));
      case 8: return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_RDX, Ity_I64 );
      default: vpanic("getIRegRDX(amd64)");
   }
}

static void putIRegRDX ( Int sz, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e) == szToITy(sz));
   switch (sz) {
      case 8: stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RDX, e ));
              break;
      case 4: stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RDX, unop(Iop_32Uto64,e) ));
              break;
      case 2: stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RDX, e ));
              break;
      case 1: stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RDX, e ));
              break;
      default: vpanic("putIRegRDX(amd64)");
   }
}


/* Simplistic functions to deal with the integer registers as a
   straightforward bank of 16 64-bit regs. */

static IRExpr* getIReg64 ( UInt regno )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( integerGuestReg64Offset(regno),
                      Ity_I64 );
}

static void putIReg64 ( UInt regno, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_I64);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( integerGuestReg64Offset(regno), e ) );
}

static HChar* nameIReg64 ( UInt regno )
{
   return nameIReg( 8, regno, False );
}


/* Simplistic functions to deal with the lower halves of integer
   registers as a straightforward bank of 16 32-bit regs. */

static IRExpr* getIReg32 ( UInt regno )
{
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   return unop(Iop_64to32,
               IRExpr_Get( integerGuestReg64Offset(regno),
                           Ity_I64 ));
}

static void putIReg32 ( UInt regno, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_I32);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( integerGuestReg64Offset(regno), 
                     unop(Iop_32Uto64,e) ) );
}

static HChar* nameIReg32 ( UInt regno )
{
   return nameIReg( 4, regno, False );
}


/* Simplistic functions to deal with the lower quarters of integer
   registers as a straightforward bank of 16 16-bit regs. */

static IRExpr* getIReg16 ( UInt regno )
{
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   return IRExpr_Get( integerGuestReg64Offset(regno),
                      Ity_I16 );
}

static HChar* nameIReg16 ( UInt regno )
{
   return nameIReg( 2, regno, False );
}


/* Sometimes what we know is a 3-bit register number, a REX byte, and
   which field of the REX byte is to be used to extend to a 4-bit
   number.  These functions cater for that situation.  
*/
static IRExpr* getIReg64rexX ( Prefix pfx, UInt lo3bits )
{
   vassert(lo3bits < 8);
   vassert(IS_VALID_PFX(pfx));
   return getIReg64( lo3bits | (getRexX(pfx) << 3) );
}

static HChar* nameIReg64rexX ( Prefix pfx, UInt lo3bits )
{
   vassert(lo3bits < 8);
   vassert(IS_VALID_PFX(pfx));
   return nameIReg( 8, lo3bits | (getRexX(pfx) << 3), False );
}

static HChar* nameIRegRexB ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UInt lo3bits )
{
   vassert(lo3bits < 8);
   vassert(IS_VALID_PFX(pfx));
   vassert(sz == 8 || sz == 4 || sz == 2 || sz == 1);
   return nameIReg( sz, lo3bits | (getRexB(pfx) << 3), 
                        toBool(sz==1 && !haveREX(pfx)) );
}

static IRExpr* getIRegRexB ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UInt lo3bits )
{
   vassert(lo3bits < 8);
   vassert(IS_VALID_PFX(pfx));
   vassert(sz == 8 || sz == 4 || sz == 2 || sz == 1);
   if (sz == 4) {
      sz = 8;
      return unop(Iop_64to32,
                  IRExpr_Get(
                     offsetIReg( sz, lo3bits | (getRexB(pfx) << 3), 
                                     toBool(sz==1 && !haveREX(pfx)) ),
                     szToITy(sz)
                 )
             );
   } else {
      return IRExpr_Get(
                offsetIReg( sz, lo3bits | (getRexB(pfx) << 3), 
                                toBool(sz==1 && !haveREX(pfx)) ),
                szToITy(sz)
             );
   }
}

static void putIRegRexB ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UInt lo3bits, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(lo3bits < 8);
   vassert(IS_VALID_PFX(pfx));
   vassert(sz == 8 || sz == 4 || sz == 2 || sz == 1);
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e) == szToITy(sz));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
            offsetIReg( sz, lo3bits | (getRexB(pfx) << 3), 
                            toBool(sz==1 && !haveREX(pfx)) ),
            sz==4 ? unop(Iop_32Uto64,e) : e
   ));
}


/* Functions for getting register numbers from modrm bytes and REX
   when we don't have to consider the complexities of integer subreg
   accesses.
*/
/* Extract the g reg field from a modRM byte, and augment it using the
   REX.R bit from the supplied REX byte.  The R bit usually is
   associated with the g register field.
*/
static UInt gregOfRexRM ( Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   Int reg = (Int)( (mod_reg_rm >> 3) & 7 );
   reg += (pfx & PFX_REXR) ? 8 : 0;
   return reg;
}

/* Extract the e reg field from a modRM byte, and augment it using the
   REX.B bit from the supplied REX byte.  The B bit usually is
   associated with the e register field (when modrm indicates e is a
   register, that is).
*/
static UInt eregOfRexRM ( Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   Int rm;
   vassert(epartIsReg(mod_reg_rm));
   rm = (Int)(mod_reg_rm & 0x7);
   rm += (pfx & PFX_REXB) ? 8 : 0;
   return rm;
}


/* General functions for dealing with integer register access. */

/* Produce the guest state offset for a reference to the 'g' register
   field in a modrm byte, taking into account REX (or its absence),
   and the size of the access.
*/
static UInt offsetIRegG ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   UInt reg;
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   vassert(IS_VALID_PFX(pfx));
   vassert(sz == 8 || sz == 4 || sz == 2 || sz == 1);
   reg = gregOfRexRM( pfx, mod_reg_rm );
   return offsetIReg( sz, reg, toBool(sz == 1 && !haveREX(pfx)) );
}

static 
IRExpr* getIRegG ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   if (sz == 4) {
      sz = 8;
      return unop(Iop_64to32,
                  IRExpr_Get( offsetIRegG( sz, pfx, mod_reg_rm ),
                              szToITy(sz) ));
   } else {
      return IRExpr_Get( offsetIRegG( sz, pfx, mod_reg_rm ),
                         szToITy(sz) );
   }
}

static 
void putIRegG ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == szToITy(sz));
   if (sz == 4) {
      e = unop(Iop_32Uto64,e);
   }
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( offsetIRegG( sz, pfx, mod_reg_rm ), e ) );
}

static
HChar* nameIRegG ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   return nameIReg( sz, gregOfRexRM(pfx,mod_reg_rm),
                        toBool(sz==1 && !haveREX(pfx)) );
}


/* Produce the guest state offset for a reference to the 'e' register
   field in a modrm byte, taking into account REX (or its absence),
   and the size of the access.  eregOfRexRM will assert if mod_reg_rm
   denotes a memory access rather than a register access.
*/
static UInt offsetIRegE ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   UInt reg;
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   vassert(IS_VALID_PFX(pfx));
   vassert(sz == 8 || sz == 4 || sz == 2 || sz == 1);
   reg = eregOfRexRM( pfx, mod_reg_rm );
   return offsetIReg( sz, reg, toBool(sz == 1 && !haveREX(pfx)) );
}

static 
IRExpr* getIRegE ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   if (sz == 4) {
      sz = 8;
      return unop(Iop_64to32,
                  IRExpr_Get( offsetIRegE( sz, pfx, mod_reg_rm ),
                              szToITy(sz) ));
   } else {
      return IRExpr_Get( offsetIRegE( sz, pfx, mod_reg_rm ),
                         szToITy(sz) );
   }
}

static 
void putIRegE ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == szToITy(sz));
   if (sz == 4) {
      e = unop(Iop_32Uto64,e);
   }
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( offsetIRegE( sz, pfx, mod_reg_rm ), e ) );
}

static
HChar* nameIRegE ( Int sz, Prefix pfx, UChar mod_reg_rm )
{
   return nameIReg( sz, eregOfRexRM(pfx,mod_reg_rm),
                        toBool(sz==1 && !haveREX(pfx)) );
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- For dealing with XMM registers                       ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

//.. static Int segmentGuestRegOffset ( UInt sreg )
//.. {
//..    switch (sreg) {
//..       case R_ES: return OFFB_ES;
//..       case R_CS: return OFFB_CS;
//..       case R_SS: return OFFB_SS;
//..       case R_DS: return OFFB_DS;
//..       case R_FS: return OFFB_FS;
//..       case R_GS: return OFFB_GS;
//..       default: vpanic("segmentGuestRegOffset(x86)");
//..    }
//.. }

static Int xmmGuestRegOffset ( UInt xmmreg )
{
   switch (xmmreg) {
      case 0:  return OFFB_XMM0;
      case 1:  return OFFB_XMM1;
      case 2:  return OFFB_XMM2;
      case 3:  return OFFB_XMM3;
      case 4:  return OFFB_XMM4;
      case 5:  return OFFB_XMM5;
      case 6:  return OFFB_XMM6;
      case 7:  return OFFB_XMM7;
      case 8:  return OFFB_XMM8;
      case 9:  return OFFB_XMM9;
      case 10: return OFFB_XMM10;
      case 11: return OFFB_XMM11;
      case 12: return OFFB_XMM12;
      case 13: return OFFB_XMM13;
      case 14: return OFFB_XMM14;
      case 15: return OFFB_XMM15;
      default: vpanic("xmmGuestRegOffset(amd64)");
   }
}

/* Lanes of vector registers are always numbered from zero being the
   least significant lane (rightmost in the register).  */

static Int xmmGuestRegLane16offset ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
   /* Correct for little-endian host only. */
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   vassert(laneno >= 0 && laneno < 8);
   return xmmGuestRegOffset( xmmreg ) + 2 * laneno;
}

static Int xmmGuestRegLane32offset ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
   /* Correct for little-endian host only. */
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   vassert(laneno >= 0 && laneno < 4);
   return xmmGuestRegOffset( xmmreg ) + 4 * laneno;
}

static Int xmmGuestRegLane64offset ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
   /* Correct for little-endian host only. */
   vassert(!host_is_bigendian);
   vassert(laneno >= 0 && laneno < 2);
   return xmmGuestRegOffset( xmmreg ) + 8 * laneno;
}

//.. static IRExpr* getSReg ( UInt sreg )
//.. {
//..    return IRExpr_Get( segmentGuestRegOffset(sreg), Ity_I16 );
//.. }
//.. 
//.. static void putSReg ( UInt sreg, IRExpr* e )
//.. {
//..    vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_I16);
//..    stmt( IRStmt_Put( segmentGuestRegOffset(sreg), e ) );
//.. }

static IRExpr* getXMMReg ( UInt xmmreg )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( xmmGuestRegOffset(xmmreg), Ity_V128 );
}

static IRExpr* getXMMRegLane64 ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( xmmGuestRegLane64offset(xmmreg,laneno), Ity_I64 );
}

static IRExpr* getXMMRegLane64F ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( xmmGuestRegLane64offset(xmmreg,laneno), Ity_F64 );
}

static IRExpr* getXMMRegLane32 ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( xmmGuestRegLane32offset(xmmreg,laneno), Ity_I32 );
}

static IRExpr* getXMMRegLane32F ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( xmmGuestRegLane32offset(xmmreg,laneno), Ity_F32 );
}

static IRExpr* getXMMRegLane16 ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno )
{
  return IRExpr_Get( xmmGuestRegLane16offset(xmmreg,laneno), Ity_I16 );
}

static void putXMMReg ( UInt xmmreg, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_V128);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( xmmGuestRegOffset(xmmreg), e ) );
}

static void putXMMRegLane64 ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_I64);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( xmmGuestRegLane64offset(xmmreg,laneno), e ) );
}

static void putXMMRegLane64F ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_F64);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( xmmGuestRegLane64offset(xmmreg,laneno), e ) );
}

static void putXMMRegLane32F ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_F32);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( xmmGuestRegLane32offset(xmmreg,laneno), e ) );
}

static void putXMMRegLane32 ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_I32);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( xmmGuestRegLane32offset(xmmreg,laneno), e ) );
}

static void putXMMRegLane16 ( UInt xmmreg, Int laneno, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_I16);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( xmmGuestRegLane16offset(xmmreg,laneno), e ) );
}

static IRExpr* mkV128 ( UShort mask )
{
   return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_V128(mask));
}

static IRExpr* mkAnd1 ( IRExpr* x, IRExpr* y )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,x) == Ity_I1);
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,y) == Ity_I1);
   return unop(Iop_64to1, 
               binop(Iop_And64, 
                     unop(Iop_1Uto64,x), 
                     unop(Iop_1Uto64,y)));
}

/* Generate a compare-and-swap operation, operating on memory at
   'addr'.  The expected value is 'expVal' and the new value is
   'newVal'.  If the operation fails, then transfer control (with a
   no-redir jump (XXX no -- see comment at top of this file)) to
   'restart_point', which is presumably the address of the guest
   instruction again -- retrying, essentially. */
static void casLE ( IRExpr* addr, IRExpr* expVal, IRExpr* newVal,
                    Addr64 restart_point )
{
   IRCAS* cas;
   IRType tyE    = typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, expVal);
   IRType tyN    = typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, newVal);
   IRTemp oldTmp = newTemp(tyE);
   IRTemp expTmp = newTemp(tyE);
   vassert(tyE == tyN);
   vassert(tyE == Ity_I64 || tyE == Ity_I32
           || tyE == Ity_I16 || tyE == Ity_I8);
   assign(expTmp, expVal);
   cas = mkIRCAS( IRTemp_INVALID, oldTmp, Iend_LE, addr, 
                  NULL, mkexpr(expTmp), NULL, newVal );
   stmt( IRStmt_CAS(cas) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Exit(
            binop( mkSizedOp(tyE,Iop_CasCmpNE8),
                   mkexpr(oldTmp), mkexpr(expTmp) ),
            Ijk_Boring, /*Ijk_NoRedir*/
            IRConst_U64( restart_point ) 
         ));
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Helpers for %rflags.                                 ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* -------------- Evaluating the flags-thunk. -------------- */

/* Build IR to calculate all the eflags from stored
   CC_OP/CC_DEP1/CC_DEP2/CC_NDEP.  Returns an expression ::
   Ity_I64. */
static IRExpr* mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all ( void )
{
   IRExpr** args
      = mkIRExprVec_4( IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_OP,   Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP1, Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP2, Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_NDEP, Ity_I64) );
   IRExpr* call
      = mkIRExprCCall(
           Ity_I64,
           0/*regparm*/, 
           "amd64g_calculate_rflags_all", &amd64g_calculate_rflags_all,
           args
        );
   /* Exclude OP and NDEP from definedness checking.  We're only
      interested in DEP1 and DEP2. */
   call->Iex.CCall.cee->mcx_mask = (1<<0) | (1<<3);
   return call;
}

/* Build IR to calculate some particular condition from stored
   CC_OP/CC_DEP1/CC_DEP2/CC_NDEP.  Returns an expression ::
   Ity_Bit. */
static IRExpr* mk_amd64g_calculate_condition ( AMD64Condcode cond )
{
   IRExpr** args
      = mkIRExprVec_5( mkU64(cond),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_OP,   Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP1, Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP2, Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_NDEP, Ity_I64) );
   IRExpr* call
      = mkIRExprCCall(
           Ity_I64,
           0/*regparm*/, 
           "amd64g_calculate_condition", &amd64g_calculate_condition,
           args
        );
   /* Exclude the requested condition, OP and NDEP from definedness
      checking.  We're only interested in DEP1 and DEP2. */
   call->Iex.CCall.cee->mcx_mask = (1<<0) | (1<<1) | (1<<4);
   return unop(Iop_64to1, call);
}

/* Build IR to calculate just the carry flag from stored
   CC_OP/CC_DEP1/CC_DEP2/CC_NDEP.  Returns an expression :: Ity_I64. */
static IRExpr* mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_c ( void )
{
   IRExpr** args
      = mkIRExprVec_4( IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_OP,   Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP1, Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP2, Ity_I64),
                       IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_NDEP, Ity_I64) );
   IRExpr* call
      = mkIRExprCCall(
           Ity_I64,
           0/*regparm*/, 
           "amd64g_calculate_rflags_c", &amd64g_calculate_rflags_c,
           args
        );
   /* Exclude OP and NDEP from definedness checking.  We're only
      interested in DEP1 and DEP2. */
   call->Iex.CCall.cee->mcx_mask = (1<<0) | (1<<3);
   return call;
}


/* -------------- Building the flags-thunk. -------------- */

/* The machinery in this section builds the flag-thunk following a
   flag-setting operation.  Hence the various setFlags_* functions.
*/

static Bool isAddSub ( IROp op8 )
{
   return toBool(op8 == Iop_Add8 || op8 == Iop_Sub8);
}

static Bool isLogic ( IROp op8 )
{
   return toBool(op8 == Iop_And8 || op8 == Iop_Or8 || op8 == Iop_Xor8);
}

/* U-widen 8/16/32/64 bit int expr to 64. */
static IRExpr* widenUto64 ( IRExpr* e )
{
   switch (typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e)) {
      case Ity_I64: return e;
      case Ity_I32: return unop(Iop_32Uto64, e);
      case Ity_I16: return unop(Iop_16Uto64, e);
      case Ity_I8:  return unop(Iop_8Uto64, e);
      default: vpanic("widenUto64");
   }
}

/* S-widen 8/16/32/64 bit int expr to 32. */
static IRExpr* widenSto64 ( IRExpr* e )
{
   switch (typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e)) {
      case Ity_I64: return e;
      case Ity_I32: return unop(Iop_32Sto64, e);
      case Ity_I16: return unop(Iop_16Sto64, e);
      case Ity_I8:  return unop(Iop_8Sto64, e);
      default: vpanic("widenSto64");
   }
}

/* Narrow 8/16/32/64 bit int expr to 8/16/32/64.  Clearly only some
   of these combinations make sense. */
static IRExpr* narrowTo ( IRType dst_ty, IRExpr* e )
{
   IRType src_ty = typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e);
   if (src_ty == dst_ty)
      return e;
   if (src_ty == Ity_I32 && dst_ty == Ity_I16)
      return unop(Iop_32to16, e);
   if (src_ty == Ity_I32 && dst_ty == Ity_I8)
      return unop(Iop_32to8, e);
   if (src_ty == Ity_I64 && dst_ty == Ity_I32)
      return unop(Iop_64to32, e);
   if (src_ty == Ity_I64 && dst_ty == Ity_I16)
      return unop(Iop_64to16, e);
   if (src_ty == Ity_I64 && dst_ty == Ity_I8)
      return unop(Iop_64to8, e);

   vex_printf("\nsrc, dst tys are: ");
   ppIRType(src_ty);
   vex_printf(", ");
   ppIRType(dst_ty);
   vex_printf("\n");
   vpanic("narrowTo(amd64)");
}


/* Set the flags thunk OP, DEP1 and DEP2 fields.  The supplied op is
   auto-sized up to the real op. */

static 
void setFlags_DEP1_DEP2 ( IROp op8, IRTemp dep1, IRTemp dep2, IRType ty )
{
   Int ccOp = 0;
   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I8:  ccOp = 0; break;
      case Ity_I16: ccOp = 1; break;
      case Ity_I32: ccOp = 2; break;
      case Ity_I64: ccOp = 3; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }
   switch (op8) {
      case Iop_Add8: ccOp += AMD64G_CC_OP_ADDB;   break;
      case Iop_Sub8: ccOp += AMD64G_CC_OP_SUBB;   break;
      default:       ppIROp(op8);
                     vpanic("setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(amd64)");
   }
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(ccOp)) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, widenUto64(mkexpr(dep1))) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, widenUto64(mkexpr(dep2))) );
}


/* Set the OP and DEP1 fields only, and write zero to DEP2. */

static 
void setFlags_DEP1 ( IROp op8, IRTemp dep1, IRType ty )
{
   Int ccOp = 0;
   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I8:  ccOp = 0; break;
      case Ity_I16: ccOp = 1; break;
      case Ity_I32: ccOp = 2; break;
      case Ity_I64: ccOp = 3; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }
   switch (op8) {
      case Iop_Or8:
      case Iop_And8:
      case Iop_Xor8: ccOp += AMD64G_CC_OP_LOGICB; break;
      default:       ppIROp(op8);
                     vpanic("setFlags_DEP1(amd64)");
   }
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(ccOp)) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, widenUto64(mkexpr(dep1))) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0)) );
}


/* For shift operations, we put in the result and the undershifted
   result.  Except if the shift amount is zero, the thunk is left
   unchanged. */

static void setFlags_DEP1_DEP2_shift ( IROp    op64,
                                       IRTemp  res,
                                       IRTemp  resUS,
                                       IRType  ty,
                                       IRTemp  guard )
{
   Int ccOp = 0;
   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I8:  ccOp = 0; break;
      case Ity_I16: ccOp = 1; break;
      case Ity_I32: ccOp = 2; break;
      case Ity_I64: ccOp = 3; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   vassert(guard);

   /* Both kinds of right shifts are handled by the same thunk
      operation. */
   switch (op64) {
      case Iop_Shr64:
      case Iop_Sar64: ccOp += AMD64G_CC_OP_SHRB; break;
      case Iop_Shl64: ccOp += AMD64G_CC_OP_SHLB; break;
      default:        ppIROp(op64);
                      vpanic("setFlags_DEP1_DEP2_shift(amd64)");
   }

   /* DEP1 contains the result, DEP2 contains the undershifted value. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,
                     IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(guard),
                                   IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_OP,Ity_I64),
                                   mkU64(ccOp))) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1,
                     IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(guard),
                                   IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP1,Ity_I64),
                                   widenUto64(mkexpr(res)))) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, 
                     IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(guard),
                                   IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP2,Ity_I64),
                                   widenUto64(mkexpr(resUS)))) );
}


/* For the inc/dec case, we store in DEP1 the result value and in NDEP
   the former value of the carry flag, which unfortunately we have to
   compute. */

static void setFlags_INC_DEC ( Bool inc, IRTemp res, IRType ty )
{
   Int ccOp = inc ? AMD64G_CC_OP_INCB : AMD64G_CC_OP_DECB;

   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I8:  ccOp += 0; break;
      case Ity_I16: ccOp += 1; break;
      case Ity_I32: ccOp += 2; break;
      case Ity_I64: ccOp += 3; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }
   
   /* This has to come first, because calculating the C flag 
      may require reading all four thunk fields. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_c()) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(ccOp)) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, widenUto64(mkexpr(res))) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0)) );
}


/* Multiplies are pretty much like add and sub: DEP1 and DEP2 hold the
   two arguments. */

static
void setFlags_MUL ( IRType ty, IRTemp arg1, IRTemp arg2, ULong base_op )
{
   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I8:
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP, mkU64(base_op+0) ) );
         break;
      case Ity_I16:
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP, mkU64(base_op+1) ) );
         break;
      case Ity_I32:
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP, mkU64(base_op+2) ) );
         break;
      case Ity_I64:
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP, mkU64(base_op+3) ) );
         break;
      default:
         vpanic("setFlags_MUL(amd64)");
   }
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, widenUto64(mkexpr(arg1)) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, widenUto64(mkexpr(arg2)) ));
}


/* -------------- Condition codes. -------------- */

/* Condition codes, using the AMD encoding.  */

static HChar* name_AMD64Condcode ( AMD64Condcode cond )
{
   switch (cond) {
      case AMD64CondO:      return "o";
      case AMD64CondNO:     return "no";
      case AMD64CondB:      return "b";
      case AMD64CondNB:     return "ae"; /*"nb";*/
      case AMD64CondZ:      return "e"; /*"z";*/
      case AMD64CondNZ:     return "ne"; /*"nz";*/
      case AMD64CondBE:     return "be";
      case AMD64CondNBE:    return "a"; /*"nbe";*/
      case AMD64CondS:      return "s";
      case AMD64CondNS:     return "ns";
      case AMD64CondP:      return "p";
      case AMD64CondNP:     return "np";
      case AMD64CondL:      return "l";
      case AMD64CondNL:     return "ge"; /*"nl";*/
      case AMD64CondLE:     return "le";
      case AMD64CondNLE:    return "g"; /*"nle";*/
      case AMD64CondAlways: return "ALWAYS";
      default: vpanic("name_AMD64Condcode");
   }
}

static 
AMD64Condcode positiveIse_AMD64Condcode ( AMD64Condcode  cond,
                                          /*OUT*/Bool*   needInvert )
{
   vassert(cond >= AMD64CondO && cond <= AMD64CondNLE);
   if (cond & 1) {
      *needInvert = True;
      return cond-1;
   } else {
      *needInvert = False;
      return cond;
   }
}


/* -------------- Helpers for ADD/SUB with carry. -------------- */

/* Given ta1, ta2 and tres, compute tres = ADC(ta1,ta2) and set flags
   appropriately.

   Optionally, generate a store for the 'tres' value.  This can either
   be a normal store, or it can be a cas-with-possible-failure style
   store:

   if taddr is IRTemp_INVALID, then no store is generated.

   if taddr is not IRTemp_INVALID, then a store (using taddr as
   the address) is generated:

     if texpVal is IRTemp_INVALID then a normal store is
     generated, and restart_point must be zero (it is irrelevant).

     if texpVal is not IRTemp_INVALID then a cas-style store is
     generated.  texpVal is the expected value, restart_point
     is the restart point if the store fails, and texpVal must
     have the same type as tres.   

*/
static void helper_ADC ( Int sz,
                         IRTemp tres, IRTemp ta1, IRTemp ta2,
                         /* info about optional store: */
                         IRTemp taddr, IRTemp texpVal, Addr32 restart_point )
{
   UInt    thunkOp;
   IRType  ty    = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp  oldc  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp  oldcn = newTemp(ty);
   IROp    plus  = mkSizedOp(ty, Iop_Add8);
   IROp    xor   = mkSizedOp(ty, Iop_Xor8);

   vassert(typeOfIRTemp(irsb->tyenv, tres) == ty);

   switch (sz) {
      case 8:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_ADCQ; break;
      case 4:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_ADCL; break;
      case 2:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_ADCW; break;
      case 1:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_ADCB; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   /* oldc = old carry flag, 0 or 1 */
   assign( oldc,  binop(Iop_And64,
                        mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_c(),
                        mkU64(1)) );

   assign( oldcn, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(oldc)) );

   assign( tres, binop(plus,
                       binop(plus,mkexpr(ta1),mkexpr(ta2)),
                       mkexpr(oldcn)) );

   /* Possibly generate a store of 'tres' to 'taddr'.  See comment at
      start of this function. */
   if (taddr != IRTemp_INVALID) {
      if (texpVal == IRTemp_INVALID) {
         vassert(restart_point == 0);
         storeLE( mkexpr(taddr), mkexpr(tres) );
      } else {
         vassert(typeOfIRTemp(irsb->tyenv, texpVal) == ty);
         /* .. and hence 'texpVal' has the same type as 'tres'. */
         casLE( mkexpr(taddr),
                mkexpr(texpVal), mkexpr(tres), restart_point );
      }
   }

   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(thunkOp) ) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, widenUto64(mkexpr(ta1))  ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, widenUto64(binop(xor, mkexpr(ta2), 
                                                         mkexpr(oldcn)) )) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkexpr(oldc) ) );
}


/* Given ta1, ta2 and tres, compute tres = SBB(ta1,ta2) and set flags
   appropriately.  As with helper_ADC, possibly generate a store of
   the result -- see comments on helper_ADC for details.
*/
static void helper_SBB ( Int sz,
                         IRTemp tres, IRTemp ta1, IRTemp ta2,
                         /* info about optional store: */
                         IRTemp taddr, IRTemp texpVal, Addr32 restart_point )
{
   UInt    thunkOp;
   IRType  ty    = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp  oldc  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp  oldcn = newTemp(ty);
   IROp    minus = mkSizedOp(ty, Iop_Sub8);
   IROp    xor   = mkSizedOp(ty, Iop_Xor8);

   vassert(typeOfIRTemp(irsb->tyenv, tres) == ty);

   switch (sz) {
      case 8:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_SBBQ; break;
      case 4:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_SBBL; break;
      case 2:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_SBBW; break;
      case 1:  thunkOp = AMD64G_CC_OP_SBBB; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   /* oldc = old carry flag, 0 or 1 */
   assign( oldc, binop(Iop_And64,
                       mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_c(),
                       mkU64(1)) );

   assign( oldcn, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(oldc)) );

   assign( tres, binop(minus,
                       binop(minus,mkexpr(ta1),mkexpr(ta2)),
                       mkexpr(oldcn)) );

   /* Possibly generate a store of 'tres' to 'taddr'.  See comment at
      start of this function. */
   if (taddr != IRTemp_INVALID) {
      if (texpVal == IRTemp_INVALID) {
         vassert(restart_point == 0);
         storeLE( mkexpr(taddr), mkexpr(tres) );
      } else {
         vassert(typeOfIRTemp(irsb->tyenv, texpVal) == ty);
         /* .. and hence 'texpVal' has the same type as 'tres'. */
         casLE( mkexpr(taddr),
                mkexpr(texpVal), mkexpr(tres), restart_point );
      }
   }

   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(thunkOp) ) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, widenUto64(mkexpr(ta1) )) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, widenUto64(binop(xor, mkexpr(ta2), 
                                                         mkexpr(oldcn)) )) );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkexpr(oldc) ) );
}


/* -------------- Helpers for disassembly printing. -------------- */

static HChar* nameGrp1 ( Int opc_aux )
{
   static HChar* grp1_names[8] 
     = { "add", "or", "adc", "sbb", "and", "sub", "xor", "cmp" };
   if (opc_aux < 0 || opc_aux > 7) vpanic("nameGrp1(amd64)");
   return grp1_names[opc_aux];
}

static HChar* nameGrp2 ( Int opc_aux )
{
   static HChar* grp2_names[8] 
     = { "rol", "ror", "rcl", "rcr", "shl", "shr", "shl", "sar" };
   if (opc_aux < 0 || opc_aux > 7) vpanic("nameGrp2(amd64)");
   return grp2_names[opc_aux];
}

static HChar* nameGrp4 ( Int opc_aux )
{
   static HChar* grp4_names[8] 
     = { "inc", "dec", "???", "???", "???", "???", "???", "???" };
   if (opc_aux < 0 || opc_aux > 1) vpanic("nameGrp4(amd64)");
   return grp4_names[opc_aux];
}

static HChar* nameGrp5 ( Int opc_aux )
{
   static HChar* grp5_names[8] 
     = { "inc", "dec", "call*", "call*", "jmp*", "jmp*", "push", "???" };
   if (opc_aux < 0 || opc_aux > 6) vpanic("nameGrp5(amd64)");
   return grp5_names[opc_aux];
}

static HChar* nameGrp8 ( Int opc_aux )
{
   static HChar* grp8_names[8] 
      = { "???", "???", "???", "???", "bt", "bts", "btr", "btc" };
   if (opc_aux < 4 || opc_aux > 7) vpanic("nameGrp8(amd64)");
   return grp8_names[opc_aux];
}

//.. static HChar* nameSReg ( UInt sreg )
//.. {
//..    switch (sreg) {
//..       case R_ES: return "%es";
//..       case R_CS: return "%cs";
//..       case R_SS: return "%ss";
//..       case R_DS: return "%ds";
//..       case R_FS: return "%fs";
//..       case R_GS: return "%gs";
//..       default: vpanic("nameSReg(x86)");
//..    }
//.. }

static HChar* nameMMXReg ( Int mmxreg )
{
   static HChar* mmx_names[8] 
     = { "%mm0", "%mm1", "%mm2", "%mm3", "%mm4", "%mm5", "%mm6", "%mm7" };
   if (mmxreg < 0 || mmxreg > 7) vpanic("nameMMXReg(amd64,guest)");
   return mmx_names[mmxreg];
}

static HChar* nameXMMReg ( Int xmmreg )
{
   static HChar* xmm_names[16] 
     = { "%xmm0",  "%xmm1",  "%xmm2",  "%xmm3", 
         "%xmm4",  "%xmm5",  "%xmm6",  "%xmm7", 
         "%xmm8",  "%xmm9",  "%xmm10", "%xmm11", 
         "%xmm12", "%xmm13", "%xmm14", "%xmm15" };
   if (xmmreg < 0 || xmmreg > 15) vpanic("nameXMMReg(amd64)");
   return xmm_names[xmmreg];
}
 
static HChar* nameMMXGran ( Int gran )
{
   switch (gran) {
      case 0: return "b";
      case 1: return "w";
      case 2: return "d";
      case 3: return "q";
      default: vpanic("nameMMXGran(amd64,guest)");
   }
}

static HChar nameISize ( Int size )
{
   switch (size) {
      case 8: return 'q';
      case 4: return 'l';
      case 2: return 'w';
      case 1: return 'b';
      default: vpanic("nameISize(amd64)");
   }
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- JMP helpers                                          ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

static void jmp_lit( IRJumpKind kind, Addr64 d64 )
{
   irsb->next     = mkU64(d64);
   irsb->jumpkind = kind;
}

static void jmp_treg( IRJumpKind kind, IRTemp t )
{
   irsb->next     = mkexpr(t);
   irsb->jumpkind = kind;
}

static 
void jcc_01 ( AMD64Condcode cond, Addr64 d64_false, Addr64 d64_true )
{
   Bool          invert;
   AMD64Condcode condPos;
   condPos = positiveIse_AMD64Condcode ( cond, &invert );
   if (invert) {
      stmt( IRStmt_Exit( mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(condPos),
                         Ijk_Boring,
                         IRConst_U64(d64_false) ) );
      irsb->next     = mkU64(d64_true);
      irsb->jumpkind = Ijk_Boring;
   } else {
      stmt( IRStmt_Exit( mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(condPos),
                         Ijk_Boring,
                         IRConst_U64(d64_true) ) );
      irsb->next     = mkU64(d64_false);
      irsb->jumpkind = Ijk_Boring;
   }
}

/* Let new_rsp be the %rsp value after a call/return.  Let nia be the
   guest address of the next instruction to be executed.

   This function generates an AbiHint to say that -128(%rsp)
   .. -1(%rsp) should now be regarded as uninitialised.
*/
static 
void make_redzone_AbiHint ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                            IRTemp new_rsp, IRTemp nia, HChar* who )
{
   Int szB = vbi->guest_stack_redzone_size;
   vassert(szB >= 0);

   /* A bit of a kludge.  Currently the only AbI we've guested AMD64
      for is ELF.  So just check it's the expected 128 value
      (paranoia). */
   vassert(szB == 128);

   if (0) vex_printf("AbiHint: %s\n", who);
   vassert(typeOfIRTemp(irsb->tyenv, new_rsp) == Ity_I64);
   vassert(typeOfIRTemp(irsb->tyenv, nia) == Ity_I64);
   if (szB > 0)
      stmt( IRStmt_AbiHint( 
               binop(Iop_Sub64, mkexpr(new_rsp), mkU64(szB)), 
               szB,
               mkexpr(nia)
            ));
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Disassembling addressing modes                       ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

static 
HChar* segRegTxt ( Prefix pfx )
{
   if (pfx & PFX_CS) return "%cs:";
   if (pfx & PFX_DS) return "%ds:";
   if (pfx & PFX_ES) return "%es:";
   if (pfx & PFX_FS) return "%fs:";
   if (pfx & PFX_GS) return "%gs:";
   if (pfx & PFX_SS) return "%ss:";
   return ""; /* no override */
}


/* 'virtual' is an IRExpr* holding a virtual address.  Convert it to a
   linear address by adding any required segment override as indicated
   by sorb, and also dealing with any address size override
   present. */
static
IRExpr* handleAddrOverrides ( VexAbiInfo* vbi, 
                              Prefix pfx, IRExpr* virtual )
{
   /* --- segment overrides --- */
   if (pfx & PFX_FS) {
      if (vbi->guest_amd64_assume_fs_is_zero) {
         /* Note that this is a linux-kernel specific hack that relies
            on the assumption that %fs is always zero. */
         /* return virtual + guest_FS_ZERO. */
         virtual = binop(Iop_Add64, virtual,
                                    IRExpr_Get(OFFB_FS_ZERO, Ity_I64));
      } else {
         unimplemented("amd64 %fs segment override");
      }
   }

   if (pfx & PFX_GS) {
      if (vbi->guest_amd64_assume_gs_is_0x60) {
         /* Note that this is a darwin-kernel specific hack that relies
            on the assumption that %gs is always 0x60. */
         /* return virtual + guest_GS_0x60. */
         virtual = binop(Iop_Add64, virtual,
                                    IRExpr_Get(OFFB_GS_0x60, Ity_I64));
      } else {
         unimplemented("amd64 %gs segment override");
      }
   }

   /* cs, ds, es and ss are simply ignored in 64-bit mode. */

   /* --- address size override --- */
   if (haveASO(pfx))
      virtual = unop(Iop_32Uto64, unop(Iop_64to32, virtual));

   return virtual;
}

//.. {
//..    Int    sreg;
//..    IRType hWordTy;
//..    IRTemp ldt_ptr, gdt_ptr, seg_selector, r64;
//.. 
//..    if (sorb == 0)
//..       /* the common case - no override */
//..       return virtual;
//.. 
//..    switch (sorb) {
//..       case 0x3E: sreg = R_DS; break;
//..       case 0x26: sreg = R_ES; break;
//..       case 0x64: sreg = R_FS; break;
//..       case 0x65: sreg = R_GS; break;
//..       default: vpanic("handleAddrOverrides(x86,guest)");
//..    }
//.. 
//..    hWordTy = sizeof(HWord)==4 ? Ity_I32 : Ity_I64;
//.. 
//..    seg_selector = newTemp(Ity_I32);
//..    ldt_ptr      = newTemp(hWordTy);
//..    gdt_ptr      = newTemp(hWordTy);
//..    r64          = newTemp(Ity_I64);
//.. 
//..    assign( seg_selector, unop(Iop_16Uto32, getSReg(sreg)) );
//..    assign( ldt_ptr, IRExpr_Get( OFFB_LDT, hWordTy ));
//..    assign( gdt_ptr, IRExpr_Get( OFFB_GDT, hWordTy ));
//.. 
//..    /*
//..    Call this to do the translation and limit checks: 
//..    ULong x86g_use_seg_selector ( HWord ldt, HWord gdt,
//..                                  UInt seg_selector, UInt virtual_addr )
//..    */
//..    assign( 
//..       r64, 
//..       mkIRExprCCall( 
//..          Ity_I64, 
//..          0/*regparms*/, 
//..          "x86g_use_seg_selector", 
//..          &x86g_use_seg_selector, 
//..          mkIRExprVec_4( mkexpr(ldt_ptr), mkexpr(gdt_ptr), 
//..                         mkexpr(seg_selector), virtual)
//..       )
//..    );
//.. 
//..    /* If the high 32 of the result are non-zero, there was a 
//..       failure in address translation.  In which case, make a
//..       quick exit.
//..    */
//..    stmt( 
//..       IRStmt_Exit(
//..          binop(Iop_CmpNE32, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(r64)), mkU32(0)),
//..          Ijk_MapFail,
//..          IRConst_U32( guest_eip_curr_instr )
//..       )
//..    );
//.. 
//..    /* otherwise, here's the translated result. */
//..    return unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(r64));
//.. }


/* Generate IR to calculate an address indicated by a ModRM and
   following SIB bytes.  The expression, and the number of bytes in
   the address mode, are returned (the latter in *len).  Note that
   this fn should not be called if the R/M part of the address denotes
   a register instead of memory.  If print_codegen is true, text of
   the addressing mode is placed in buf.

   The computed address is stored in a new tempreg, and the
   identity of the tempreg is returned.

   extra_bytes holds the number of bytes after the amode, as supplied
   by the caller.  This is needed to make sense of %rip-relative
   addresses.  Note that the value that *len is set to is only the
   length of the amode itself and does not include the value supplied
   in extra_bytes.
 */

static IRTemp disAMode_copy2tmp ( IRExpr* addr64 )
{
   IRTemp tmp = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign( tmp, addr64 );
   return tmp;
}

static 
IRTemp disAMode ( /*OUT*/Int* len,
                  VexAbiInfo* vbi, Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                  /*OUT*/HChar* buf, Int extra_bytes )
{
   UChar mod_reg_rm = getUChar(delta);
   delta++;

   buf[0] = (UChar)0;
   vassert(extra_bytes >= 0 && extra_bytes < 10);

   /* squeeze out the reg field from mod_reg_rm, since a 256-entry
      jump table seems a bit excessive. 
   */
   mod_reg_rm &= 0xC7;                         /* is now XX000YYY */
   mod_reg_rm  = toUChar(mod_reg_rm | (mod_reg_rm >> 3));
                                               /* is now XX0XXYYY */
   mod_reg_rm &= 0x1F;                         /* is now 000XXYYY */
   switch (mod_reg_rm) {

      /* REX.B==0: (%rax) .. (%rdi), not including (%rsp) or (%rbp).
         REX.B==1: (%r8)  .. (%r15), not including (%r12) or (%r13).
      */
      case 0x00: case 0x01: case 0x02: case 0x03: 
      /* ! 04 */ /* ! 05 */ case 0x06: case 0x07:
         { UChar rm = toUChar(mod_reg_rm & 7);
           DIS(buf, "%s(%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,rm));
           *len = 1;
           return disAMode_copy2tmp(
                  handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, getIRegRexB(8,pfx,rm)));
         }

      /* REX.B==0: d8(%rax) ... d8(%rdi), not including d8(%rsp) 
         REX.B==1: d8(%r8)  ... d8(%r15), not including d8(%r12) 
      */
      case 0x08: case 0x09: case 0x0A: case 0x0B: 
      /* ! 0C */ case 0x0D: case 0x0E: case 0x0F:
         { UChar rm = toUChar(mod_reg_rm & 7);
           Long d   = getSDisp8(delta);
           if (d == 0) {
              DIS(buf, "%s(%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,rm));
           } else {
              DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), d, nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,rm));
           }
           *len = 2;
           return disAMode_copy2tmp(
                  handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx,
                     binop(Iop_Add64,getIRegRexB(8,pfx,rm),mkU64(d))));
         }

      /* REX.B==0: d32(%rax) ... d32(%rdi), not including d32(%rsp)
         REX.B==1: d32(%r8)  ... d32(%r15), not including d32(%r12)
      */
      case 0x10: case 0x11: case 0x12: case 0x13: 
      /* ! 14 */ case 0x15: case 0x16: case 0x17:
         { UChar rm = toUChar(mod_reg_rm & 7);
           Long  d  = getSDisp32(delta);
           DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), d, nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,rm));
           *len = 5;
           return disAMode_copy2tmp(
                  handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx,
                     binop(Iop_Add64,getIRegRexB(8,pfx,rm),mkU64(d))));
         }

      /* REX.B==0: a register, %rax .. %rdi.  This shouldn't happen. */
      /* REX.B==1: a register, %r8  .. %r16.  This shouldn't happen. */
      case 0x18: case 0x19: case 0x1A: case 0x1B:
      case 0x1C: case 0x1D: case 0x1E: case 0x1F:
         vpanic("disAMode(amd64): not an addr!");

      /* RIP + disp32.  This assumes that guest_RIP_curr_instr is set
         correctly at the start of handling each instruction. */
      case 0x05: 
         { Long d = getSDisp32(delta);
           *len = 5;
           DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%%rip)", segRegTxt(pfx), d);
           /* We need to know the next instruction's start address.
              Try and figure out what it is, record the guess, and ask
              the top-level driver logic (bbToIR_AMD64) to check we
              guessed right, after the instruction is completely
              decoded. */
           guest_RIP_next_mustcheck = True;
           guest_RIP_next_assumed = guest_RIP_bbstart 
                                    + delta+4 + extra_bytes;
           return disAMode_copy2tmp( 
                     handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, 
                        binop(Iop_Add64, mkU64(guest_RIP_next_assumed), 
                                         mkU64(d))));
         }

      case 0x04: {
         /* SIB, with no displacement.  Special cases:
            -- %rsp cannot act as an index value.  
               If index_r indicates %rsp, zero is used for the index.
            -- when mod is zero and base indicates RBP or R13, base is 
               instead a 32-bit sign-extended literal.
            It's all madness, I tell you.  Extract %index, %base and 
            scale from the SIB byte.  The value denoted is then:
               | %index == %RSP && (%base == %RBP || %base == %R13)
               = d32 following SIB byte
               | %index == %RSP && !(%base == %RBP || %base == %R13)
               = %base
               | %index != %RSP && (%base == %RBP || %base == %R13)
               = d32 following SIB byte + (%index << scale)
               | %index != %RSP && !(%base == %RBP || %base == %R13)
               = %base + (%index << scale)
         */
         UChar sib     = getUChar(delta);
         UChar scale   = toUChar((sib >> 6) & 3);
         UChar index_r = toUChar((sib >> 3) & 7);
         UChar base_r  = toUChar(sib & 7);
         /* correct since #(R13) == 8 + #(RBP) */
         Bool  base_is_BPor13 = toBool(base_r == R_RBP);
         Bool  index_is_SP    = toBool(index_r == R_RSP && 0==getRexX(pfx));
         delta++;

         if ((!index_is_SP) && (!base_is_BPor13)) {
            if (scale == 0) {
               DIS(buf, "%s(%s,%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), 
                         nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                         nameIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r));
            } else {
               DIS(buf, "%s(%s,%s,%d)", segRegTxt(pfx), 
                         nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                         nameIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r), 1<<scale);
            }
            *len = 2;
            return
               disAMode_copy2tmp( 
               handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx,
                  binop(Iop_Add64, 
                        getIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r),
                        binop(Iop_Shl64, getIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r),
                              mkU8(scale)))));
         }

         if ((!index_is_SP) && base_is_BPor13) {
            Long d = getSDisp32(delta);
            DIS(buf, "%s%lld(,%s,%d)", segRegTxt(pfx), d, 
                      nameIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r), 1<<scale);
            *len = 6;
            return
               disAMode_copy2tmp(
               handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, 
                  binop(Iop_Add64,
                        binop(Iop_Shl64, getIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r), 
                                         mkU8(scale)),
                        mkU64(d))));
         }

         if (index_is_SP && (!base_is_BPor13)) {
            DIS(buf, "%s(%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r));
            *len = 2;
            return disAMode_copy2tmp(
                   handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, getIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r)));
         }

         if (index_is_SP && base_is_BPor13) {
            Long d = getSDisp32(delta);
            DIS(buf, "%s%lld", segRegTxt(pfx), d);
            *len = 6;
            return disAMode_copy2tmp(
                   handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, mkU64(d)));
         }

         vassert(0);
      }

      /* SIB, with 8-bit displacement.  Special cases:
         -- %esp cannot act as an index value.  
            If index_r indicates %esp, zero is used for the index.
         Denoted value is:
            | %index == %ESP
            = d8 + %base
            | %index != %ESP
            = d8 + %base + (%index << scale)
      */
      case 0x0C: {
         UChar sib     = getUChar(delta);
         UChar scale   = toUChar((sib >> 6) & 3);
         UChar index_r = toUChar((sib >> 3) & 7);
         UChar base_r  = toUChar(sib & 7);
         Long d        = getSDisp8(delta+1);

         if (index_r == R_RSP && 0==getRexX(pfx)) {
            DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), 
                                   d, nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r));
            *len = 3;
            return disAMode_copy2tmp(
                   handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, 
                      binop(Iop_Add64, getIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), mkU64(d)) ));
         } else {
            if (scale == 0) {
               DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s,%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), d, 
                         nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                         nameIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r));
            } else {
               DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s,%s,%d)", segRegTxt(pfx), d, 
                         nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                         nameIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r), 1<<scale);
            }
            *len = 3;
            return 
                disAMode_copy2tmp(
                handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx,
                  binop(Iop_Add64,
                        binop(Iop_Add64, 
                              getIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                              binop(Iop_Shl64, 
                                    getIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r), mkU8(scale))),
                        mkU64(d))));
         }
         vassert(0); /*NOTREACHED*/
      }

      /* SIB, with 32-bit displacement.  Special cases:
         -- %rsp cannot act as an index value.  
            If index_r indicates %rsp, zero is used for the index.
         Denoted value is:
            | %index == %RSP
            = d32 + %base
            | %index != %RSP
            = d32 + %base + (%index << scale)
      */
      case 0x14: {
         UChar sib     = getUChar(delta);
         UChar scale   = toUChar((sib >> 6) & 3);
         UChar index_r = toUChar((sib >> 3) & 7);
         UChar base_r  = toUChar(sib & 7);
         Long d        = getSDisp32(delta+1);

         if (index_r == R_RSP && 0==getRexX(pfx)) {
            DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), 
                                   d, nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r));
            *len = 6;
            return disAMode_copy2tmp(
                   handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, 
                      binop(Iop_Add64, getIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), mkU64(d)) ));
         } else {
            if (scale == 0) {
               DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s,%s)", segRegTxt(pfx), d, 
                         nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                         nameIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r));
            } else {
               DIS(buf, "%s%lld(%s,%s,%d)", segRegTxt(pfx), d, 
                         nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                         nameIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r), 1<<scale);
            }
            *len = 6;
            return 
                disAMode_copy2tmp(
                handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx,
                  binop(Iop_Add64,
                        binop(Iop_Add64, 
                              getIRegRexB(8,pfx,base_r), 
                              binop(Iop_Shl64, 
                                    getIReg64rexX(pfx,index_r), mkU8(scale))),
                        mkU64(d))));
         }
         vassert(0); /*NOTREACHED*/
      }

      default:
         vpanic("disAMode(amd64)");
         return 0; /*notreached*/
   }
}


/* Figure out the number of (insn-stream) bytes constituting the amode
   beginning at delta.  Is useful for getting hold of literals beyond
   the end of the amode before it has been disassembled.  */

static UInt lengthAMode ( Prefix pfx, Long delta )
{
   UChar mod_reg_rm = getUChar(delta);
   delta++;

   /* squeeze out the reg field from mod_reg_rm, since a 256-entry
      jump table seems a bit excessive. 
   */
   mod_reg_rm &= 0xC7;                         /* is now XX000YYY */
   mod_reg_rm  = toUChar(mod_reg_rm | (mod_reg_rm >> 3));
                                               /* is now XX0XXYYY */
   mod_reg_rm &= 0x1F;                         /* is now 000XXYYY */
   switch (mod_reg_rm) {

      /* REX.B==0: (%rax) .. (%rdi), not including (%rsp) or (%rbp).
         REX.B==1: (%r8)  .. (%r15), not including (%r12) or (%r13).
      */
      case 0x00: case 0x01: case 0x02: case 0x03: 
      /* ! 04 */ /* ! 05 */ case 0x06: case 0x07:
         return 1;

      /* REX.B==0: d8(%rax) ... d8(%rdi), not including d8(%rsp) 
         REX.B==1: d8(%r8)  ... d8(%r15), not including d8(%r12) 
      */
      case 0x08: case 0x09: case 0x0A: case 0x0B: 
      /* ! 0C */ case 0x0D: case 0x0E: case 0x0F:
         return 2;

      /* REX.B==0: d32(%rax) ... d32(%rdi), not including d32(%rsp)
         REX.B==1: d32(%r8)  ... d32(%r15), not including d32(%r12)
      */
      case 0x10: case 0x11: case 0x12: case 0x13: 
      /* ! 14 */ case 0x15: case 0x16: case 0x17:
         return 5;

      /* REX.B==0: a register, %rax .. %rdi.  This shouldn't happen. */
      /* REX.B==1: a register, %r8  .. %r16.  This shouldn't happen. */
      /* Not an address, but still handled. */
      case 0x18: case 0x19: case 0x1A: case 0x1B:
      case 0x1C: case 0x1D: case 0x1E: case 0x1F:
         return 1;

      /* RIP + disp32. */
      case 0x05: 
         return 5;

      case 0x04: {
         /* SIB, with no displacement. */
         UChar sib     = getUChar(delta);
         UChar base_r  = toUChar(sib & 7);
         /* correct since #(R13) == 8 + #(RBP) */
         Bool  base_is_BPor13 = toBool(base_r == R_RBP);

         if (base_is_BPor13) {
            return 6;
         } else {
            return 2;
         }
      }

      /* SIB, with 8-bit displacement. */
      case 0x0C:
         return 3;

      /* SIB, with 32-bit displacement. */
      case 0x14:
         return 6;

      default:
         vpanic("lengthAMode(amd64)");
         return 0; /*notreached*/
   }
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Disassembling common idioms                          ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Handle binary integer instructions of the form
      op E, G  meaning
      op reg-or-mem, reg
   Is passed the a ptr to the modRM byte, the actual operation, and the
   data size.  Returns the address advanced completely over this
   instruction.

   E(src) is reg-or-mem
   G(dst) is reg.

   If E is reg, -->    GET %G,  tmp
                       OP %E,   tmp
                       PUT tmp, %G
 
   If E is mem and OP is not reversible, 
                -->    (getAddr E) -> tmpa
                       LD (tmpa), tmpa
                       GET %G, tmp2
                       OP tmpa, tmp2
                       PUT tmp2, %G

   If E is mem and OP is reversible
                -->    (getAddr E) -> tmpa
                       LD (tmpa), tmpa
                       OP %G, tmpa
                       PUT tmpa, %G
*/
static
ULong dis_op2_E_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                    Prefix      pfx,
                    Bool        addSubCarry,
                    IROp        op8, 
                    Bool        keep,
                    Int         size, 
                    Long        delta0,
                    HChar*      t_amd64opc )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     len;
   IRType  ty   = szToITy(size);
   IRTemp  dst1 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  src  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  dst0 = newTemp(ty);
   UChar   rm   = getUChar(delta0);
   IRTemp  addr = IRTemp_INVALID;

   /* addSubCarry == True indicates the intended operation is
      add-with-carry or subtract-with-borrow. */
   if (addSubCarry) {
      vassert(op8 == Iop_Add8 || op8 == Iop_Sub8);
      vassert(keep);
   }

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      /* Specially handle XOR reg,reg, because that doesn't really
         depend on reg, and doing the obvious thing potentially
         generates a spurious value check failure due to the bogus
         dependency. */
      if ((op8 == Iop_Xor8 || (op8 == Iop_Sub8 && addSubCarry))
          && offsetIRegG(size,pfx,rm) == offsetIRegE(size,pfx,rm)) {
         if (False && op8 == Iop_Sub8)
            vex_printf("vex amd64->IR: sbb %%r,%%r optimisation(1)\n");
       putIRegG(size,pfx,rm, mkU(ty,0));
      }

      assign( dst0, getIRegG(size,pfx,rm) );
      assign( src,  getIRegE(size,pfx,rm) );

      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Add8) {
         helper_ADC( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      } else
      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Sub8) {
         helper_SBB( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      } else {
         assign( dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)) );
         if (isAddSub(op8))
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(op8, dst0, src, ty);
         else
            setFlags_DEP1(op8, dst1, ty);
         if (keep)
            putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      }

      DIP("%s%c %s,%s\n", t_amd64opc, nameISize(size), 
                          nameIRegE(size,pfx,rm),
                          nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm));
      return 1+delta0;
   } else {
      /* E refers to memory */
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( dst0, getIRegG(size,pfx,rm) );
      assign( src,  loadLE(szToITy(size), mkexpr(addr)) );

      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Add8) {
         helper_ADC( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      } else
      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Sub8) {
         helper_SBB( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      } else {
         assign( dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)) );
         if (isAddSub(op8))
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(op8, dst0, src, ty);
         else
            setFlags_DEP1(op8, dst1, ty);
         if (keep)
            putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      }

      DIP("%s%c %s,%s\n", t_amd64opc, nameISize(size), 
                          dis_buf, nameIRegG(size, pfx, rm));
      return len+delta0;
   }
}



/* Handle binary integer instructions of the form
      op G, E  meaning
      op reg, reg-or-mem
   Is passed the a ptr to the modRM byte, the actual operation, and the
   data size.  Returns the address advanced completely over this
   instruction.

   G(src) is reg.
   E(dst) is reg-or-mem

   If E is reg, -->    GET %E,  tmp
                       OP %G,   tmp
                       PUT tmp, %E
 
   If E is mem, -->    (getAddr E) -> tmpa
                       LD (tmpa), tmpv
                       OP %G, tmpv
                       ST tmpv, (tmpa)
*/
static
ULong dis_op2_G_E ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                    Prefix      pfx,
                    Bool        addSubCarry,
                    IROp        op8, 
                    Bool        keep,
                    Int         size, 
                    Long        delta0,
                    HChar*      t_amd64opc )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     len;
   IRType  ty   = szToITy(size);
   IRTemp  dst1 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  src  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  dst0 = newTemp(ty);
   UChar   rm   = getUChar(delta0);
   IRTemp  addr = IRTemp_INVALID;

   /* addSubCarry == True indicates the intended operation is
      add-with-carry or subtract-with-borrow. */
   if (addSubCarry) {
      vassert(op8 == Iop_Add8 || op8 == Iop_Sub8);
      vassert(keep);
   }

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      /* Specially handle XOR reg,reg, because that doesn't really
         depend on reg, and doing the obvious thing potentially
         generates a spurious value check failure due to the bogus
         dependency.  Ditto SBB reg,reg. */
      if ((op8 == Iop_Xor8 || (op8 == Iop_Sub8 && addSubCarry))
          && offsetIRegG(size,pfx,rm) == offsetIRegE(size,pfx,rm)) {
         putIRegE(size,pfx,rm, mkU(ty,0));
      }

      assign(dst0, getIRegE(size,pfx,rm));
      assign(src,  getIRegG(size,pfx,rm));

      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Add8) {
         helper_ADC( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         putIRegE(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      } else
      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Sub8) {
         helper_SBB( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         putIRegE(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      } else {
         assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)));
         if (isAddSub(op8))
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(op8, dst0, src, ty);
         else
            setFlags_DEP1(op8, dst1, ty);
         if (keep)
            putIRegE(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dst1));
      }

      DIP("%s%c %s,%s\n", t_amd64opc, nameISize(size), 
                          nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm),
                          nameIRegE(size,pfx,rm));
      return 1+delta0;
   }

   /* E refers to memory */    
   {
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign(dst0, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(addr)));
      assign(src,  getIRegG(size,pfx,rm));

      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Add8) {
         if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
            /* cas-style store */
            helper_ADC( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                        /*store*/addr, dst0/*expVal*/, guest_RIP_curr_instr );
         } else {
            /* normal store */
            helper_ADC( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                        /*store*/addr, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         }
      } else
      if (addSubCarry && op8 == Iop_Sub8) {
         if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
            /* cas-style store */
            helper_SBB( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                        /*store*/addr, dst0/*expVal*/, guest_RIP_curr_instr );
         } else {
            /* normal store */
            helper_SBB( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                        /*store*/addr, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         }
      } else {
         assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)));
         if (keep) {
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               if (0) vex_printf("locked case\n" );
               casLE( mkexpr(addr),
                      mkexpr(dst0)/*expval*/, 
                      mkexpr(dst1)/*newval*/, guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               if (0) vex_printf("nonlocked case\n");
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(dst1));
            }
         }
         if (isAddSub(op8))
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(op8, dst0, src, ty);
         else
            setFlags_DEP1(op8, dst1, ty);
      }

      DIP("%s%c %s,%s\n", t_amd64opc, nameISize(size), 
                          nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm), dis_buf);
      return len+delta0;
   }
}


/* Handle move instructions of the form
      mov E, G  meaning
      mov reg-or-mem, reg
   Is passed the a ptr to the modRM byte, and the data size.  Returns
   the address advanced completely over this instruction.

   E(src) is reg-or-mem
   G(dst) is reg.

   If E is reg, -->    GET %E,  tmpv
                       PUT tmpv, %G
 
   If E is mem  -->    (getAddr E) -> tmpa
                       LD (tmpa), tmpb
                       PUT tmpb, %G
*/
static
ULong dis_mov_E_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                    Prefix      pfx,
                    Int         size, 
                    Long        delta0 )
{
   Int len;
   UChar rm = getUChar(delta0);
   HChar dis_buf[50];

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, getIRegE(size, pfx, rm));
      DIP("mov%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(size),
                           nameIRegE(size,pfx,rm),
                           nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm));
      return 1+delta0;
   }

   /* E refers to memory */    
   {
      IRTemp addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, loadLE(szToITy(size), mkexpr(addr)));
      DIP("mov%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(size), 
                           dis_buf,
                           nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm));
      return delta0+len;
   }
}


/* Handle move instructions of the form
      mov G, E  meaning
      mov reg, reg-or-mem
   Is passed the a ptr to the modRM byte, and the data size.  Returns
   the address advanced completely over this instruction.

   G(src) is reg.
   E(dst) is reg-or-mem

   If E is reg, -->    GET %G,  tmp
                       PUT tmp, %E
 
   If E is mem, -->    (getAddr E) -> tmpa
                       GET %G, tmpv
                       ST tmpv, (tmpa) 
*/
static
ULong dis_mov_G_E ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                    Prefix      pfx,
                    Int         size, 
                    Long        delta0 )
{
   Int len;
   UChar rm = getUChar(delta0);
   HChar dis_buf[50];

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      putIRegE(size, pfx, rm, getIRegG(size, pfx, rm));
      DIP("mov%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(size),
                           nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm),
                           nameIRegE(size,pfx,rm));
      return 1+delta0;
   }

   /* E refers to memory */    
   {
      IRTemp addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getIRegG(size, pfx, rm) );
      DIP("mov%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(size), 
                           nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm), 
                           dis_buf);
      return len+delta0;
   }
}


/* op $immediate, AL/AX/EAX/RAX. */
static
ULong dis_op_imm_A ( Int    size,
                     Bool   carrying,
                     IROp   op8,
                     Bool   keep,
                     Long   delta,
                     HChar* t_amd64opc )
{
   Int    size4 = imin(size,4);
   IRType ty    = szToITy(size);
   IRTemp dst0  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp src   = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp dst1  = newTemp(ty);
   Long  lit    = getSDisp(size4,delta);
   assign(dst0, getIRegRAX(size));
   assign(src,  mkU(ty,lit & mkSizeMask(size)));

   if (isAddSub(op8) && !carrying) {
      assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)) );
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(op8, dst0, src, ty);
   }
   else
   if (isLogic(op8)) {
      vassert(!carrying);
      assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)) );
      setFlags_DEP1(op8, dst1, ty);
   }
   else
   if (op8 == Iop_Add8 && carrying) {
      helper_ADC( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                  /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
   }
   else
   if (op8 == Iop_Sub8 && carrying) {
      helper_SBB( size, dst1, dst0, src,
                  /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
   }
   else
      vpanic("dis_op_imm_A(amd64,guest)");

   if (keep)
      putIRegRAX(size, mkexpr(dst1));

   DIP("%s%c $%lld, %s\n", t_amd64opc, nameISize(size), 
                           lit, nameIRegRAX(size));
   return delta+size4;
}


/* Sign- and Zero-extending moves. */
static
ULong dis_movx_E_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                     Prefix pfx,
                     Long delta, Int szs, Int szd, Bool sign_extend )
{
   UChar rm = getUChar(delta);
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      putIRegG(szd, pfx, rm,
                    doScalarWidening(
                       szs,szd,sign_extend,
                       getIRegE(szs,pfx,rm)));
      DIP("mov%c%c%c %s,%s\n", sign_extend ? 's' : 'z',
                               nameISize(szs), 
                               nameISize(szd),
                               nameIRegE(szs,pfx,rm),
                               nameIRegG(szd,pfx,rm));
      return 1+delta;
   }

   /* E refers to memory */    
   {
      Int    len;
      HChar  dis_buf[50];
      IRTemp addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      putIRegG(szd, pfx, rm,
                    doScalarWidening(
                       szs,szd,sign_extend, 
                       loadLE(szToITy(szs),mkexpr(addr))));
      DIP("mov%c%c%c %s,%s\n", sign_extend ? 's' : 'z',
                               nameISize(szs), 
                               nameISize(szd),
                               dis_buf, 
                               nameIRegG(szd,pfx,rm));
      return len+delta;
   }
}


/* Generate code to divide ArchRegs RDX:RAX / EDX:EAX / DX:AX / AX by
   the 64 / 32 / 16 / 8 bit quantity in the given IRTemp.  */
static
void codegen_div ( Int sz, IRTemp t, Bool signed_divide )
{
   /* special-case the 64-bit case */
   if (sz == 8) {
      IROp   op     = signed_divide ? Iop_DivModS128to64 
                                    : Iop_DivModU128to64;
      IRTemp src128 = newTemp(Ity_I128);
      IRTemp dst128 = newTemp(Ity_I128);
      assign( src128, binop(Iop_64HLto128, 
                            getIReg64(R_RDX), 
                            getIReg64(R_RAX)) );
      assign( dst128, binop(op, mkexpr(src128), mkexpr(t)) );
      putIReg64( R_RAX, unop(Iop_128to64,mkexpr(dst128)) );
      putIReg64( R_RDX, unop(Iop_128HIto64,mkexpr(dst128)) );
   } else {
      IROp   op    = signed_divide ? Iop_DivModS64to32 
                                   : Iop_DivModU64to32;
      IRTemp src64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dst64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      switch (sz) {
      case 4:
         assign( src64, 
                 binop(Iop_32HLto64, getIRegRDX(4), getIRegRAX(4)) );
         assign( dst64, 
                 binop(op, mkexpr(src64), mkexpr(t)) );
         putIRegRAX( 4, unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(dst64)) );
         putIRegRDX( 4, unop(Iop_64HIto32,mkexpr(dst64)) );
         break;
      case 2: {
         IROp widen3264 = signed_divide ? Iop_32Sto64 : Iop_32Uto64;
         IROp widen1632 = signed_divide ? Iop_16Sto32 : Iop_16Uto32;
         assign( src64, unop(widen3264,
                             binop(Iop_16HLto32, 
                                   getIRegRDX(2), 
                                   getIRegRAX(2))) );
         assign( dst64, binop(op, mkexpr(src64), unop(widen1632,mkexpr(t))) );
         putIRegRAX( 2, unop(Iop_32to16,unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(dst64))) );
         putIRegRDX( 2, unop(Iop_32to16,unop(Iop_64HIto32,mkexpr(dst64))) );
         break;
      }
      case 1: {
         IROp widen3264 = signed_divide ? Iop_32Sto64 : Iop_32Uto64;
         IROp widen1632 = signed_divide ? Iop_16Sto32 : Iop_16Uto32;
         IROp widen816  = signed_divide ? Iop_8Sto16  : Iop_8Uto16;
         assign( src64, unop(widen3264, 
                        unop(widen1632, getIRegRAX(2))) );
         assign( dst64, 
                 binop(op, mkexpr(src64), 
                           unop(widen1632, unop(widen816, mkexpr(t)))) );
         putIRegRAX( 1, unop(Iop_16to8, 
                        unop(Iop_32to16,
                        unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(dst64)))) );
         putIRegAH( unop(Iop_16to8, 
                    unop(Iop_32to16,
                    unop(Iop_64HIto32,mkexpr(dst64)))) );
         break;
      }
      default: 
         vpanic("codegen_div(amd64)");
      }
   }
}

static 
ULong dis_Grp1 ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                 Prefix pfx,
                 Long delta, UChar modrm, 
                 Int am_sz, Int d_sz, Int sz, Long d64 )
{
   Int     len;
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   IRType  ty   = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp  dst1 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  src  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  dst0 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  addr = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IROp    op8  = Iop_INVALID;
   ULong   mask = mkSizeMask(sz);

   switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
      case 0: op8 = Iop_Add8; break;  case 1: op8 = Iop_Or8;  break;
      case 2: break;  // ADC
      case 3: break;  // SBB
      case 4: op8 = Iop_And8; break;  case 5: op8 = Iop_Sub8; break;
      case 6: op8 = Iop_Xor8; break;  case 7: op8 = Iop_Sub8; break;
      /*NOTREACHED*/
      default: vpanic("dis_Grp1(amd64): unhandled case");
   }

   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      vassert(am_sz == 1);

      assign(dst0, getIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
      assign(src,  mkU(ty,d64 & mask));

      if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) == 2 /* ADC */) {
         helper_ADC( sz, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
      } else 
      if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) == 3 /* SBB */) {
         helper_SBB( sz, dst1, dst0, src,
                     /*no store*/IRTemp_INVALID, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
      } else {
         assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)));
         if (isAddSub(op8))
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(op8, dst0, src, ty);
         else
            setFlags_DEP1(op8, dst1, ty);
      }

      if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) < 7)
         putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(dst1));

      delta += (am_sz + d_sz);
      DIP("%s%c $%lld, %s\n", 
          nameGrp1(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), nameISize(sz), d64, 
          nameIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, /*xtra*/d_sz );

      assign(dst0, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(addr)));
      assign(src, mkU(ty,d64 & mask));

      if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) == 2 /* ADC */) {
         if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
            /* cas-style store */
            helper_ADC( sz, dst1, dst0, src,
                       /*store*/addr, dst0/*expVal*/, guest_RIP_curr_instr );
         } else {
            /* normal store */
            helper_ADC( sz, dst1, dst0, src,
                        /*store*/addr, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         }
      } else 
      if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) == 3 /* SBB */) {
         if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
            /* cas-style store */
            helper_SBB( sz, dst1, dst0, src,
                       /*store*/addr, dst0/*expVal*/, guest_RIP_curr_instr );
         } else {
            /* normal store */
            helper_SBB( sz, dst1, dst0, src,
                        /*store*/addr, IRTemp_INVALID, 0 );
         }
      } else {
         assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,op8), mkexpr(dst0), mkexpr(src)));
         if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) < 7) {
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               casLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(dst0)/*expVal*/, 
                                    mkexpr(dst1)/*newVal*/,
                                    guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(dst1));
            }
         }
         if (isAddSub(op8))
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(op8, dst0, src, ty);
         else
            setFlags_DEP1(op8, dst1, ty);
      }

      delta += (len+d_sz);
      DIP("%s%c $%lld, %s\n", 
          nameGrp1(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), nameISize(sz),
          d64, dis_buf);
   }
   return delta;
}


/* Group 2 extended opcodes.  shift_expr must be an 8-bit typed
   expression. */

static
ULong dis_Grp2 ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                 Prefix pfx,
                 Long delta, UChar modrm,
                 Int am_sz, Int d_sz, Int sz, IRExpr* shift_expr,
                 HChar* shift_expr_txt, Bool* decode_OK )
{
   /* delta on entry points at the modrm byte. */
   HChar  dis_buf[50];
   Int    len;
   Bool   isShift, isRotate, isRotateC;
   IRType ty    = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp dst0  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp dst1  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp addr  = IRTemp_INVALID;

   *decode_OK = True;

   vassert(sz == 1 || sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);

   /* Put value to shift/rotate in dst0. */
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      assign(dst0, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
      delta += (am_sz + d_sz);
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, /*xtra*/d_sz );
      assign(dst0, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(addr)));
      delta += len + d_sz;
   }

   isShift = False;
   switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) { case 4: case 5: case 7: isShift = True; }

   isRotate = False;
   switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) { case 0: case 1: isRotate = True; }

   isRotateC = False;
   switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) { case 2: case 3: isRotateC = True; }

   if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) == 6) {
      *decode_OK = False;
      return delta;
   }

   if (!isShift && !isRotate && !isRotateC) {
      /*NOTREACHED*/
      vpanic("dis_Grp2(Reg): unhandled case(amd64)");
   }

   if (isRotateC) {
      /* Call a helper; this insn is so ridiculous it does not deserve
         better.  One problem is, the helper has to calculate both the
         new value and the new flags.  This is more than 64 bits, and
         there is no way to return more than 64 bits from the helper.
         Hence the crude and obvious solution is to call it twice,
         using the sign of the sz field to indicate whether it is the
         value or rflags result we want.
      */
      Bool     left = toBool(gregLO3ofRM(modrm) == 2);
      IRExpr** argsVALUE;
      IRExpr** argsRFLAGS;

      IRTemp new_value  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp new_rflags = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp old_rflags = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      assign( old_rflags, widenUto64(mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all()) );

      argsVALUE
         = mkIRExprVec_4( widenUto64(mkexpr(dst0)), /* thing to rotate */
                          widenUto64(shift_expr),   /* rotate amount */
                          mkexpr(old_rflags),
                          mkU64(sz) );
      assign( new_value, 
                 mkIRExprCCall(
                    Ity_I64, 
                    0/*regparm*/, 
                    left ? "amd64g_calculate_RCL" : "amd64g_calculate_RCR",
                    left ? &amd64g_calculate_RCL  : &amd64g_calculate_RCR,
                    argsVALUE
                 )
            );
      
      argsRFLAGS
         = mkIRExprVec_4( widenUto64(mkexpr(dst0)), /* thing to rotate */
                          widenUto64(shift_expr),   /* rotate amount */
                          mkexpr(old_rflags),
                          mkU64(-sz) );
      assign( new_rflags, 
                 mkIRExprCCall(
                    Ity_I64, 
                    0/*regparm*/, 
                    left ? "amd64g_calculate_RCL" : "amd64g_calculate_RCR",
                    left ? &amd64g_calculate_RCL  : &amd64g_calculate_RCR,
                    argsRFLAGS
                 )
            );

      assign( dst1, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(new_value)) );
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, mkexpr(new_rflags) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));
   }

   else
   if (isShift) {

      IRTemp pre64     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp res64     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp res64ss   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp shift_amt = newTemp(Ity_I8);
      UChar  mask      = toUChar(sz==8 ? 63 : 31);
      IROp   op64;

      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) { 
         case 4: op64 = Iop_Shl64; break;
         case 5: op64 = Iop_Shr64; break;
         case 7: op64 = Iop_Sar64; break;
         /*NOTREACHED*/
         default: vpanic("dis_Grp2:shift"); break;
      }

      /* Widen the value to be shifted to 64 bits, do the shift, and
         narrow back down.  This seems surprisingly long-winded, but
         unfortunately the AMD semantics requires that 8/16/32-bit
         shifts give defined results for shift values all the way up
         to 32, and this seems the simplest way to do it.  It has the
         advantage that the only IR level shifts generated are of 64
         bit values, and the shift amount is guaranteed to be in the
         range 0 .. 63, thereby observing the IR semantics requiring
         all shift values to be in the range 0 .. 2^word_size-1. 

         Therefore the shift amount is masked with 63 for 64-bit shifts
         and 31 for all others.
      */
      /* shift_amt = shift_expr & MASK, regardless of operation size */
      assign( shift_amt, binop(Iop_And8, shift_expr, mkU8(mask)) );

      /* suitably widen the value to be shifted to 64 bits. */
      assign( pre64, op64==Iop_Sar64 ? widenSto64(mkexpr(dst0))
                                     : widenUto64(mkexpr(dst0)) );

      /* res64 = pre64 `shift` shift_amt */
      assign( res64, binop(op64, mkexpr(pre64), mkexpr(shift_amt)) );

      /* res64ss = pre64 `shift` ((shift_amt - 1) & MASK) */
      assign( res64ss,
              binop(op64,
                    mkexpr(pre64), 
                    binop(Iop_And8,
                          binop(Iop_Sub8,
                                mkexpr(shift_amt), mkU8(1)),
                          mkU8(mask))) );

      /* Build the flags thunk. */
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2_shift(op64, res64, res64ss, ty, shift_amt);

      /* Narrow the result back down. */
      assign( dst1, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(res64)) );

   } /* if (isShift) */

   else 
   if (isRotate) {
      Int    ccOp      = ty==Ity_I8 ? 0 : (ty==Ity_I16 ? 1 
                                        : (ty==Ity_I32 ? 2 : 3));
      Bool   left      = toBool(gregLO3ofRM(modrm) == 0);
      IRTemp rot_amt   = newTemp(Ity_I8);
      IRTemp rot_amt64 = newTemp(Ity_I8);
      IRTemp oldFlags  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      UChar  mask      = toUChar(sz==8 ? 63 : 31);

      /* rot_amt = shift_expr & mask */
      /* By masking the rotate amount thusly, the IR-level Shl/Shr
         expressions never shift beyond the word size and thus remain
         well defined. */
      assign(rot_amt64, binop(Iop_And8, shift_expr, mkU8(mask)));

      if (ty == Ity_I64)
         assign(rot_amt, mkexpr(rot_amt64));
      else
         assign(rot_amt, binop(Iop_And8, mkexpr(rot_amt64), mkU8(8*sz-1)));

      if (left) {

         /* dst1 = (dst0 << rot_amt) | (dst0 >>u (wordsize-rot_amt)) */
         assign(dst1, 
            binop( mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Or8),
                   binop( mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Shl8), 
                          mkexpr(dst0),
                          mkexpr(rot_amt)
                   ),
                   binop( mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Shr8), 
                          mkexpr(dst0), 
                          binop(Iop_Sub8,mkU8(8*sz), mkexpr(rot_amt))
                   )
            )
         );
         ccOp += AMD64G_CC_OP_ROLB;

      } else { /* right */

         /* dst1 = (dst0 >>u rot_amt) | (dst0 << (wordsize-rot_amt)) */
         assign(dst1, 
            binop( mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Or8),
                   binop( mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Shr8), 
                          mkexpr(dst0),
                          mkexpr(rot_amt)
                   ),
                   binop( mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Shl8), 
                          mkexpr(dst0), 
                          binop(Iop_Sub8,mkU8(8*sz), mkexpr(rot_amt))
                   )
            )
         );
         ccOp += AMD64G_CC_OP_RORB;

      }

      /* dst1 now holds the rotated value.  Build flag thunk.  We
         need the resulting value for this, and the previous flags.
         Except don't set it if the rotate count is zero. */

      assign(oldFlags, mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all());

      /* CC_DEP1 is the rotated value.  CC_NDEP is flags before. */
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,
                        IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(rot_amt64),
                                      IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_OP,Ity_I64),
                                      mkU64(ccOp))) );
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, 
                        IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(rot_amt64),
                                      IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP1,Ity_I64),
                                      widenUto64(mkexpr(dst1)))) );
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, 
                        IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(rot_amt64),
                                      IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_DEP2,Ity_I64),
                                      mkU64(0))) );
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, 
                        IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(rot_amt64),
                                      IRExpr_Get(OFFB_CC_NDEP,Ity_I64),
                                      mkexpr(oldFlags))) );
   } /* if (isRotate) */

   /* Save result, and finish up. */
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(dst1));
      if (vex_traceflags & VEX_TRACE_FE) {
         vex_printf("%s%c ",
                    nameGrp2(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), nameISize(sz) );
         if (shift_expr_txt)
            vex_printf("%s", shift_expr_txt);
         else
            ppIRExpr(shift_expr);
         vex_printf(", %s\n", nameIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
      }
   } else {
      storeLE(mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(dst1));
      if (vex_traceflags & VEX_TRACE_FE) {
         vex_printf("%s%c ",
                    nameGrp2(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), nameISize(sz) );
         if (shift_expr_txt)
            vex_printf("%s", shift_expr_txt);
         else
            ppIRExpr(shift_expr);
         vex_printf(", %s\n", dis_buf);
      }
   }
   return delta;
}


/* Group 8 extended opcodes (but BT/BTS/BTC/BTR only). */
static
ULong dis_Grp8_Imm ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                     Prefix pfx,
                     Long delta, UChar modrm,
                     Int am_sz, Int sz, ULong src_val,
                     Bool* decode_OK )
{
   /* src_val denotes a d8.
      And delta on entry points at the modrm byte. */

   IRType ty     = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp t2     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp t2m    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp t_addr = IRTemp_INVALID;
   HChar  dis_buf[50];
   ULong  mask;

   /* we're optimists :-) */
   *decode_OK = True;

   /* Limit src_val -- the bit offset -- to something within a word.
      The Intel docs say that literal offsets larger than a word are
      masked in this way. */
   switch (sz) {
      case 2:  src_val &= 15; break;
      case 4:  src_val &= 31; break;
      case 8:  src_val &= 63; break;
      default: *decode_OK = False; return delta;
   }

   /* Invent a mask suitable for the operation. */
   switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
      case 4: /* BT */  mask = 0;                  break;
      case 5: /* BTS */ mask = 1ULL << src_val;    break;
      case 6: /* BTR */ mask = ~(1ULL << src_val); break;
      case 7: /* BTC */ mask = 1ULL << src_val;    break;
         /* If this needs to be extended, probably simplest to make a
            new function to handle the other cases (0 .. 3).  The
            Intel docs do however not indicate any use for 0 .. 3, so
            we don't expect this to happen. */
      default: *decode_OK = False; return delta;
   }

   /* Fetch the value to be tested and modified into t2, which is
      64-bits wide regardless of sz. */
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      vassert(am_sz == 1);
      assign( t2, widenUto64(getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm)) );
      delta += (am_sz + 1);
      DIP("%s%c $0x%llx, %s\n", nameGrp8(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), 
                                nameISize(sz),
                                src_val, nameIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
   } else {
      Int len;
      t_addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 1 );
      delta  += (len+1);
      assign( t2, widenUto64(loadLE(ty, mkexpr(t_addr))) );
      DIP("%s%c $0x%llx, %s\n", nameGrp8(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), 
                                nameISize(sz),
                                src_val, dis_buf);
   }

   /* Compute the new value into t2m, if non-BT. */
   switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
      case 4: /* BT */
         break;
      case 5: /* BTS */
         assign( t2m, binop(Iop_Or64, mkU64(mask), mkexpr(t2)) );
         break;
      case 6: /* BTR */
         assign( t2m, binop(Iop_And64, mkU64(mask), mkexpr(t2)) );
         break;
      case 7: /* BTC */
         assign( t2m, binop(Iop_Xor64, mkU64(mask), mkexpr(t2)) );
         break;
     default: 
         /*NOTREACHED*/ /*the previous switch guards this*/
         vassert(0);
   }

   /* Write the result back, if non-BT. */
   if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 4 /* BT */) {
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(t2m)));
      } else {
         if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
            casLE( mkexpr(t_addr),
                   narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(t2))/*expd*/,
                   narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(t2m))/*new*/,
                   guest_RIP_curr_instr );
         } else {
            storeLE(mkexpr(t_addr), narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(t2m)));
         }
      }
   }

   /* Copy relevant bit from t2 into the carry flag. */
   /* Flags: C=selected bit, O,S,Z,A,P undefined, so are set to zero. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
            OFFB_CC_DEP1,
            binop(Iop_And64,
                  binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t2), mkU8(src_val)),
                  mkU64(1))
       ));
   /* Set NDEP even though it isn't used.  This makes redundant-PUT
      elimination of previous stores to this field work better. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));

   return delta;
}


/* Signed/unsigned widening multiply.  Generate IR to multiply the
   value in RAX/EAX/AX/AL by the given IRTemp, and park the result in
   RDX:RAX/EDX:EAX/DX:AX/AX.
*/
static void codegen_mulL_A_D ( Int sz, Bool syned, 
                               IRTemp tmp, HChar* tmp_txt )
{
   IRType ty = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp t1 = newTemp(ty);

   assign( t1, getIRegRAX(sz) );

   switch (ty) {
      case Ity_I64: {
         IRTemp res128  = newTemp(Ity_I128);
         IRTemp resHi   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp resLo   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IROp   mulOp   = syned ? Iop_MullS64 : Iop_MullU64;
         UInt   tBaseOp = syned ? AMD64G_CC_OP_SMULB : AMD64G_CC_OP_UMULB;
         setFlags_MUL ( Ity_I64, t1, tmp, tBaseOp );
         assign( res128, binop(mulOp, mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(tmp)) );
         assign( resHi, unop(Iop_128HIto64,mkexpr(res128)));
         assign( resLo, unop(Iop_128to64,mkexpr(res128)));
         putIReg64(R_RDX, mkexpr(resHi));
         putIReg64(R_RAX, mkexpr(resLo));
         break;
      }
      case Ity_I32: {
         IRTemp res64   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp resHi   = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         IRTemp resLo   = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         IROp   mulOp   = syned ? Iop_MullS32 : Iop_MullU32;
         UInt   tBaseOp = syned ? AMD64G_CC_OP_SMULB : AMD64G_CC_OP_UMULB;
         setFlags_MUL ( Ity_I32, t1, tmp, tBaseOp );
         assign( res64, binop(mulOp, mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(tmp)) );
         assign( resHi, unop(Iop_64HIto32,mkexpr(res64)));
         assign( resLo, unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(res64)));
         putIRegRDX(4, mkexpr(resHi));
         putIRegRAX(4, mkexpr(resLo));
         break;
      }
      case Ity_I16: {
         IRTemp res32   = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         IRTemp resHi   = newTemp(Ity_I16);
         IRTemp resLo   = newTemp(Ity_I16);
         IROp   mulOp   = syned ? Iop_MullS16 : Iop_MullU16;
         UInt   tBaseOp = syned ? AMD64G_CC_OP_SMULB : AMD64G_CC_OP_UMULB;
         setFlags_MUL ( Ity_I16, t1, tmp, tBaseOp );
         assign( res32, binop(mulOp, mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(tmp)) );
         assign( resHi, unop(Iop_32HIto16,mkexpr(res32)));
         assign( resLo, unop(Iop_32to16,mkexpr(res32)));
         putIRegRDX(2, mkexpr(resHi));
         putIRegRAX(2, mkexpr(resLo));
         break;
      }
      case Ity_I8: {
         IRTemp res16   = newTemp(Ity_I16);
         IRTemp resHi   = newTemp(Ity_I8);
         IRTemp resLo   = newTemp(Ity_I8);
         IROp   mulOp   = syned ? Iop_MullS8 : Iop_MullU8;
         UInt   tBaseOp = syned ? AMD64G_CC_OP_SMULB : AMD64G_CC_OP_UMULB;
         setFlags_MUL ( Ity_I8, t1, tmp, tBaseOp );
         assign( res16, binop(mulOp, mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(tmp)) );
         assign( resHi, unop(Iop_16HIto8,mkexpr(res16)));
         assign( resLo, unop(Iop_16to8,mkexpr(res16)));
         putIRegRAX(2, mkexpr(res16));
         break;
      }
      default:
         ppIRType(ty);
         vpanic("codegen_mulL_A_D(amd64)");
   }
   DIP("%s%c %s\n", syned ? "imul" : "mul", nameISize(sz), tmp_txt);
}


/* Group 3 extended opcodes. */
static 
ULong dis_Grp3 ( VexAbiInfo* vbi, 
                 Prefix pfx, Int sz, Long delta, Bool* decode_OK )
{
   Long    d64;
   UChar   modrm;
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     len;
   IRTemp  addr;
   IRType  ty = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp  t1 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp dst1, src, dst0;
   *decode_OK = True;
   modrm = getUChar(delta);
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
         case 0: { /* TEST */
            delta++; 
            d64 = getSDisp(imin(4,sz), delta); 
            delta += imin(4,sz);
            dst1 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_And8),
                               getIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm),
                               mkU(ty, d64 & mkSizeMask(sz))));
            setFlags_DEP1( Iop_And8, dst1, ty );
            DIP("test%c $%lld, %s\n", 
                nameISize(sz), d64, 
                nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
            break;
         }
         case 1:
            *decode_OK = False;
            return delta;
         case 2: /* NOT */
            delta++;
            putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm,
                              unop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Not8),
                                   getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm)));
            DIP("not%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), 
                              nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
            break;
         case 3: /* NEG */
            delta++;
            dst0 = newTemp(ty);
            src  = newTemp(ty);
            dst1 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(dst0, mkU(ty,0));
            assign(src,  getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
            assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Sub8), mkexpr(dst0),
                                                       mkexpr(src)));
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(Iop_Sub8, dst0, src, ty);
            putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(dst1));
            DIP("neg%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
            break;
         case 4: /* MUL (unsigned widening) */
            delta++;
            src = newTemp(ty);
            assign(src, getIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
            codegen_mulL_A_D ( sz, False, src,
                               nameIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm) );
            break;
         case 5: /* IMUL (signed widening) */
            delta++;
            src = newTemp(ty);
            assign(src, getIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
            codegen_mulL_A_D ( sz, True, src,
                               nameIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm) );
            break;
         case 6: /* DIV */
            delta++;
            assign( t1, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm) );
            codegen_div ( sz, t1, False );
            DIP("div%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), 
                              nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
            break;
         case 7: /* IDIV */
            delta++;
            assign( t1, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm) );
            codegen_div ( sz, t1, True );
            DIP("idiv%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), 
                               nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
            break;
         default: 
            /*NOTREACHED*/
            vpanic("Grp3(amd64,R)");
      }
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf,
                        /* we have to inform disAMode of any immediate
                     bytes used */
                        gregLO3ofRM(modrm)==0/*TEST*/
                           ? imin(4,sz)
                           : 0
                      );
      t1   = newTemp(ty);
      delta += len;
      assign(t1, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(addr)));
      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
         case 0: { /* TEST */
            d64 = getSDisp(imin(4,sz), delta); 
            delta += imin(4,sz);
            dst1 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_And8),
                               mkexpr(t1), 
                               mkU(ty, d64 & mkSizeMask(sz))));
            setFlags_DEP1( Iop_And8, dst1, ty );
            DIP("test%c $%lld, %s\n", nameISize(sz), d64, dis_buf);
            break;
         }
         case 1:
            *decode_OK = False;
            return delta;
         case 2: /* NOT */
            dst1 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(dst1, unop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Not8), mkexpr(t1)));
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               casLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t1)/*expd*/, mkexpr(dst1)/*new*/,
                                    guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(dst1) );
            }
            DIP("not%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf);
            break;
         case 3: /* NEG */
            dst0 = newTemp(ty);
            src  = newTemp(ty);
            dst1 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(dst0, mkU(ty,0));
            assign(src,  mkexpr(t1));
            assign(dst1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Sub8), mkexpr(dst0),
                                                       mkexpr(src)));
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               casLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t1)/*expd*/, mkexpr(dst1)/*new*/,
                                    guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(dst1) );
            }
            setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(Iop_Sub8, dst0, src, ty);
            DIP("neg%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf);
            break;
         case 4: /* MUL (unsigned widening) */
            codegen_mulL_A_D ( sz, False, t1, dis_buf );
            break;
         case 5: /* IMUL */
            codegen_mulL_A_D ( sz, True, t1, dis_buf );
            break;
         case 6: /* DIV */
            codegen_div ( sz, t1, False );
            DIP("div%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf);
            break;
         case 7: /* IDIV */
            codegen_div ( sz, t1, True );
            DIP("idiv%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf);
            break;
         default: 
            /*NOTREACHED*/
            vpanic("Grp3(amd64,M)");
      }
   }
   return delta;
}


/* Group 4 extended opcodes. */
static
ULong dis_Grp4 ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                 Prefix pfx, Long delta, Bool* decode_OK )
{
   Int   alen;
   UChar modrm;
   HChar dis_buf[50];
   IRType ty = Ity_I8;
   IRTemp t1 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp t2 = newTemp(ty);

   *decode_OK = True;

   modrm = getUChar(delta);
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      assign(t1, getIRegE(1, pfx, modrm));
      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
         case 0: /* INC */
            assign(t2, binop(Iop_Add8, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(1)));
            putIRegE(1, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(t2));
            setFlags_INC_DEC( True, t2, ty );
            break;
         case 1: /* DEC */
            assign(t2, binop(Iop_Sub8, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(1)));
            putIRegE(1, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(t2));
            setFlags_INC_DEC( False, t2, ty );
            break;
         default: 
            *decode_OK = False;
            return delta;
      }
      delta++;
      DIP("%sb %s\n", nameGrp4(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                      nameIRegE(1, pfx, modrm));
   } else {
      IRTemp addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( t1, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
         case 0: /* INC */
            assign(t2, binop(Iop_Add8, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(1)));
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               casLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t1)/*expd*/, mkexpr(t2)/*new*/, 
                      guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t2) );
            }
            setFlags_INC_DEC( True, t2, ty );
            break;
         case 1: /* DEC */
            assign(t2, binop(Iop_Sub8, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(1)));
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               casLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t1)/*expd*/, mkexpr(t2)/*new*/, 
                      guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t2) );
            }
            setFlags_INC_DEC( False, t2, ty );
            break;
         default: 
            *decode_OK = False;
            return delta;
      }
      delta += alen;
      DIP("%sb %s\n", nameGrp4(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), dis_buf);
   }
   return delta;
}


/* Group 5 extended opcodes. */
static
ULong dis_Grp5 ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                 Prefix pfx, Int sz, Long delta,
                 DisResult* dres, Bool* decode_OK )
{
   Int     len;
   UChar   modrm;
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   IRTemp  addr = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IRType  ty = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp  t1 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp  t2 = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IRTemp  t3 = IRTemp_INVALID;
   Bool    showSz = True;

   *decode_OK = True;

   modrm = getUChar(delta);
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      assign(t1, getIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
         case 0: /* INC */
            t2 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(t2, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Add8),
                             mkexpr(t1), mkU(ty,1)));
            setFlags_INC_DEC( True, t2, ty );
            putIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm, mkexpr(t2));
            break;
         case 1: /* DEC */
            t2 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(t2, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Sub8),
                             mkexpr(t1), mkU(ty,1)));
            setFlags_INC_DEC( False, t2, ty );
            putIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm, mkexpr(t2));
            break;
         case 2: /* call Ev */
            /* Ignore any sz value and operate as if sz==8. */
            if (!(sz == 4 || sz == 8)) goto unhandled;
            sz = 8;
            t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t3, getIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
            t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t2, binop(Iop_Sub64, getIReg64(R_RSP), mkU64(8)));
            putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t2));
            storeLE( mkexpr(t2), mkU64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+1));
            make_redzone_AbiHint(vbi, t2, t3/*nia*/, "call-Ev(reg)");
            jmp_treg(Ijk_Call,t3);
            dres->whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
            showSz = False;
            break;
         case 4: /* jmp Ev */
            /* Ignore any sz value and operate as if sz==8. */
            if (!(sz == 4 || sz == 8)) goto unhandled;
            sz = 8;
            t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t3, getIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
            jmp_treg(Ijk_Boring,t3);
            dres->whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
            showSz = False;
            break;
         default: 
            *decode_OK = False;
            return delta;
      }
      delta++;
      DIP("%s%c %s\n", nameGrp5(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                       showSz ? nameISize(sz) : ' ', 
                       nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 2 && gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 4
                                  && gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 6) {
         assign(t1, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(addr)));
      }
      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
         case 0: /* INC */ 
            t2 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(t2, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Add8),
                             mkexpr(t1), mkU(ty,1)));
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               casLE( mkexpr(addr),
                      mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(t2), guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr),mkexpr(t2));
            }
            setFlags_INC_DEC( True, t2, ty );
            break;
         case 1: /* DEC */ 
            t2 = newTemp(ty);
            assign(t2, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Sub8),
                             mkexpr(t1), mkU(ty,1)));
            if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
               casLE( mkexpr(addr),
                      mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(t2), guest_RIP_curr_instr );
            } else {
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr),mkexpr(t2));
            }
            setFlags_INC_DEC( False, t2, ty );
            break;
         case 2: /* call Ev */
            /* Ignore any sz value and operate as if sz==8. */
            if (!(sz == 4 || sz == 8)) goto unhandled;
            sz = 8;
            t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t3, loadLE(Ity_I64,mkexpr(addr)));
            t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t2, binop(Iop_Sub64, getIReg64(R_RSP), mkU64(8)));
            putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t2));
            storeLE( mkexpr(t2), mkU64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+len));
            make_redzone_AbiHint(vbi, t2, t3/*nia*/, "call-Ev(mem)");
            jmp_treg(Ijk_Call,t3);
            dres->whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
            showSz = False;
            break;
         case 4: /* JMP Ev */
            /* Ignore any sz value and operate as if sz==8. */
            if (!(sz == 4 || sz == 8)) goto unhandled;
            sz = 8;
            t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t3, loadLE(Ity_I64,mkexpr(addr)));
            jmp_treg(Ijk_Boring,t3);
            dres->whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
            showSz = False;
            break;
         case 6: /* PUSH Ev */
            /* There is no encoding for 32-bit operand size; hence ... */
            if (sz == 4) sz = 8;
            if (!(sz == 8 || sz == 2)) goto unhandled;
            if (sz == 8) {
               t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               assign(t3, loadLE(Ity_I64,mkexpr(addr)));
               t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               assign( t2, binop(Iop_Sub64,getIReg64(R_RSP),mkU64(sz)) );
               putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t2) );
               storeLE( mkexpr(t2), mkexpr(t3) );
               break;
          } else {
               goto unhandled; /* awaiting test case */
          }
         default: 
         unhandled:
            *decode_OK = False;
            return delta;
      }
      delta += len;
      DIP("%s%c %s\n", nameGrp5(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                       showSz ? nameISize(sz) : ' ', 
                       dis_buf);
   }
   return delta;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Disassembling string ops (including REP prefixes)    ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Code shared by all the string ops */
static
void dis_string_op_increment ( Int sz, IRTemp t_inc )
{
   UChar logSz;
   if (sz == 8 || sz == 4 || sz == 2) {
      logSz = 1;
      if (sz == 4) logSz = 2;
      if (sz == 8) logSz = 3;
      assign( t_inc, 
              binop(Iop_Shl64, IRExpr_Get( OFFB_DFLAG, Ity_I64 ),
                               mkU8(logSz) ) );
   } else {
      assign( t_inc, 
              IRExpr_Get( OFFB_DFLAG, Ity_I64 ) );
   }
}

static
void dis_string_op( void (*dis_OP)( Int, IRTemp ), 
                    Int sz, HChar* name, Prefix pfx )
{
   IRTemp t_inc = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   /* Really we ought to inspect the override prefixes, but we don't.
      The following assertion catches any resulting sillyness. */
   vassert(pfx == clearSegBits(pfx));
   dis_string_op_increment(sz, t_inc);
   dis_OP( sz, t_inc );
   DIP("%s%c\n", name, nameISize(sz));
}

static 
void dis_MOVS ( Int sz, IRTemp t_inc )
{
   IRType ty = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp td = newTemp(Ity_I64);   /* RDI */
   IRTemp ts = newTemp(Ity_I64);   /* RSI */

   assign( td, getIReg64(R_RDI) );
   assign( ts, getIReg64(R_RSI) );

   storeLE( mkexpr(td), loadLE(ty,mkexpr(ts)) );

   putIReg64( R_RDI, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(td), mkexpr(t_inc)) );
   putIReg64( R_RSI, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(ts), mkexpr(t_inc)) );
}

static 
void dis_LODS ( Int sz, IRTemp t_inc )
{
   IRType ty = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp ts = newTemp(Ity_I64);   /* RSI */

   assign( ts, getIReg64(R_RSI) );

   putIRegRAX ( sz, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(ts)) );

   putIReg64( R_RSI, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(ts), mkexpr(t_inc)) );
}

static 
void dis_STOS ( Int sz, IRTemp t_inc )
{
   IRType ty = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp ta = newTemp(ty);        /* rAX */
   IRTemp td = newTemp(Ity_I64);   /* RDI */

   assign( ta, getIRegRAX(sz) );

   assign( td, getIReg64(R_RDI) );

   storeLE( mkexpr(td), mkexpr(ta) );

   putIReg64( R_RDI, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(td), mkexpr(t_inc)) );
}

static 
void dis_CMPS ( Int sz, IRTemp t_inc )
{
   IRType ty  = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp tdv = newTemp(ty);      /* (RDI) */
   IRTemp tsv = newTemp(ty);      /* (RSI) */
   IRTemp td  = newTemp(Ity_I64); /*  RDI  */
   IRTemp ts  = newTemp(Ity_I64); /*  RSI  */

   assign( td, getIReg64(R_RDI) );

   assign( ts, getIReg64(R_RSI) );

   assign( tdv, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(td)) );

   assign( tsv, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(ts)) );

   setFlags_DEP1_DEP2 ( Iop_Sub8, tsv, tdv, ty );

   putIReg64(R_RDI, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(td), mkexpr(t_inc)) );

   putIReg64(R_RSI, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(ts), mkexpr(t_inc)) );
}

static 
void dis_SCAS ( Int sz, IRTemp t_inc )
{
   IRType ty  = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp ta  = newTemp(ty);       /*  rAX  */
   IRTemp td  = newTemp(Ity_I64);  /*  RDI  */
   IRTemp tdv = newTemp(ty);       /* (RDI) */

   assign( ta, getIRegRAX(sz) );

   assign( td, getIReg64(R_RDI) );

   assign( tdv, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(td)) );

   setFlags_DEP1_DEP2 ( Iop_Sub8, ta, tdv, ty );

   putIReg64(R_RDI, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(td), mkexpr(t_inc)) );
}


/* Wrap the appropriate string op inside a REP/REPE/REPNE.  We assume
   the insn is the last one in the basic block, and so emit a jump to
   the next insn, rather than just falling through. */
static 
void dis_REP_op ( AMD64Condcode cond,
                  void (*dis_OP)(Int, IRTemp),
                  Int sz, Addr64 rip, Addr64 rip_next, HChar* name,
                  Prefix pfx )
{
   IRTemp t_inc = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp tc    = newTemp(Ity_I64);  /*  RCX  */

   /* Really we ought to inspect the override prefixes, but we don't.
      The following assertion catches any resulting sillyness. */
   vassert(pfx == clearSegBits(pfx));

   assign( tc, getIReg64(R_RCX) );

   stmt( IRStmt_Exit( binop(Iop_CmpEQ64,mkexpr(tc),mkU64(0)),
                      Ijk_Boring,
                      IRConst_U64(rip_next) ) );

   putIReg64(R_RCX, binop(Iop_Sub64, mkexpr(tc), mkU64(1)) );

   dis_string_op_increment(sz, t_inc);
   dis_OP (sz, t_inc);

   if (cond == AMD64CondAlways) {
      jmp_lit(Ijk_Boring,rip);
   } else {
      stmt( IRStmt_Exit( mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(cond),
                         Ijk_Boring,
                         IRConst_U64(rip) ) );
      jmp_lit(Ijk_Boring,rip_next);
   }
   DIP("%s%c\n", name, nameISize(sz));
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Arithmetic, etc.                                     ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* IMUL E, G.  Supplied eip points to the modR/M byte. */
static
ULong dis_mul_E_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                    Prefix      pfx,
                    Int         size, 
                    Long        delta0 )
{
   Int    alen;
   HChar  dis_buf[50];
   UChar  rm = getUChar(delta0);
   IRType ty = szToITy(size);
   IRTemp te = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp tg = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp resLo = newTemp(ty);

   assign( tg, getIRegG(size, pfx, rm) );
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      assign( te, getIRegE(size, pfx, rm) );
   } else {
      IRTemp addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( te, loadLE(ty,mkexpr(addr)) );
   }

   setFlags_MUL ( ty, te, tg, AMD64G_CC_OP_SMULB );

   assign( resLo, binop( mkSizedOp(ty, Iop_Mul8), mkexpr(te), mkexpr(tg) ) );

   putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(resLo) );

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      DIP("imul%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(size), 
                             nameIRegE(size,pfx,rm),
                             nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm));
      return 1+delta0;
   } else {
      DIP("imul%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(size), 
                             dis_buf, 
                             nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm));
      return alen+delta0;
   }
}


/* IMUL I * E -> G.  Supplied rip points to the modR/M byte. */
static
ULong dis_imul_I_E_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                       Prefix      pfx,
                       Int         size, 
                       Long        delta,
                       Int         litsize )
{
   Long   d64;
   Int    alen;
   HChar  dis_buf[50];
   UChar  rm = getUChar(delta);
   IRType ty = szToITy(size);
   IRTemp te = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp tl = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp resLo = newTemp(ty);

   vassert(/*size == 1 ||*/ size == 2 || size == 4 || size == 8);

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      assign(te, getIRegE(size, pfx, rm));
      delta++;
   } else {
      IRTemp addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 
                                     imin(4,litsize) );
      assign(te, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)));
      delta += alen;
   }
   d64 = getSDisp(imin(4,litsize),delta);
   delta += imin(4,litsize);

   d64 &= mkSizeMask(size);
   assign(tl, mkU(ty,d64));

   assign( resLo, binop( mkSizedOp(ty, Iop_Mul8), mkexpr(te), mkexpr(tl) ));

   setFlags_MUL ( ty, te, tl, AMD64G_CC_OP_SMULB );

   putIRegG(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(resLo));

   DIP("imul%c $%lld, %s, %s\n", 
       nameISize(size), d64, 
       ( epartIsReg(rm) ? nameIRegE(size,pfx,rm) : dis_buf ),
       nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm) );
   return delta;
}


/* Generate an IR sequence to do a popcount operation on the supplied
   IRTemp, and return a new IRTemp holding the result.  'ty' may be
   Ity_I16, Ity_I32 or Ity_I64 only. */
static IRTemp gen_POPCOUNT ( IRType ty, IRTemp src )
{
   Int i;
   if (ty == Ity_I16) {
      IRTemp old = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp nyu = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp mask[4], shift[4];
      for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
         mask[i]  = newTemp(ty);
         shift[i] = 1 << i;
      }
      assign(mask[0], mkU16(0x5555));
      assign(mask[1], mkU16(0x3333));
      assign(mask[2], mkU16(0x0F0F));
      assign(mask[3], mkU16(0x00FF));
      old = src;
      for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
         nyu = newTemp(ty);
         assign(nyu,
                binop(Iop_Add16, 
                      binop(Iop_And16,
                            mkexpr(old),
                            mkexpr(mask[i])),
                      binop(Iop_And16,
                            binop(Iop_Shr16, mkexpr(old), mkU8(shift[i])),
                            mkexpr(mask[i]))));
         old = nyu;
      }
      return nyu;
   }
   if (ty == Ity_I32) {
      IRTemp old = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp nyu = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp mask[5], shift[5];
      for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
         mask[i]  = newTemp(ty);
         shift[i] = 1 << i;
      }
      assign(mask[0], mkU32(0x55555555));
      assign(mask[1], mkU32(0x33333333));
      assign(mask[2], mkU32(0x0F0F0F0F));
      assign(mask[3], mkU32(0x00FF00FF));
      assign(mask[4], mkU32(0x0000FFFF));
      old = src;
      for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
         nyu = newTemp(ty);
         assign(nyu,
                binop(Iop_Add32, 
                      binop(Iop_And32,
                            mkexpr(old),
                            mkexpr(mask[i])),
                      binop(Iop_And32,
                            binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(old), mkU8(shift[i])),
                            mkexpr(mask[i]))));
         old = nyu;
      }
      return nyu;
   }
   if (ty == Ity_I64) {
      IRTemp old = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp nyu = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp mask[6], shift[6];
      for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
         mask[i]  = newTemp(ty);
         shift[i] = 1 << i;
      }
      assign(mask[0], mkU64(0x5555555555555555ULL));
      assign(mask[1], mkU64(0x3333333333333333ULL));
      assign(mask[2], mkU64(0x0F0F0F0F0F0F0F0FULL));
      assign(mask[3], mkU64(0x00FF00FF00FF00FFULL));
      assign(mask[4], mkU64(0x0000FFFF0000FFFFULL));
      assign(mask[5], mkU64(0x00000000FFFFFFFFULL));
      old = src;
      for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
         nyu = newTemp(ty);
         assign(nyu,
                binop(Iop_Add64, 
                      binop(Iop_And64,
                            mkexpr(old),
                            mkexpr(mask[i])),
                      binop(Iop_And64,
                            binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(old), mkU8(shift[i])),
                            mkexpr(mask[i]))));
         old = nyu;
      }
      return nyu;
   }
   /*NOTREACHED*/
   vassert(0);
}


/* Generate an IR sequence to do a count-leading-zeroes operation on
   the supplied IRTemp, and return a new IRTemp holding the result.
   'ty' may be Ity_I16, Ity_I32 or Ity_I64 only.  In the case where
   the argument is zero, return the number of bits in the word (the
   natural semantics). */
static IRTemp gen_LZCNT ( IRType ty, IRTemp src )
{
   vassert(ty == Ity_I64 || ty == Ity_I32 || ty == Ity_I16);

   IRTemp src64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign(src64, widenUto64( mkexpr(src) ));

   IRTemp src64x = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign(src64x, 
          binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(src64),
                           mkU8(64 - 8 * sizeofIRType(ty))));

   // Clz64 has undefined semantics when its input is zero, so
   // special-case around that.
   IRTemp res64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign(res64,
          IRExpr_Mux0X(
             unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                  binop(Iop_CmpEQ64, mkexpr(src64x), mkU64(0))),
             unop(Iop_Clz64, mkexpr(src64x)),
             mkU64(8 * sizeofIRType(ty))
   ));

   IRTemp res = newTemp(ty);
   assign(res, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(res64)));
   return res;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                      ---*/
/*--- x87 FLOATING POINT INSTRUCTIONS                      ---*/
/*---                                                      ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* --- Helper functions for dealing with the register stack. --- */

/* --- Set the emulation-warning pseudo-register. --- */

static void put_emwarn ( IRExpr* e /* :: Ity_I32 */ )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e) == Ity_I32);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_EMWARN, e ) );
}

/* --- Produce an IRExpr* denoting a 64-bit QNaN. --- */

static IRExpr* mkQNaN64 ( void )
{
  /* QNaN is 0 2047 1 0(51times) 
     == 0b 11111111111b 1 0(51times)
     == 0x7FF8 0000 0000 0000
   */
   return IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x7FF8000000000000ULL));
}

/* --------- Get/put the top-of-stack pointer :: Ity_I32 --------- */

static IRExpr* get_ftop ( void )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_FTOP, Ity_I32 );
}

static void put_ftop ( IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e) == Ity_I32);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_FTOP, e ) );
}

/* --------- Get/put the C3210 bits. --------- */

static IRExpr*  /* :: Ity_I64 */ get_C3210 ( void )
{
   return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_FC3210, Ity_I64 );
}

static void put_C3210 ( IRExpr* e  /* :: Ity_I64 */ )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e) == Ity_I64);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_FC3210, e ) );
}

/* --------- Get/put the FPU rounding mode. --------- */
static IRExpr* /* :: Ity_I32 */ get_fpround ( void )
{
   return unop(Iop_64to32, IRExpr_Get( OFFB_FPROUND, Ity_I64 ));
}

static void put_fpround ( IRExpr* /* :: Ity_I32 */ e )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, e) == Ity_I32);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_FPROUND, unop(Iop_32Uto64,e) ) );
}


/* --------- Synthesise a 2-bit FPU rounding mode. --------- */
/* Produces a value in 0 .. 3, which is encoded as per the type
   IRRoundingMode.  Since the guest_FPROUND value is also encoded as
   per IRRoundingMode, we merely need to get it and mask it for
   safety.
*/
static IRExpr* /* :: Ity_I32 */ get_roundingmode ( void )
{
   return binop( Iop_And32, get_fpround(), mkU32(3) );
}

static IRExpr* /* :: Ity_I32 */ get_FAKE_roundingmode ( void )
{
   return mkU32(Irrm_NEAREST);
}


/* --------- Get/set FP register tag bytes. --------- */

/* Given i, and some expression e, generate 'ST_TAG(i) = e'. */

static void put_ST_TAG ( Int i, IRExpr* value )
{
   IRRegArray* descr;
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, value) == Ity_I8);
   descr = mkIRRegArray( OFFB_FPTAGS, Ity_I8, 8 );
   stmt( IRStmt_PutI( descr, get_ftop(), i, value ) );
}

/* Given i, generate an expression yielding 'ST_TAG(i)'.  This will be
   zero to indicate "Empty" and nonzero to indicate "NonEmpty".  */

static IRExpr* get_ST_TAG ( Int i )
{
   IRRegArray* descr = mkIRRegArray( OFFB_FPTAGS, Ity_I8, 8 );
   return IRExpr_GetI( descr, get_ftop(), i );
}


/* --------- Get/set FP registers. --------- */

/* Given i, and some expression e, emit 'ST(i) = e' and set the
   register's tag to indicate the register is full.  The previous
   state of the register is not checked. */

static void put_ST_UNCHECKED ( Int i, IRExpr* value )
{
   IRRegArray* descr;
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, value) == Ity_F64);
   descr = mkIRRegArray( OFFB_FPREGS, Ity_F64, 8 );
   stmt( IRStmt_PutI( descr, get_ftop(), i, value ) );
   /* Mark the register as in-use. */
   put_ST_TAG(i, mkU8(1));
}

/* Given i, and some expression e, emit
      ST(i) = is_full(i) ? NaN : e
   and set the tag accordingly.
*/

static void put_ST ( Int i, IRExpr* value )
{
   put_ST_UNCHECKED( i,
                     IRExpr_Mux0X( get_ST_TAG(i),
                                   /* 0 means empty */
                                   value,
                                   /* non-0 means full */
                                   mkQNaN64()
                   )
   );
}


/* Given i, generate an expression yielding 'ST(i)'. */

static IRExpr* get_ST_UNCHECKED ( Int i )
{
   IRRegArray* descr = mkIRRegArray( OFFB_FPREGS, Ity_F64, 8 );
   return IRExpr_GetI( descr, get_ftop(), i );
}


/* Given i, generate an expression yielding 
  is_full(i) ? ST(i) : NaN
*/

static IRExpr* get_ST ( Int i )
{
   return
      IRExpr_Mux0X( get_ST_TAG(i),
                    /* 0 means empty */
                    mkQNaN64(),
                    /* non-0 means full */
                    get_ST_UNCHECKED(i));
}


/* Adjust FTOP downwards by one register. */

static void fp_push ( void )
{
   put_ftop( binop(Iop_Sub32, get_ftop(), mkU32(1)) );
}

/* Adjust FTOP upwards by one register, and mark the vacated register
   as empty.  */

static void fp_pop ( void )
{
   put_ST_TAG(0, mkU8(0));
   put_ftop( binop(Iop_Add32, get_ftop(), mkU32(1)) );
}

/* Clear the C2 bit of the FPU status register, for
   sin/cos/tan/sincos. */

static void clear_C2 ( void )
{
   put_C3210( binop(Iop_And64, get_C3210(), mkU64(~AMD64G_FC_MASK_C2)) );
}

/* Invent a plausible-looking FPU status word value:
      ((ftop & 7) << 11) | (c3210 & 0x4700)
 */
static IRExpr* get_FPU_sw ( void )
{
   return
      unop(Iop_32to16,
           binop(Iop_Or32,
                 binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                       binop(Iop_And32, get_ftop(), mkU32(7)), 
                             mkU8(11)),
                       binop(Iop_And32, unop(Iop_64to32, get_C3210()), 
                                        mkU32(0x4700))
      ));
}


/* ------------------------------------------------------- */
/* Given all that stack-mangling junk, we can now go ahead
   and describe FP instructions. 
*/

/* ST(0) = ST(0) `op` mem64/32(addr)
   Need to check ST(0)'s tag on read, but not on write.
*/
static
void fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( IRTemp addr, HChar* op_txt, HChar* dis_buf, 
                         IROp op, Bool dbl )
{
   DIP("f%s%c %s\n", op_txt, dbl?'l':'s', dis_buf);
   if (dbl) {
      put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
         triop( op, 
                get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                get_ST(0), 
                loadLE(Ity_F64,mkexpr(addr))
         ));
   } else {
      put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
         triop( op, 
                get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                get_ST(0), 
                unop(Iop_F32toF64, loadLE(Ity_F32,mkexpr(addr)))
         ));
   }
}


/* ST(0) = mem64/32(addr) `op` ST(0)
   Need to check ST(0)'s tag on read, but not on write.
*/
static
void fp_do_oprev_mem_ST_0 ( IRTemp addr, HChar* op_txt, HChar* dis_buf, 
                            IROp op, Bool dbl )
{
   DIP("f%s%c %s\n", op_txt, dbl?'l':'s', dis_buf);
   if (dbl) {
      put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
         triop( op, 
                get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                loadLE(Ity_F64,mkexpr(addr)),
                get_ST(0)
         ));
   } else {
      put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
         triop( op, 
                get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                unop(Iop_F32toF64, loadLE(Ity_F32,mkexpr(addr))),
                get_ST(0)
         ));
   }
}


/* ST(dst) = ST(dst) `op` ST(src).
   Check dst and src tags when reading but not on write.
*/
static
void fp_do_op_ST_ST ( HChar* op_txt, IROp op, UInt st_src, UInt st_dst,
                      Bool pop_after )
{
   DIP("f%s%s st(%u), st(%u)\n", op_txt, pop_after?"p":"", st_src, st_dst );
   put_ST_UNCHECKED( 
      st_dst, 
      triop( op, 
             get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
             get_ST(st_dst), 
             get_ST(st_src) ) 
   );
   if (pop_after)
      fp_pop();
}

/* ST(dst) = ST(src) `op` ST(dst).
   Check dst and src tags when reading but not on write.
*/
static
void fp_do_oprev_ST_ST ( HChar* op_txt, IROp op, UInt st_src, UInt st_dst,
                         Bool pop_after )
{
   DIP("f%s%s st(%u), st(%u)\n", op_txt, pop_after?"p":"", st_src, st_dst );
   put_ST_UNCHECKED( 
      st_dst, 
      triop( op, 
             get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
             get_ST(st_src), 
             get_ST(st_dst) ) 
   );
   if (pop_after)
      fp_pop();
}

/* %rflags(Z,P,C) = UCOMI( st(0), st(i) ) */
static void fp_do_ucomi_ST0_STi ( UInt i, Bool pop_after )
{
   DIP("fucomi%s %%st(0),%%st(%u)\n", pop_after ? "p" : "", i);
   /* This is a bit of a hack (and isn't really right).  It sets
      Z,P,C,O correctly, but forces A and S to zero, whereas the Intel
      documentation implies A and S are unchanged. 
   */
   /* It's also fishy in that it is used both for COMIP and
      UCOMIP, and they aren't the same (although similar). */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
            OFFB_CC_DEP1,
            binop( Iop_And64,
                   unop( Iop_32Uto64,
                         binop(Iop_CmpF64, get_ST(0), get_ST(i))),
                   mkU64(0x45)
        )));
   if (pop_after)
      fp_pop();
}


/* returns 
   32to16( if e32 <s -32768 || e32 >s 32767 then -32768 else e32 )
*/
static IRExpr* x87ishly_qnarrow_32_to_16 ( IRExpr* e32 )
{
   IRTemp t32 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   assign( t32, e32 );
   return
      IRExpr_Mux0X( 
         unop(Iop_1Uto8, 
              binop(Iop_CmpLT64U, 
                    unop(Iop_32Uto64, 
                         binop(Iop_Add32, mkexpr(t32), mkU32(32768))), 
                    mkU64(65536))),
         mkU16( 0x8000 ),
         unop(Iop_32to16, mkexpr(t32)));
}


static
ULong dis_FPU ( /*OUT*/Bool* decode_ok, 
                VexAbiInfo* vbi, Prefix pfx, Long delta )
{
   Int    len;
   UInt   r_src, r_dst;
   HChar  dis_buf[50];
   IRTemp t1, t2;

   /* On entry, delta points at the second byte of the insn (the modrm
      byte).*/
   UChar first_opcode = getUChar(delta-1);
   UChar modrm        = getUChar(delta+0);

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xD8 opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */

   if (first_opcode == 0xD8) {
      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
           specifies an address. */
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FADD single-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "add", dis_buf, Iop_AddF64, False );
               break;

            case 1: /* FMUL single-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "mul", dis_buf, Iop_MulF64, False );
               break;

//..             case 2: /* FCOM single-real */
//..                DIP("fcoms %s\n", dis_buf);
//..                /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
//..                put_C3210( 
//..                    binop( Iop_And32,
//..                           binop(Iop_Shl32, 
//..                                 binop(Iop_CmpF64, 
//..                                       get_ST(0),
//..                                       unop(Iop_F32toF64, 
//..                                            loadLE(Ity_F32,mkexpr(addr)))),
//..                                 mkU8(8)),
//..                           mkU32(0x4500)
//..                    ));
//..                break;  
//.. 
//..             case 3: /* FCOMP single-real */
//..                DIP("fcomps %s\n", dis_buf);
//..                /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
//..                put_C3210( 
//..                    binop( Iop_And32,
//..                           binop(Iop_Shl32, 
//..                                 binop(Iop_CmpF64, 
//..                                       get_ST(0),
//..                                       unop(Iop_F32toF64, 
//..                                            loadLE(Ity_F32,mkexpr(addr)))),
//..                                 mkU8(8)),
//..                           mkU32(0x4500)
//..                    ));
//..                fp_pop();
//..                break;  

            case 4: /* FSUB single-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "sub", dis_buf, Iop_SubF64, False );
               break;

            case 5: /* FSUBR single-real */
               fp_do_oprev_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "subr", dis_buf, Iop_SubF64, False );
               break;

            case 6: /* FDIV single-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "div", dis_buf, Iop_DivF64, False );
               break;

            case 7: /* FDIVR single-real */
               fp_do_oprev_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "divr", dis_buf, Iop_DivF64, False );
               break;

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xD8\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }
      } else {
         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0 ... 0xC7: /* FADD %st(?),%st(0) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "add", Iop_AddF64, modrm - 0xC0, 0, False );
               break;

            case 0xC8 ... 0xCF: /* FMUL %st(?),%st(0) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "mul", Iop_MulF64, modrm - 0xC8, 0, False );
               break;

            /* Dunno if this is right */
            case 0xD0 ... 0xD7: /* FCOM %st(?),%st(0) */
               r_dst = (UInt)modrm - 0xD0;
               DIP("fcom %%st(0),%%st(%d)\n", r_dst);
               /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
               put_C3210( 
                   unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                   binop( Iop_And32,
                          binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                binop(Iop_CmpF64, get_ST(0), get_ST(r_dst)),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          mkU32(0x4500)
                   )));
               break;

            /* Dunno if this is right */
            case 0xD8 ... 0xDF: /* FCOMP %st(?),%st(0) */
               r_dst = (UInt)modrm - 0xD8;
               DIP("fcomp %%st(0),%%st(%d)\n", r_dst);
               /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
               put_C3210( 
                   unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                   binop( Iop_And32,
                          binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                binop(Iop_CmpF64, get_ST(0), get_ST(r_dst)),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          mkU32(0x4500)
                   )));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 0xE0 ... 0xE7: /* FSUB %st(?),%st(0) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "sub", Iop_SubF64, modrm - 0xE0, 0, False );
               break;

            case 0xE8 ... 0xEF: /* FSUBR %st(?),%st(0) */
               fp_do_oprev_ST_ST ( "subr", Iop_SubF64, modrm - 0xE8, 0, False );
               break;

            case 0xF0 ... 0xF7: /* FDIV %st(?),%st(0) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "div", Iop_DivF64, modrm - 0xF0, 0, False );
               break;

            case 0xF8 ... 0xFF: /* FDIVR %st(?),%st(0) */
               fp_do_oprev_ST_ST ( "divr", Iop_DivF64, modrm - 0xF8, 0, False );
               break;

            default:
               goto decode_fail;
         }
      }
   }

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xD9 opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */
   else
   if (first_opcode == 0xD9) {
      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
            specifies an address. */
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FLD single-real */
               DIP("flds %s\n", dis_buf);
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, unop(Iop_F32toF64,
                              loadLE(Ity_F32, mkexpr(addr))));
               break;

            case 2: /* FST single-real */
               DIP("fsts %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr),
                       binop(Iop_F64toF32, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)));
               break;

            case 3: /* FSTP single-real */
               DIP("fstps %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr), 
                       binop(Iop_F64toF32, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 4: { /* FLDENV m28 */
               /* Uses dirty helper: 
                     VexEmWarn amd64g_do_FLDENV ( VexGuestX86State*, HWord ) */
               IRTemp    ew = newTemp(Ity_I32);
               IRTemp   w64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               IRDirty*   d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 
                                 0/*regparms*/, 
                                 "amd64g_dirtyhelper_FLDENV", 
                                 &amd64g_dirtyhelper_FLDENV,
                                 mkIRExprVec_1( mkexpr(addr) )
                              );
               d->needsBBP = True;
               d->tmp      = w64;
               /* declare we're reading memory */
               d->mFx   = Ifx_Read;
               d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
               d->mSize = 28;

               /* declare we're writing guest state */
               d->nFxState = 4;

               d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[0].offset = OFFB_FTOP;
               d->fxState[0].size   = sizeof(UInt);

               d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[1].offset = OFFB_FPTAGS;
               d->fxState[1].size   = 8 * sizeof(UChar);

               d->fxState[2].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[2].offset = OFFB_FPROUND;
               d->fxState[2].size   = sizeof(ULong);

               d->fxState[3].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[3].offset = OFFB_FC3210;
               d->fxState[3].size   = sizeof(ULong);

               stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );

               /* ew contains any emulation warning we may need to
                  issue.  If needed, side-exit to the next insn,
                  reporting the warning, so that Valgrind's dispatcher
                  sees the warning. */
             assign(ew, unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(w64)) );
               put_emwarn( mkexpr(ew) );
               stmt( 
                  IRStmt_Exit(
                     binop(Iop_CmpNE32, mkexpr(ew), mkU32(0)),
                     Ijk_EmWarn,
                     IRConst_U64( guest_RIP_bbstart+delta )
                  )
               );

               DIP("fldenv %s\n", dis_buf);
               break;
            }

            case 5: {/* FLDCW */
               /* The only thing we observe in the control word is the
                  rounding mode.  Therefore, pass the 16-bit value
                  (x87 native-format control word) to a clean helper,
                  getting back a 64-bit value, the lower half of which
                  is the FPROUND value to store, and the upper half of
                  which is the emulation-warning token which may be
                  generated.
               */
               /* ULong amd64h_check_fldcw ( ULong ); */
               IRTemp t64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               IRTemp ew = newTemp(Ity_I32);
               DIP("fldcw %s\n", dis_buf);
               assign( t64, mkIRExprCCall(
                               Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/, 
                               "amd64g_check_fldcw",
                               &amd64g_check_fldcw, 
                               mkIRExprVec_1( 
                                  unop( Iop_16Uto64, 
                                        loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr)))
                               )
                            )
                     );

               put_fpround( unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(t64)) );
               assign( ew, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(t64) ) );
               put_emwarn( mkexpr(ew) );
               /* Finally, if an emulation warning was reported,
                  side-exit to the next insn, reporting the warning,
                  so that Valgrind's dispatcher sees the warning. */
               stmt( 
                  IRStmt_Exit(
                     binop(Iop_CmpNE32, mkexpr(ew), mkU32(0)),
                     Ijk_EmWarn,
                     IRConst_U64( guest_RIP_bbstart+delta )
                  )
               );
               break;
            }

            case 6: { /* FNSTENV m28 */
               /* Uses dirty helper: 
                     void amd64g_do_FSTENV ( VexGuestAMD64State*, HWord ) */
               IRDirty* d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 
                               0/*regparms*/, 
                               "amd64g_dirtyhelper_FSTENV", 
                               &amd64g_dirtyhelper_FSTENV,
                               mkIRExprVec_1( mkexpr(addr) )
                            );
               d->needsBBP = True;
               /* declare we're writing memory */
               d->mFx   = Ifx_Write;
               d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
               d->mSize = 28;

               /* declare we're reading guest state */
               d->nFxState = 4;

               d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Read;
               d->fxState[0].offset = OFFB_FTOP;
               d->fxState[0].size   = sizeof(UInt);

               d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Read;
               d->fxState[1].offset = OFFB_FPTAGS;
               d->fxState[1].size   = 8 * sizeof(UChar);

               d->fxState[2].fx     = Ifx_Read;
               d->fxState[2].offset = OFFB_FPROUND;
               d->fxState[2].size   = sizeof(ULong);

               d->fxState[3].fx     = Ifx_Read;
               d->fxState[3].offset = OFFB_FC3210;
               d->fxState[3].size   = sizeof(ULong);

               stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );

               DIP("fnstenv %s\n", dis_buf);
               break;
            }

            case 7: /* FNSTCW */
               /* Fake up a native x87 FPU control word.  The only
                  thing it depends on is FPROUND[1:0], so call a clean
                  helper to cook it up. */
               /* ULong amd64g_create_fpucw ( ULong fpround ) */
               DIP("fnstcw %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE(
                  mkexpr(addr), 
                  unop( Iop_64to16, 
                        mkIRExprCCall(
                           Ity_I64, 0/*regp*/,
                           "amd64g_create_fpucw", &amd64g_create_fpucw, 
                           mkIRExprVec_1( unop(Iop_32Uto64, get_fpround()) ) 
                        ) 
                  ) 
               );
               break;

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xD9\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      } else {
         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0 ... 0xC7: /* FLD %st(?) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xC0;
               DIP("fld %%st(%u)\n", r_src);
               t1 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               assign(t1, get_ST(r_src));
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, mkexpr(t1));
               break;

            case 0xC8 ... 0xCF: /* FXCH %st(?) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xC8;
               DIP("fxch %%st(%u)\n", r_src);
               t1 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               t2 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               assign(t1, get_ST(0));
               assign(t2, get_ST(r_src));
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, mkexpr(t2));
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(r_src, mkexpr(t1));
               break;

            case 0xE0: /* FCHS */
               DIP("fchs\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, unop(Iop_NegF64, get_ST(0)));
               break;

            case 0xE1: /* FABS */
               DIP("fabs\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, unop(Iop_AbsF64, get_ST(0)));
               break;

            case 0xE5: { /* FXAM */
               /* This is an interesting one.  It examines %st(0),
                  regardless of whether the tag says it's empty or not.
                  Here, just pass both the tag (in our format) and the
                  value (as a double, actually a ULong) to a helper
                  function. */
               IRExpr** args
                  = mkIRExprVec_2( unop(Iop_8Uto64, get_ST_TAG(0)),
                                   unop(Iop_ReinterpF64asI64, 
                                        get_ST_UNCHECKED(0)) );
               put_C3210(mkIRExprCCall(
                            Ity_I64, 
                            0/*regparm*/, 
                            "amd64g_calculate_FXAM", &amd64g_calculate_FXAM,
                            args
                        ));
               DIP("fxam\n");
               break;
            }

            case 0xE8: /* FLD1 */
               DIP("fld1\n");
               fp_push();
               /* put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(1.0))); */
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x3ff0000000000000ULL)));
               break;

            case 0xE9: /* FLDL2T */
               DIP("fldl2t\n");
               fp_push();
               /* put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(3.32192809488736234781))); */
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x400a934f0979a371ULL)));
               break;

            case 0xEA: /* FLDL2E */
               DIP("fldl2e\n");
               fp_push();
               /* put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(1.44269504088896340739))); */
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x3ff71547652b82feULL)));
               break;

            case 0xEB: /* FLDPI */
               DIP("fldpi\n");
               fp_push();
               /* put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(3.14159265358979323851))); */
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x400921fb54442d18ULL)));
               break;

            case 0xEC: /* FLDLG2 */
               DIP("fldlg2\n");
               fp_push();
               /* put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(0.301029995663981143))); */
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x3fd34413509f79ffULL)));
               break;

            case 0xED: /* FLDLN2 */
               DIP("fldln2\n");
               fp_push();
               /* put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(0.69314718055994530942))); */
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x3fe62e42fefa39efULL)));
               break;

            case 0xEE: /* FLDZ */
               DIP("fldz\n");
               fp_push();
               /* put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(0.0))); */
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64i(0x0000000000000000ULL)));
               break;

            case 0xF0: /* F2XM1 */
               DIP("f2xm1\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  binop(Iop_2xm1F64, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0)));
               break;

            case 0xF1: /* FYL2X */
               DIP("fyl2x\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(1, 
                  triop(Iop_Yl2xF64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(1), 
                        get_ST(0)));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 0xF2: /* FPTAN */
               DIP("ftan\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  binop(Iop_TanF64, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0)));
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, IRExpr_Const(IRConst_F64(1.0)));
               clear_C2(); /* HACK */
               break;

            case 0xF3: /* FPATAN */
               DIP("fpatan\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(1, 
                  triop(Iop_AtanF64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(1), 
                        get_ST(0)));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 0xF4: { /* FXTRACT */
               IRTemp argF = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               IRTemp sigF = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               IRTemp expF = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               IRTemp argI = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               IRTemp sigI = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               IRTemp expI = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               DIP("fxtract\n");
               assign( argF, get_ST(0) );
               assign( argI, unop(Iop_ReinterpF64asI64, mkexpr(argF)));
               assign( sigI, 
                       mkIRExprCCall(
                          Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/, 
                          "x86amd64g_calculate_FXTRACT", 
                          &x86amd64g_calculate_FXTRACT, 
                          mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(argI), 
                                         mkIRExpr_HWord(0)/*sig*/ )) 
               );
               assign( expI, 
                       mkIRExprCCall(
                          Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/, 
                          "x86amd64g_calculate_FXTRACT", 
                          &x86amd64g_calculate_FXTRACT, 
                          mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(argI), 
                                         mkIRExpr_HWord(1)/*exp*/ )) 
               );
               assign( sigF, unop(Iop_ReinterpI64asF64, mkexpr(sigI)) );
               assign( expF, unop(Iop_ReinterpI64asF64, mkexpr(expI)) );
               /* exponent */
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, mkexpr(expF) );
               fp_push();
               /* significand */
               put_ST(0, mkexpr(sigF) );
               break;
            }

            case 0xF5: { /* FPREM1 -- IEEE compliant */
               IRTemp a1 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               IRTemp a2 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               DIP("fprem1\n");
               /* Do FPREM1 twice, once to get the remainder, and once
                  to get the C3210 flag values. */
               assign( a1, get_ST(0) );
               assign( a2, get_ST(1) );
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0,
                  triop(Iop_PRem1F64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        mkexpr(a1),
                        mkexpr(a2)));
               put_C3210(
                  unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                  triop(Iop_PRem1C3210F64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        mkexpr(a1),
                        mkexpr(a2)) ));
               break;
            }

            case 0xF7: /* FINCSTP */
               DIP("fincstp\n");
               put_ftop( binop(Iop_Add32, get_ftop(), mkU32(1)) );
               break;

            case 0xF8: { /* FPREM -- not IEEE compliant */
               IRTemp a1 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               IRTemp a2 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               DIP("fprem\n");
               /* Do FPREM twice, once to get the remainder, and once
                  to get the C3210 flag values. */
               assign( a1, get_ST(0) );
               assign( a2, get_ST(1) );
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0,
                  triop(Iop_PRemF64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        mkexpr(a1),
                        mkexpr(a2)));
               put_C3210(
                  unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                  triop(Iop_PRemC3210F64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        mkexpr(a1),
                        mkexpr(a2)) ));
               break;
            }

            case 0xF9: /* FYL2XP1 */
               DIP("fyl2xp1\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(1, 
                  triop(Iop_Yl2xp1F64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(1), 
                        get_ST(0)));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 0xFA: /* FSQRT */
               DIP("fsqrt\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  binop(Iop_SqrtF64, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0)));
               break;

            case 0xFB: { /* FSINCOS */
               IRTemp a1 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
               assign( a1, get_ST(0) );
               DIP("fsincos\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  binop(Iop_SinF64, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        mkexpr(a1)));
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, 
                  binop(Iop_CosF64, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        mkexpr(a1)));
               clear_C2(); /* HACK */
               break;
            }

            case 0xFC: /* FRNDINT */
               DIP("frndint\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0,
                  binop(Iop_RoundF64toInt, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)) );
               break;

            case 0xFD: /* FSCALE */
               DIP("fscale\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  triop(Iop_ScaleF64,
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0), 
                        get_ST(1)));
               break;

            case 0xFE: /* FSIN */
               DIP("fsin\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  binop(Iop_SinF64, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0)));
               clear_C2(); /* HACK */
               break;

            case 0xFF: /* FCOS */
               DIP("fcos\n");
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  binop(Iop_CosF64, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0)));
               clear_C2(); /* HACK */
               break;

            default:
               goto decode_fail;
         }
      }
   }

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xDA opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */
   else
   if (first_opcode == 0xDA) {

      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
            specifies an address. */
         IROp   fop;
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;
         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FIADD m32int */ /* ST(0) += m32int */
               DIP("fiaddl %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_AddF64;
               goto do_fop_m32;

            case 1: /* FIMUL m32int */ /* ST(0) *= m32int */
               DIP("fimull %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_MulF64;
               goto do_fop_m32;

            case 4: /* FISUB m32int */ /* ST(0) -= m32int */
               DIP("fisubl %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_SubF64;
               goto do_fop_m32;

            case 5: /* FISUBR m32int */ /* ST(0) = m32int - ST(0) */
               DIP("fisubrl %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_SubF64;
               goto do_foprev_m32;

            case 6: /* FIDIV m32int */ /* ST(0) /= m32int */
               DIP("fisubl %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_DivF64;
               goto do_fop_m32;

            case 7: /* FIDIVR m32int */ /* ST(0) = m32int / ST(0) */
               DIP("fidivrl %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_DivF64;
               goto do_foprev_m32;

            do_fop_m32:
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  triop(fop, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0),
                        unop(Iop_I32StoF64,
                             loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)))));
               break;

            do_foprev_m32:
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  triop(fop, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        unop(Iop_I32StoF64,
                             loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr))),
                        get_ST(0)));
               break;

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xDA\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      } else {

         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0 ... 0xC7: /* FCMOVB ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xC0;
               DIP("fcmovb %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                                IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                                    unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                                         mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondB)), 
                                    get_ST(0), get_ST(r_src)) );
               break;

            case 0xC8 ... 0xCF: /* FCMOVE(Z) ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xC8;
               DIP("fcmovz %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                                IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                                    unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                                         mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondZ)), 
                                    get_ST(0), get_ST(r_src)) );
               break;

            case 0xD0 ... 0xD7: /* FCMOVBE ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xD0;
               DIP("fcmovbe %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                                IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                                    unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                                         mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondBE)), 
                                    get_ST(0), get_ST(r_src)) );
               break;

            case 0xD8 ... 0xDF: /* FCMOVU ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xD8;
               DIP("fcmovu %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                                IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                                    unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                                         mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondP)), 
                                    get_ST(0), get_ST(r_src)) );
               break;

            case 0xE9: /* FUCOMPP %st(0),%st(1) */
               DIP("fucompp %%st(0),%%st(1)\n");
               /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
               put_C3210( 
                   unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                   binop( Iop_And32,
                          binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                binop(Iop_CmpF64, get_ST(0), get_ST(1)),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          mkU32(0x4500)
                   )));
               fp_pop();
               fp_pop();
               break;

            default:
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      }
   }

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xDB opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */
   else
   if (first_opcode == 0xDB) {
      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
            specifies an address. */
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FILD m32int */
               DIP("fildl %s\n", dis_buf);
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, unop(Iop_I32StoF64,
                              loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr))));
               break;

            case 1: /* FISTTPL m32 (SSE3) */
               DIP("fisttpl %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                        binop(Iop_F64toI32S, mkU32(Irrm_ZERO), get_ST(0)) );
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 2: /* FIST m32 */
               DIP("fistl %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                        binop(Iop_F64toI32S, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)) );
               break;

            case 3: /* FISTP m32 */
               DIP("fistpl %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                        binop(Iop_F64toI32S, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)) );
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 5: { /* FLD extended-real */
               /* Uses dirty helper: 
                     ULong amd64g_loadF80le ( ULong )
                  addr holds the address.  First, do a dirty call to
                  get hold of the data. */
               IRTemp   val  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
               IRExpr** args = mkIRExprVec_1 ( mkexpr(addr) );

               IRDirty* d = unsafeIRDirty_1_N ( 
                               val, 
                               0/*regparms*/, 
                               "amd64g_dirtyhelper_loadF80le", 
                               &amd64g_dirtyhelper_loadF80le, 
                               args 
                            );
               /* declare that we're reading memory */
               d->mFx   = Ifx_Read;
               d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
               d->mSize = 10;

               /* execute the dirty call, dumping the result in val. */
               stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, unop(Iop_ReinterpI64asF64, mkexpr(val)));

               DIP("fldt %s\n", dis_buf);
               break;
            }

            case 7: { /* FSTP extended-real */
               /* Uses dirty helper: 
                     void amd64g_storeF80le ( ULong addr, ULong data ) 
               */
               IRExpr** args 
                  = mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(addr), 
                                   unop(Iop_ReinterpF64asI64, get_ST(0)) );

               IRDirty* d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 
                               0/*regparms*/, 
                               "amd64g_dirtyhelper_storeF80le", 
                               &amd64g_dirtyhelper_storeF80le,
                               args 
                            );
               /* declare we're writing memory */
               d->mFx   = Ifx_Write;
               d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
               d->mSize = 10;

               /* execute the dirty call. */
               stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
               fp_pop();

               DIP("fstpt\n %s", dis_buf);
               break;
            }

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xDB\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      } else {

         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0 ... 0xC7: /* FCMOVNB ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xC0;
               DIP("fcmovnb %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                                IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                                    unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                                         mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondNB)), 
                                    get_ST(0), get_ST(r_src)) );
               break;

            case 0xC8 ... 0xCF: /* FCMOVNE(NZ) ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xC8;
               DIP("fcmovnz %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(
                  0, 
                  IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                     unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                          mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondNZ)), 
                     get_ST(0), 
                     get_ST(r_src)
                  )
               );
               break;

            case 0xD0 ... 0xD7: /* FCMOVNBE ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xD0;
               DIP("fcmovnbe %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(
                  0, 
                  IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                     unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                          mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondNBE)), 
                     get_ST(0), 
                     get_ST(r_src)
                  ) 
               );
               break;

            case 0xD8 ... 0xDF: /* FCMOVNU ST(i), ST(0) */
               r_src = (UInt)modrm - 0xD8;
               DIP("fcmovnu %%st(%u), %%st(0)\n", r_src);
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(
                  0, 
                  IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                     unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                          mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondNP)), 
                     get_ST(0), 
                     get_ST(r_src)
                  )
               );
               break;

            case 0xE2:
               DIP("fnclex\n");
               break;

            case 0xE3: {
               /* Uses dirty helper: 
                     void amd64g_do_FINIT ( VexGuestAMD64State* ) */
               IRDirty* d  = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 
                                0/*regparms*/, 
                                "amd64g_dirtyhelper_FINIT", 
                                &amd64g_dirtyhelper_FINIT,
                                mkIRExprVec_0()
                             );
               d->needsBBP = True;

               /* declare we're writing guest state */
               d->nFxState = 5;

               d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[0].offset = OFFB_FTOP;
               d->fxState[0].size   = sizeof(UInt);

               d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[1].offset = OFFB_FPREGS;
               d->fxState[1].size   = 8 * sizeof(ULong);

               d->fxState[2].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[2].offset = OFFB_FPTAGS;
               d->fxState[2].size   = 8 * sizeof(UChar);

               d->fxState[3].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[3].offset = OFFB_FPROUND;
               d->fxState[3].size   = sizeof(ULong);

               d->fxState[4].fx     = Ifx_Write;
               d->fxState[4].offset = OFFB_FC3210;
               d->fxState[4].size   = sizeof(ULong);

               stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );

               DIP("fninit\n");
               break;
            }

            case 0xE8 ... 0xEF: /* FUCOMI %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_ucomi_ST0_STi( (UInt)modrm - 0xE8, False );
               break;

            case 0xF0 ... 0xF7: /* FCOMI %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_ucomi_ST0_STi( (UInt)modrm - 0xF0, False );
               break;

            default:
               goto decode_fail;
         }
      }
   }

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xDC opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */
   else
   if (first_opcode == 0xDC) {
      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
            specifies an address. */
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FADD double-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "add", dis_buf, Iop_AddF64, True );
               break;

            case 1: /* FMUL double-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "mul", dis_buf, Iop_MulF64, True );
               break;

//..             case 2: /* FCOM double-real */
//..                DIP("fcoml %s\n", dis_buf);
//..                /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
//..                put_C3210( 
//..                    binop( Iop_And32,
//..                           binop(Iop_Shl32, 
//..                                 binop(Iop_CmpF64, 
//..                                       get_ST(0),
//..                                       loadLE(Ity_F64,mkexpr(addr))),
//..                                 mkU8(8)),
//..                           mkU32(0x4500)
//..                    ));
//..                break;  

            case 3: /* FCOMP double-real */
               DIP("fcompl %s\n", dis_buf);
               /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
               put_C3210( 
                   unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                   binop( Iop_And32,
                          binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                binop(Iop_CmpF64, 
                                      get_ST(0),
                                      loadLE(Ity_F64,mkexpr(addr))),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          mkU32(0x4500)
                   )));
               fp_pop();
               break;  

            case 4: /* FSUB double-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "sub", dis_buf, Iop_SubF64, True );
               break;

            case 5: /* FSUBR double-real */
               fp_do_oprev_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "subr", dis_buf, Iop_SubF64, True );
               break;

            case 6: /* FDIV double-real */
               fp_do_op_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "div", dis_buf, Iop_DivF64, True );
               break;

            case 7: /* FDIVR double-real */
               fp_do_oprev_mem_ST_0 ( addr, "divr", dis_buf, Iop_DivF64, True );
               break;

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xDC\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      } else {

         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0 ... 0xC7: /* FADD %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "add", Iop_AddF64, 0, modrm - 0xC0, False );
               break;

            case 0xC8 ... 0xCF: /* FMUL %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "mul", Iop_MulF64, 0, modrm - 0xC8, False );
               break;

            case 0xE0 ... 0xE7: /* FSUBR %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_oprev_ST_ST ( "subr", Iop_SubF64, 0, modrm - 0xE0, False );
               break;

            case 0xE8 ... 0xEF: /* FSUB %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "sub", Iop_SubF64, 0, modrm - 0xE8, False );
               break;

            case 0xF0 ... 0xF7: /* FDIVR %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_oprev_ST_ST ( "divr", Iop_DivF64, 0, modrm - 0xF0, False );
               break;

            case 0xF8 ... 0xFF: /* FDIV %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "div", Iop_DivF64, 0, modrm - 0xF8, False );
               break;

            default:
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      }
   }

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xDD opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */
   else
   if (first_opcode == 0xDD) {

      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
            specifies an address. */
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FLD double-real */
               DIP("fldl %s\n", dis_buf);
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, loadLE(Ity_F64, mkexpr(addr)));
               break;

            case 1: /* FISTTPQ m64 (SSE3) */
               DIP("fistppll %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                        binop(Iop_F64toI64S, mkU32(Irrm_ZERO), get_ST(0)) );
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 2: /* FST double-real */
               DIP("fstl %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr), get_ST(0));
               break;

            case 3: /* FSTP double-real */
               DIP("fstpl %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE(mkexpr(addr), get_ST(0));
               fp_pop();
               break;

//..             case 4: { /* FRSTOR m108 */
//..                /* Uses dirty helper: 
//..                      VexEmWarn x86g_do_FRSTOR ( VexGuestX86State*, Addr32 ) */
//..                IRTemp   ew = newTemp(Ity_I32);
//..                IRDirty* d  = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 
//..                                 0/*regparms*/, 
//..                                 "x86g_dirtyhelper_FRSTOR", 
//..                                 &x86g_dirtyhelper_FRSTOR,
//..                                 mkIRExprVec_1( mkexpr(addr) )
//..                              );
//..                d->needsBBP = True;
//..                d->tmp      = ew;
//..                /* declare we're reading memory */
//..                d->mFx   = Ifx_Read;
//..                d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
//..                d->mSize = 108;
//.. 
//..                /* declare we're writing guest state */
//..                d->nFxState = 5;
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Write;
//..                d->fxState[0].offset = OFFB_FTOP;
//..                d->fxState[0].size   = sizeof(UInt);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Write;
//..                d->fxState[1].offset = OFFB_FPREGS;
//..                d->fxState[1].size   = 8 * sizeof(ULong);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[2].fx     = Ifx_Write;
//..                d->fxState[2].offset = OFFB_FPTAGS;
//..                d->fxState[2].size   = 8 * sizeof(UChar);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[3].fx     = Ifx_Write;
//..                d->fxState[3].offset = OFFB_FPROUND;
//..                d->fxState[3].size   = sizeof(UInt);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[4].fx     = Ifx_Write;
//..                d->fxState[4].offset = OFFB_FC3210;
//..                d->fxState[4].size   = sizeof(UInt);
//.. 
//..                stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
//.. 
//..                /* ew contains any emulation warning we may need to
//..                   issue.  If needed, side-exit to the next insn,
//..                   reporting the warning, so that Valgrind's dispatcher
//..                   sees the warning. */
//..                put_emwarn( mkexpr(ew) );
//..                stmt( 
//..                   IRStmt_Exit(
//..                      binop(Iop_CmpNE32, mkexpr(ew), mkU32(0)),
//..                      Ijk_EmWarn,
//..                      IRConst_U32( ((Addr32)guest_eip_bbstart)+delta)
//..                   )
//..                );
//.. 
//..                DIP("frstor %s\n", dis_buf);
//..                break;
//..             }
//.. 
//..             case 6: { /* FNSAVE m108 */
//..                /* Uses dirty helper: 
//..                      void x86g_do_FSAVE ( VexGuestX86State*, UInt ) */
//..                IRDirty* d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 
//..                                0/*regparms*/, 
//..                                "x86g_dirtyhelper_FSAVE", 
//..                                &x86g_dirtyhelper_FSAVE,
//..                                mkIRExprVec_1( mkexpr(addr) )
//..                             );
//..                d->needsBBP = True;
//..                /* declare we're writing memory */
//..                d->mFx   = Ifx_Write;
//..                d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
//..                d->mSize = 108;
//.. 
//..                /* declare we're reading guest state */
//..                d->nFxState = 5;
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Read;
//..                d->fxState[0].offset = OFFB_FTOP;
//..                d->fxState[0].size   = sizeof(UInt);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Read;
//..                d->fxState[1].offset = OFFB_FPREGS;
//..                d->fxState[1].size   = 8 * sizeof(ULong);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[2].fx     = Ifx_Read;
//..                d->fxState[2].offset = OFFB_FPTAGS;
//..                d->fxState[2].size   = 8 * sizeof(UChar);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[3].fx     = Ifx_Read;
//..                d->fxState[3].offset = OFFB_FPROUND;
//..                d->fxState[3].size   = sizeof(UInt);
//.. 
//..                d->fxState[4].fx     = Ifx_Read;
//..                d->fxState[4].offset = OFFB_FC3210;
//..                d->fxState[4].size   = sizeof(UInt);
//.. 
//..                stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
//.. 
//..                DIP("fnsave %s\n", dis_buf);
//..                break;
//..             }

            case 7: { /* FNSTSW m16 */
               IRExpr* sw = get_FPU_sw();
               vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, sw) == Ity_I16);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), sw );
               DIP("fnstsw %s\n", dis_buf);
               break;
            }

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xDD\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }
      } else {
         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0 ... 0xC7: /* FFREE %st(?) */
               r_dst = (UInt)modrm - 0xC0;
               DIP("ffree %%st(%u)\n", r_dst);
               put_ST_TAG ( r_dst, mkU8(0) );
               break;

            case 0xD0 ... 0xD7: /* FST %st(0),%st(?) */
               r_dst = (UInt)modrm - 0xD0;
               DIP("fst %%st(0),%%st(%u)\n", r_dst);
               /* P4 manual says: "If the destination operand is a
                  non-empty register, the invalid-operation exception
                  is not generated.  Hence put_ST_UNCHECKED. */
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(r_dst, get_ST(0));
               break;

            case 0xD8 ... 0xDF: /* FSTP %st(0),%st(?) */
               r_dst = (UInt)modrm - 0xD8;
               DIP("fstp %%st(0),%%st(%u)\n", r_dst);
               /* P4 manual says: "If the destination operand is a
                  non-empty register, the invalid-operation exception
                  is not generated.  Hence put_ST_UNCHECKED. */
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(r_dst, get_ST(0));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 0xE0 ... 0xE7: /* FUCOM %st(0),%st(?) */
               r_dst = (UInt)modrm - 0xE0;
               DIP("fucom %%st(0),%%st(%u)\n", r_dst);
               /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
               put_C3210(
                   unop(Iop_32Uto64, 
                   binop( Iop_And32,
                          binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                binop(Iop_CmpF64, get_ST(0), get_ST(r_dst)),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          mkU32(0x4500)
                   )));
               break;

            case 0xE8 ... 0xEF: /* FUCOMP %st(0),%st(?) */
               r_dst = (UInt)modrm - 0xE8;
               DIP("fucomp %%st(0),%%st(%u)\n", r_dst);
               /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
               put_C3210( 
                   unop(Iop_32Uto64, 
                   binop( Iop_And32,
                          binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                binop(Iop_CmpF64, get_ST(0), get_ST(r_dst)),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          mkU32(0x4500)
                   )));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            default:
               goto decode_fail;
         }
      }
   }

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xDE opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */
   else
   if (first_opcode == 0xDE) {

      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
            specifies an address. */
         IROp   fop;
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FIADD m16int */ /* ST(0) += m16int */
               DIP("fiaddw %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_AddF64;
               goto do_fop_m16;

            case 1: /* FIMUL m16int */ /* ST(0) *= m16int */
               DIP("fimulw %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_MulF64;
               goto do_fop_m16;

            case 4: /* FISUB m16int */ /* ST(0) -= m16int */
               DIP("fisubw %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_SubF64;
               goto do_fop_m16;

            case 5: /* FISUBR m16int */ /* ST(0) = m16int - ST(0) */
               DIP("fisubrw %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_SubF64;
               goto do_foprev_m16;

            case 6: /* FIDIV m16int */ /* ST(0) /= m16int */
               DIP("fisubw %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_DivF64;
               goto do_fop_m16;

            case 7: /* FIDIVR m16int */ /* ST(0) = m16int / ST(0) */
               DIP("fidivrw %s\n", dis_buf);
               fop = Iop_DivF64;
               goto do_foprev_m16;

            do_fop_m16:
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  triop(fop, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        get_ST(0),
                        unop(Iop_I32StoF64,
                             unop(Iop_16Sto32, 
                                  loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr))))));
               break;

            do_foprev_m16:
               put_ST_UNCHECKED(0, 
                  triop(fop, 
                        get_FAKE_roundingmode(), /* XXXROUNDINGFIXME */
                        unop(Iop_I32StoF64,
                             unop(Iop_16Sto32, 
                                  loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr)))),
                        get_ST(0)));
               break;

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xDE\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      } else {

         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0 ... 0xC7: /* FADDP %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "add", Iop_AddF64, 0, modrm - 0xC0, True );
               break;

            case 0xC8 ... 0xCF: /* FMULP %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "mul", Iop_MulF64, 0, modrm - 0xC8, True );
               break;

            case 0xD9: /* FCOMPP %st(0),%st(1) */
               DIP("fcompp %%st(0),%%st(1)\n");
               /* This forces C1 to zero, which isn't right. */
               put_C3210( 
                   unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                   binop( Iop_And32,
                          binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                binop(Iop_CmpF64, get_ST(0), get_ST(1)),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          mkU32(0x4500)
                   )));
               fp_pop();
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 0xE0 ... 0xE7: /* FSUBRP %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_oprev_ST_ST ( "subr", Iop_SubF64, 0,  modrm - 0xE0, True );
               break;

            case 0xE8 ... 0xEF: /* FSUBP %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "sub", Iop_SubF64, 0,  modrm - 0xE8, True );
               break;

            case 0xF0 ... 0xF7: /* FDIVRP %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_oprev_ST_ST ( "divr", Iop_DivF64, 0, modrm - 0xF0, True );
               break;

            case 0xF8 ... 0xFF: /* FDIVP %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_op_ST_ST ( "div", Iop_DivF64, 0, modrm - 0xF8, True );
               break;

            default: 
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      }
   }

   /* -+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ 0xDF opcodes +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */
   else
   if (first_opcode == 0xDF) {

      if (modrm < 0xC0) {

         /* bits 5,4,3 are an opcode extension, and the modRM also
            specifies an address. */
         IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += len;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {

            case 0: /* FILD m16int */
               DIP("fildw %s\n", dis_buf);
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, unop(Iop_I32StoF64,
                              unop(Iop_16Sto32,
                                   loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr)))));
               break;

            case 1: /* FISTTPS m16 (SSE3) */
               DIP("fisttps %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                        x87ishly_qnarrow_32_to_16( 
                        binop(Iop_F64toI32S, mkU32(Irrm_ZERO), get_ST(0)) ));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 2: /* FIST m16 */
               DIP("fists %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                        x87ishly_qnarrow_32_to_16(
                        binop(Iop_F64toI32S, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)) ));
               break;

            case 3: /* FISTP m16 */
               DIP("fistps %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr),
                        x87ishly_qnarrow_32_to_16( 
                        binop(Iop_F64toI32S, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)) ));
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 5: /* FILD m64 */
               DIP("fildll %s\n", dis_buf);
               fp_push();
               put_ST(0, binop(Iop_I64StoF64,
                               get_roundingmode(),
                               loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr))));
               break;

            case 7: /* FISTP m64 */
               DIP("fistpll %s\n", dis_buf);
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                        binop(Iop_F64toI64S, get_roundingmode(), get_ST(0)) );
               fp_pop();
               break;

            default:
               vex_printf("unhandled opc_aux = 0x%2x\n", gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
               vex_printf("first_opcode == 0xDF\n");
               goto decode_fail;
         }

      } else {

         delta++;
         switch (modrm) {

            case 0xC0: /* FFREEP %st(0) */
               DIP("ffreep %%st(%d)\n", 0);
               put_ST_TAG ( 0, mkU8(0) );
               fp_pop();
               break;

            case 0xE0: /* FNSTSW %ax */
               DIP("fnstsw %%ax\n");
               /* Invent a plausible-looking FPU status word value and
                  dump it in %AX:
                     ((ftop & 7) << 11) | (c3210 & 0x4700)
               */
               putIRegRAX(
                  2,
                  unop(Iop_32to16,
                       binop(Iop_Or32,
                             binop(Iop_Shl32, 
                                   binop(Iop_And32, get_ftop(), mkU32(7)), 
                                   mkU8(11)),
                             binop(Iop_And32, 
                                   unop(Iop_64to32, get_C3210()), 
                                   mkU32(0x4700))
               )));
               break;

            case 0xE8 ... 0xEF: /* FUCOMIP %st(0),%st(?) */
               fp_do_ucomi_ST0_STi( (UInt)modrm - 0xE8, True );
               break;

            case 0xF0 ... 0xF7: /* FCOMIP %st(0),%st(?) */
               /* not really right since COMIP != UCOMIP */
               fp_do_ucomi_ST0_STi( (UInt)modrm - 0xF0, True );
               break;

            default: 
               goto decode_fail;
         }
      }

   }

   else
      goto decode_fail;

   *decode_ok = True;
   return delta;

  decode_fail:
   *decode_ok = False;
   return delta;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                      ---*/
/*--- MMX INSTRUCTIONS                                     ---*/
/*---                                                      ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Effect of MMX insns on x87 FPU state (table 11-2 of 
   IA32 arch manual, volume 3):

   Read from, or write to MMX register (viz, any insn except EMMS):
   * All tags set to Valid (non-empty) -- FPTAGS[i] := nonzero
   * FP stack pointer set to zero

   EMMS:
   * All tags set to Invalid (empty) -- FPTAGS[i] := zero
   * FP stack pointer set to zero
*/

static void do_MMX_preamble ( void )
{
   Int         i;
   IRRegArray* descr = mkIRRegArray( OFFB_FPTAGS, Ity_I8, 8 );
   IRExpr*     zero  = mkU32(0);
   IRExpr*     tag1  = mkU8(1);
   put_ftop(zero);
   for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
      stmt( IRStmt_PutI( descr, zero, i, tag1 ) );
}

static void do_EMMS_preamble ( void )
{
   Int         i;
   IRRegArray* descr = mkIRRegArray( OFFB_FPTAGS, Ity_I8, 8 );
   IRExpr*     zero  = mkU32(0);
   IRExpr*     tag0  = mkU8(0);
   put_ftop(zero);
   for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
      stmt( IRStmt_PutI( descr, zero, i, tag0 ) );
}


static IRExpr* getMMXReg ( UInt archreg )
{
   vassert(archreg < 8);
   return IRExpr_Get( OFFB_FPREGS + 8 * archreg, Ity_I64 );
}


static void putMMXReg ( UInt archreg, IRExpr* e )
{
   vassert(archreg < 8);
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv,e) == Ity_I64);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_FPREGS + 8 * archreg, e ) );
}


/* Helper for non-shift MMX insns.  Note this is incomplete in the
   sense that it does not first call do_MMX_preamble() -- that is the
   responsibility of its caller. */

static 
ULong dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                                Prefix      pfx,
                                Long        delta,
                                UChar       opc,
                                HChar*      name,
                                Bool        show_granularity )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   UChar   modrm = getUChar(delta);
   Bool    isReg = epartIsReg(modrm);
   IRExpr* argL  = NULL;
   IRExpr* argR  = NULL;
   IRExpr* argG  = NULL;
   IRExpr* argE  = NULL;
   IRTemp  res   = newTemp(Ity_I64);

   Bool    invG  = False;
   IROp    op    = Iop_INVALID;
   void*   hAddr = NULL;
   HChar*  hName = NULL;
   Bool    eLeft = False;

#  define XXX(_name) do { hAddr = &_name; hName = #_name; } while (0)

   switch (opc) {
      /* Original MMX ones */
      case 0xFC: op = Iop_Add8x8; break;
      case 0xFD: op = Iop_Add16x4; break;
      case 0xFE: op = Iop_Add32x2; break;

      case 0xEC: op = Iop_QAdd8Sx8; break;
      case 0xED: op = Iop_QAdd16Sx4; break;

      case 0xDC: op = Iop_QAdd8Ux8; break;
      case 0xDD: op = Iop_QAdd16Ux4; break;

      case 0xF8: op = Iop_Sub8x8;  break;
      case 0xF9: op = Iop_Sub16x4; break;
      case 0xFA: op = Iop_Sub32x2; break;

      case 0xE8: op = Iop_QSub8Sx8; break;
      case 0xE9: op = Iop_QSub16Sx4; break;

      case 0xD8: op = Iop_QSub8Ux8; break;
      case 0xD9: op = Iop_QSub16Ux4; break;

      case 0xE5: op = Iop_MulHi16Sx4; break;
      case 0xD5: op = Iop_Mul16x4; break;
      case 0xF5: XXX(amd64g_calculate_mmx_pmaddwd); break;

      case 0x74: op = Iop_CmpEQ8x8; break;
      case 0x75: op = Iop_CmpEQ16x4; break;
      case 0x76: op = Iop_CmpEQ32x2; break;

      case 0x64: op = Iop_CmpGT8Sx8; break;
      case 0x65: op = Iop_CmpGT16Sx4; break;
      case 0x66: op = Iop_CmpGT32Sx2; break;

      case 0x6B: op = Iop_QNarrow32Sx2; eLeft = True; break;
      case 0x63: op = Iop_QNarrow16Sx4; eLeft = True; break;
      case 0x67: op = Iop_QNarrow16Ux4; eLeft = True; break;

      case 0x68: op = Iop_InterleaveHI8x8;  eLeft = True; break;
      case 0x69: op = Iop_InterleaveHI16x4; eLeft = True; break;
      case 0x6A: op = Iop_InterleaveHI32x2; eLeft = True; break;

      case 0x60: op = Iop_InterleaveLO8x8;  eLeft = True; break;
      case 0x61: op = Iop_InterleaveLO16x4; eLeft = True; break;
      case 0x62: op = Iop_InterleaveLO32x2; eLeft = True; break;

      case 0xDB: op = Iop_And64; break;
      case 0xDF: op = Iop_And64; invG = True; break;
      case 0xEB: op = Iop_Or64; break;
      case 0xEF: /* Possibly do better here if argL and argR are the
                    same reg */
                 op = Iop_Xor64; break;

      /* Introduced in SSE1 */
      case 0xE0: op = Iop_Avg8Ux8;    break;
      case 0xE3: op = Iop_Avg16Ux4;   break;
      case 0xEE: op = Iop_Max16Sx4;   break;
      case 0xDE: op = Iop_Max8Ux8;    break;
      case 0xEA: op = Iop_Min16Sx4;   break;
      case 0xDA: op = Iop_Min8Ux8;    break;
      case 0xE4: op = Iop_MulHi16Ux4; break;
      case 0xF6: XXX(amd64g_calculate_mmx_psadbw); break;

      /* Introduced in SSE2 */
      case 0xD4: op = Iop_Add64; break;
      case 0xFB: op = Iop_Sub64; break;

      default: 
         vex_printf("\n0x%x\n", (Int)opc);
         vpanic("dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg");
   }

#  undef XXX

   argG = getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm));
   if (invG)
      argG = unop(Iop_Not64, argG);

   if (isReg) {
      delta++;
      argE = getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm));
   } else {
      Int    len;
      IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += len;
      argE = loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr));
   }

   if (eLeft) {
      argL = argE;
      argR = argG;
   } else {
      argL = argG;
      argR = argE;
   }

   if (op != Iop_INVALID) {
      vassert(hName == NULL);
      vassert(hAddr == NULL);
      assign(res, binop(op, argL, argR));
   } else {
      vassert(hName != NULL);
      vassert(hAddr != NULL);
      assign( res, 
              mkIRExprCCall(
                 Ity_I64, 
                 0/*regparms*/, hName, hAddr,
                 mkIRExprVec_2( argL, argR )
              ) 
            );
   }

   putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm), mkexpr(res) );

   DIP("%s%s %s, %s\n", 
       name, show_granularity ? nameMMXGran(opc & 3) : "",
       ( isReg ? nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) : dis_buf ),
       nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

   return delta;
}


/* Vector by scalar shift of G by the amount specified at the bottom
   of E.  This is a straight copy of dis_SSE_shiftG_byE. */

static ULong dis_MMX_shiftG_byE ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                                  Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                                  HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen, size;
   IRTemp  addr;
   Bool    shl, shr, sar;
   UChar   rm   = getUChar(delta);
   IRTemp  g0   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp  g1   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp  amt  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp  amt8 = newTemp(Ity_I8);

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      assign( amt, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(rm)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(rm)),
                        nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(rm)) );
      delta++;
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( amt, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(rm)) );
      delta += alen;
   }
   assign( g0,   getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(rm)) );
   assign( amt8, unop(Iop_64to8, mkexpr(amt)) );

   shl = shr = sar = False;
   size = 0;
   switch (op) {
      case Iop_ShlN16x4: shl = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShlN32x2: shl = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_Shl64:    shl = True; size = 64; break;
      case Iop_ShrN16x4: shr = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_ShrN32x2: shr = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_Shr64:    shr = True; size = 64; break;
      case Iop_SarN16x4: sar = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_SarN32x2: sar = True; size = 32; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   if (shl || shr) {
     assign( 
        g1,
        IRExpr_Mux0X(
           unop(Iop_1Uto8,binop(Iop_CmpLT64U,mkexpr(amt),mkU64(size))),
           mkU64(0),
           binop(op, mkexpr(g0), mkexpr(amt8))
        )
     );
   } else 
   if (sar) {
     assign( 
        g1,
        IRExpr_Mux0X(
           unop(Iop_1Uto8,binop(Iop_CmpLT64U,mkexpr(amt),mkU64(size))),
           binop(op, mkexpr(g0), mkU8(size-1)),
           binop(op, mkexpr(g0), mkexpr(amt8))
        )
     );
   } else {
      vassert(0);
   }

   putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(rm), mkexpr(g1) );
   return delta;
}


/* Vector by scalar shift of E by an immediate byte.  This is a
   straight copy of dis_SSE_shiftE_imm. */

static 
ULong dis_MMX_shiftE_imm ( Long delta, HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   Bool    shl, shr, sar;
   UChar   rm   = getUChar(delta);
   IRTemp  e0   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp  e1   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   UChar   amt, size;
   vassert(epartIsReg(rm));
   vassert(gregLO3ofRM(rm) == 2 
           || gregLO3ofRM(rm) == 4 || gregLO3ofRM(rm) == 6);
   amt = getUChar(delta+1);
   delta += 2;
   DIP("%s $%d,%s\n", opname,
                      (Int)amt,
                      nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(rm)) );

   assign( e0, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(rm)) );

   shl = shr = sar = False;
   size = 0;
   switch (op) {
      case Iop_ShlN16x4: shl = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_ShlN32x2: shl = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_Shl64:    shl = True; size = 64; break;
      case Iop_SarN16x4: sar = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_SarN32x2: sar = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShrN16x4: shr = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_ShrN32x2: shr = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_Shr64:    shr = True; size = 64; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   if (shl || shr) {
     assign( e1, amt >= size 
                    ? mkU64(0)
                    : binop(op, mkexpr(e0), mkU8(amt))
     );
   } else 
   if (sar) {
     assign( e1, amt >= size 
                    ? binop(op, mkexpr(e0), mkU8(size-1))
                    : binop(op, mkexpr(e0), mkU8(amt))
     );
   } else {
      vassert(0);
   }

   putMMXReg( eregLO3ofRM(rm), mkexpr(e1) );
   return delta;
}


/* Completely handle all MMX instructions except emms. */

static
ULong dis_MMX ( Bool* decode_ok,
                VexAbiInfo* vbi, Prefix pfx, Int sz, Long delta )
{
   Int   len;
   UChar modrm;
   HChar dis_buf[50];
   UChar opc = getUChar(delta);
   delta++;

   /* dis_MMX handles all insns except emms. */
   do_MMX_preamble();

   switch (opc) {

      case 0x6E: 
         if (sz == 4) {
            /* MOVD (src)ireg32-or-mem32 (E), (dst)mmxreg (G)*/
            modrm = getUChar(delta);
            if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
               delta++;
               putMMXReg(
                  gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
                  binop( Iop_32HLto64,
                         mkU32(0),
                         getIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) ) );
               DIP("movd %s, %s\n", 
                   nameIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
            } else {
               IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
               delta += len;
               putMMXReg(
                  gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
                  binop( Iop_32HLto64,
                         mkU32(0),
                         loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)) ) );
               DIP("movd %s, %s\n", dis_buf, nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
            }
         } 
         else
         if (sz == 8) {
            /* MOVD (src)ireg64-or-mem64 (E), (dst)mmxreg (G)*/
            modrm = getUChar(delta);
            if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
               delta++;
               putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
                          getIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
               DIP("movd %s, %s\n", 
                   nameIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
            } else {
               IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
               delta += len;
               putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
                          loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
               DIP("movd{64} %s, %s\n", dis_buf, nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
            }
         }
         else {
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         }
         break;

      case 0x7E:
         if (sz == 4) {
            /* MOVD (src)mmxreg (G), (dst)ireg32-or-mem32 (E) */
            modrm = getUChar(delta);
            if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
               delta++;
               putIReg32( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                          unop(Iop_64to32, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) ) );
               DIP("movd %s, %s\n", 
                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), 
                   nameIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
            } else {
               IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
               delta += len;
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr),
                        unop(Iop_64to32, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) ) );
               DIP("movd %s, %s\n", nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), dis_buf);
            }
         }
         else
         if (sz == 8) {
            /* MOVD (src)mmxreg (G), (dst)ireg64-or-mem64 (E) */
            modrm = getUChar(delta);
            if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
               delta++;
               putIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                          getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
               DIP("movd %s, %s\n", 
                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), 
                   nameIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
            } else {
               IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
               delta += len;
               storeLE( mkexpr(addr),
                       getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
               DIP("movd{64} %s, %s\n", nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), dis_buf);
            }
         } else {
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         }
         break;

      case 0x6F:
         /* MOVQ (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4
             && /*ignore redundant REX.W*/!(sz==8 && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx))) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            delta++;
            putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm), getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
            DIP("movq %s, %s\n", 
                nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)), 
                nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
         } else {
            IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
            delta += len;
            putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm), loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
            DIP("movq %s, %s\n", 
                dis_buf, nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
         }
         break;

      case 0x7F:
         /* MOVQ (src)mmxreg, (dst)mmxreg-or-mem */
         if (sz != 4
             && /*ignore redundant REX.W*/!(sz==8 && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)))
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            /* Fall through.  The assembler doesn't appear to generate
               these. */
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         } else {
            IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
            delta += len;
            storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
            DIP("mov(nt)q %s, %s\n", 
                nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)), dis_buf);
         }
         break;

      case 0xFC: 
      case 0xFD: 
      case 0xFE: /* PADDgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "padd", True );
         break;

      case 0xEC: 
      case 0xED: /* PADDSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4
             && /*ignore redundant REX.W*/!(sz==8 && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)))
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "padds", True );
         break;

      case 0xDC: 
      case 0xDD: /* PADDUSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "paddus", True );
         break;

      case 0xF8: 
      case 0xF9: 
      case 0xFA: /* PSUBgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "psub", True );
         break;

      case 0xE8: 
      case 0xE9: /* PSUBSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "psubs", True );
         break;

      case 0xD8: 
      case 0xD9: /* PSUBUSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "psubus", True );
         break;

      case 0xE5: /* PMULHW (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pmulhw", False );
         break;

      case 0xD5: /* PMULLW (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pmullw", False );
         break;

      case 0xF5: /* PMADDWD (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         vassert(sz == 4);
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pmaddwd", False );
         break;

      case 0x74: 
      case 0x75: 
      case 0x76: /* PCMPEQgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pcmpeq", True );
         break;

      case 0x64: 
      case 0x65: 
      case 0x66: /* PCMPGTgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pcmpgt", True );
         break;

      case 0x6B: /* PACKSSDW (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "packssdw", False );
         break;

      case 0x63: /* PACKSSWB (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "packsswb", False );
         break;

      case 0x67: /* PACKUSWB (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "packuswb", False );
         break;

      case 0x68: 
      case 0x69: 
      case 0x6A: /* PUNPCKHgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4
             && /*ignore redundant REX.W*/!(sz==8 && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx))) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "punpckh", True );
         break;

      case 0x60: 
      case 0x61: 
      case 0x62: /* PUNPCKLgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4
             && /*ignore redundant REX.W*/!(sz==8 && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx))) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "punpckl", True );
         break;

      case 0xDB: /* PAND (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pand", False );
         break;

      case 0xDF: /* PANDN (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pandn", False );
         break;

      case 0xEB: /* POR (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "por", False );
         break;

      case 0xEF: /* PXOR (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( vbi, pfx, delta, opc, "pxor", False );
         break; 

#     define SHIFT_BY_REG(_name,_op)                                     \
                delta = dis_MMX_shiftG_byE(vbi, pfx, delta, _name, _op); \
                break;

      /* PSLLgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xF1: SHIFT_BY_REG("psllw", Iop_ShlN16x4);
      case 0xF2: SHIFT_BY_REG("pslld", Iop_ShlN32x2);
      case 0xF3: SHIFT_BY_REG("psllq", Iop_Shl64);

      /* PSRLgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xD1: SHIFT_BY_REG("psrlw", Iop_ShrN16x4);
      case 0xD2: SHIFT_BY_REG("psrld", Iop_ShrN32x2);
      case 0xD3: SHIFT_BY_REG("psrlq", Iop_Shr64);

      /* PSRAgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xE1: SHIFT_BY_REG("psraw", Iop_SarN16x4);
      case 0xE2: SHIFT_BY_REG("psrad", Iop_SarN32x2);

#     undef SHIFT_BY_REG

      case 0x71: 
      case 0x72: 
      case 0x73: {
         /* (sz==4): PSLLgg/PSRAgg/PSRLgg mmxreg by imm8 */
         UChar byte2, subopc;
         if (sz != 4) 
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         byte2  = getUChar(delta);      /* amode / sub-opcode */
         subopc = toUChar( (byte2 >> 3) & 7 );

#        define SHIFT_BY_IMM(_name,_op)                        \
            do { delta = dis_MMX_shiftE_imm(delta,_name,_op);  \
            } while (0)

              if (subopc == 2 /*SRL*/ && opc == 0x71) 
                  SHIFT_BY_IMM("psrlw", Iop_ShrN16x4);
         else if (subopc == 2 /*SRL*/ && opc == 0x72) 
                 SHIFT_BY_IMM("psrld", Iop_ShrN32x2);
         else if (subopc == 2 /*SRL*/ && opc == 0x73) 
                 SHIFT_BY_IMM("psrlq", Iop_Shr64);

         else if (subopc == 4 /*SAR*/ && opc == 0x71) 
                 SHIFT_BY_IMM("psraw", Iop_SarN16x4);
         else if (subopc == 4 /*SAR*/ && opc == 0x72) 
                 SHIFT_BY_IMM("psrad", Iop_SarN32x2);

         else if (subopc == 6 /*SHL*/ && opc == 0x71) 
                 SHIFT_BY_IMM("psllw", Iop_ShlN16x4);
         else if (subopc == 6 /*SHL*/ && opc == 0x72) 
                  SHIFT_BY_IMM("pslld", Iop_ShlN32x2);
         else if (subopc == 6 /*SHL*/ && opc == 0x73) 
                 SHIFT_BY_IMM("psllq", Iop_Shl64);

         else goto mmx_decode_failure;

#        undef SHIFT_BY_IMM
         break;
      }

      case 0xF7: {
         IRTemp addr    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp regD    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp regM    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp mask    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp olddata = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp newdata = newTemp(Ity_I64);

         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (sz != 4 || (!epartIsReg(modrm)))
            goto mmx_decode_failure;
         delta++;

         assign( addr, handleAddrOverrides( vbi, pfx, getIReg64(R_RDI) ));
         assign( regM, getMMXReg( eregLO3ofRM(modrm) ));
         assign( regD, getMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm) ));
         assign( mask, binop(Iop_SarN8x8, mkexpr(regM), mkU8(7)) );
         assign( olddata, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ));
         assign( newdata, 
                 binop(Iop_Or64, 
                       binop(Iop_And64, 
                             mkexpr(regD), 
                             mkexpr(mask) ),
                       binop(Iop_And64, 
                             mkexpr(olddata),
                             unop(Iop_Not64, mkexpr(mask)))) );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(newdata) );
         DIP("maskmovq %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg( eregLO3ofRM(modrm) ),
                                 nameMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm) ) );
         break;
      }

      /* --- MMX decode failure --- */
      default:
      mmx_decode_failure:
         *decode_ok = False;
         return delta; /* ignored */

   }

   *decode_ok = True;
   return delta;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- More misc arithmetic and other obscure insns.        ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Generate base << amt with vacated places filled with stuff
   from xtra.  amt guaranteed in 0 .. 63. */
static 
IRExpr* shiftL64_with_extras ( IRTemp base, IRTemp xtra, IRTemp amt )
{
   /* if   amt == 0 
      then base
      else (base << amt) | (xtra >>u (64-amt))
   */
   return
      IRExpr_Mux0X( 
         mkexpr(amt), 
         mkexpr(base),
         binop(Iop_Or64, 
               binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(base), mkexpr(amt)),
               binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(xtra), 
                                binop(Iop_Sub8, mkU8(64), mkexpr(amt)))
         )
      );
}

/* Generate base >>u amt with vacated places filled with stuff
   from xtra.  amt guaranteed in 0 .. 63. */
static 
IRExpr* shiftR64_with_extras ( IRTemp xtra, IRTemp base, IRTemp amt )
{
   /* if   amt == 0 
      then base
      else (base >>u amt) | (xtra << (64-amt))
   */
   return
      IRExpr_Mux0X( 
         mkexpr(amt), 
         mkexpr(base),
         binop(Iop_Or64, 
               binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(base), mkexpr(amt)),
               binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(xtra), 
                                binop(Iop_Sub8, mkU8(64), mkexpr(amt)))
         )
      );
}

/* Double length left and right shifts.  Apparently only required in
   v-size (no b- variant). */
static
ULong dis_SHLRD_Gv_Ev ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                        Prefix pfx,
                        Long delta, UChar modrm,
                        Int sz,
                        IRExpr* shift_amt,
                        Bool amt_is_literal,
                        HChar* shift_amt_txt,
                        Bool left_shift )
{
   /* shift_amt :: Ity_I8 is the amount to shift.  shift_amt_txt is used
      for printing it.   And eip on entry points at the modrm byte. */
   Int len;
   HChar dis_buf[50];

   IRType ty     = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp gsrc   = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp esrc   = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp addr   = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IRTemp tmpSH  = newTemp(Ity_I8);
   IRTemp tmpSS  = newTemp(Ity_I8);
   IRTemp tmp64  = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IRTemp res64  = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IRTemp rss64  = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IRTemp resTy  = IRTemp_INVALID;
   IRTemp rssTy  = IRTemp_INVALID;
   Int    mask   = sz==8 ? 63 : 31;

   vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);

   /* The E-part is the destination; this is shifted.  The G-part
      supplies bits to be shifted into the E-part, but is not
      changed.  

      If shifting left, form a double-length word with E at the top
      and G at the bottom, and shift this left.  The result is then in
      the high part.

      If shifting right, form a double-length word with G at the top
      and E at the bottom, and shift this right.  The result is then
      at the bottom.  */

   /* Fetch the operands. */

   assign( gsrc, getIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm) );

   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      delta++;
      assign( esrc, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm) );
      DIP("sh%cd%c %s, %s, %s\n",
          ( left_shift ? 'l' : 'r' ), nameISize(sz), 
          shift_amt_txt,
          nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm), nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 
                        /* # bytes following amode */
                        amt_is_literal ? 1 : 0 );
      delta += len;
      assign( esrc, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
      DIP("sh%cd%c %s, %s, %s\n", 
          ( left_shift ? 'l' : 'r' ), nameISize(sz), 
          shift_amt_txt,
          nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm), dis_buf);
   }

   /* Calculate the masked shift amount (tmpSH), the masked subshift
      amount (tmpSS), the shifted value (res64) and the subshifted
      value (rss64). */

   assign( tmpSH, binop(Iop_And8, shift_amt, mkU8(mask)) );
   assign( tmpSS, binop(Iop_And8, 
                        binop(Iop_Sub8, mkexpr(tmpSH), mkU8(1) ),
                        mkU8(mask)));

   tmp64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   res64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   rss64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);

   if (sz == 2 || sz == 4) {

      /* G is xtra; E is data */
      /* what a freaking nightmare: */
      if (sz == 4 && left_shift) {
         assign( tmp64, binop(Iop_32HLto64, mkexpr(esrc), mkexpr(gsrc)) );
         assign( res64, 
                 binop(Iop_Shr64, 
                       binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(tmp64), mkexpr(tmpSH)),
                       mkU8(32)) );
         assign( rss64, 
                 binop(Iop_Shr64, 
                       binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(tmp64), mkexpr(tmpSS)),
                       mkU8(32)) );
      }
      else
      if (sz == 4 && !left_shift) {
         assign( tmp64, binop(Iop_32HLto64, mkexpr(gsrc), mkexpr(esrc)) );
         assign( res64, binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(tmp64), mkexpr(tmpSH)) );
         assign( rss64, binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(tmp64), mkexpr(tmpSS)) );
      }
      else
      if (sz == 2 && left_shift) {
         assign( tmp64,
                 binop(Iop_32HLto64,
                       binop(Iop_16HLto32, mkexpr(esrc), mkexpr(gsrc)),
                       binop(Iop_16HLto32, mkexpr(gsrc), mkexpr(gsrc))
         ));
       /* result formed by shifting [esrc'gsrc'gsrc'gsrc] */
         assign( res64, 
                 binop(Iop_Shr64, 
                       binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(tmp64), mkexpr(tmpSH)),
                       mkU8(48)) );
         /* subshift formed by shifting [esrc'0000'0000'0000] */
         assign( rss64, 
                 binop(Iop_Shr64, 
                       binop(Iop_Shl64, 
                             binop(Iop_Shl64, unop(Iop_16Uto64, mkexpr(esrc)),
                                              mkU8(48)),
                             mkexpr(tmpSS)),
                       mkU8(48)) );
      }
      else
      if (sz == 2 && !left_shift) {
         assign( tmp64,
                 binop(Iop_32HLto64,
                       binop(Iop_16HLto32, mkexpr(gsrc), mkexpr(gsrc)),
                       binop(Iop_16HLto32, mkexpr(gsrc), mkexpr(esrc))
         ));
         /* result formed by shifting [gsrc'gsrc'gsrc'esrc] */
         assign( res64, binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(tmp64), mkexpr(tmpSH)) );
         /* subshift formed by shifting [0000'0000'0000'esrc] */
         assign( rss64, binop(Iop_Shr64, 
                              unop(Iop_16Uto64, mkexpr(esrc)), 
                              mkexpr(tmpSS)) );
      }

   } else {

      vassert(sz == 8);
      if (left_shift) {
         assign( res64, shiftL64_with_extras( esrc, gsrc, tmpSH ));
         assign( rss64, shiftL64_with_extras( esrc, gsrc, tmpSS ));
      } else {
         assign( res64, shiftR64_with_extras( gsrc, esrc, tmpSH ));
         assign( rss64, shiftR64_with_extras( gsrc, esrc, tmpSS ));
      }

   }

   resTy = newTemp(ty);
   rssTy = newTemp(ty);
   assign( resTy, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(res64)) );
   assign( rssTy, narrowTo(ty, mkexpr(rss64)) );

   /* Put result back and write the flags thunk. */
   setFlags_DEP1_DEP2_shift ( left_shift ? Iop_Shl64 : Iop_Sar64,
                              resTy, rssTy, ty, tmpSH );

   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(resTy));
   } else {
      storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(resTy) );
   }

   if (amt_is_literal) delta++;
   return delta;
}


/* Handle BT/BTS/BTR/BTC Gv, Ev.  Apparently b-size is not
   required. */

typedef enum { BtOpNone, BtOpSet, BtOpReset, BtOpComp } BtOp;

static HChar* nameBtOp ( BtOp op )
{
   switch (op) {
      case BtOpNone:  return "";
      case BtOpSet:   return "s";
      case BtOpReset: return "r";
      case BtOpComp:  return "c";
      default: vpanic("nameBtOp(amd64)");
   }
}


static
ULong dis_bt_G_E ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                   Prefix pfx, Int sz, Long delta, BtOp op )
{
   HChar  dis_buf[50];
   UChar  modrm;
   Int    len;
   IRTemp t_fetched, t_bitno0, t_bitno1, t_bitno2, t_addr0, 
     t_addr1, t_rsp, t_mask, t_new;

   vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);

   t_fetched = t_bitno0 = t_bitno1 = t_bitno2 
             = t_addr0 = t_addr1 = t_rsp
             = t_mask = t_new = IRTemp_INVALID;

   t_fetched = newTemp(Ity_I8);
   t_new     = newTemp(Ity_I8);
   t_bitno0  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   t_bitno1  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   t_bitno2  = newTemp(Ity_I8);
   t_addr1   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   modrm     = getUChar(delta);

   assign( t_bitno0, widenSto64(getIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm)) );
   
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      delta++;
      /* Get it onto the client's stack.  Oh, this is a horrible
         kludge.  See https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=245925.
         Because of the ELF ABI stack redzone, there may be live data
         up to 128 bytes below %RSP.  So we can't just push it on the
         stack, else we may wind up trashing live data, and causing
         impossible-to-find simulation errors.  (Yes, this did
         happen.)  So we need to drop RSP before at least 128 before
         pushing it.  That unfortunately means hitting Memcheck's
         fast-case painting code.  Ideally we should drop more than
         128, to reduce the chances of breaking buggy programs that
         have live data below -128(%RSP).  Memcheck fast-cases moves
         of 288 bytes due to the need to handle ppc64-linux quickly,
         so let's use 288.  Of course the real fix is to get rid of
         this kludge entirely.  */
      t_rsp = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      t_addr0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      vassert(vbi->guest_stack_redzone_size == 128);
      assign( t_rsp, binop(Iop_Sub64, getIReg64(R_RSP), mkU64(288)) );
      putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t_rsp));

      storeLE( mkexpr(t_rsp), getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm) );

      /* Make t_addr0 point at it. */
      assign( t_addr0, mkexpr(t_rsp) );

      /* Mask out upper bits of the shift amount, since we're doing a
         reg. */
      assign( t_bitno1, binop(Iop_And64, 
                              mkexpr(t_bitno0), 
                              mkU64(sz == 8 ? 63 : sz == 4 ? 31 : 15)) );

   } else {
      t_addr0 = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += len;
      assign( t_bitno1, mkexpr(t_bitno0) );
   }
  
   /* At this point: t_addr0 is the address being operated on.  If it
      was a reg, we will have pushed it onto the client's stack.
      t_bitno1 is the bit number, suitably masked in the case of a
      reg.  */
  
   /* Now the main sequence. */
   assign( t_addr1, 
           binop(Iop_Add64, 
                 mkexpr(t_addr0), 
                 binop(Iop_Sar64, mkexpr(t_bitno1), mkU8(3))) );

   /* t_addr1 now holds effective address */

   assign( t_bitno2, 
           unop(Iop_64to8, 
                binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(t_bitno1), mkU64(7))) );

   /* t_bitno2 contains offset of bit within byte */

   if (op != BtOpNone) {
      t_mask = newTemp(Ity_I8);
      assign( t_mask, binop(Iop_Shl8, mkU8(1), mkexpr(t_bitno2)) );
   }

   /* t_mask is now a suitable byte mask */

   assign( t_fetched, loadLE(Ity_I8, mkexpr(t_addr1)) );

   if (op != BtOpNone) {
      switch (op) {
         case BtOpSet:
            assign( t_new,
                    binop(Iop_Or8, mkexpr(t_fetched), mkexpr(t_mask)) );
            break;
         case BtOpComp:
            assign( t_new,
                    binop(Iop_Xor8, mkexpr(t_fetched), mkexpr(t_mask)) );
            break;
         case BtOpReset:
            assign( t_new,
                    binop(Iop_And8, mkexpr(t_fetched), 
                                    unop(Iop_Not8, mkexpr(t_mask))) );
            break;
         default: 
            vpanic("dis_bt_G_E(amd64)");
      }
      if ((pfx & PFX_LOCK) && !epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         casLE( mkexpr(t_addr1), mkexpr(t_fetched)/*expd*/,
                                 mkexpr(t_new)/*new*/,
                                 guest_RIP_curr_instr );
      } else {
         storeLE( mkexpr(t_addr1), mkexpr(t_new) );
      }
   }
  
   /* Side effect done; now get selected bit into Carry flag */
   /* Flags: C=selected bit, O,S,Z,A,P undefined, so are set to zero. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
            OFFB_CC_DEP1,
            binop(Iop_And64,
                  binop(Iop_Shr64, 
                        unop(Iop_8Uto64, mkexpr(t_fetched)),
                        mkexpr(t_bitno2)),
                  mkU64(1)))
       );
   /* Set NDEP even though it isn't used.  This makes redundant-PUT
      elimination of previous stores to this field work better. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));

   /* Move reg operand from stack back to reg */
   if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
      /* t_rsp still points at it. */
      /* only write the reg if actually modifying it; doing otherwise
         zeroes the top half erroneously when doing btl due to
         standard zero-extend rule */
      if (op != BtOpNone)
         putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, loadLE(szToITy(sz), mkexpr(t_rsp)) );
      putIReg64(R_RSP, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(t_rsp), mkU64(288)) );
   }

   DIP("bt%s%c %s, %s\n",
       nameBtOp(op), nameISize(sz), nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm), 
       ( epartIsReg(modrm) ? nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm) : dis_buf ) );
 
   return delta;
}



/* Handle BSF/BSR.  Only v-size seems necessary. */
static
ULong dis_bs_E_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                   Prefix pfx, Int sz, Long delta, Bool fwds )
{
   Bool   isReg;
   UChar  modrm;
   HChar  dis_buf[50];

   IRType ty    = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp src   = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp dst   = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp src64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp dst64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp src8  = newTemp(Ity_I8);

   vassert(sz == 8 || sz == 4 || sz == 2);

   modrm = getUChar(delta);
   isReg = epartIsReg(modrm);
   if (isReg) {
      delta++;
      assign( src, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm) );
   } else {
      Int    len;
      IRTemp addr = disAMode( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += len;
      assign( src, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
   }

   DIP("bs%c%c %s, %s\n",
       fwds ? 'f' : 'r', nameISize(sz), 
       ( isReg ? nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm) : dis_buf ), 
       nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm));

   /* First, widen src to 64 bits if it is not already. */
   assign( src64, widenUto64(mkexpr(src)) );

   /* Generate an 8-bit expression which is zero iff the 
      original is zero, and nonzero otherwise */
   assign( src8,
           unop(Iop_1Uto8, 
                binop(Iop_CmpNE64,
                      mkexpr(src64), mkU64(0))) );

   /* Flags: Z is 1 iff source value is zero.  All others 
      are undefined -- we force them to zero. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
            OFFB_CC_DEP1,
            IRExpr_Mux0X( mkexpr(src8),
                          /* src==0 */
                          mkU64(AMD64G_CC_MASK_Z),
                          /* src!=0 */
                          mkU64(0)
                        )
       ));
   /* Set NDEP even though it isn't used.  This makes redundant-PUT
      elimination of previous stores to this field work better. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));

   /* Result: iff source value is zero, we can't use
      Iop_Clz64/Iop_Ctz64 as they have no defined result in that case.
      But anyway, amd64 semantics say the result is undefined in
      such situations.  Hence handle the zero case specially. */

   /* Bleh.  What we compute:

          bsf64:  if src == 0 then {dst is unchanged} 
                              else Ctz64(src)

          bsr64:  if src == 0 then {dst is unchanged} 
                              else 63 - Clz64(src)

          bsf32:  if src == 0 then {dst is unchanged} 
                              else Ctz64(32Uto64(src))

          bsr32:  if src == 0 then {dst is unchanged}
                              else 63 - Clz64(32Uto64(src))

          bsf16:  if src == 0 then {dst is unchanged} 
                              else Ctz64(32Uto64(16Uto32(src)))

          bsr16:  if src == 0 then {dst is unchanged} 
                              else 63 - Clz64(32Uto64(16Uto32(src)))
   */

   /* The main computation, guarding against zero. */
   assign( dst64,
           IRExpr_Mux0X( 
              mkexpr(src8),
              /* src == 0 -- leave dst unchanged */
              widenUto64( getIRegG( sz, pfx, modrm ) ),
              /* src != 0 */
              fwds ? unop(Iop_Ctz64, mkexpr(src64))
                   : binop(Iop_Sub64, 
                           mkU64(63), 
                           unop(Iop_Clz64, mkexpr(src64)))
           )
         );

   if (sz == 2)
      assign( dst, unop(Iop_64to16, mkexpr(dst64)) );
   else
   if (sz == 4)
      assign( dst, unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(dst64)) );
   else
      assign( dst, mkexpr(dst64) );

   /* dump result back */
   putIRegG( sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(dst) );

   return delta;
}


/* swap rAX with the reg specified by reg and REX.B */
static 
void codegen_xchg_rAX_Reg ( Prefix pfx, Int sz, UInt regLo3 )
{
   IRType ty = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp t1 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp t2 = newTemp(ty);
   vassert(sz == 4 || sz == 8);
   vassert(regLo3 < 8);
   if (sz == 8) {
      assign( t1, getIReg64(R_RAX) );
      assign( t2, getIRegRexB(8, pfx, regLo3) );
      putIReg64( R_RAX, mkexpr(t2) );
      putIRegRexB(8, pfx, regLo3, mkexpr(t1) );
   } else {
      assign( t1, getIReg32(R_RAX) );
      assign( t2, getIRegRexB(4, pfx, regLo3) );
      putIReg32( R_RAX, mkexpr(t2) );
      putIRegRexB(4, pfx, regLo3, mkexpr(t1) );
   }
   DIP("xchg%c %s, %s\n", 
       nameISize(sz), nameIRegRAX(sz), 
                      nameIRegRexB(sz,pfx, regLo3));
}


static 
void codegen_SAHF ( void )
{
   /* Set the flags to:
      (amd64g_calculate_flags_all() & AMD64G_CC_MASK_O) 
                                    -- retain the old O flag
      | (%AH & (AMD64G_CC_MASK_S|AMD64G_CC_MASK_Z|AMD64G_CC_MASK_A
                |AMD64G_CC_MASK_P|AMD64G_CC_MASK_C)
   */
   ULong  mask_SZACP = AMD64G_CC_MASK_S|AMD64G_CC_MASK_Z|AMD64G_CC_MASK_A
                       |AMD64G_CC_MASK_C|AMD64G_CC_MASK_P;
   IRTemp oldflags   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign( oldflags, mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all() );
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1,
         binop(Iop_Or64,
               binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(oldflags), mkU64(AMD64G_CC_MASK_O)),
               binop(Iop_And64, 
                     binop(Iop_Shr64, getIReg64(R_RAX), mkU8(8)),
                     mkU64(mask_SZACP))
              )
   ));
}


static 
void codegen_LAHF ( void  )
{
   /* AH <- EFLAGS(SF:ZF:0:AF:0:PF:1:CF) */
   IRExpr* rax_with_hole;
   IRExpr* new_byte;
   IRExpr* new_rax;
   ULong   mask_SZACP = AMD64G_CC_MASK_S|AMD64G_CC_MASK_Z|AMD64G_CC_MASK_A
                        |AMD64G_CC_MASK_C|AMD64G_CC_MASK_P;

   IRTemp  flags = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign( flags, mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all() );

   rax_with_hole 
      = binop(Iop_And64, getIReg64(R_RAX), mkU64(~0xFF00ULL));
   new_byte 
      = binop(Iop_Or64, binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(flags), mkU64(mask_SZACP)),
                        mkU64(1<<1));
   new_rax 
      = binop(Iop_Or64, rax_with_hole,
                        binop(Iop_Shl64, new_byte, mkU8(8)));
   putIReg64(R_RAX, new_rax);
}


static
ULong dis_cmpxchg_G_E ( /*OUT*/Bool* ok,
                        VexAbiInfo*  vbi,
                        Prefix       pfx,
                        Int          size, 
                        Long         delta0 )
{
   HChar dis_buf[50];
   Int   len;

   IRType ty    = szToITy(size);
   IRTemp acc   = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp src   = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp dest  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp dest2 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp acc2  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp cond8 = newTemp(Ity_I8);
   IRTemp addr  = IRTemp_INVALID;
   UChar  rm    = getUChar(delta0);

   /* There are 3 cases to consider:

      reg-reg: ignore any lock prefix, generate sequence based
               on Mux0X

      reg-mem, not locked: ignore any lock prefix, generate sequence
                           based on Mux0X

      reg-mem, locked: use IRCAS
   */

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      /* case 1 */
      *ok = False;
      return delta0;
      /* awaiting test case */
      assign( dest, getIRegE(size, pfx, rm) );
      delta0++;
      assign( src, getIRegG(size, pfx, rm) );
      assign( acc, getIRegRAX(size) );
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(Iop_Sub8, acc, dest, ty);
      assign( cond8, unop(Iop_1Uto8, mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondZ)) );
      assign( dest2, IRExpr_Mux0X(mkexpr(cond8), mkexpr(dest), mkexpr(src)) );
      assign( acc2,  IRExpr_Mux0X(mkexpr(cond8), mkexpr(dest), mkexpr(acc)) );
      putIRegRAX(size, mkexpr(acc2));
      putIRegE(size, pfx, rm, mkexpr(dest2));
      DIP("cmpxchg%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(size),
                               nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm),
                               nameIRegE(size,pfx,rm) );
   } 
   else if (!epartIsReg(rm) && !(pfx & PFX_LOCK)) {
      /* case 2 */
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( dest, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
      delta0 += len;
      assign( src, getIRegG(size, pfx, rm) );
      assign( acc, getIRegRAX(size) );
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(Iop_Sub8, acc, dest, ty);
      assign( cond8, unop(Iop_1Uto8, mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondZ)) );
      assign( dest2, IRExpr_Mux0X(mkexpr(cond8), mkexpr(dest), mkexpr(src)) );
      assign( acc2,  IRExpr_Mux0X(mkexpr(cond8), mkexpr(dest), mkexpr(acc)) );
      putIRegRAX(size, mkexpr(acc2));
      storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(dest2) );
      DIP("cmpxchg%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(size), 
                               nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm), dis_buf);
   }
   else if (!epartIsReg(rm) && (pfx & PFX_LOCK)) {
      /* case 3 */
      /* src is new value.  acc is expected value.  dest is old value.
         Compute success from the output of the IRCAS, and steer the
         new value for RAX accordingly: in case of success, RAX is
         unchanged. */
      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta0 += len;
      assign( src, getIRegG(size, pfx, rm) );
      assign( acc, getIRegRAX(size) );
      stmt( IRStmt_CAS( 
         mkIRCAS( IRTemp_INVALID, dest, Iend_LE, mkexpr(addr), 
                  NULL, mkexpr(acc), NULL, mkexpr(src) )
      ));
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2(Iop_Sub8, acc, dest, ty);
      assign( cond8, unop(Iop_1Uto8, mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(AMD64CondZ)) );
      assign( acc2,  IRExpr_Mux0X(mkexpr(cond8), mkexpr(dest), mkexpr(acc)) );
      putIRegRAX(size, mkexpr(acc2));
      DIP("cmpxchg%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(size), 
                               nameIRegG(size,pfx,rm), dis_buf);
   }
   else vassert(0);

   *ok = True;
   return delta0;
}


/* Handle conditional move instructions of the form
      cmovcc E(reg-or-mem), G(reg)

   E(src) is reg-or-mem
   G(dst) is reg.

   If E is reg, -->    GET %E, tmps
                       GET %G, tmpd
                       CMOVcc tmps, tmpd
                       PUT tmpd, %G
 
   If E is mem  -->    (getAddr E) -> tmpa
                       LD (tmpa), tmps
                       GET %G, tmpd
                       CMOVcc tmps, tmpd
                       PUT tmpd, %G
*/
static
ULong dis_cmov_E_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                     Prefix        pfx,
                     Int           sz, 
                     AMD64Condcode cond,
                     Long          delta0 )
{
   UChar rm  = getUChar(delta0);
   HChar dis_buf[50];
   Int   len;

   IRType ty   = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp tmps = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp tmpd = newTemp(ty);

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      assign( tmps, getIRegE(sz, pfx, rm) );
      assign( tmpd, getIRegG(sz, pfx, rm) );

      putIRegG( sz, pfx, rm,
                IRExpr_Mux0X( unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                                   mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(cond)),
                              mkexpr(tmpd),
                              mkexpr(tmps) )
              );
      DIP("cmov%s %s,%s\n", name_AMD64Condcode(cond),
                            nameIRegE(sz,pfx,rm),
                            nameIRegG(sz,pfx,rm));
      return 1+delta0;
   }

   /* E refers to memory */    
   {
      IRTemp addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( tmps, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
      assign( tmpd, getIRegG(sz, pfx, rm) );

      putIRegG( sz, pfx, rm,
                IRExpr_Mux0X( unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                                   mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(cond)),
                              mkexpr(tmpd),
                              mkexpr(tmps) )
              );

      DIP("cmov%s %s,%s\n", name_AMD64Condcode(cond),
                            dis_buf,
                            nameIRegG(sz,pfx,rm));
      return len+delta0;
   }
}


static
ULong dis_xadd_G_E ( /*OUT*/Bool* decode_ok,
                     VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                     Prefix pfx, Int sz, Long delta0 )
{
   Int   len;
   UChar rm = getUChar(delta0);
   HChar dis_buf[50];

   IRType ty    = szToITy(sz);
   IRTemp tmpd  = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp tmpt0 = newTemp(ty);
   IRTemp tmpt1 = newTemp(ty);

   /* There are 3 cases to consider:

      reg-reg: ignore any lock prefix,
               generate 'naive' (non-atomic) sequence

      reg-mem, not locked: ignore any lock prefix, generate 'naive'
                           (non-atomic) sequence

      reg-mem, locked: use IRCAS
   */

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      /* case 1 */
      assign( tmpd, getIRegE(sz, pfx, rm) );
      assign( tmpt0, getIRegG(sz, pfx, rm) );
      assign( tmpt1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Add8),
                           mkexpr(tmpd), mkexpr(tmpt0)) );
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2( Iop_Add8, tmpd, tmpt0, ty );
      putIRegG(sz, pfx, rm, mkexpr(tmpd));
      putIRegE(sz, pfx, rm, mkexpr(tmpt1));
      DIP("xadd%c %s, %s\n",
          nameISize(sz), nameIRegG(sz,pfx,rm),
                               nameIRegE(sz,pfx,rm));
      *decode_ok = True;
      return 1+delta0;
   }
   else if (!epartIsReg(rm) && !(pfx & PFX_LOCK)) {
      /* case 2 */
      IRTemp addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( tmpd,  loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
      assign( tmpt0, getIRegG(sz, pfx, rm) );
      assign( tmpt1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Add8),
                           mkexpr(tmpd), mkexpr(tmpt0)) );
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2( Iop_Add8, tmpd, tmpt0, ty );
      storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(tmpt1) );
      putIRegG(sz, pfx, rm, mkexpr(tmpd));
      DIP("xadd%c %s, %s\n",
          nameISize(sz), nameIRegG(sz,pfx,rm), dis_buf);
      *decode_ok = True;
      return len+delta0;
   }
   else if (!epartIsReg(rm) && (pfx & PFX_LOCK)) {
      /* case 3 */
      IRTemp addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta0, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( tmpd,  loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
      assign( tmpt0, getIRegG(sz, pfx, rm) );
      assign( tmpt1, binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Add8), 
                           mkexpr(tmpd), mkexpr(tmpt0)) );
      casLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(tmpd)/*expVal*/,
                           mkexpr(tmpt1)/*newVal*/, guest_RIP_curr_instr );
      setFlags_DEP1_DEP2( Iop_Add8, tmpd, tmpt0, ty );
      putIRegG(sz, pfx, rm, mkexpr(tmpd));
      DIP("xadd%c %s, %s\n",
          nameISize(sz), nameIRegG(sz,pfx,rm), dis_buf);
      *decode_ok = True;
      return len+delta0;
   }
   /*UNREACHED*/
   vassert(0);
}

//.. /* Move 16 bits from Ew (ireg or mem) to G (a segment register). */
//.. 
//.. static
//.. UInt dis_mov_Ew_Sw ( UChar sorb, Long delta0 )
//.. {
//..    Int    len;
//..    IRTemp addr;
//..    UChar  rm  = getUChar(delta0);
//..    HChar  dis_buf[50];
//.. 
//..    if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
//..       putSReg( gregOfRM(rm), getIReg(2, eregOfRM(rm)) );
//..       DIP("movw %s,%s\n", nameIReg(2,eregOfRM(rm)), nameSReg(gregOfRM(rm)));
//..       return 1+delta0;
//..    } else {
//..       addr = disAMode ( &len, sorb, delta0, dis_buf );
//..       putSReg( gregOfRM(rm), loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr)) );
//..       DIP("movw %s,%s\n", dis_buf, nameSReg(gregOfRM(rm)));
//..       return len+delta0;
//..    }
//.. }
//.. 
//.. /* Move 16 bits from G (a segment register) to Ew (ireg or mem).  If
//..    dst is ireg and sz==4, zero out top half of it.  */
//.. 
//.. static
//.. UInt dis_mov_Sw_Ew ( UChar sorb,
//..                      Int   sz,
//..                      UInt  delta0 )
//.. {
//..    Int    len;
//..    IRTemp addr;
//..    UChar  rm  = getUChar(delta0);
//..    HChar  dis_buf[50];
//.. 
//..    vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4);
//.. 
//..    if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
//..       if (sz == 4)
//..          putIReg(4, eregOfRM(rm), unop(Iop_16Uto32, getSReg(gregOfRM(rm))));
//..       else
//..          putIReg(2, eregOfRM(rm), getSReg(gregOfRM(rm)));
//.. 
//..       DIP("mov %s,%s\n", nameSReg(gregOfRM(rm)), nameIReg(sz,eregOfRM(rm)));
//..       return 1+delta0;
//..    } else {
//..       addr = disAMode ( &len, sorb, delta0, dis_buf );
//..       storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getSReg(gregOfRM(rm)) );
//..       DIP("mov %s,%s\n", nameSReg(gregOfRM(rm)), dis_buf);
//..       return len+delta0;
//..    }
//.. }
//.. 
//.. 
//.. static 
//.. void dis_push_segreg ( UInt sreg, Int sz )
//.. {
//..     IRTemp t1 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
//..     IRTemp ta = newTemp(Ity_I32);
//..     vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4);
//.. 
//..     assign( t1, getSReg(sreg) );
//..     assign( ta, binop(Iop_Sub32, getIReg(4, R_ESP), mkU32(sz)) );
//..     putIReg(4, R_ESP, mkexpr(ta));
//..     storeLE( mkexpr(ta), mkexpr(t1) );
//.. 
//..     DIP("pushw %s\n", nameSReg(sreg));
//.. }
//.. 
//.. static
//.. void dis_pop_segreg ( UInt sreg, Int sz )
//.. {
//..     IRTemp t1 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
//..     IRTemp ta = newTemp(Ity_I32);
//..     vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4);
//.. 
//..     assign( ta, getIReg(4, R_ESP) );
//..     assign( t1, loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(ta)) );
//.. 
//..     putIReg(4, R_ESP, binop(Iop_Add32, mkexpr(ta), mkU32(sz)) );
//..     putSReg( sreg, mkexpr(t1) );
//..     DIP("pop %s\n", nameSReg(sreg));
//.. }

static
void dis_ret ( VexAbiInfo* vbi, ULong d64 )
{
   IRTemp t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64); 
   IRTemp t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign(t1, getIReg64(R_RSP));
   assign(t2, loadLE(Ity_I64,mkexpr(t1)));
   assign(t3, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(t1), mkU64(8+d64)));
   putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t3));
   make_redzone_AbiHint(vbi, t3, t2/*nia*/, "ret");
   jmp_treg(Ijk_Ret,t2);
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- SSE/SSE2/SSE3 helpers                                ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Worker function; do not call directly. 
   Handles full width G = G `op` E   and   G = (not G) `op` E.
*/

static ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_all_wrk ( 
                VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                HChar* opname, IROp op,
                Bool   invertG
             )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen;
   IRTemp  addr;
   UChar   rm = getUChar(delta);
   IRExpr* gpart
      = invertG ? unop(Iop_NotV128, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)))
                : getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm));
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 binop(op, gpart,
                           getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm))) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+1;
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 binop(op, gpart,
                           loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr))) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+alen;
   }
}


/* All lanes SSE binary operation, G = G `op` E. */

static
ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_all ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                           Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                           HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   return dis_SSE_E_to_G_all_wrk( vbi, pfx, delta, opname, op, False );
}

/* All lanes SSE binary operation, G = (not G) `op` E. */

static
ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_all_invG ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                                Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                                HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   return dis_SSE_E_to_G_all_wrk( vbi, pfx, delta, opname, op, True );
}


/* Lowest 32-bit lane only SSE binary operation, G = G `op` E. */

static ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo32 ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                                   Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                                   HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen;
   IRTemp  addr;
   UChar   rm = getUChar(delta);
   IRExpr* gpart = getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm));
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 binop(op, gpart,
                           getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm))) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+1;
   } else {
      /* We can only do a 32-bit memory read, so the upper 3/4 of the
         E operand needs to be made simply of zeroes. */
      IRTemp epart = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( epart, unop( Iop_32UtoV128,
                           loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr))) );
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 binop(op, gpart, mkexpr(epart)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+alen;
   }
}


/* Lower 64-bit lane only SSE binary operation, G = G `op` E. */

static ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo64 ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                                   Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                                   HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen;
   IRTemp  addr;
   UChar   rm = getUChar(delta);
   IRExpr* gpart = getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm));
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 binop(op, gpart,
                           getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm))) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+1;
   } else {
      /* We can only do a 64-bit memory read, so the upper half of the
         E operand needs to be made simply of zeroes. */
      IRTemp epart = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( epart, unop( Iop_64UtoV128,
                           loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr))) );
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 binop(op, gpart, mkexpr(epart)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+alen;
   }
}


/* All lanes unary SSE operation, G = op(E). */

static ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_all ( 
                VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                HChar* opname, IROp op
             )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen;
   IRTemp  addr;
   UChar   rm = getUChar(delta);
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 unop(op, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm))) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+1;
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 unop(op, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr))) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+alen;
   }
}


/* Lowest 32-bit lane only unary SSE operation, G = op(E). */

static ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_lo32 ( 
                VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                HChar* opname, IROp op
             )
{
   /* First we need to get the old G value and patch the low 32 bits
      of the E operand into it.  Then apply op and write back to G. */
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen;
   IRTemp  addr;
   UChar   rm = getUChar(delta);
   IRTemp  oldG0 = newTemp(Ity_V128);
   IRTemp  oldG1 = newTemp(Ity_V128);

   assign( oldG0, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      assign( oldG1, 
              binop( Iop_SetV128lo32,
                     mkexpr(oldG0),
                     getXMMRegLane32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 0)) );
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), unop(op, mkexpr(oldG1)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+1;
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( oldG1, 
              binop( Iop_SetV128lo32,
                     mkexpr(oldG0),
                     loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)) ));
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), unop(op, mkexpr(oldG1)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+alen;
   }
}


/* Lowest 64-bit lane only unary SSE operation, G = op(E). */

static ULong dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_lo64 ( 
                VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                HChar* opname, IROp op
             )
{
   /* First we need to get the old G value and patch the low 64 bits
      of the E operand into it.  Then apply op and write back to G. */
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen;
   IRTemp  addr;
   UChar   rm = getUChar(delta);
   IRTemp  oldG0 = newTemp(Ity_V128);
   IRTemp  oldG1 = newTemp(Ity_V128);

   assign( oldG0, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );

   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      assign( oldG1, 
              binop( Iop_SetV128lo64,
                     mkexpr(oldG0),
                     getXMMRegLane64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 0)) );
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), unop(op, mkexpr(oldG1)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+1;
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( oldG1, 
              binop( Iop_SetV128lo64,
                     mkexpr(oldG0),
                     loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) ));
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), unop(op, mkexpr(oldG1)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      return delta+alen;
   }
}


/* SSE integer binary operation:
      G = G `op` E   (eLeft == False)
      G = E `op` G   (eLeft == True)
*/
static ULong dis_SSEint_E_to_G( 
                VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                HChar* opname, IROp op,
                Bool   eLeft
             )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen;
   IRTemp  addr;
   UChar   rm = getUChar(delta);
   IRExpr* gpart = getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm));
   IRExpr* epart = NULL;
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      epart = getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm));
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      delta += 1;
   } else {
      addr  = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      epart = loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr));
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      delta += alen;
   }
   putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
              eLeft ? binop(op, epart, gpart)
                  : binop(op, gpart, epart) );
   return delta;
}


/* Helper for doing SSE FP comparisons. */

static void findSSECmpOp ( Bool* needNot, IROp* op, 
                           Int imm8, Bool all_lanes, Int sz )
{
   imm8 &= 7;
   *needNot = False;
   *op      = Iop_INVALID;
   if (imm8 >= 4) {
      *needNot = True;
      imm8 -= 4;
   }

   if (sz == 4 && all_lanes) {
      switch (imm8) {
         case 0: *op = Iop_CmpEQ32Fx4; return;
         case 1: *op = Iop_CmpLT32Fx4; return;
         case 2: *op = Iop_CmpLE32Fx4; return;
         case 3: *op = Iop_CmpUN32Fx4; return;
         default: break;
      }
   }
   if (sz == 4 && !all_lanes) {
      switch (imm8) {
         case 0: *op = Iop_CmpEQ32F0x4; return;
         case 1: *op = Iop_CmpLT32F0x4; return;
         case 2: *op = Iop_CmpLE32F0x4; return;
         case 3: *op = Iop_CmpUN32F0x4; return;
         default: break;
      }
   }
   if (sz == 8 && all_lanes) {
      switch (imm8) {
         case 0: *op = Iop_CmpEQ64Fx2; return;
         case 1: *op = Iop_CmpLT64Fx2; return;
         case 2: *op = Iop_CmpLE64Fx2; return;
         case 3: *op = Iop_CmpUN64Fx2; return;
         default: break;
      }
   }
   if (sz == 8 && !all_lanes) {
      switch (imm8) {
         case 0: *op = Iop_CmpEQ64F0x2; return;
         case 1: *op = Iop_CmpLT64F0x2; return;
         case 2: *op = Iop_CmpLE64F0x2; return;
         case 3: *op = Iop_CmpUN64F0x2; return;
         default: break;
      }
   }
   vpanic("findSSECmpOp(amd64,guest)");
}

/* Handles SSE 32F/64F comparisons. */

static ULong dis_SSEcmp_E_to_G ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                                 Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                                 HChar* opname, Bool all_lanes, Int sz )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen, imm8;
   IRTemp  addr;
   Bool    needNot = False;
   IROp    op      = Iop_INVALID;
   IRTemp  plain   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
   UChar   rm      = getUChar(delta);
   UShort  mask    = 0;
   vassert(sz == 4 || sz == 8);
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      imm8 = getUChar(delta+1);
      findSSECmpOp(&needNot, &op, imm8, all_lanes, sz);
      assign( plain, binop(op, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)), 
                               getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm))) );
      delta += 2;
      DIP("%s $%d,%s,%s\n", opname,
                            (Int)imm8,
                            nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                            nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 1 );
      imm8 = getUChar(delta+alen);
      findSSECmpOp(&needNot, &op, imm8, all_lanes, sz);
      assign( plain, 
              binop(
                 op,
                 getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)), 
                   all_lanes  ? loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr))
                 : sz == 8    ? unop( Iop_64UtoV128, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)))
                 : /*sz==4*/    unop( Iop_32UtoV128, loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)))
            ) 
      );
      delta += alen+1;
      DIP("%s $%d,%s,%s\n", opname,
                            (Int)imm8,
                            dis_buf,
                            nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
   }

   if (needNot && all_lanes) {
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 unop(Iop_NotV128, mkexpr(plain)) );
   }
   else
   if (needNot && !all_lanes) {
      mask = toUShort(sz==4 ? 0x000F : 0x00FF);
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 
                 binop(Iop_XorV128, mkexpr(plain), mkV128(mask)) );
   }
   else {
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), mkexpr(plain) );
   }

   return delta;
}


/* Vector by scalar shift of G by the amount specified at the bottom
   of E. */

static ULong dis_SSE_shiftG_byE ( VexAbiInfo* vbi,
                                  Prefix pfx, Long delta, 
                                  HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   HChar   dis_buf[50];
   Int     alen, size;
   IRTemp  addr;
   Bool    shl, shr, sar;
   UChar   rm   = getUChar(delta);
   IRTemp  g0   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
   IRTemp  g1   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
   IRTemp  amt  = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   IRTemp  amt8 = newTemp(Ity_I8);
   if (epartIsReg(rm)) {
      assign( amt, getXMMRegLane32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), 0) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)),
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      delta++;
   } else {
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      assign( amt, loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)) );
      DIP("%s %s,%s\n", opname,
                        dis_buf,
                        nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
      delta += alen;
   }
   assign( g0,   getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
   assign( amt8, unop(Iop_32to8, mkexpr(amt)) );

   shl = shr = sar = False;
   size = 0;
   switch (op) {
      case Iop_ShlN16x8: shl = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShlN32x4: shl = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShlN64x2: shl = True; size = 64; break;
      case Iop_SarN16x8: sar = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_SarN32x4: sar = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShrN16x8: shr = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_ShrN32x4: shr = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShrN64x2: shr = True; size = 64; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   if (shl || shr) {
     assign( 
        g1,
        IRExpr_Mux0X(
           unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                binop(Iop_CmpLT64U, unop(Iop_32Uto64,mkexpr(amt)), mkU64(size))),
           mkV128(0x0000),
           binop(op, mkexpr(g0), mkexpr(amt8))
        )
     );
   } else 
   if (sar) {
     assign( 
        g1,
        IRExpr_Mux0X(
           unop(Iop_1Uto8,
                binop(Iop_CmpLT64U, unop(Iop_32Uto64,mkexpr(amt)), mkU64(size))),
           binop(op, mkexpr(g0), mkU8(size-1)),
           binop(op, mkexpr(g0), mkexpr(amt8))
        )
     );
   } else {
      vassert(0);
   }

   putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), mkexpr(g1) );
   return delta;
}


/* Vector by scalar shift of E by an immediate byte. */

static 
ULong dis_SSE_shiftE_imm ( Prefix pfx, 
                           Long delta, HChar* opname, IROp op )
{
   Bool    shl, shr, sar;
   UChar   rm   = getUChar(delta);
   IRTemp  e0   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
   IRTemp  e1   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
   UChar   amt, size;
   vassert(epartIsReg(rm));
   vassert(gregLO3ofRM(rm) == 2 
           || gregLO3ofRM(rm) == 4 || gregLO3ofRM(rm) == 6);
   amt = getUChar(delta+1);
   delta += 2;
   DIP("%s $%d,%s\n", opname,
                      (Int)amt,
                      nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );
   assign( e0, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm)) );

   shl = shr = sar = False;
   size = 0;
   switch (op) {
      case Iop_ShlN16x8: shl = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_ShlN32x4: shl = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShlN64x2: shl = True; size = 64; break;
      case Iop_SarN16x8: sar = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_SarN32x4: sar = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShrN16x8: shr = True; size = 16; break;
      case Iop_ShrN32x4: shr = True; size = 32; break;
      case Iop_ShrN64x2: shr = True; size = 64; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   if (shl || shr) {
     assign( e1, amt >= size 
                    ? mkV128(0x0000)
                    : binop(op, mkexpr(e0), mkU8(amt))
     );
   } else 
   if (sar) {
     assign( e1, amt >= size 
                    ? binop(op, mkexpr(e0), mkU8(size-1))
                    : binop(op, mkexpr(e0), mkU8(amt))
     );
   } else {
      vassert(0);
   }

   putXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,rm), mkexpr(e1) );
   return delta;
}


/* Get the current SSE rounding mode. */

static IRExpr* /* :: Ity_I32 */ get_sse_roundingmode ( void )
{
   return 
      unop( Iop_64to32, 
            binop( Iop_And64, 
                   IRExpr_Get( OFFB_SSEROUND, Ity_I64 ), 
                   mkU64(3) ));
}

static void put_sse_roundingmode ( IRExpr* sseround )
{
   vassert(typeOfIRExpr(irsb->tyenv, sseround) == Ity_I32);
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_SSEROUND, 
                     unop(Iop_32Uto64,sseround) ) );
}

/* Break a 128-bit value up into four 32-bit ints. */

static void breakup128to32s ( IRTemp t128,
                              /*OUTs*/
                              IRTemp* t3, IRTemp* t2,
                              IRTemp* t1, IRTemp* t0 )
{
   IRTemp hi64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp lo64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign( hi64, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(t128)) );
   assign( lo64, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(t128)) );

   vassert(t0 && *t0 == IRTemp_INVALID);
   vassert(t1 && *t1 == IRTemp_INVALID);
   vassert(t2 && *t2 == IRTemp_INVALID);
   vassert(t3 && *t3 == IRTemp_INVALID);

   *t0 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   *t1 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   *t2 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   *t3 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   assign( *t0, unop(Iop_64to32,   mkexpr(lo64)) );
   assign( *t1, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(lo64)) );
   assign( *t2, unop(Iop_64to32,   mkexpr(hi64)) );
   assign( *t3, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(hi64)) );
}

/* Construct a 128-bit value from four 32-bit ints. */

static IRExpr* mk128from32s ( IRTemp t3, IRTemp t2,
                              IRTemp t1, IRTemp t0 )
{
   return
      binop( Iop_64HLtoV128,
             binop(Iop_32HLto64, mkexpr(t3), mkexpr(t2)),
             binop(Iop_32HLto64, mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(t0))
   );
}

/* Break a 64-bit value up into four 16-bit ints. */

static void breakup64to16s ( IRTemp t64,
                             /*OUTs*/
                             IRTemp* t3, IRTemp* t2,
                             IRTemp* t1, IRTemp* t0 )
{
   IRTemp hi32 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   IRTemp lo32 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
   assign( hi32, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(t64)) );
   assign( lo32, unop(Iop_64to32,   mkexpr(t64)) );

   vassert(t0 && *t0 == IRTemp_INVALID);
   vassert(t1 && *t1 == IRTemp_INVALID);
   vassert(t2 && *t2 == IRTemp_INVALID);
   vassert(t3 && *t3 == IRTemp_INVALID);

   *t0 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
   *t1 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
   *t2 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
   *t3 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
   assign( *t0, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(lo32)) );
   assign( *t1, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(lo32)) );
   assign( *t2, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(hi32)) );
   assign( *t3, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(hi32)) );
}

/* Construct a 64-bit value from four 16-bit ints. */

static IRExpr* mk64from16s ( IRTemp t3, IRTemp t2,
                             IRTemp t1, IRTemp t0 )
{
   return
      binop( Iop_32HLto64,
             binop(Iop_16HLto32, mkexpr(t3), mkexpr(t2)),
             binop(Iop_16HLto32, mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(t0))
   );
}


/* Helper for the SSSE3 (not SSE3) PMULHRSW insns.  Given two 64-bit
   values (aa,bb), computes, for each of the 4 16-bit lanes:

   (((aa_lane *s32 bb_lane) >>u 14) + 1) >>u 1
*/
static IRExpr* dis_PMULHRSW_helper ( IRExpr* aax, IRExpr* bbx )
{
   IRTemp aa      = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp bb      = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp aahi32s = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp aalo32s = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp bbhi32s = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp bblo32s = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp rHi     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp rLo     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp one32x2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   assign(aa, aax);
   assign(bb, bbx);
   assign( aahi32s,
           binop(Iop_SarN32x2,
                 binop(Iop_InterleaveHI16x4, mkexpr(aa), mkexpr(aa)),
                 mkU8(16) ));
   assign( aalo32s,
           binop(Iop_SarN32x2,
                 binop(Iop_InterleaveLO16x4, mkexpr(aa), mkexpr(aa)),
                 mkU8(16) ));
   assign( bbhi32s,
           binop(Iop_SarN32x2,
                 binop(Iop_InterleaveHI16x4, mkexpr(bb), mkexpr(bb)),
                 mkU8(16) ));
   assign( bblo32s,
           binop(Iop_SarN32x2,
                 binop(Iop_InterleaveLO16x4, mkexpr(bb), mkexpr(bb)),
                 mkU8(16) ));
   assign(one32x2, mkU64( (1ULL << 32) + 1 ));
   assign(
      rHi,
      binop(
         Iop_ShrN32x2,
         binop(
            Iop_Add32x2, 
            binop(
               Iop_ShrN32x2,
               binop(Iop_Mul32x2, mkexpr(aahi32s), mkexpr(bbhi32s)),
               mkU8(14)
            ),
            mkexpr(one32x2)
         ),
         mkU8(1)
      )
   );
   assign(
      rLo,
      binop(
         Iop_ShrN32x2,
         binop(
            Iop_Add32x2, 
            binop(
               Iop_ShrN32x2,
               binop(Iop_Mul32x2, mkexpr(aalo32s), mkexpr(bblo32s)),
               mkU8(14)
            ),
            mkexpr(one32x2)
         ),
         mkU8(1)
      )
   );
   return
      binop(Iop_CatEvenLanes16x4, mkexpr(rHi), mkexpr(rLo));
}

/* Helper for the SSSE3 (not SSE3) PSIGN{B,W,D} insns.  Given two 64-bit
   values (aa,bb), computes, for each lane:

          if aa_lane < 0 then - bb_lane
     else if aa_lane > 0 then bb_lane
     else 0
*/
static IRExpr* dis_PSIGN_helper ( IRExpr* aax, IRExpr* bbx, Int laneszB )
{
   IRTemp aa       = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp bb       = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp zero     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp bbNeg    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp negMask  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp posMask  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IROp   opSub    = Iop_INVALID;
   IROp   opCmpGTS = Iop_INVALID;

   switch (laneszB) {
      case 1: opSub = Iop_Sub8x8;  opCmpGTS = Iop_CmpGT8Sx8;  break;
      case 2: opSub = Iop_Sub16x4; opCmpGTS = Iop_CmpGT16Sx4; break;
      case 4: opSub = Iop_Sub32x2; opCmpGTS = Iop_CmpGT32Sx2; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   assign( aa,      aax );
   assign( bb,      bbx );
   assign( zero,    mkU64(0) );
   assign( bbNeg,   binop(opSub,    mkexpr(zero), mkexpr(bb)) );
   assign( negMask, binop(opCmpGTS, mkexpr(zero), mkexpr(aa)) );
   assign( posMask, binop(opCmpGTS, mkexpr(aa),   mkexpr(zero)) );

   return
      binop(Iop_Or64,
            binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(bb),    mkexpr(posMask)),
            binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(bbNeg), mkexpr(negMask)) );

}

/* Helper for the SSSE3 (not SSE3) PABS{B,W,D} insns.  Given a 64-bit
   value aa, computes, for each lane

   if aa < 0 then -aa else aa

   Note that the result is interpreted as unsigned, so that the
   absolute value of the most negative signed input can be
   represented.
*/
static IRExpr* dis_PABS_helper ( IRExpr* aax, Int laneszB )
{
   IRTemp aa      = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp zero    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp aaNeg   = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp negMask = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IRTemp posMask = newTemp(Ity_I64);
   IROp   opSub   = Iop_INVALID;
   IROp   opSarN  = Iop_INVALID;

   switch (laneszB) {
      case 1: opSub = Iop_Sub8x8;  opSarN = Iop_SarN8x8;  break;
      case 2: opSub = Iop_Sub16x4; opSarN = Iop_SarN16x4; break;
      case 4: opSub = Iop_Sub32x2; opSarN = Iop_SarN32x2; break;
      default: vassert(0);
   }

   assign( aa,      aax );
   assign( negMask, binop(opSarN, mkexpr(aa), mkU8(8*laneszB-1)) );
   assign( posMask, unop(Iop_Not64, mkexpr(negMask)) );
   assign( zero,    mkU64(0) );
   assign( aaNeg,   binop(opSub, mkexpr(zero), mkexpr(aa)) );
   return
      binop(Iop_Or64,
            binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(aa),    mkexpr(posMask)),
            binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(aaNeg), mkexpr(negMask)) );
}

static IRExpr* dis_PALIGNR_XMM_helper ( IRTemp hi64,
                                        IRTemp lo64, Long byteShift )
{
   vassert(byteShift >= 1 && byteShift <= 7);
   return
      binop(Iop_Or64,
            binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(hi64), mkU8(8*(8-byteShift))),
            binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(lo64), mkU8(8*byteShift))
      );
}

/* Generate a SIGSEGV followed by a restart of the current instruction
   if effective_addr is not 16-aligned.  This is required behaviour
   for some SSE3 instructions and all 128-bit SSSE3 instructions.
   This assumes that guest_RIP_curr_instr is set correctly! */
static void gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned ( IRTemp effective_addr )
{
   stmt(
      IRStmt_Exit(
         binop(Iop_CmpNE64,
               binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(effective_addr),mkU64(0xF)),
               mkU64(0)),
         Ijk_SigSEGV,
         IRConst_U64(guest_RIP_curr_instr)
      )
   );
}


/* Helper for deciding whether a given insn (starting at the opcode
   byte) may validly be used with a LOCK prefix.  The following insns
   may be used with LOCK when their destination operand is in memory.
   AFAICS this is exactly the same for both 32-bit and 64-bit mode.

   ADD        80 /0,  81 /0,  82 /0,  83 /0,  00,  01
   OR         80 /1,  81 /1,  82 /x,  83 /1,  08,  09
   ADC        80 /2,  81 /2,  82 /2,  83 /2,  10,  11
   SBB        81 /3,  81 /3,  82 /x,  83 /3,  18,  19
   AND        80 /4,  81 /4,  82 /x,  83 /4,  20,  21
   SUB        80 /5,  81 /5,  82 /x,  83 /5,  28,  29
   XOR        80 /6,  81 /6,  82 /x,  83 /6,  30,  31

   DEC        FE /1,  FF /1
   INC        FE /0,  FF /0

   NEG        F6 /3,  F7 /3
   NOT        F6 /2,  F7 /2

   XCHG       86, 87

   BTC        0F BB,  0F BA /7
   BTR        0F B3,  0F BA /6
   BTS        0F AB,  0F BA /5

   CMPXCHG    0F B0,  0F B1
   CMPXCHG8B  0F C7 /1

   XADD       0F C0,  0F C1

   ------------------------------

   80 /0  =  addb $imm8,  rm8
   81 /0  =  addl $imm32, rm32  and  addw $imm16, rm16
   82 /0  =  addb $imm8,  rm8
   83 /0  =  addl $simm8, rm32  and  addw $simm8, rm16

   00     =  addb r8,  rm8
   01     =  addl r32, rm32  and  addw r16, rm16

   Same for ADD OR ADC SBB AND SUB XOR

   FE /1  = dec rm8
   FF /1  = dec rm32  and  dec rm16

   FE /0  = inc rm8
   FF /0  = inc rm32  and  inc rm16

   F6 /3  = neg rm8
   F7 /3  = neg rm32  and  neg rm16

   F6 /2  = not rm8
   F7 /2  = not rm32  and  not rm16

   0F BB     = btcw r16, rm16    and  btcl r32, rm32
   OF BA /7  = btcw $imm8, rm16  and  btcw $imm8, rm32

   Same for BTS, BTR
*/
static Bool can_be_used_with_LOCK_prefix ( UChar* opc )
{
   switch (opc[0]) {
      case 0x00: case 0x01: case 0x08: case 0x09:
      case 0x10: case 0x11: case 0x18: case 0x19:
      case 0x20: case 0x21: case 0x28: case 0x29:
      case 0x30: case 0x31:
         if (!epartIsReg(opc[1]))
            return True;
         break;

      case 0x80: case 0x81: case 0x82: case 0x83:
         if (gregLO3ofRM(opc[1]) >= 0 && gregLO3ofRM(opc[1]) <= 6
             && !epartIsReg(opc[1]))
            return True;
         break;

      case 0xFE: case 0xFF:
         if (gregLO3ofRM(opc[1]) >= 0 && gregLO3ofRM(opc[1]) <= 1
             && !epartIsReg(opc[1]))
            return True;
         break;

      case 0xF6: case 0xF7:
         if (gregLO3ofRM(opc[1]) >= 2 && gregLO3ofRM(opc[1]) <= 3
             && !epartIsReg(opc[1]))
            return True;
         break;

      case 0x86: case 0x87:
         if (!epartIsReg(opc[1]))
            return True;
         break;

      case 0x0F: {
         switch (opc[1]) {
            case 0xBB: case 0xB3: case 0xAB:
               if (!epartIsReg(opc[2]))
                  return True;
               break;
            case 0xBA: 
               if (gregLO3ofRM(opc[2]) >= 5 && gregLO3ofRM(opc[2]) <= 7
                   && !epartIsReg(opc[2]))
                  return True;
               break;
            case 0xB0: case 0xB1:
               if (!epartIsReg(opc[2]))
                  return True;
               break;
            case 0xC7: 
               if (gregLO3ofRM(opc[2]) == 1 && !epartIsReg(opc[2]) )
                  return True;
               break;
            case 0xC0: case 0xC1:
               if (!epartIsReg(opc[2]))
                  return True;
               break;
            default:
               break;
         } /* switch (opc[1]) */
         break;
      }

      default:
         break;
   } /* switch (opc[0]) */

   return False;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Disassemble a single instruction                     ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Disassemble a single instruction into IR.  The instruction is
   located in host memory at &guest_code[delta]. */
   
static
DisResult disInstr_AMD64_WRK ( 
             /*OUT*/Bool* expect_CAS,
             Bool         put_IP,
             Bool         (*resteerOkFn) ( /*opaque*/void*, Addr64 ),
             Bool         resteerCisOk,
             void*        callback_opaque,
             Long         delta64,
             VexArchInfo* archinfo,
             VexAbiInfo*  vbi
          )
{
   IRType    ty;
   IRTemp    addr, t0, t1, t2, t3, t4, t5, t6;
   Int       alen;
   UChar     opc, modrm, abyte, pre;
   Long      d64;
   HChar     dis_buf[50];
   Int       am_sz, d_sz, n, n_prefixes;
   DisResult dres;
   UChar*    insn; /* used in SSE decoders */

   /* The running delta */
   Long delta = delta64;

   /* Holds eip at the start of the insn, so that we can print
      consistent error messages for unimplemented insns. */
   Long delta_start = delta;

   /* sz denotes the nominal data-op size of the insn; we change it to
      2 if an 0x66 prefix is seen and 8 if REX.W is 1.  In case of
      conflict REX.W takes precedence. */
   Int sz = 4;

   /* pfx holds the summary of prefixes. */
   Prefix pfx = PFX_EMPTY;

   /* Set result defaults. */
   dres.whatNext   = Dis_Continue;
   dres.len        = 0;
   dres.continueAt = 0;

   *expect_CAS = False;

   vassert(guest_RIP_next_assumed == 0);
   vassert(guest_RIP_next_mustcheck == False);

   addr = t0 = t1 = t2 = t3 = t4 = t5 = t6 = IRTemp_INVALID; 

   DIP("\t0x%llx:  ", guest_RIP_bbstart+delta);

   /* We may be asked to update the guest RIP before going further. */
   if (put_IP)
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RIP, mkU64(guest_RIP_curr_instr)) );

   /* Spot "Special" instructions (see comment at top of file). */
   {
      UChar* code = (UChar*)(guest_code + delta);
      /* Spot the 16-byte preamble:
         48C1C703   rolq $3,  %rdi
         48C1C70D   rolq $13, %rdi
         48C1C73D   rolq $61, %rdi
         48C1C733   rolq $51, %rdi
      */
      if (code[ 0] == 0x48 && code[ 1] == 0xC1 && code[ 2] == 0xC7 
                                               && code[ 3] == 0x03 &&
          code[ 4] == 0x48 && code[ 5] == 0xC1 && code[ 6] == 0xC7 
                                               && code[ 7] == 0x0D &&
          code[ 8] == 0x48 && code[ 9] == 0xC1 && code[10] == 0xC7 
                                               && code[11] == 0x3D &&
          code[12] == 0x48 && code[13] == 0xC1 && code[14] == 0xC7 
                                               && code[15] == 0x33) {
         /* Got a "Special" instruction preamble.  Which one is it? */
         if (code[16] == 0x48 && code[17] == 0x87 
                              && code[18] == 0xDB /* xchgq %rbx,%rbx */) {
            /* %RDX = client_request ( %RAX ) */
            DIP("%%rdx = client_request ( %%rax )\n");
            delta += 19;
            jmp_lit(Ijk_ClientReq, guest_RIP_bbstart+delta);
            dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
            goto decode_success;
         }
         else
         if (code[16] == 0x48 && code[17] == 0x87 
                              && code[18] == 0xC9 /* xchgq %rcx,%rcx */) {
            /* %RAX = guest_NRADDR */
            DIP("%%rax = guest_NRADDR\n");
            delta += 19;
            putIRegRAX(8, IRExpr_Get( OFFB_NRADDR, Ity_I64 ));
            goto decode_success;
         }
         else
         if (code[16] == 0x48 && code[17] == 0x87 
                              && code[18] == 0xD2 /* xchgq %rdx,%rdx */) {
            /* call-noredir *%RAX */
            DIP("call-noredir *%%rax\n");
            delta += 19;
            t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t1, getIRegRAX(8));
            t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign(t2, binop(Iop_Sub64, getIReg64(R_RSP), mkU64(8)));
            putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t2));
            storeLE( mkexpr(t2), mkU64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta));
            jmp_treg(Ijk_NoRedir,t1);
            dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
            goto decode_success;
         }
         /* We don't know what it is. */
         goto decode_failure;
         /*NOTREACHED*/
      }
   }

   /* Eat prefixes, summarising the result in pfx and sz, and rejecting
      as many invalid combinations as possible. */
   n_prefixes = 0;
   while (True) {
      if (n_prefixes > 7) goto decode_failure;
      pre = getUChar(delta);
      switch (pre) {
         case 0x66: pfx |= PFX_66; break;
         case 0x67: pfx |= PFX_ASO; break;
         case 0xF2: pfx |= PFX_F2; break;
         case 0xF3: pfx |= PFX_F3; break;
         case 0xF0: pfx |= PFX_LOCK; *expect_CAS = True; break;
         case 0x2E: pfx |= PFX_CS; break;
         case 0x3E: pfx |= PFX_DS; break;
         case 0x26: pfx |= PFX_ES; break;
         case 0x64: pfx |= PFX_FS; break;
         case 0x65: pfx |= PFX_GS; break;
         case 0x36: pfx |= PFX_SS; break;
         case 0x40 ... 0x4F:
            pfx |= PFX_REX;
            if (pre & (1<<3)) pfx |= PFX_REXW;
            if (pre & (1<<2)) pfx |= PFX_REXR;
            if (pre & (1<<1)) pfx |= PFX_REXX;
            if (pre & (1<<0)) pfx |= PFX_REXB;
            break;
         default: 
            goto not_a_prefix;
      }
      n_prefixes++;
      delta++;
   }

   not_a_prefix:

   /* Dump invalid combinations */
   n = 0;
   if (pfx & PFX_F2) n++;
   if (pfx & PFX_F3) n++;
   if (n > 1) 
      goto decode_failure; /* can't have both */

   n = 0;
   if (pfx & PFX_CS) n++;
   if (pfx & PFX_DS) n++;
   if (pfx & PFX_ES) n++;
   if (pfx & PFX_FS) n++;
   if (pfx & PFX_GS) n++;
   if (pfx & PFX_SS) n++;
   if (n > 1) 
      goto decode_failure; /* multiple seg overrides == illegal */

   /* We have a %fs prefix.  Reject it if there's no evidence in 'vbi'
      that we should accept it. */
   if ((pfx & PFX_FS) && !vbi->guest_amd64_assume_fs_is_zero)
      goto decode_failure;

   /* Ditto for %gs prefixes. */
   if ((pfx & PFX_GS) && !vbi->guest_amd64_assume_gs_is_0x60)
      goto decode_failure;

   /* Set up sz. */
   sz = 4;
   if (pfx & PFX_66) sz = 2;
   if ((pfx & PFX_REX) && (pfx & PFX_REXW)) sz = 8;

   /* Now we should be looking at the primary opcode byte or the
      leading F2 or F3.  Check that any LOCK prefix is actually
      allowed. */

   if (pfx & PFX_LOCK) {
      if (can_be_used_with_LOCK_prefix( (UChar*)&guest_code[delta] )) {
         DIP("lock ");
      } else {
         *expect_CAS = False;
         goto decode_failure;
      }
   }


   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- The SSE/SSE2 decoder.                        --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* What did I do to deserve SSE ?  Perhaps I was really bad in a
      previous life? */

   /* Note, this doesn't handle SSE3 right now.  All amd64s support
      SSE2 as a minimum so there is no point distinguishing SSE1 vs
      SSE2. */

   insn = (UChar*)&guest_code[delta];

   /* FXSAVE is spuriously at the start here only because it is
      thusly placed in guest-x86/toIR.c. */

   /* 0F AE /0 = FXSAVE m512 -- write x87 and SSE state to memory.
      Note that REX.W 0F AE /0 writes a slightly different format and
      we don't handle that here. */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xAE
       && !epartIsReg(insn[2]) && gregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]) == 0) {
       IRDirty* d;
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      vassert(sz == 4);
      vassert(!epartIsReg(modrm));
      /* REX.W must not be set.  That should be assured us by sz == 4
         above. */
      vassert(!(pfx & PFX_REXW));

      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += 2+alen;

      DIP("fxsave %s\n", dis_buf);

      /* Uses dirty helper: 
            void amd64g_do_FXSAVE ( VexGuestAMD64State*, UInt ) */
      d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 
             0/*regparms*/, 
             "amd64g_dirtyhelper_FXSAVE", 
             &amd64g_dirtyhelper_FXSAVE,
             mkIRExprVec_1( mkexpr(addr) )
          );
      d->needsBBP = True;

      /* declare we're writing memory */
      d->mFx   = Ifx_Write;
      d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
      d->mSize = 512;

      /* declare we're reading guest state */
      d->nFxState = 7;

      d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[0].offset = OFFB_FTOP;
      d->fxState[0].size   = sizeof(UInt);

      d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[1].offset = OFFB_FPREGS;
      d->fxState[1].size   = 8 * sizeof(ULong);

      d->fxState[2].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[2].offset = OFFB_FPTAGS;
      d->fxState[2].size   = 8 * sizeof(UChar);

      d->fxState[3].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[3].offset = OFFB_FPROUND;
      d->fxState[3].size   = sizeof(ULong);

      d->fxState[4].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[4].offset = OFFB_FC3210;
      d->fxState[4].size   = sizeof(ULong);

      d->fxState[5].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[5].offset = OFFB_XMM0;
      d->fxState[5].size   = 16 * sizeof(U128);

      d->fxState[6].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[6].offset = OFFB_SSEROUND;
      d->fxState[6].size   = sizeof(ULong);

      /* Be paranoid ... this assertion tries to ensure the 16 %xmm
       images are packed back-to-back.  If not, the value of
       d->fxState[5].size is wrong. */
      vassert(16 == sizeof(U128));
      vassert(OFFB_XMM15 == (OFFB_XMM0 + 15 * 16));

      stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ------ SSE decoder main ------ */

   /* 0F 58 = ADDPS -- add 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x58) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "addps", Iop_Add32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 58 = ADDSS -- add 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x58) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "addss", Iop_Add32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 55 = ANDNPS -- G = (not G) and E */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x55) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all_invG( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "andnps", Iop_AndV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 54 = ANDPS -- G = G and E */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x54) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "andps", Iop_AndV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F C2 = CMPPS -- 32Fx4 comparison from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC2) {
      delta = dis_SSEcmp_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "cmpps", True, 4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F C2 = CMPSS -- 32F0x4 comparison from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC2) {
      delta = dis_SSEcmp_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "cmpss", False, 4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 2F = COMISS  -- 32F0x4 comparison G,E, and set ZCP */
   /* 0F 2E = UCOMISS -- 32F0x4 comparison G,E, and set ZCP */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x2F || insn[1] == 0x2E)) {
      IRTemp argL = newTemp(Ity_F32);
      IRTemp argR = newTemp(Ity_F32);
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( argR, getXMMRegLane32F( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                                         0/*lowest lane*/ ) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("%scomiss %s,%s\n", insn[1]==0x2E ? "u" : "",
                                 nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
       assign( argR, loadLE(Ity_F32, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("%scomiss %s,%s\n", insn[1]==0x2E ? "u" : "",
                                 dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }
      assign( argL, getXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                                      0/*lowest lane*/ ) );

      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
               OFFB_CC_DEP1,
               binop( Iop_And64,
                      unop( Iop_32Uto64,
                            binop(Iop_CmpF64, 
                                  unop(Iop_F32toF64,mkexpr(argL)),
                                  unop(Iop_F32toF64,mkexpr(argR)))),
                      mkU64(0x45)
          )));

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 2A = CVTPI2PS -- convert 2 x I32 in mem/mmx to 2 x F32 in low
      half xmm */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x2A) {
      IRTemp arg64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp rmode = newTemp(Ity_I32);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      do_MMX_preamble();
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( arg64, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvtpi2ps %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( arg64, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtpi2ps %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }

      assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );

      putXMMRegLane32F( 
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
         binop(Iop_F64toF32, 
               mkexpr(rmode),
               unop(Iop_I32StoF64, 
                    unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(arg64)) )) );

      putXMMRegLane32F(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, 
         binop(Iop_F64toF32, 
               mkexpr(rmode),
               unop(Iop_I32StoF64,
                    unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(arg64)) )) );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 2A = CVTSI2SS 
      -- sz==4: convert I32 in mem/ireg to F32 in low quarter xmm
      -- sz==8: convert I64 in mem/ireg to F32 in low quarter xmm */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && (sz == 4 || sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x2A) {

      IRTemp rmode = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);

      if (sz == 4) {
         IRTemp arg32 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            assign( arg32, getIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
            delta += 2+1;
            DIP("cvtsi2ss %s,%s\n", nameIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         } else {
            addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
            assign( arg32, loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)) );
            delta += 2+alen;
            DIP("cvtsi2ss %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         }
         putXMMRegLane32F( 
            gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
            binop(Iop_F64toF32,
                  mkexpr(rmode),
                  unop(Iop_I32StoF64, mkexpr(arg32)) ) );
      } else {
         /* sz == 8 */
         IRTemp arg64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            assign( arg64, getIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
            delta += 2+1;
            DIP("cvtsi2ssq %s,%s\n", nameIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                     nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         } else {
            addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
            assign( arg64, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
            delta += 2+alen;
            DIP("cvtsi2ssq %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                     nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         }
         putXMMRegLane32F( 
            gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
            binop(Iop_F64toF32,
                  mkexpr(rmode),
                  binop(Iop_I64StoF64, mkexpr(rmode), mkexpr(arg64)) ) );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 2D = CVTPS2PI -- convert 2 x F32 in mem/low half xmm to 2 x
      I32 in mmx, according to prevailing SSE rounding mode */
   /* 0F 2C = CVTTPS2PI -- convert 2 x F32 in mem/low half xmm to 2 x
      I32 in mmx, rounding towards zero */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x2D || insn[1] == 0x2C)) {
      IRTemp dst64  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp rmode  = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      IRTemp f32lo  = newTemp(Ity_F32);
      IRTemp f32hi  = newTemp(Ity_F32);
      Bool   r2zero = toBool(insn[1] == 0x2C);

      do_MMX_preamble();
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         assign(f32lo, getXMMRegLane32F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0));
         assign(f32hi, getXMMRegLane32F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1));
         DIP("cvt%sps2pi %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign(f32lo, loadLE(Ity_F32, mkexpr(addr)));
         assign(f32hi, loadLE(Ity_F32, binop( Iop_Add64, 
                                              mkexpr(addr), 
                                              mkU64(4) )));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvt%sps2pi %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      if (r2zero) {
         assign(rmode, mkU32((UInt)Irrm_ZERO) );
      } else {
         assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      }

      assign( 
         dst64,
         binop( Iop_32HLto64,
                binop( Iop_F64toI32S, 
                       mkexpr(rmode), 
                       unop( Iop_F32toF64, mkexpr(f32hi) ) ),
                binop( Iop_F64toI32S, 
                       mkexpr(rmode), 
                       unop( Iop_F32toF64, mkexpr(f32lo) ) )
              )
      );

      putMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm), mkexpr(dst64));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 2D = CVTSS2SI 
      when sz==4 -- convert F32 in mem/low quarter xmm to I32 in ireg, 
                    according to prevailing SSE rounding mode
      when sz==8 -- convert F32 in mem/low quarter xmm to I64 in ireg, 
                    according to prevailing SSE rounding mode
   */
   /* F3 0F 2C = CVTTSS2SI 
      when sz==4 -- convert F32 in mem/low quarter xmm to I32 in ireg, 
                    truncating towards zero
      when sz==8 -- convert F32 in mem/low quarter xmm to I64 in ireg, 
                    truncating towards zero 
   */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F 
       && (insn[1] == 0x2D || insn[1] == 0x2C)) {
      IRTemp rmode  = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      IRTemp f32lo  = newTemp(Ity_F32);
      Bool   r2zero = toBool(insn[1] == 0x2C);
      vassert(sz == 4 || sz == 8);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         assign(f32lo, getXMMRegLane32F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0));
         DIP("cvt%sss2si %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameIReg(sz, gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), False));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign(f32lo, loadLE(Ity_F32, mkexpr(addr)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvt%sss2si %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameIReg(sz, gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), False));
      }

      if (r2zero) {
         assign( rmode, mkU32((UInt)Irrm_ZERO) );
      } else {
         assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      }

      if (sz == 4) {
         putIReg32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    binop( Iop_F64toI32S, 
                           mkexpr(rmode), 
                           unop(Iop_F32toF64, mkexpr(f32lo))) );
      } else {
         putIReg64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    binop( Iop_F64toI64S, 
                           mkexpr(rmode), 
                           unop(Iop_F32toF64, mkexpr(f32lo))) );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 5E = DIVPS -- div 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5E) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "divps", Iop_Div32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 5E = DIVSS -- div 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5E) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "divss", Iop_Div32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F AE /2 = LDMXCSR m32 -- load %mxcsr */
   if (insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xAE
       && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && !epartIsReg(insn[2]) && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 2) {

      IRTemp t64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp ew = newTemp(Ity_I32);

      vassert(sz == 4);
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += 2+alen;
      DIP("ldmxcsr %s\n", dis_buf);

      /* The only thing we observe in %mxcsr is the rounding mode.
         Therefore, pass the 32-bit value (SSE native-format control
         word) to a clean helper, getting back a 64-bit value, the
         lower half of which is the SSEROUND value to store, and the
         upper half of which is the emulation-warning token which may
         be generated.  
      */
      /* ULong amd64h_check_ldmxcsr ( ULong ); */
      assign( t64, mkIRExprCCall(
                      Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/, 
                      "amd64g_check_ldmxcsr",
                      &amd64g_check_ldmxcsr, 
                      mkIRExprVec_1( 
                         unop(Iop_32Uto64,
                              loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr))
                         )
                      )
                   )
            );

      put_sse_roundingmode( unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(t64)) );
      assign( ew, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(t64) ) );
      put_emwarn( mkexpr(ew) );
      /* Finally, if an emulation warning was reported, side-exit to
         the next insn, reporting the warning, so that Valgrind's
         dispatcher sees the warning. */
      stmt( 
         IRStmt_Exit(
            binop(Iop_CmpNE64, unop(Iop_32Uto64,mkexpr(ew)), mkU64(0)),
            Ijk_EmWarn,
            IRConst_U64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta)
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F F7 = MASKMOVQ -- 8x8 masked store */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF7) {
      Bool ok = False;
      delta = dis_MMX( &ok, vbi, pfx, sz, delta+1 );
      if (!ok)
         goto decode_failure;
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 5F = MAXPS -- max 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5F) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "maxps", Iop_Max32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 5F = MAXSS -- max 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5F) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "maxss", Iop_Max32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 5D = MINPS -- min 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5D) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "minps", Iop_Min32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 5D = MINSS -- min 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5D) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "minss", Iop_Min32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 28 = MOVAPS -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   /* 0F 10 = MOVUPS -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x28 || insn[1] == 0x10)) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));
         DIP("mov[ua]ps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("mov[ua]ps %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 29 = MOVAPS -- move from G (xmm) to E (mem or xmm). */
   /* 0F 11 = MOVUPS -- move from G (xmm) to E (mem or xmm). */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x29 || insn[1] == 0x11)) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         /* fall through; awaiting test case */
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("mov[ua]ps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                  dis_buf );
         delta += 2+alen;
         goto decode_success;
      }
   }

   /* 0F 16 = MOVHPS -- move from mem to high half of XMM. */
   /* 0F 16 = MOVLHPS -- move from lo half to hi half of XMM. */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x16) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1/*upper lane*/,
                          getXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0 ) );
         DIP("movhps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1/*upper lane*/,
                          loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movhps %s,%s\n", dis_buf, 
                               nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 17 = MOVHPS -- move from high half of XMM to mem. */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x17) {
      if (!epartIsReg(insn[2])) {
         delta += 2;
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += alen;
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                  getXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]),
                                   1/*upper lane*/ ) );
         DIP("movhps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]) ),
                               dis_buf);
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 0F 12 = MOVLPS -- move from mem to low half of XMM. */
   /* OF 12 = MOVHLPS -- from from hi half to lo half of XMM. */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x12) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),  
                          0/*lower lane*/,
                          getXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1 ));
         DIP("movhlps %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),  0/*lower lane*/,
                          loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movlps %s, %s\n", 
             dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 13 = MOVLPS -- move from low half of XMM to mem. */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x13) {
      if (!epartIsReg(insn[2])) {
         delta += 2;
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += alen;
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                  getXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]), 
                                   0/*lower lane*/ ) );
         DIP("movlps %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]) ),
                                dis_buf);
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 0F 50 = MOVMSKPS - move 4 sign bits from 4 x F32 in xmm(E)
      to 4 lowest bits of ireg(G) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && (sz == 4 || sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x50) {
      /* sz == 8 is a kludge to handle insns with REX.W redundantly
         set to 1, which has been known to happen:

         4c 0f 50 d9             rex64X movmskps %xmm1,%r11d

         20071106: Intel docs say that REX.W isn't redundant: when
         present, a 64-bit register is written; when not present, only
         the 32-bit half is written.  However, testing on a Core2
         machine suggests the entire 64 bit register is written
         irrespective of the status of REX.W.  That could be because
         of the default rule that says "if the lower half of a 32-bit
         register is written, the upper half is zeroed".  By using
         putIReg32 here we inadvertantly produce the same behaviour as
         the Core2, for the same reason -- putIReg32 implements said
         rule.

         AMD docs give no indication that REX.W is even valid for this
         insn. */
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         Int src;
         t0 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         t1 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         t2 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         t3 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         delta += 2+1;
         src = eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm);
         assign( t0, binop( Iop_And32,
                            binop(Iop_Shr32, getXMMRegLane32(src,0), mkU8(31)),
                            mkU32(1) ));
         assign( t1, binop( Iop_And32,
                            binop(Iop_Shr32, getXMMRegLane32(src,1), mkU8(30)),
                            mkU32(2) ));
         assign( t2, binop( Iop_And32,
                            binop(Iop_Shr32, getXMMRegLane32(src,2), mkU8(29)),
                            mkU32(4) ));
         assign( t3, binop( Iop_And32,
                            binop(Iop_Shr32, getXMMRegLane32(src,3), mkU8(28)),
                            mkU32(8) ));
         putIReg32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    binop(Iop_Or32,
                          binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(t0), mkexpr(t1)),
                          binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(t2), mkexpr(t3))
                         )
                 );
         DIP("movmskps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(src), 
                                 nameIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 66 0F 2B = MOVNTPD -- for us, just a plain SSE store. */
   /* 0F 2B = MOVNTPS -- for us, just a plain SSE store. */
   if ( ( (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4)
          || (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2) 
        )
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x2B) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (!epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movntp%s %s,%s\n", sz==2 ? "d" : "s",
                                 dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F E7 = MOVNTQ -- for us, just a plain MMX store.  Note, the
      Intel manual does not say anything about the usual business of
      the FP reg tags getting trashed whenever an MMX insn happens.
      So we just leave them alone. 
   */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE7) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (!epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         /* do_MMX_preamble(); Intel docs don't specify this */
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         DIP("movntq %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                               nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* F3 0F 10 = MOVSS -- move 32 bits from E (mem or lo 1/4 xmm) to G
      (lo 1/4 xmm).  If E is mem, upper 3/4 of G is zeroed out. */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) 
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x10) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
                          getXMMRegLane32( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0 ));
         DIP("movss %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                              nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkV128(0) );
         putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
                          loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movss %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                              nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 11 = MOVSS -- move 32 bits from G (lo 1/4 xmm) to E (mem
      or lo 1/4 xmm). */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x11) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         /* fall through, we don't yet have a test case */
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr),
                  getXMMRegLane32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0) );
         DIP("movss %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                              dis_buf);
         delta += 2+alen;
         goto decode_success;
      }
   }

   /* 0F 59 = MULPS -- mul 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x59) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "mulps", Iop_Mul32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 59 = MULSS -- mul 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x59) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "mulss", Iop_Mul32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 56 = ORPS -- G = G and E */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x56) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "orps", Iop_OrV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F E0 = PAVGB -- 8x8 unsigned Packed Average, with rounding */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE0) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "pavgb", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F E3 = PAVGW -- 16x4 unsigned Packed Average, with rounding */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE3) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "pavgw", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F C5 = PEXTRW -- extract 16-bit field from mmx(E) and put 
      zero-extend of it in ireg(G). */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && (sz == 4 || sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC5) {
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         IRTemp sV = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         t5 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
         do_MMX_preamble();
         assign(sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
         breakup64to16s( sV, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );
         switch (insn[3] & 3) {
            case 0:  assign(t5, mkexpr(t0)); break;
            case 1:  assign(t5, mkexpr(t1)); break;
            case 2:  assign(t5, mkexpr(t2)); break;
            case 3:  assign(t5, mkexpr(t3)); break;
            default: vassert(0);
         }
         if (sz == 8)
            putIReg64(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), unop(Iop_16Uto64, mkexpr(t5)));
         else
            putIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), unop(Iop_16Uto32, mkexpr(t5)));
         DIP("pextrw $%d,%s,%s\n",
             (Int)insn[3], nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                           sz==8 ? nameIReg64(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm))
                                 : nameIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm))
         );
         delta += 4;
         goto decode_success;
      } 
      /* else fall through */
      /* note, for anyone filling in the mem case: this insn has one
         byte after the amode and therefore you must pass 1 as the
         last arg to disAMode */
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F C4 = PINSRW -- get 16 bits from E(mem or low half ireg) and
      put it into the specified lane of mmx(G). */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC4) {
      /* Use t0 .. t3 to hold the 4 original 16-bit lanes of the
         mmx reg.  t4 is the new lane value.  t5 is the original
         mmx value. t6 is the new mmx value. */
      Int lane;
      t4 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
      t5 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      t6 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      modrm = insn[2];
      do_MMX_preamble();

      assign(t5, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      breakup64to16s( t5, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign(t4, getIReg16(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 3+1;
         lane = insn[3+1-1];
         DIP("pinsrw $%d,%s,%s\n", (Int)lane, 
                                   nameIReg16(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 1 );
         delta += 3+alen;
         lane = insn[3+alen-1];
         assign(t4, loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr)));
         DIP("pinsrw $%d,%s,%s\n", (Int)lane,
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      switch (lane & 3) {
         case 0:  assign(t6, mk64from16s(t3,t2,t1,t4)); break;
         case 1:  assign(t6, mk64from16s(t3,t2,t4,t0)); break;
         case 2:  assign(t6, mk64from16s(t3,t4,t1,t0)); break;
         case 3:  assign(t6, mk64from16s(t4,t2,t1,t0)); break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }
      putMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm), mkexpr(t6));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F EE = PMAXSW -- 16x4 signed max */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xEE) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "pmaxsw", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F DE = PMAXUB -- 8x8 unsigned max */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDE) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "pmaxub", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F EA = PMINSW -- 16x4 signed min */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xEA) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "pminsw", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F DA = PMINUB -- 8x8 unsigned min */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDA) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "pminub", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F D7 = PMOVMSKB -- extract sign bits from each of 8 lanes in
      mmx(G), turn them into a byte, and put zero-extend of it in
      ireg(G). */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD7) {
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         do_MMX_preamble();
         t0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         assign(t0, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
         assign(t1, mkIRExprCCall(
                       Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/, 
                       "amd64g_calculate_mmx_pmovmskb",
                       &amd64g_calculate_mmx_pmovmskb,
                       mkIRExprVec_1(mkexpr(t0))));
         putIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(t1)));
         DIP("pmovmskb %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                 nameIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 3;
         goto decode_success;
      } 
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F E4 = PMULUH -- 16x4 hi-half of unsigned widening multiply */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE4) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "pmuluh", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 18 /0 = PREFETCHNTA -- prefetch into caches, */
   /* 0F 18 /1 = PREFETCH0   -- with various different hints */
   /* 0F 18 /2 = PREFETCH1 */
   /* 0F 18 /3 = PREFETCH2 */
   if (insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x18
       && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && !epartIsReg(insn[2]) 
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) >= 0 && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) <= 3) {
      HChar* hintstr = "??";

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      vassert(!epartIsReg(modrm));

      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += 2+alen;

      switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
         case 0: hintstr = "nta"; break;
         case 1: hintstr = "t0"; break;
         case 2: hintstr = "t1"; break;
         case 3: hintstr = "t2"; break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      DIP("prefetch%s %s\n", hintstr, dis_buf);
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F F6 = PSADBW -- sum of 8Ux8 absolute differences */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF6) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                 vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "psadbw", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE1 ---*** */
   /* 0F 70 = PSHUFW -- rearrange 4x16 from E(mmx or mem) to G(mmx) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x70) {
      Int order;
      IRTemp sV, dV, s3, s2, s1, s0;
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      sV = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      dV = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      do_MMX_preamble();
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         order = (Int)insn[3];
         delta += 2+2;
         DIP("pshufw $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                   nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf,
                           1/*extra byte after amode*/ );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         order = (Int)insn[2+alen];
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pshufw $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }
      breakup64to16s( sV, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );
#     define SEL(n) \
                ((n)==0 ? s0 : ((n)==1 ? s1 : ((n)==2 ? s2 : s3)))
      assign(dV,
           mk64from16s( SEL((order>>6)&3), SEL((order>>4)&3),
                          SEL((order>>2)&3), SEL((order>>0)&3) )
      );
      putMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm), mkexpr(dV));
#     undef SEL
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 53 = RCPPS -- approx reciprocal 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x53) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                        "rcpps", Iop_Recip32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 53 = RCPSS -- approx reciprocal 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x53) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                         "rcpss", Iop_Recip32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 52 = RSQRTPS -- approx reciprocal sqrt 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x52) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                        "rsqrtps", Iop_RSqrt32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 52 = RSQRTSS -- approx reciprocal sqrt 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x52) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                         "rsqrtss", Iop_RSqrt32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F AE /7 = SFENCE -- flush pending operations to memory */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xAE
       && epartIsReg(insn[2]) && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 7
       && sz == 4) {
      delta += 3;
      /* Insert a memory fence.  It's sometimes important that these
         are carried through to the generated code. */
      stmt( IRStmt_MBE(Imbe_Fence) );
      DIP("sfence\n");
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F C6 /r ib = SHUFPS -- shuffle packed F32s */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC6) {
      Int    select;
      IRTemp sV, dV;
      IRTemp s3, s2, s1, s0, d3, d2, d1, d0;
      sV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = d3 = d2 = d1 = d0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      modrm = insn[2];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         select = (Int)insn[3];
         delta += 2+2;
         DIP("shufps $%d,%s,%s\n", select, 
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 
                           1/*byte at end of insn*/ );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         select = (Int)insn[2+alen];
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("shufps $%d,%s,%s\n", select, 
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      breakup128to32s( dV, &d3, &d2, &d1, &d0 );
      breakup128to32s( sV, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );

#     define SELD(n) ((n)==0 ? d0 : ((n)==1 ? d1 : ((n)==2 ? d2 : d3)))
#     define SELS(n) ((n)==0 ? s0 : ((n)==1 ? s1 : ((n)==2 ? s2 : s3)))

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
         mk128from32s( SELS((select>>6)&3), SELS((select>>4)&3), 
                       SELD((select>>2)&3), SELD((select>>0)&3) )
      );

#     undef SELD
#     undef SELS

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 51 = SQRTPS -- approx sqrt 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x51) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                        "sqrtps", Iop_Sqrt32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 51 = SQRTSS -- approx sqrt 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x51) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                         "sqrtss", Iop_Sqrt32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F AE /3 = STMXCSR m32 -- store %mxcsr */
   if (insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xAE
       && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)
       && !epartIsReg(insn[2]) && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 3) {

      vassert(sz == 4);
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += 2+alen;

      /* Fake up a native SSE mxcsr word.  The only thing it depends
         on is SSEROUND[1:0], so call a clean helper to cook it up. 
      */
      /* ULong amd64h_create_mxcsr ( ULong sseround ) */
      DIP("stmxcsr %s\n", dis_buf);
      storeLE( 
         mkexpr(addr), 
         unop(Iop_64to32,      
              mkIRExprCCall(
                 Ity_I64, 0/*regp*/,
                 "amd64g_create_mxcsr", &amd64g_create_mxcsr, 
                 mkIRExprVec_1( unop(Iop_32Uto64,get_sse_roundingmode()) ) 
            ) 
       )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 5C = SUBPS -- sub 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5C) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "subps", Iop_Sub32Fx4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 5C = SUBSS -- sub 32F0x4 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5C) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo32( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "subss", Iop_Sub32F0x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 15 = UNPCKHPS -- unpack and interleave high part F32s */
   /* 0F 14 = UNPCKLPS -- unpack and interleave low part F32s */
   /* These just appear to be special cases of SHUFPS */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x15 || insn[1] == 0x14)) {
      IRTemp sV, dV;
      IRTemp s3, s2, s1, s0, d3, d2, d1, d0;
      Bool hi = toBool(insn[1] == 0x15);
      sV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = d3 = d2 = d1 = d0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      modrm = insn[2];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("unpck%sps %s,%s\n", hi ? "h" : "l",
                                  nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("unpck%sps %s,%s\n", hi ? "h" : "l",
                                  dis_buf,
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      breakup128to32s( dV, &d3, &d2, &d1, &d0 );
      breakup128to32s( sV, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );

      if (hi) {
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mk128from32s( s3, d3, s2, d2 ) );
      } else {
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mk128from32s( s1, d1, s0, d0 ) );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 57 = XORPS -- G = G and E */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x57) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "xorps", Iop_XorV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- end of the SSE decoder.                      --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- start of the SSE2 decoder.                   --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* 66 0F 58 = ADDPD -- add 32Fx4 from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x58) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "addpd", Iop_Add64Fx2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }
 
   /* F2 0F 58 = ADDSD -- add 64F0x2 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x58) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo64( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "addsd", Iop_Add64F0x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 55 = ANDNPD -- G = (not G) and E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x55) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all_invG( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "andnpd", Iop_AndV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 54 = ANDPD -- G = G and E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x54) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "andpd", Iop_AndV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F C2 = CMPPD -- 64Fx2 comparison from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC2) {
      delta = dis_SSEcmp_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "cmppd", True, 8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F C2 = CMPSD -- 64F0x2 comparison from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC2) {
      delta = dis_SSEcmp_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "cmpsd", False, 8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 2F = COMISD  -- 64F0x2 comparison G,E, and set ZCP */
   /* 66 0F 2E = UCOMISD -- 64F0x2 comparison G,E, and set ZCP */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x2F || insn[1] == 0x2E)) {
      IRTemp argL = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      IRTemp argR = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( argR, getXMMRegLane64F( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                                         0/*lowest lane*/ ) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("%scomisd %s,%s\n", insn[1]==0x2E ? "u" : "",
                                 nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( argR, loadLE(Ity_F64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("%scomisd %s,%s\n", insn[1]==0x2E ? "u" : "",
                                 dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }
      assign( argL, getXMMRegLane64F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                                      0/*lowest lane*/ ) );

      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
               OFFB_CC_DEP1,
               binop( Iop_And64,
                      unop( Iop_32Uto64, 
                            binop(Iop_CmpF64, mkexpr(argL), mkexpr(argR)) ),
                      mkU64(0x45)
          )));

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F E6 = CVTDQ2PD -- convert 2 x I32 in mem/lo half xmm to 2 x
      F64 in xmm(G) */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE6) {
      IRTemp arg64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      if (sz != 4) goto decode_failure;

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( arg64, getXMMRegLane64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvtdq2pd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( arg64, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtdq2pd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }

      putXMMRegLane64F( 
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
         unop(Iop_I32StoF64, unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(arg64)))
      );

      putXMMRegLane64F(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, 
         unop(Iop_I32StoF64, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(arg64)))
      );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 5B = CVTDQ2PS -- convert 4 x I32 in mem/xmm to 4 x F32 in
      xmm(G) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5B) {
      IRTemp argV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp rmode = newTemp(Ity_I32);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( argV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvtdq2ps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( argV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtdq2ps %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }
         
      assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      breakup128to32s( argV, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );

#     define CVT(_t)  binop( Iop_F64toF32,                    \
                             mkexpr(rmode),                   \
                             unop(Iop_I32StoF64,mkexpr(_t)))
      
      putXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 3, CVT(t3) );
      putXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 2, CVT(t2) );
      putXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, CVT(t1) );
      putXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0, CVT(t0) );

#     undef CVT

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E6 = CVTTPD2DQ -- convert 2 x F64 in mem/xmm to 2 x I32 in
      lo half xmm(G), and zero upper half, rounding towards zero */
   /* F2 0F E6 = CVTPD2DQ -- convert 2 x F64 in mem/xmm to 2 x I32 in
      lo half xmm(G), according to prevailing rounding mode, and zero
      upper half */
   if ( ( (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4)
          || (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2)
        )
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE6) {
      IRTemp argV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp rmode  = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      Bool   r2zero = toBool(sz == 2);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( argV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvt%spd2dq %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( argV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvt%spd2dq %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }
         
      if (r2zero) {
         assign(rmode, mkU32((UInt)Irrm_ZERO) );
      } else {
         assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      }

      t0 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      assign( t0, unop(Iop_ReinterpI64asF64, 
                       unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(argV))) );
      assign( t1, unop(Iop_ReinterpI64asF64, 
                       unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(argV))) );
      
#     define CVT(_t)  binop( Iop_F64toI32S,                   \
                             mkexpr(rmode),                   \
                             mkexpr(_t) )
      
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 3, mkU32(0) );
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 2, mkU32(0) );
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, CVT(t1) );
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0, CVT(t0) );

#     undef CVT

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 2D = CVTPD2PI -- convert 2 x F64 in mem/xmm to 2 x
      I32 in mmx, according to prevailing SSE rounding mode */
   /* 66 0F 2C = CVTTPD2PI -- convert 2 x F64 in mem/xmm to 2 x
      I32 in mmx, rounding towards zero */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x2D || insn[1] == 0x2C)) {
      IRTemp dst64  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp rmode  = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      IRTemp f64lo  = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      IRTemp f64hi  = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      Bool   r2zero = toBool(insn[1] == 0x2C);

      do_MMX_preamble();
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         assign(f64lo, getXMMRegLane64F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0));
         assign(f64hi, getXMMRegLane64F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1));
         DIP("cvt%spd2pi %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign(f64lo, loadLE(Ity_F64, mkexpr(addr)));
         assign(f64hi, loadLE(Ity_F64, binop( Iop_Add64, 
                                              mkexpr(addr), 
                                              mkU64(8) )));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvt%spf2pi %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      if (r2zero) {
         assign(rmode, mkU32((UInt)Irrm_ZERO) );
      } else {
         assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      }

      assign( 
         dst64,
         binop( Iop_32HLto64,
                binop( Iop_F64toI32S, mkexpr(rmode), mkexpr(f64hi) ),
                binop( Iop_F64toI32S, mkexpr(rmode), mkexpr(f64lo) )
              )
      );

      putMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm), mkexpr(dst64));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 5A = CVTPD2PS -- convert 2 x F64 in mem/xmm to 2 x F32 in
      lo half xmm(G), rounding according to prevailing SSE rounding
      mode, and zero upper half */
   /* Note, this is practically identical to CVTPD2DQ.  It would have
      been nicer to merge them together, but the insn[] offsets differ
      by one. */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5A) {
      IRTemp argV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp rmode = newTemp(Ity_I32);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( argV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvtpd2ps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( argV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtpd2ps %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }
         
      assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      t0 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      assign( t0, unop(Iop_ReinterpI64asF64, 
                       unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(argV))) );
      assign( t1, unop(Iop_ReinterpI64asF64, 
                       unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(argV))) );
      
#     define CVT(_t)  binop( Iop_F64toF32,                    \
                             mkexpr(rmode),                   \
                             mkexpr(_t) )
      
      putXMMRegLane32(  gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 3, mkU32(0) );
      putXMMRegLane32(  gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 2, mkU32(0) );
      putXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, CVT(t1) );
      putXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0, CVT(t0) );

#     undef CVT

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 2A = CVTPI2PD -- convert 2 x I32 in mem/mmx to 2 x F64 in
      xmm(G) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x2A) {
      IRTemp arg64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         /* Only switch to MMX mode if the source is a MMX register.
            This is inconsistent with all other instructions which
            convert between XMM and (M64 or MMX), which always switch
            to MMX mode even if 64-bit operand is M64 and not MMX.  At
            least, that's what the Intel docs seem to me to say.
            Fixes #210264. */
         do_MMX_preamble();
         assign( arg64, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvtpi2pd %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( arg64, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtpi2pd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }

      putXMMRegLane64F( 
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
         unop(Iop_I32StoF64, unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(arg64)) )
      );

      putXMMRegLane64F( 
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1,
         unop(Iop_I32StoF64, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(arg64)) )
      );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 5B = CVTTPS2DQ -- convert 4 x F32 in mem/xmm to 4 x I32 in
      xmm(G), rounding towards zero */
   /* 66 0F 5B = CVTPS2DQ -- convert 4 x F32 in mem/xmm to 4 x I32 in
      xmm(G), as per the prevailing rounding mode */
   if ( ( (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2)
          || (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4)
        )
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5B) {
      IRTemp argV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp rmode  = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      Bool   r2zero = toBool(sz == 4);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( argV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvtps2dq %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( argV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtps2dq %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }
         
      if (r2zero) {
         assign( rmode, mkU32((UInt)Irrm_ZERO) );
      } else {
         assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      }

      breakup128to32s( argV, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );

      /* This is less than ideal.  If it turns out to be a performance
         bottleneck it can be improved. */
#     define CVT(_t)                             \
         binop( Iop_F64toI32S,                   \
                mkexpr(rmode),                   \
                unop( Iop_F32toF64,              \
                      unop( Iop_ReinterpI32asF32, mkexpr(_t))) )
      
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 3, CVT(t3) );
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 2, CVT(t2) );
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, CVT(t1) );
      putXMMRegLane32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0, CVT(t0) );

#     undef CVT

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 5A = CVTPS2PD -- convert 2 x F32 in low half mem/xmm to 2 x
      F64 in xmm(G). */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5A) {
      IRTemp f32lo = newTemp(Ity_F32);
      IRTemp f32hi = newTemp(Ity_F32);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( f32lo, getXMMRegLane32F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0) );
         assign( f32hi, getXMMRegLane32F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("cvtps2pd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
       assign( f32lo, loadLE(Ity_F32, mkexpr(addr)) );
       assign( f32hi, loadLE(Ity_F32, 
                               binop(Iop_Add64,mkexpr(addr),mkU64(4))) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtps2pd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      }

      putXMMRegLane64F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1,
                        unop(Iop_F32toF64, mkexpr(f32hi)) );
      putXMMRegLane64F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
                        unop(Iop_F32toF64, mkexpr(f32lo)) );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 2D = CVTSD2SI 
      when sz==4 -- convert F64 in mem/low half xmm to I32 in ireg, 
                    according to prevailing SSE rounding mode
      when sz==8 -- convert F64 in mem/low half xmm to I64 in ireg, 
                    according to prevailing SSE rounding mode
   */
   /* F2 0F 2C = CVTTSD2SI 
      when sz==4 -- convert F64 in mem/low half xmm to I32 in ireg, 
                    truncating towards zero
      when sz==8 -- convert F64 in mem/low half xmm to I64 in ireg, 
                    truncating towards zero 
   */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F 
       && (insn[1] == 0x2D || insn[1] == 0x2C)) {
      IRTemp rmode  = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      IRTemp f64lo  = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      Bool   r2zero = toBool(insn[1] == 0x2C);
      vassert(sz == 4 || sz == 8);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         assign(f64lo, getXMMRegLane64F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0));
         DIP("cvt%ssd2si %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameIReg(sz, gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), False));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign(f64lo, loadLE(Ity_F64, mkexpr(addr)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvt%ssd2si %s,%s\n", r2zero ? "t" : "",
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameIReg(sz, gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), False));
      }

      if (r2zero) {
         assign( rmode, mkU32((UInt)Irrm_ZERO) );
      } else {
         assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      }

      if (sz == 4) {
         putIReg32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    binop( Iop_F64toI32S, mkexpr(rmode), mkexpr(f64lo)) );
      } else {
         putIReg64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    binop( Iop_F64toI64S, mkexpr(rmode), mkexpr(f64lo)) );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 5A = CVTSD2SS -- convert F64 in mem/low half xmm to F32 in
      low 1/4 xmm(G), according to prevailing SSE rounding mode */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5A) {
      IRTemp rmode = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      IRTemp f64lo = newTemp(Ity_F64);
      vassert(sz == 4);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         assign(f64lo, getXMMRegLane64F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0));
         DIP("cvtsd2ss %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign(f64lo, loadLE(Ity_F64, mkexpr(addr)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtsd2ss %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( rmode, get_sse_roundingmode() );
      putXMMRegLane32F( 
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0, 
         binop( Iop_F64toF32, mkexpr(rmode), mkexpr(f64lo) )
      );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 2A = CVTSI2SD 
      when sz==4 -- convert I32 in mem/ireg to F64 in low half xmm
      when sz==8 -- convert I64 in mem/ireg to F64 in low half xmm
   */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && (sz == 4 || sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x2A) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);

      if (sz == 4) {
         IRTemp arg32 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            assign( arg32, getIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
            delta += 2+1;
            DIP("cvtsi2sd %s,%s\n", nameIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         } else {
            addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
            assign( arg32, loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)) );
            delta += 2+alen;
            DIP("cvtsi2sd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         }
         putXMMRegLane64F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
                           unop(Iop_I32StoF64, mkexpr(arg32)) 
         );
      } else {
         /* sz == 8 */
         IRTemp arg64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            assign( arg64, getIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
            delta += 2+1;
            DIP("cvtsi2sdq %s,%s\n", nameIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                     nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         } else {
            addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
            assign( arg64, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
            delta += 2+alen;
            DIP("cvtsi2sdq %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                     nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         }
         putXMMRegLane64F( 
            gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
            0,
            binop( Iop_I64StoF64,
                   get_sse_roundingmode(),
                   mkexpr(arg64)
            ) 
         );

      }

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 5A = CVTSS2SD -- convert F32 in mem/low 1/4 xmm to F64 in
      low half xmm(G) */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5A) {
      IRTemp f32lo = newTemp(Ity_F32);

      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         assign(f32lo, getXMMRegLane32F(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0));
         DIP("cvtss2sd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign(f32lo, loadLE(Ity_F32, mkexpr(addr)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("cvtss2sd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      putXMMRegLane64F( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0, 
                        unop( Iop_F32toF64, mkexpr(f32lo) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 5E = DIVPD -- div 64Fx2 from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5E) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "divpd", Iop_Div64Fx2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 5E = DIVSD -- div 64F0x2 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5E) {
      vassert(sz == 4);
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo64( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "divsd", Iop_Div64F0x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F AE /5 = LFENCE -- flush pending operations to memory */
   /* 0F AE /6 = MFENCE -- flush pending operations to memory */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xAE
       && epartIsReg(insn[2]) 
       && (gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 5 || gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 6)) {
      delta += 3;
      /* Insert a memory fence.  It's sometimes important that these
         are carried through to the generated code. */
      stmt( IRStmt_MBE(Imbe_Fence) );
      DIP("%sfence\n", gregLO3ofRM(insn[2])==5 ? "l" : "m");
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 5F = MAXPD -- max 64Fx2 from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5F) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "maxpd", Iop_Max64Fx2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 5F = MAXSD -- max 64F0x2 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5F) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo64( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "maxsd", Iop_Max64F0x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 5D = MINPD -- min 64Fx2 from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5D) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "minpd", Iop_Min64Fx2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 5D = MINSD -- min 64F0x2 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5D) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo64( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "minsd", Iop_Min64F0x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 28 = MOVAPD -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 10 = MOVUPD -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 6F = MOVDQA -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F 
       && (insn[1] == 0x28 || insn[1] == 0x10 || insn[1] == 0x6F)) {
      HChar* wot = insn[1]==0x28 ? "apd" :
                   insn[1]==0x10 ? "upd" : "dqa";
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));
         DIP("mov%s %s,%s\n", wot, nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("mov%s %s,%s\n", wot, dis_buf,
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 29 = MOVAPD -- move from G (xmm) to E (mem or xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 11 = MOVUPD -- move from G (xmm) to E (mem or xmm). */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F
       && (insn[1] == 0x29 || insn[1] == 0x11)) {
      HChar* wot = insn[1]==0x29 ? "apd" : "upd";
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         putXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );
         DIP("mov%s %s,%s\n", wot, nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("mov%s %s,%s\n", wot, nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                              dis_buf );
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 6E = MOVD from ireg32/m32 to xmm lo 1/4, zeroing high 3/4 of xmm. */
   /*              or from ireg64/m64 to xmm lo 1/2, zeroing high 1/2 of xmm. */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x6E) {
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 8);
      if (sz == 2) sz = 4;
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         if (sz == 4) {
            putXMMReg(
               gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
               unop( Iop_32UtoV128, getIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) ) 
            );
            DIP("movd %s, %s\n", nameIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         } else {
            putXMMReg(
               gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
               unop( Iop_64UtoV128, getIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) ) 
            );
            DIP("movq %s, %s\n", nameIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
       }
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         putXMMReg(
            gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
            sz == 4 
               ?  unop( Iop_32UtoV128,loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr)) ) 
             :  unop( Iop_64UtoV128,loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) )
         );
         DIP("mov%c %s, %s\n", sz == 4 ? 'd' : 'q', dis_buf, 
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 7E = MOVD from xmm low 1/4 to ireg32 or m32. */
   /*              or from xmm low 1/2 to ireg64 or m64. */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x7E) {
      if (sz == 2) sz = 4;
      vassert(sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         if (sz == 4) {
            putIReg32( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                       getXMMRegLane32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0) );
            DIP("movd %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                                 nameIReg32(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
       } else {
            putIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                       getXMMRegLane64(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0) );
            DIP("movq %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                                 nameIReg64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
       }
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr),
                  sz == 4
                     ? getXMMRegLane32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),0)
                     : getXMMRegLane64(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),0) );
         DIP("mov%c %s, %s\n", sz == 4 ? 'd' : 'q',
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), dis_buf);
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 7F = MOVDQA -- move from G (xmm) to E (mem or xmm). */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x7F) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta += 2+1;
         putXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movdqa %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                                nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movdqa %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), dis_buf);
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 6F = MOVDQU -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x6F) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));
         DIP("movdqu %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movdqu %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 7F = MOVDQU -- move from G (xmm) to E (mem or xmm). */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x7F) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         goto decode_failure; /* awaiting test case */
         delta += 2+1;
         putXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movdqu %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), 
                                nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movdqu %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), dis_buf);
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F D6 = MOVDQ2Q -- move from E (lo half xmm, not mem) to G (mmx). */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD6) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         do_MMX_preamble();
         putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm), 
                    getXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0 ));
         DIP("movdq2q %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
         goto decode_success;
      } else {
         /* apparently no mem case for this insn */
         goto decode_failure;
      }
   }

   /* 66 0F 16 = MOVHPD -- move from mem to high half of XMM. */
   /* These seems identical to MOVHPS.  This instruction encoding is
      completely crazy. */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x16) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         /* fall through; apparently reg-reg is not possible */
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1/*upper lane*/,
                          loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movhpd %s,%s\n", dis_buf, 
                               nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));
         goto decode_success;
      }
   }

   /* 66 0F 17 = MOVHPD -- move from high half of XMM to mem. */
   /* Again, this seems identical to MOVHPS. */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x17) {
      if (!epartIsReg(insn[2])) {
         delta += 2;
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += alen;
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                  getXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]),
                                   1/*upper lane*/ ) );
         DIP("movhpd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]) ),
                               dis_buf);
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 66 0F 12 = MOVLPD -- move from mem to low half of XMM. */
   /* Identical to MOVLPS ? */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x12) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         /* fall through; apparently reg-reg is not possible */
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                          0/*lower lane*/,
                          loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movlpd %s, %s\n", 
             dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));
         goto decode_success;
      }
   }

   /* 66 0F 13 = MOVLPD -- move from low half of XMM to mem. */
   /* Identical to MOVLPS ? */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x13) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (!epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += 2+alen;
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                  getXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                                   0/*lower lane*/ ) );
         DIP("movlpd %s, %s\n", nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ),
                                dis_buf);
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 66 0F 50 = MOVMSKPD - move 2 sign bits from 2 x F64 in xmm(E) to
      2 lowest bits of ireg(G) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && (sz == 2 || sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x50) {
      /* sz == 8 is a kludge to handle insns with REX.W redundantly
         set to 1, which has been known to happen:
         66 4c 0f 50 d9          rex64X movmskpd %xmm1,%r11d
         20071106: see further comments on MOVMSKPS implementation above.
      */
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         Int src;
         t0 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         t1 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
         delta += 2+1;
         src = eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm);
         assign( t0, binop( Iop_And32,
                            binop(Iop_Shr32, getXMMRegLane32(src,1), mkU8(31)),
                            mkU32(1) ));
         assign( t1, binop( Iop_And32,
                            binop(Iop_Shr32, getXMMRegLane32(src,3), mkU8(30)),
                            mkU32(2) ));
         putIReg32( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
                    binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(t0), mkexpr(t1))
                  );
         DIP("movmskpd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(src), 
                                 nameIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
      goto decode_failure;
   }

   /* 66 0F F7 = MASKMOVDQU -- store selected bytes of double quadword */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF7) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         IRTemp regD    = newTemp(Ity_V128);
         IRTemp mask    = newTemp(Ity_V128);
         IRTemp olddata = newTemp(Ity_V128);
         IRTemp newdata = newTemp(Ity_V128);
                addr    = newTemp(Ity_I64);

         assign( addr, handleAddrOverrides( vbi, pfx, getIReg64(R_RDI) ));
         assign( regD, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ));

         /* Unfortunately can't do the obvious thing with SarN8x16
            here since that can't be re-emitted as SSE2 code - no such
            insn. */
       assign( 
            mask, 
            binop(Iop_64HLtoV128,
                  binop(Iop_SarN8x8, 
                        getXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1 ), 
                        mkU8(7) ),
                  binop(Iop_SarN8x8, 
                        getXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0 ), 
                        mkU8(7) ) ));
         assign( olddata, loadLE( Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr) ));
         assign( newdata, 
                 binop(Iop_OrV128, 
                       binop(Iop_AndV128, 
                             mkexpr(regD), 
                             mkexpr(mask) ),
                       binop(Iop_AndV128, 
                             mkexpr(olddata),
                             unop(Iop_NotV128, mkexpr(mask)))) );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(newdata) );

         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("maskmovdqu %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ),
                                   nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 66 0F E7 = MOVNTDQ -- for us, just a plain SSE store. */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE7) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (!epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movntdq %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
      goto decode_failure;
   }

   /* 0F C3 = MOVNTI -- for us, just a plain ireg store. */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) &&
       insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC3) {
      vassert(sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (!epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm) );
         DIP("movnti %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                               nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm));
         delta += 2+alen;
         goto decode_success;
      }
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 66 0F D6 = MOVQ -- move 64 bits from G (lo half xmm) to E (mem
      or lo half xmm).  */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD6) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         /* fall through, awaiting test case */
         /* dst: lo half copied, hi half zeroed */
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), 
                  getXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0 ));
         DIP("movq %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)), dis_buf );
         delta += 2+alen;
         goto decode_success;
      }
   }

   /* F3 0F D6 = MOVQ2DQ -- move from E (mmx) to G (lo half xmm, zero
      hi half). */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD6) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         do_MMX_preamble();
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    unop(Iop_64UtoV128, getMMXReg( eregLO3ofRM(modrm) )) );
         DIP("movq2dq %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
         goto decode_success;
      } else {
         /* apparently no mem case for this insn */
         goto decode_failure;
      }
   }

   /* F3 0F 7E = MOVQ -- move 64 bits from E (mem or lo half xmm) to
      G (lo half xmm).  Upper half of G is zeroed out. */
   /* F2 0F 10 = MOVSD -- move 64 bits from E (mem or lo half xmm) to
      G (lo half xmm).  If E is mem, upper half of G is zeroed out.
      If E is reg, upper half of G is unchanged. */
   if ( (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) 
         && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
         && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x10)
        || 
        (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) 
         && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
         && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x7E)
      ) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
                          getXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0 ));
         if (insn[1] == 0x7E/*MOVQ*/) {
            /* zero bits 127:64 */
            putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, mkU64(0) );
         }
         DIP("movsd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                              nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkV128(0) );
         putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
                          loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movsd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                              nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 11 = MOVSD -- move 64 bits from G (lo half xmm) to E (mem
      or lo half xmm). */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x11) {
      modrm = getUChar(delta+2);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         putXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0,
                          getXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0 ));
         DIP("movsd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                              nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr),
                  getXMMRegLane64(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0) );
         DIP("movsd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                              dis_buf);
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 59 = MULPD -- mul 64Fx2 from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x59) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "mulpd", Iop_Mul64Fx2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 59 = MULSD -- mul 64F0x2 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x59) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo64( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "mulsd", Iop_Mul64F0x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 56 = ORPD -- G = G and E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x56) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "orpd", Iop_OrV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F C6 /r ib = SHUFPD -- shuffle packed F64s */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC6) {
      Int    select;
      IRTemp sV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp s1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp d1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp d0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[2];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         select = (Int)insn[3];
         delta += 2+2;
         DIP("shufpd $%d,%s,%s\n", select, 
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 1 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         select = (Int)insn[2+alen];
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("shufpd $%d,%s,%s\n", select, 
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( d1, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( d0, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( s1, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( s0, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

#     define SELD(n) mkexpr((n)==0 ? d0 : d1)
#     define SELS(n) mkexpr((n)==0 ? s0 : s1)

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
         binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, SELS((select>>1)&1), SELD((select>>0)&1) )
      );

#     undef SELD
#     undef SELS

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 51 = SQRTPD -- approx sqrt 64Fx2 from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x51) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                        "sqrtpd", Iop_Sqrt64Fx2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 51 = SQRTSD -- approx sqrt 64F0x2 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x51) {
      vassert(sz == 4);
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_unary_lo64( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                         "sqrtsd", Iop_Sqrt64F0x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 5C = SUBPD -- sub 64Fx2 from R/M to R */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5C) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "subpd", Iop_Sub64Fx2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 5C = SUBSD -- sub 64F0x2 from R/M to R */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x5C) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_lo64( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "subsd", Iop_Sub64F0x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 15 = UNPCKHPD -- unpack and interleave high part F64s */
   /* 66 0F 14 = UNPCKLPD -- unpack and interleave low part F64s */
   /* These just appear to be special cases of SHUFPS */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 2 /* could be 8 if rex also present */
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x15 || insn[1] == 0x14)) {
      IRTemp s1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp d1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp d0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      Bool   hi = toBool(insn[1] == 0x15);

      modrm = insn[2];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("unpck%sps %s,%s\n", hi ? "h" : "l",
                                  nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("unpck%sps %s,%s\n", hi ? "h" : "l",
                                  dis_buf,
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( d1, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( d0, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( s1, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( s0, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

      if (hi) {
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(s1), mkexpr(d1)) );
      } else {
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(s0), mkexpr(d0)) );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 57 = XORPD -- G = G xor E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x57) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "xorpd", Iop_XorV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 6B = PACKSSDW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x6B) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "packssdw", Iop_QNarrow32Sx4, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 63 = PACKSSWB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x63) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "packsswb", Iop_QNarrow16Sx8, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 67 = PACKUSWB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x67) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "packuswb", Iop_QNarrow16Ux8, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F FC = PADDB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xFC) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddb", Iop_Add8x16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F FE = PADDD */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xFE) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddd", Iop_Add32x4, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE2 ---*** */
   /* 0F D4 = PADDQ -- add 64x1 */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD4) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "paddq", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D4 = PADDQ */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD4) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddq", Iop_Add64x2, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F FD = PADDW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xFD) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddw", Iop_Add16x8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F EC = PADDSB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xEC) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddsb", Iop_QAdd8Sx16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F ED = PADDSW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xED) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddsw", Iop_QAdd16Sx8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F DC = PADDUSB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDC) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddusb", Iop_QAdd8Ux16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F DD = PADDUSW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDD) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "paddusw", Iop_QAdd16Ux8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F DB = PAND */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDB) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "pand", Iop_AndV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F DF = PANDN */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDF) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all_invG( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "pandn", Iop_AndV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E0 = PAVGB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE0) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pavgb", Iop_Avg8Ux16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E3 = PAVGW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE3) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pavgw", Iop_Avg16Ux8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 74 = PCMPEQB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x74) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pcmpeqb", Iop_CmpEQ8x16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 76 = PCMPEQD */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x76) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pcmpeqd", Iop_CmpEQ32x4, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 75 = PCMPEQW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x75) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pcmpeqw", Iop_CmpEQ16x8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 64 = PCMPGTB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x64) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pcmpgtb", Iop_CmpGT8Sx16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 66 = PCMPGTD */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x66) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pcmpgtd", Iop_CmpGT32Sx4, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 65 = PCMPGTW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x65) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pcmpgtw", Iop_CmpGT16Sx8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F C5 = PEXTRW -- extract 16-bit field from xmm(E) and put 
      zero-extend of it in ireg(G). */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC5) {
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         t5 = newTemp(Ity_V128);
         t4 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
         assign(t5, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         breakup128to32s( t5, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );
         switch (insn[3] & 7) {
            case 0:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t0))); break;
            case 1:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t0))); break;
            case 2:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t1))); break;
            case 3:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t1))); break;
            case 4:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t2))); break;
            case 5:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t2))); break;
            case 6:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t3))); break;
            case 7:  assign(t4, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t3))); break;
            default: vassert(0);
         }
         putIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), unop(Iop_16Uto32, mkexpr(t4)));
         DIP("pextrw $%d,%s,%s\n",
             (Int)insn[3], nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                           nameIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 4;
         goto decode_success;
      } 
      /* else fall through */
      /* note, if memory case is ever filled in, there is 1 byte after
         amode */
   }

   /* 66 0F C4 = PINSRW -- get 16 bits from E(mem or low half ireg) and
      put it into the specified lane of xmm(G). */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xC4) {
      Int lane;
      t4 = newTemp(Ity_I16);
      modrm = insn[2];

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign(t4, getIReg16(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 3+1;
         lane = insn[3+1-1];
         DIP("pinsrw $%d,%s,%s\n", (Int)lane, 
                                   nameIReg16(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 
                           1/*byte after the amode*/ );
         delta += 3+alen;
         lane = insn[3+alen-1];
         assign(t4, loadLE(Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr)));
         DIP("pinsrw $%d,%s,%s\n", (Int)lane,
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
     }

      putXMMRegLane16( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), lane & 7, mkexpr(t4) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F5 = PMADDWD -- Multiply and add packed integers from
      E(xmm or mem) to G(xmm) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF5) {
      IRTemp s1V  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp s2V  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp s1Hi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s1Lo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s2Hi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s2Lo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dHi  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dLo  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( s1V, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("pmaddwd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( s1V, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("pmaddwd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }
      assign( s2V, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      assign( s1Hi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(s1V)) );
      assign( s1Lo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(s1V)) );
      assign( s2Hi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(s2V)) );
      assign( s2Lo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(s2V)) );
      assign( dHi, mkIRExprCCall(
                      Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/,
                      "amd64g_calculate_mmx_pmaddwd", 
                      &amd64g_calculate_mmx_pmaddwd,
                      mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(s1Hi), mkexpr(s2Hi))
                   ));
      assign( dLo, mkIRExprCCall(
                      Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/,
                      "amd64g_calculate_mmx_pmaddwd", 
                      &amd64g_calculate_mmx_pmaddwd,
                      mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(s1Lo), mkexpr(s2Lo))
                   ));
      assign( dV, binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(dHi), mkexpr(dLo))) ;
      putXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkexpr(dV));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F EE = PMAXSW -- 16x8 signed max */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xEE) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pmaxsw", Iop_Max16Sx8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F DE = PMAXUB -- 8x16 unsigned max */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDE) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pmaxub", Iop_Max8Ux16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F EA = PMINSW -- 16x8 signed min */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xEA) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pminsw", Iop_Min16Sx8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F DA = PMINUB -- 8x16 unsigned min */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xDA) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pminub", Iop_Min8Ux16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D7 = PMOVMSKB -- extract sign bits from each of 16 lanes in
      xmm(E), turn them into a byte, and put zero-extend of it in
      ireg(G).  Doing this directly is just too cumbersome; give up
      therefore and call a helper. */
   /* UInt x86g_calculate_sse_pmovmskb ( ULong w64hi, ULong w64lo ); */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD7) {
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         t0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         assign(t0, getXMMRegLane64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0));
         assign(t1, getXMMRegLane64(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1));
         t5 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         assign(t5, mkIRExprCCall(
                       Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/, 
                       "amd64g_calculate_sse_pmovmskb",
                       &amd64g_calculate_sse_pmovmskb,
                       mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(t0) )));
         putIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(t5)));
         DIP("pmovmskb %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameIReg32(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 3;
         goto decode_success;
      } 
      /* else fall through */
   }

   /* 66 0F E4 = PMULHUW -- 16x8 hi-half of unsigned widening multiply */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE4) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pmulhuw", Iop_MulHi16Ux8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E5 = PMULHW -- 16x8 hi-half of signed widening multiply */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE5) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pmulhw", Iop_MulHi16Sx8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D5 = PMULHL -- 16x8 multiply */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD5) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "pmullw", Iop_Mul16x8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE2 ---*** */
   /* 0F F4 = PMULUDQ -- unsigned widening multiply of 32-lanes 0 x
      0 to form 64-bit result */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF4) {
      IRTemp sV = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dV = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      t0 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      modrm = insn[2];

      do_MMX_preamble();
      assign( dV, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("pmuludq %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("pmuludq %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      assign( t0, unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( t1, unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(sV)) );
      putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
                 binop( Iop_MullU32, mkexpr(t0), mkexpr(t1) ) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F4 = PMULUDQ -- unsigned widening multiply of 32-lanes 0 x
      0 to form lower 64-bit half and lanes 2 x 2 to form upper 64-bit
      half */
   /* This is a really poor translation -- could be improved if
      performance critical */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF4) {
      IRTemp sV, dV;
      IRTemp s3, s2, s1, s0, d3, d2, d1, d0;
      sV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = d3 = d2 = d1 = d0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      t0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      modrm = insn[2];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("pmuludq %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("pmuludq %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      breakup128to32s( dV, &d3, &d2, &d1, &d0 );
      breakup128to32s( sV, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );

      assign( t0, binop( Iop_MullU32, mkexpr(d0), mkexpr(s0)) );
      putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 0, mkexpr(t0) );
      assign( t1, binop( Iop_MullU32, mkexpr(d2), mkexpr(s2)) );
      putXMMRegLane64( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 1, mkexpr(t1) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F EB = POR */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xEB) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "por", Iop_OrV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F6 = PSADBW -- 2 x (8x8 -> 48 zeroes ++ u16) Sum Abs Diffs
      from E(xmm or mem) to G(xmm) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF6) {
      IRTemp s1V  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp s2V  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp s1Hi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s1Lo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s2Hi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s2Lo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dHi  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dLo  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( s1V, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("psadbw %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( s1V, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("psadbw %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }
      assign( s2V, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
      assign( s1Hi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(s1V)) );
      assign( s1Lo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(s1V)) );
      assign( s2Hi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(s2V)) );
      assign( s2Lo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(s2V)) );
      assign( dHi, mkIRExprCCall(
                      Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/,
                      "amd64g_calculate_mmx_psadbw", 
                      &amd64g_calculate_mmx_psadbw,
                      mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(s1Hi), mkexpr(s2Hi))
                   ));
      assign( dLo, mkIRExprCCall(
                      Ity_I64, 0/*regparms*/,
                      "amd64g_calculate_mmx_psadbw", 
                      &amd64g_calculate_mmx_psadbw,
                      mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(s1Lo), mkexpr(s2Lo))
                   ));
      assign( dV, binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(dHi), mkexpr(dLo))) ;
      putXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkexpr(dV));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 70 = PSHUFD -- rearrange 4x32 from E(xmm or mem) to G(xmm) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x70) {
      Int order;
      IRTemp sV, dV, s3, s2, s1, s0;
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      sV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         order = (Int)insn[3];
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pshufd $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                   nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 
                           1/*byte after the amode*/ );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
       order = (Int)insn[2+alen];
         delta += 2+alen+1;
         DIP("pshufd $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }
      breakup128to32s( sV, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );

#     define SEL(n) \
                ((n)==0 ? s0 : ((n)==1 ? s1 : ((n)==2 ? s2 : s3)))
      assign(dV,
           mk128from32s( SEL((order>>6)&3), SEL((order>>4)&3),
                           SEL((order>>2)&3), SEL((order>>0)&3) )
      );
      putXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkexpr(dV));
#     undef SEL
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F 70 = PSHUFHW -- rearrange upper half 4x16 from E(xmm or
      mem) to G(xmm), and copy lower half */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x70) {
      Int order;
      IRTemp sVhi, dVhi, sV, dV, s3, s2, s1, s0;
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      sV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      sVhi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      dVhi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         order = (Int)insn[3];
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pshufhw $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                    nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 
                           1/*byte after the amode*/ );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
       order = (Int)insn[2+alen];
         delta += 2+alen+1;
         DIP("pshufhw $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                    dis_buf,
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }
      assign( sVhi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      breakup64to16s( sVhi, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );

#     define SEL(n) \
                ((n)==0 ? s0 : ((n)==1 ? s1 : ((n)==2 ? s2 : s3)))
      assign(dVhi,
           mk64from16s( SEL((order>>6)&3), SEL((order>>4)&3),
                          SEL((order>>2)&3), SEL((order>>0)&3) )
      );
      assign(dV, binop( Iop_64HLtoV128, 
                        mkexpr(dVhi),
                        unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(sV))) );
      putXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkexpr(dV));
#     undef SEL
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 70 = PSHUFLW -- rearrange lower half 4x16 from E(xmm or
      mem) to G(xmm), and copy upper half */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x70) {
      Int order;
      IRTemp sVlo, dVlo, sV, dV, s3, s2, s1, s0;
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      sV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      sVlo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      dVlo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         order = (Int)insn[3];
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pshuflw $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                    nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 
                           1/*byte after the amode*/ );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
       order = (Int)insn[2+alen];
         delta += 2+alen+1;
         DIP("pshuflw $%d,%s,%s\n", order, 
                                    dis_buf,
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }
      assign( sVlo, unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      breakup64to16s( sVlo, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );

#     define SEL(n) \
                ((n)==0 ? s0 : ((n)==1 ? s1 : ((n)==2 ? s2 : s3)))
      assign(dVlo,
           mk64from16s( SEL((order>>6)&3), SEL((order>>4)&3),
                          SEL((order>>2)&3), SEL((order>>0)&3) )
      );
      assign(dV, binop( Iop_64HLtoV128,
                        unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)),
                        mkexpr(dVlo) ) );
      putXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkexpr(dV));
#     undef SEL
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 72 /6 ib = PSLLD by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x72
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 6) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "pslld", Iop_ShlN32x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F2 = PSLLD by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF2) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "pslld", Iop_ShlN32x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 73 /7 ib = PSLLDQ by immediate */
   /* note, if mem case ever filled in, 1 byte after amode */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x73
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 7) {
      IRTemp sV, dV, hi64, lo64, hi64r, lo64r;
      Int    imm = (Int)insn[3];
      Int    reg = eregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]);
      DIP("pslldq $%d,%s\n", imm, nameXMMReg(reg));
      vassert(imm >= 0 && imm <= 255);
      delta += 4;

      sV    = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV    = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      hi64  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      lo64  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      hi64r = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      lo64r = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      if (imm >= 16) {
         putXMMReg(reg, mkV128(0x0000));
         goto decode_success;
      }

      assign( sV, getXMMReg(reg) );
      assign( hi64, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( lo64, unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(sV)) );

      if (imm == 0) {
         assign( lo64r, mkexpr(lo64) );
         assign( hi64r, mkexpr(hi64) );
      }
      else
      if (imm == 8) {
         assign( lo64r, mkU64(0) );
         assign( hi64r, mkexpr(lo64) );
      }
      else
      if (imm > 8) {
         assign( lo64r, mkU64(0) );
         assign( hi64r, binop( Iop_Shl64, 
                               mkexpr(lo64),
                               mkU8( 8*(imm-8) ) ));
      } else {
         assign( lo64r, binop( Iop_Shl64, 
                               mkexpr(lo64),
                               mkU8(8 * imm) ));
         assign( hi64r, 
                 binop( Iop_Or64,
                        binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(hi64), 
                                         mkU8(8 * imm)),
                        binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(lo64),
                                         mkU8(8 * (8 - imm)) )
                      )
               );
      }
      assign( dV, binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(hi64r), mkexpr(lo64r)) );
      putXMMReg(reg, mkexpr(dV));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 73 /6 ib = PSLLQ by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x73
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 6) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "psllq", Iop_ShlN64x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F3 = PSLLQ by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF3) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "psllq", Iop_ShlN64x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 71 /6 ib = PSLLW by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x71
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 6) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "psllw", Iop_ShlN16x8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F1 = PSLLW by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF1) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "psllw", Iop_ShlN16x8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 72 /4 ib = PSRAD by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x72
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 4) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "psrad", Iop_SarN32x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E2 = PSRAD by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE2) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "psrad", Iop_SarN32x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 71 /4 ib = PSRAW by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x71
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 4) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "psraw", Iop_SarN16x8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E1 = PSRAW by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE1) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "psraw", Iop_SarN16x8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 72 /2 ib = PSRLD by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x72
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 2) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "psrld", Iop_ShrN32x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D2 = PSRLD by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD2) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "psrld", Iop_ShrN32x4 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 73 /3 ib = PSRLDQ by immediate */
   /* note, if mem case ever filled in, 1 byte after amode */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x73
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 3) {
      IRTemp sV, dV, hi64, lo64, hi64r, lo64r;
      Int    imm = (Int)insn[3];
      Int    reg = eregOfRexRM(pfx,insn[2]);
      DIP("psrldq $%d,%s\n", imm, nameXMMReg(reg));
      vassert(imm >= 0 && imm <= 255);
      delta += 4;

      sV    = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      dV    = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      hi64  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      lo64  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      hi64r = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      lo64r = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      if (imm >= 16) {
         putXMMReg(reg, mkV128(0x0000));
         goto decode_success;
      }

      assign( sV, getXMMReg(reg) );
      assign( hi64, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( lo64, unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(sV)) );

      if (imm == 0) {
         assign( lo64r, mkexpr(lo64) );
         assign( hi64r, mkexpr(hi64) );
      }
      else
      if (imm == 8) {
         assign( hi64r, mkU64(0) );
         assign( lo64r, mkexpr(hi64) );
      }
      else 
      if (imm > 8) {
         assign( hi64r, mkU64(0) );
         assign( lo64r, binop( Iop_Shr64, 
                               mkexpr(hi64),
                               mkU8( 8*(imm-8) ) ));
      } else {
         assign( hi64r, binop( Iop_Shr64, 
                               mkexpr(hi64),
                               mkU8(8 * imm) ));
         assign( lo64r, 
                 binop( Iop_Or64,
                        binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(lo64), 
                                         mkU8(8 * imm)),
                        binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(hi64),
                                         mkU8(8 * (8 - imm)) )
                      )
               );
      }

      assign( dV, binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(hi64r), mkexpr(lo64r)) );
      putXMMReg(reg, mkexpr(dV));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 73 /2 ib = PSRLQ by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x73
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 2) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "psrlq", Iop_ShrN64x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D3 = PSRLQ by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD3) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "psrlq", Iop_ShrN64x2 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 71 /2 ib = PSRLW by immediate */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x71
       && epartIsReg(insn[2])
       && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 2) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftE_imm( pfx, delta+2, "psrlw", Iop_ShrN16x8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D1 = PSRLW by E */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD1) {
      delta = dis_SSE_shiftG_byE( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "psrlw", Iop_ShrN16x8 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F8 = PSUBB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF8) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubb", Iop_Sub8x16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F FA = PSUBD */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xFA) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubd", Iop_Sub32x4, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- this is an MMX class insn introduced in SSE2 ---*** */
   /* 0F FB = PSUBQ -- sub 64x1 */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xFB) {
      do_MMX_preamble();
      delta = dis_MMXop_regmem_to_reg ( 
                vbi, pfx, delta+2, insn[1], "psubq", False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F FB = PSUBQ */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xFB) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubq", Iop_Sub64x2, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F F9 = PSUBW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF9) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubw", Iop_Sub16x8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E8 = PSUBSB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE8) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubsb", Iop_QSub8Sx16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F E9 = PSUBSW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xE9) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubsw", Iop_QSub16Sx8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D8 = PSUBSB */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD8) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubusb", Iop_QSub8Ux16, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D9 = PSUBSW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD9) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "psubusw", Iop_QSub16Ux8, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 68 = PUNPCKHBW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x68) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpckhbw",
                                 Iop_InterleaveHI8x16, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 6A = PUNPCKHDQ */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x6A) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpckhdq",
                                 Iop_InterleaveHI32x4, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 6D = PUNPCKHQDQ */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x6D) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpckhqdq",
                                 Iop_InterleaveHI64x2, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 69 = PUNPCKHWD */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x69) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpckhwd",
                                 Iop_InterleaveHI16x8, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 60 = PUNPCKLBW */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x60) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpcklbw",
                                 Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 62 = PUNPCKLDQ */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x62) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpckldq",
                                 Iop_InterleaveLO32x4, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 6C = PUNPCKLQDQ */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x6C) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpcklqdq",
                                 Iop_InterleaveLO64x2, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 61 = PUNPCKLWD */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x61) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+2, 
                                 "punpcklwd",
                                 Iop_InterleaveLO16x8, True );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F EF = PXOR */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xEF) {
      delta = dis_SSE_E_to_G_all( vbi, pfx, delta+2, "pxor", Iop_XorV128 );
      goto decode_success;
   }

//.. //--    /* FXSAVE/FXRSTOR m32 -- load/store the FPU/MMX/SSE state. */
//.. //--    if (insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xAE 
//.. //--        && (!epartIsReg(insn[2]))
//.. //--        && (gregOfRM(insn[2]) == 1 || gregOfRM(insn[2]) == 0) ) {
//.. //--       Bool store = gregOfRM(insn[2]) == 0;
//.. //--       vg_assert(sz == 4);
//.. //--       pair = disAMode ( cb, sorb, eip+2, dis_buf );
//.. //--       t1   = LOW24(pair);
//.. //--       eip += 2+HI8(pair);
//.. //--       uInstr3(cb, store ? SSE2a_MemWr : SSE2a_MemRd, 512,
//.. //--                   Lit16, (((UShort)insn[0]) << 8) | (UShort)insn[1],
//.. //--                   Lit16, (UShort)insn[2],
//.. //--                   TempReg, t1 );
//.. //--       DIP("fx%s %s\n", store ? "save" : "rstor", dis_buf );
//.. //--       goto decode_success;
//.. //--    }

   /* 0F AE /7 = CLFLUSH -- flush cache line */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xAE
       && !epartIsReg(insn[2]) && gregLO3ofRM(insn[2]) == 7) {

      /* This is something of a hack.  We need to know the size of the
         cache line containing addr.  Since we don't (easily), assume
         256 on the basis that no real cache would have a line that
         big.  It's safe to invalidate more stuff than we need, just
         inefficient. */
      ULong lineszB = 256ULL;

      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += 2+alen;

      /* Round addr down to the start of the containing block. */
      stmt( IRStmt_Put(
               OFFB_TISTART,
               binop( Iop_And64, 
                      mkexpr(addr), 
                      mkU64( ~(lineszB-1) ))) );

      stmt( IRStmt_Put(OFFB_TILEN, mkU64(lineszB) ) );

      irsb->jumpkind = Ijk_TInval;
      irsb->next     = mkU64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta);
      dres.whatNext  = Dis_StopHere;

      DIP("clflush %s\n", dis_buf);
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- end of the SSE/SSE2 decoder.                 --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- start of the SSE3 decoder.                   --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* F3 0F 12 = MOVSLDUP -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm),
      duplicating some lanes (2:2:0:0). */
   /* F3 0F 16 = MOVSHDUP -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm),
      duplicating some lanes (3:3:1:1). */
   if (haveF3no66noF2(pfx) && sz == 4
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x12 || insn[1] == 0x16)) {
      IRTemp s3, s2, s1, s0;
      IRTemp sV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      Bool   isH = insn[1] == 0x16;
      s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = IRTemp_INVALID;

      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movs%cdup %s,%s\n", isH ? 'h' : 'l',
                                  nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movs%cdup %s,%s\n", isH ? 'h' : 'l',
           dis_buf,
             nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }

      breakup128to32s( sV, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                 isH ? mk128from32s( s3, s3, s1, s1 )
                     : mk128from32s( s2, s2, s0, s0 ) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 12 = MOVDDUP -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm),
      duplicating some lanes (0:1:0:1). */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 4 || /* ignore redundant REX.W */ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x12) {
      IRTemp sV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp d0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("movddup %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
         assign ( d0, unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( d0, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("movddup %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                 binop(Iop_64HLtoV128,mkexpr(d0),mkexpr(d0)) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F D0 = ADDSUBPS -- 32x4 +/-/+/- from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD0) {
      IRTemp a3, a2, a1, a0, s3, s2, s1, s0;
      IRTemp eV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp gV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp addV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp subV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      a3 = a2 = a1 = a0 = s3 = s2 = s1 = s0 = IRTemp_INVALID;

      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( eV, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("addsubps %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( eV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("addsubps %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }

      assign( gV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      assign( addV, binop(Iop_Add32Fx4, mkexpr(gV), mkexpr(eV)) );
      assign( subV, binop(Iop_Sub32Fx4, mkexpr(gV), mkexpr(eV)) );

      breakup128to32s( addV, &a3, &a2, &a1, &a0 );
      breakup128to32s( subV, &s3, &s2, &s1, &s0 );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mk128from32s( a3, s2, a1, s0 ));
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F D0 = ADDSUBPD -- 64x4 +/- from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xD0) {
      IRTemp eV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp gV   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp addV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp subV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp a1     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp s0     = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( eV, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("addsubpd %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( eV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("addsubpd %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }

      assign( gV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      assign( addV, binop(Iop_Add64Fx2, mkexpr(gV), mkexpr(eV)) );
      assign( subV, binop(Iop_Sub64Fx2, mkexpr(gV), mkexpr(eV)) );

      assign( a1, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(addV) ));
      assign( s0, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(subV) ));

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                 binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(a1), mkexpr(s0)) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F 7D = HSUBPS -- 32x4 sub across from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   /* F2 0F 7C = HADDPS -- 32x4 add across from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x7C || insn[1] == 0x7D)) {
      IRTemp e3, e2, e1, e0, g3, g2, g1, g0;
      IRTemp eV     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp gV     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp leftV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp rightV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      Bool   isAdd  = insn[1] == 0x7C;
      HChar* str    = isAdd ? "add" : "sub";
      e3 = e2 = e1 = e0 = g3 = g2 = g1 = g0 = IRTemp_INVALID;

      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( eV, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("h%sps %s,%s\n", str, nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( eV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("h%sps %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }

      assign( gV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      breakup128to32s( eV, &e3, &e2, &e1, &e0 );
      breakup128to32s( gV, &g3, &g2, &g1, &g0 );

      assign( leftV,  mk128from32s( e2, e0, g2, g0 ) );
      assign( rightV, mk128from32s( e3, e1, g3, g1 ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                 binop(isAdd ? Iop_Add32Fx4 : Iop_Sub32Fx4, 
                       mkexpr(leftV), mkexpr(rightV) ) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 7D = HSUBPD -- 64x2 sub across from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 7C = HADDPD -- 64x2 add across from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && (insn[1] == 0x7C || insn[1] == 0x7D)) {
      IRTemp e1     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp e0     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp g1     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp g0     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp eV     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp gV     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp leftV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp rightV = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      Bool   isAdd  = insn[1] == 0x7C;
      HChar* str    = isAdd ? "add" : "sub";

      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( eV, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("h%spd %s,%s\n", str, nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                   nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( eV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("h%spd %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                              nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }

      assign( gV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      assign( e1, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(eV) ));
      assign( e0, unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(eV) ));
      assign( g1, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(gV) ));
      assign( g0, unop(Iop_V128to64, mkexpr(gV) ));

      assign( leftV,  binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(e0),mkexpr(g0)) );
      assign( rightV, binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(e1),mkexpr(g1)) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                 binop(isAdd ? Iop_Add64Fx2 : Iop_Sub64Fx2, 
                       mkexpr(leftV), mkexpr(rightV) ) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F2 0F F0 = LDDQU -- move from E (mem or xmm) to G (xmm). */
   if (haveF2no66noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xF0) {
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         goto decode_failure;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0 );
         putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                    loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("lddqu %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                              nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 2+alen;
      }
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- end of the SSE3 decoder.                     --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- start of the SSSE3 decoder.                  --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* 0F 38 04 = PMADDUBSW -- Multiply and Add Packed Signed and
      Unsigned Bytes (MMX) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x04) {
      IRTemp sV        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dV        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sVoddsSX  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sVevensSX = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dVoddsZX  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dVevensZX = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      do_MMX_preamble();
      assign( dV, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pmaddubsw %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                  nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pmaddubsw %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                  nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      /* compute dV unsigned x sV signed */
      assign( sVoddsSX,
              binop(Iop_SarN16x4, mkexpr(sV), mkU8(8)) );
      assign( sVevensSX,
              binop(Iop_SarN16x4, 
                    binop(Iop_ShlN16x4, mkexpr(sV), mkU8(8)), 
                    mkU8(8)) );
      assign( dVoddsZX,
              binop(Iop_ShrN16x4, mkexpr(dV), mkU8(8)) );
      assign( dVevensZX,
              binop(Iop_ShrN16x4,
                    binop(Iop_ShlN16x4, mkexpr(dV), mkU8(8)),
                    mkU8(8)) );

      putMMXReg(
         gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
         binop(Iop_QAdd16Sx4,
               binop(Iop_Mul16x4, mkexpr(sVoddsSX), mkexpr(dVoddsZX)),
               binop(Iop_Mul16x4, mkexpr(sVevensSX), mkexpr(dVevensZX))
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 04 = PMADDUBSW -- Multiply and Add Packed Signed and
      Unsigned Bytes (XMM) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /*redundant REX.W*/ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x04) {
      IRTemp sV        = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV        = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sVoddsSX  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sVevensSX = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dVoddsZX  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dVevensZX = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pmaddubsw %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pmaddubsw %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      /* compute dV unsigned x sV signed */
      assign( sVoddsSX,
              binop(Iop_SarN16x8, mkexpr(sV), mkU8(8)) );
      assign( sVevensSX,
              binop(Iop_SarN16x8, 
                    binop(Iop_ShlN16x8, mkexpr(sV), mkU8(8)), 
                    mkU8(8)) );
      assign( dVoddsZX,
              binop(Iop_ShrN16x8, mkexpr(dV), mkU8(8)) );
      assign( dVevensZX,
              binop(Iop_ShrN16x8,
                    binop(Iop_ShlN16x8, mkexpr(dV), mkU8(8)),
                    mkU8(8)) );

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
         binop(Iop_QAdd16Sx8,
               binop(Iop_Mul16x8, mkexpr(sVoddsSX), mkexpr(dVoddsZX)),
               binop(Iop_Mul16x8, mkexpr(sVevensSX), mkexpr(dVevensZX))
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ***--- these are MMX class insns introduced in SSSE3 ---*** */
   /* 0F 38 03 = PHADDSW -- 16x4 signed qadd across from E (mem or
      mmx) and G to G (mmx). */
   /* 0F 38 07 = PHSUBSW -- 16x4 signed qsub across from E (mem or
      mmx) and G to G (mmx). */
   /* 0F 38 01 = PHADDW -- 16x4 add across from E (mem or mmx) and G
      to G (mmx). */
   /* 0F 38 05 = PHSUBW -- 16x4 sub across from E (mem or mmx) and G
      to G (mmx). */
   /* 0F 38 02 = PHADDD -- 32x2 add across from E (mem or mmx) and G
      to G (mmx). */
   /* 0F 38 06 = PHSUBD -- 32x2 sub across from E (mem or mmx) and G
      to G (mmx). */

   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 
       && (insn[2] == 0x03 || insn[2] == 0x07 || insn[2] == 0x01
           || insn[2] == 0x05 || insn[2] == 0x02 || insn[2] == 0x06)) {
      HChar* str    = "???";
      IROp   opV64  = Iop_INVALID;
      IROp   opCatO = Iop_CatOddLanes16x4;
      IROp   opCatE = Iop_CatEvenLanes16x4;
      IRTemp sV     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dV     = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];

      switch (insn[2]) {
         case 0x03: opV64 = Iop_QAdd16Sx4; str = "addsw"; break;
         case 0x07: opV64 = Iop_QSub16Sx4; str = "subsw"; break;
         case 0x01: opV64 = Iop_Add16x4;   str = "addw";  break;
         case 0x05: opV64 = Iop_Sub16x4;   str = "subw";  break;
         case 0x02: opV64 = Iop_Add32x2;   str = "addd";  break;
         case 0x06: opV64 = Iop_Sub32x2;   str = "subd";  break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }
      if (insn[2] == 0x02 || insn[2] == 0x06) {
         opCatO = Iop_InterleaveHI32x2;
         opCatE = Iop_InterleaveLO32x2;
      }

      do_MMX_preamble();
      assign( dV, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("ph%s %s,%s\n", str, nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                  nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("ph%s %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                                  nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      putMMXReg(
         gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
         binop(opV64,
               binop(opCatE,mkexpr(sV),mkexpr(dV)),
               binop(opCatO,mkexpr(sV),mkexpr(dV))
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 03 = PHADDSW -- 16x8 signed qadd across from E (mem or
      xmm) and G to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 38 07 = PHSUBSW -- 16x8 signed qsub across from E (mem or
      xmm) and G to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 38 01 = PHADDW -- 16x8 add across from E (mem or xmm) and
      G to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 38 05 = PHSUBW -- 16x8 sub across from E (mem or xmm) and
      G to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 38 02 = PHADDD -- 32x4 add across from E (mem or xmm) and
      G to G (xmm). */
   /* 66 0F 38 06 = PHSUBD -- 32x4 sub across from E (mem or xmm) and
      G to G (xmm). */

   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /*redundant REX.W*/ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 
       && (insn[2] == 0x03 || insn[2] == 0x07 || insn[2] == 0x01
           || insn[2] == 0x05 || insn[2] == 0x02 || insn[2] == 0x06)) {
      HChar* str    = "???";
      IROp   opV64  = Iop_INVALID;
      IROp   opCatO = Iop_CatOddLanes16x4;
      IROp   opCatE = Iop_CatEvenLanes16x4;
      IRTemp sV     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sHi    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sLo    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dHi    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dLo    = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];

      switch (insn[2]) {
         case 0x03: opV64 = Iop_QAdd16Sx4; str = "addsw"; break;
         case 0x07: opV64 = Iop_QSub16Sx4; str = "subsw"; break;
         case 0x01: opV64 = Iop_Add16x4;   str = "addw";  break;
         case 0x05: opV64 = Iop_Sub16x4;   str = "subw";  break;
         case 0x02: opV64 = Iop_Add32x2;   str = "addd";  break;
         case 0x06: opV64 = Iop_Sub32x2;   str = "subd";  break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }
      if (insn[2] == 0x02 || insn[2] == 0x06) {
         opCatO = Iop_InterleaveHI32x2;
         opCatE = Iop_InterleaveLO32x2;
      }

      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         DIP("ph%s %s,%s\n", str, nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                  nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 3+1;
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         DIP("ph%s %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                             nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
         delta += 3+alen;
      }

      assign( dHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( dLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( sHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( sLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

      /* This isn't a particularly efficient way to compute the
         result, but at least it avoids a proliferation of IROps,
         hence avoids complication all the backends. */
      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
         binop(Iop_64HLtoV128,
               binop(opV64,
                     binop(opCatE,mkexpr(sHi),mkexpr(sLo)),
                     binop(opCatO,mkexpr(sHi),mkexpr(sLo))
               ),
               binop(opV64,
                     binop(opCatE,mkexpr(dHi),mkexpr(dLo)),
                     binop(opCatO,mkexpr(dHi),mkexpr(dLo))
               )
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 38 0B = PMULHRSW -- Packed Multiply High with Round and Scale
      (MMX) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x0B) {
      IRTemp sV = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dV = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      do_MMX_preamble();
      assign( dV, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pmulhrsw %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                 nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pmulhrsw %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      putMMXReg(
         gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
         dis_PMULHRSW_helper( mkexpr(sV), mkexpr(dV) )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 0B = PMULHRSW -- Packed Multiply High with Round and
      Scale (XMM) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /*redundant REX.W*/ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x0B) {
      IRTemp sV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sHi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sLo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dHi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dLo = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pmulhrsw %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pmulhrsw %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                                 nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( dHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( dLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( sHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( sLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
         binop(Iop_64HLtoV128,
               dis_PMULHRSW_helper( mkexpr(sHi), mkexpr(dHi) ),
               dis_PMULHRSW_helper( mkexpr(sLo), mkexpr(dLo) )
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 38 08 = PSIGNB -- Packed Sign 8x8  (MMX) */
   /* 0F 38 09 = PSIGNW -- Packed Sign 16x4 (MMX) */
   /* 0F 38 09 = PSIGND -- Packed Sign 32x2 (MMX) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 
       && (insn[2] == 0x08 || insn[2] == 0x09 || insn[2] == 0x0A)) {
      IRTemp sV      = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dV      = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      HChar* str     = "???";
      Int    laneszB = 0;

      switch (insn[2]) {
         case 0x08: laneszB = 1; str = "b"; break;
         case 0x09: laneszB = 2; str = "w"; break;
         case 0x0A: laneszB = 4; str = "d"; break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      modrm = insn[3];
      do_MMX_preamble();
      assign( dV, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("psign%s %s,%s\n", str, nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                     nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("psign%s %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                                     nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      putMMXReg(
         gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
         dis_PSIGN_helper( mkexpr(sV), mkexpr(dV), laneszB )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 08 = PSIGNB -- Packed Sign 8x16 (XMM) */
   /* 66 0F 38 09 = PSIGNW -- Packed Sign 16x8 (XMM) */
   /* 66 0F 38 09 = PSIGND -- Packed Sign 32x4 (XMM) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /*redundant REX.W*/ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 
       && (insn[2] == 0x08 || insn[2] == 0x09 || insn[2] == 0x0A)) {
      IRTemp sV      = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV      = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sHi     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sLo     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dHi     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dLo     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      HChar* str     = "???";
      Int    laneszB = 0;

      switch (insn[2]) {
         case 0x08: laneszB = 1; str = "b"; break;
         case 0x09: laneszB = 2; str = "w"; break;
         case 0x0A: laneszB = 4; str = "d"; break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("psign%s %s,%s\n", str, nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                     nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("psign%s %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                                     nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( dHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( dLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( sHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( sLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
         binop(Iop_64HLtoV128,
               dis_PSIGN_helper( mkexpr(sHi), mkexpr(dHi), laneszB ),
               dis_PSIGN_helper( mkexpr(sLo), mkexpr(dLo), laneszB )
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 38 1C = PABSB -- Packed Absolute Value 8x8  (MMX) */
   /* 0F 38 1D = PABSW -- Packed Absolute Value 16x4 (MMX) */
   /* 0F 38 1E = PABSD -- Packed Absolute Value 32x2 (MMX) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 
       && (insn[2] == 0x1C || insn[2] == 0x1D || insn[2] == 0x1E)) {
      IRTemp sV      = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      HChar* str     = "???";
      Int    laneszB = 0;

      switch (insn[2]) {
         case 0x1C: laneszB = 1; str = "b"; break;
         case 0x1D: laneszB = 2; str = "w"; break;
         case 0x1E: laneszB = 4; str = "d"; break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      modrm = insn[3];
      do_MMX_preamble();

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pabs%s %s,%s\n", str, nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                    nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pabs%s %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                                    nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      putMMXReg(
         gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
         dis_PABS_helper( mkexpr(sV), laneszB )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 1C = PABSB -- Packed Absolute Value 8x16 (XMM) */
   /* 66 0F 38 1D = PABSW -- Packed Absolute Value 16x8 (XMM) */
   /* 66 0F 38 1E = PABSD -- Packed Absolute Value 32x4 (XMM) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /*redundant REX.W*/ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 
       && (insn[2] == 0x1C || insn[2] == 0x1D || insn[2] == 0x1E)) {
      IRTemp sV      = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sHi     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sLo     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      HChar* str     = "???";
      Int    laneszB = 0;

      switch (insn[2]) {
         case 0x1C: laneszB = 1; str = "b"; break;
         case 0x1D: laneszB = 2; str = "w"; break;
         case 0x1E: laneszB = 4; str = "d"; break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      modrm = insn[3];

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pabs%s %s,%s\n", str, nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pabs%s %s,%s\n", str, dis_buf,
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( sHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( sLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
         binop(Iop_64HLtoV128,
               dis_PABS_helper( mkexpr(sHi), laneszB ),
               dis_PABS_helper( mkexpr(sLo), laneszB )
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 3A 0F = PALIGNR -- Packed Align Right (MMX) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x0F) {
      IRTemp sV  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dV  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp res = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      do_MMX_preamble();
      assign( dV, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         d64 = (Long)insn[3+1];
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP("palignr $%d,%s,%s\n",  (Int)d64, 
                                     nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                                     nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         d64 = (Long)insn[3+alen];
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP("palignr $%d%s,%s\n", (Int)d64,
                                   dis_buf,
                                   nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      if (d64 == 0) {
         assign( res, mkexpr(sV) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 1 && d64 <= 7) {
         assign(res, 
                binop(Iop_Or64,
                      binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(sV), mkU8(8*d64)),
                      binop(Iop_Shl64, mkexpr(dV), mkU8(8*(8-d64))
                     )));
      }
      else if (d64 == 8) {
        assign( res, mkexpr(dV) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 9 && d64 <= 15) {
         assign( res, binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(dV), mkU8(8*(d64-8))) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 16 && d64 <= 255) {
         assign( res, mkU64(0) );
      }
      else
         vassert(0);

      putMMXReg( gregLO3ofRM(modrm), mkexpr(res) );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 3A 0F = PALIGNR -- Packed Align Right (XMM) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /*redundant REX.W*/ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x0F) {
      IRTemp sV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sHi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sLo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dHi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dLo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp rHi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp rLo = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         d64 = (Long)insn[3+1];
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP("palignr $%d,%s,%s\n", (Int)d64,
                                    nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
         gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         d64 = (Long)insn[3+alen];
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP("palignr $%d,%s,%s\n", (Int)d64,
                                    dis_buf,
                                    nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( dHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( dLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( sHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( sLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

      if (d64 == 0) {
         assign( rHi, mkexpr(sHi) );
         assign( rLo, mkexpr(sLo) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 1 && d64 <= 7) {
         assign( rHi, dis_PALIGNR_XMM_helper(dLo, sHi, d64) );
         assign( rLo, dis_PALIGNR_XMM_helper(sHi, sLo, d64) );
      }
      else if (d64 == 8) {
         assign( rHi, mkexpr(dLo) );
         assign( rLo, mkexpr(sHi) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 9 && d64 <= 15) {
         assign( rHi, dis_PALIGNR_XMM_helper(dHi, dLo, d64-8) );
         assign( rLo, dis_PALIGNR_XMM_helper(dLo, sHi, d64-8) );
      }
      else if (d64 == 16) {
         assign( rHi, mkexpr(dHi) );
         assign( rLo, mkexpr(dLo) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 17 && d64 <= 23) {
         assign( rHi, binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(dHi), mkU8(8*(d64-16))) );
         assign( rLo, dis_PALIGNR_XMM_helper(dHi, dLo, d64-16) );
      }
      else if (d64 == 24) {
         assign( rHi, mkU64(0) );
         assign( rLo, mkexpr(dHi) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 25 && d64 <= 31) {
         assign( rHi, mkU64(0) );
         assign( rLo, binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(dHi), mkU8(8*(d64-24))) );
      }
      else if (d64 >= 32 && d64 <= 255) {
         assign( rHi, mkU64(0) );
         assign( rLo, mkU64(0) );
      }
      else
         vassert(0);

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
         binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(rHi), mkexpr(rLo))
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 0F 38 00 = PSHUFB -- Packed Shuffle Bytes 8x8 (MMX) */
   if (haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 4 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x00) {
      IRTemp sV      = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dV      = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      do_MMX_preamble();
      assign( dV, getMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pshufb %s,%s\n", nameMMXReg(eregLO3ofRM(modrm)),
                               nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pshufb %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                               nameMMXReg(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)));
      }

      putMMXReg(
         gregLO3ofRM(modrm),
         binop(
            Iop_And64,
            /* permute the lanes */
            binop(
               Iop_Perm8x8,
               mkexpr(dV),
               binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(sV), mkU64(0x0707070707070707ULL))
            ),
            /* mask off lanes which have (index & 0x80) == 0x80 */
            unop(Iop_Not64, binop(Iop_SarN8x8, mkexpr(sV), mkU8(7)))
         )
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 00 = PSHUFB -- Packed Shuffle Bytes 8x16 (XMM) */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && (sz == 2 || /*redundant REX.W*/ sz == 8)
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x00) {
      IRTemp sV         = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dV         = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sHi        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sLo        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dHi        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp dLo        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp rHi        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp rLo        = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sevens     = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp mask0x80hi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp mask0x80lo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp maskBit3hi = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp maskBit3lo = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sAnd7hi    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp sAnd7lo    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp permdHi    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp permdLo    = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( dV, getXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( sV, getXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP("pshufb %s,%s\n", nameXMMReg(eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)),
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );
         assign( sV, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP("pshufb %s,%s\n", dis_buf,
                               nameXMMReg(gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm)));
      }

      assign( dHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( dLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(dV)) );
      assign( sHi, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(sV)) );
      assign( sLo, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(sV)) );

      assign( sevens, mkU64(0x0707070707070707ULL) );

      /*
      mask0x80hi = Not(SarN8x8(sHi,7))
      maskBit3hi = SarN8x8(ShlN8x8(sHi,4),7)
      sAnd7hi    = And(sHi,sevens)
      permdHi    = Or( And(Perm8x8(dHi,sAnd7hi),maskBit3hi),
                       And(Perm8x8(dLo,sAnd7hi),Not(maskBit3hi)) )
      rHi        = And(permdHi,mask0x80hi)
      */
      assign(
         mask0x80hi,
         unop(Iop_Not64, binop(Iop_SarN8x8,mkexpr(sHi),mkU8(7))));

      assign(
         maskBit3hi,
         binop(Iop_SarN8x8,
               binop(Iop_ShlN8x8,mkexpr(sHi),mkU8(4)),
               mkU8(7)));

      assign(sAnd7hi, binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(sHi),mkexpr(sevens)));

      assign(
         permdHi,
         binop(
            Iop_Or64,
            binop(Iop_And64,
                  binop(Iop_Perm8x8,mkexpr(dHi),mkexpr(sAnd7hi)),
                  mkexpr(maskBit3hi)),
            binop(Iop_And64,
                  binop(Iop_Perm8x8,mkexpr(dLo),mkexpr(sAnd7hi)),
                  unop(Iop_Not64,mkexpr(maskBit3hi))) ));

      assign(rHi, binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(permdHi),mkexpr(mask0x80hi)) );

      /* And the same for the lower half of the result.  What fun. */

      assign(
         mask0x80lo,
         unop(Iop_Not64, binop(Iop_SarN8x8,mkexpr(sLo),mkU8(7))));

      assign(
         maskBit3lo,
         binop(Iop_SarN8x8,
               binop(Iop_ShlN8x8,mkexpr(sLo),mkU8(4)),
               mkU8(7)));

      assign(sAnd7lo, binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(sLo),mkexpr(sevens)));

      assign(
         permdLo,
         binop(
            Iop_Or64,
            binop(Iop_And64,
                  binop(Iop_Perm8x8,mkexpr(dHi),mkexpr(sAnd7lo)),
                  mkexpr(maskBit3lo)),
            binop(Iop_And64,
                  binop(Iop_Perm8x8,mkexpr(dLo),mkexpr(sAnd7lo)),
                  unop(Iop_Not64,mkexpr(maskBit3lo))) ));

      assign(rLo, binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(permdLo),mkexpr(mask0x80lo)) );

      putXMMReg(
         gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm),
         binop(Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(rHi), mkexpr(rLo))
      );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- end of the SSSE3 decoder.                    --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- start of the SSE4 decoder                    --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /* 66 0F 3A 0D /r ib = BLENDPD xmm1, xmm2/m128, imm8
      Blend Packed Double Precision Floating-Point Values (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x0D ) {

      Int imm8;
      UShort imm8_mask_16;

      IRTemp dst_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp src_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp imm8_mask = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( dst_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8 = (Int)insn[4];
         assign( src_vec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "blendpd $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8,
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 
                          1/* imm8 is 1 byte after the amode */ );
         assign( src_vec, loadLE( Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         imm8 = (Int)insn[2+alen+1];
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "blendpd $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      switch( imm8 & 3 ) {
         case 0:  imm8_mask_16 = 0x0000; break;
         case 1:  imm8_mask_16 = 0x00FF; break;
         case 2:  imm8_mask_16 = 0xFF00; break;
         case 3:  imm8_mask_16 = 0xFFFF; break;
         default: vassert(0);            break;
      }
      assign( imm8_mask, mkV128( imm8_mask_16 ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_OrV128, 
                        binop( Iop_AndV128, mkexpr(src_vec), mkexpr(imm8_mask) ), 
                        binop( Iop_AndV128, mkexpr(dst_vec), 
                               unop( Iop_NotV128, mkexpr(imm8_mask) ) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0F 3A 0C /r ib = BLENDPS xmm1, xmm2/m128, imm8
      Blend Packed Single Precision Floating-Point Values (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x0C ) {

      Int imm8;
      IRTemp dst_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp src_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      modrm = insn[3];

      assign( dst_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8 = (Int)insn[3+1];
         assign( src_vec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "blendps $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8,
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );    
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 
                          1/* imm8 is 1 byte after the amode */ );
         assign( src_vec, loadLE( Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         imm8 = (Int)insn[3+alen];
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "blendpd $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      UShort imm8_perms[16] = { 0x0000, 0x000F, 0x00F0, 0x00FF, 0x0F00, 0x0F0F, 
                                0x0FF0, 0x0FFF, 0xF000, 0xF00F, 0xF0F0, 0xF0FF, 
                                0xFF00, 0xFF0F, 0xFFF0, 0xFFFF };
      IRTemp imm8_mask = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      assign( imm8_mask, mkV128( imm8_perms[ (imm8 & 15) ] ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_OrV128, 
                        binop( Iop_AndV128, mkexpr(src_vec), mkexpr(imm8_mask) ),
                        binop( Iop_AndV128, mkexpr(dst_vec),
                               unop( Iop_NotV128, mkexpr(imm8_mask) ) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0F 3A 41 /r ib = DPPD xmm1, xmm2/m128, imm8
      Dot Product of Packed Double Precision Floating-Point Values (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x41 ) {
  
      Int imm8;
      IRTemp src_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp dst_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp and_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sum_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      modrm = insn[3];

      assign( dst_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
  
      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8 = (Int)insn[4];
         assign( src_vec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "dppd $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8,
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );    
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 
                          1/* imm8 is 1 byte after the amode */ );
         assign( src_vec, loadLE( Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         imm8 = (Int)insn[2+alen+1];
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "dppd $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      UShort imm8_perms[4] = { 0x0000, 0x00FF, 0xFF00, 0xFFFF };

      assign( and_vec, binop( Iop_AndV128,
                              binop( Iop_Mul64Fx2,
                                     mkexpr(dst_vec), mkexpr(src_vec) ),
                              mkV128( imm8_perms[ ((imm8 >> 4) & 3) ] ) ) );

      assign( sum_vec, binop( Iop_Add64F0x2,
                              binop( Iop_InterleaveHI64x2,
                                     mkexpr(and_vec), mkexpr(and_vec) ),
                              binop( Iop_InterleaveLO64x2,
                                     mkexpr(and_vec), mkexpr(and_vec) ) ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM( pfx, modrm ),
                 binop( Iop_AndV128,
                        binop( Iop_InterleaveLO64x2,
                               mkexpr(sum_vec), mkexpr(sum_vec) ),
                        mkV128( imm8_perms[ (imm8 & 3) ] ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0F 3A 40 /r ib = DPPS xmm1, xmm2/m128, imm8
      Dot Product of Packed Single Precision Floating-Point Values (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2
        && insn[0] == 0x0F
        && insn[1] == 0x3A
        && insn[2] == 0x40 ) {

      Int imm8;
      IRTemp xmm1_vec     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp xmm2_vec     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp tmp_prod_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp prod_vec     = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp sum_vec      = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp v3, v2, v1, v0;
      v3 = v2 = v1 = v0   = IRTemp_INVALID;

      modrm = insn[3];

      assign( xmm1_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8 = (Int)insn[4];
         assign( xmm2_vec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "dpps $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8,
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );    
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 
                          1/* imm8 is 1 byte after the amode */ );
         assign( xmm2_vec, loadLE( Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         imm8 = (Int)insn[2+alen+1];
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "dpps $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      UShort imm8_perms[16] = { 0x0000, 0x000F, 0x00F0, 0x00FF, 0x0F00, 
                                0x0F0F, 0x0FF0, 0x0FFF, 0xF000, 0xF00F,
                                0xF0F0, 0xF0FF, 0xFF00, 0xFF0F, 0xFFF0, 0xFFFF };

      assign( tmp_prod_vec, 
              binop( Iop_AndV128, 
                     binop( Iop_Mul32Fx4, mkexpr(xmm1_vec), mkexpr(xmm2_vec) ), 
                     mkV128( imm8_perms[((imm8 >> 4)& 15)] ) ) );
      breakup128to32s( tmp_prod_vec, &v3, &v2, &v1, &v0 );
      assign( prod_vec, mk128from32s( v3, v1, v2, v0 ) );

      assign( sum_vec, binop( Iop_Add32Fx4,
                              binop( Iop_InterleaveHI32x4, 
                                     mkexpr(prod_vec), mkexpr(prod_vec) ), 
                              binop( Iop_InterleaveLO32x4, 
                                     mkexpr(prod_vec), mkexpr(prod_vec) ) ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_AndV128, 
                        binop( Iop_Add32Fx4,
                               binop( Iop_InterleaveHI32x4,
                                      mkexpr(sum_vec), mkexpr(sum_vec) ), 
                               binop( Iop_InterleaveLO32x4,
                                      mkexpr(sum_vec), mkexpr(sum_vec) ) ), 
                        mkV128( imm8_perms[ (imm8 & 15) ] ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0F 3A 21 /r ib = INSERTPS xmm1, xmm2/m32, imm8
      Insert Packed Single Precision Floating-Point Value (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x21 ) {

      Int imm8;
      Int imm8_count_s;
      Int imm8_count_d;
      Int imm8_zmask;
      IRTemp dstVec   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp srcDWord = newTemp(Ity_I32);   

      modrm = insn[3];

      assign( dstVec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         IRTemp src_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
         assign( src_vec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );

         IRTemp src_lane_0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
         IRTemp src_lane_1 = IRTemp_INVALID;
         IRTemp src_lane_2 = IRTemp_INVALID;
         IRTemp src_lane_3 = IRTemp_INVALID;
         breakup128to32s( src_vec, 
                          &src_lane_3, &src_lane_2, &src_lane_1, &src_lane_0 );

         imm8 = (Int)insn[4];
         imm8_count_s = ((imm8 >> 6) & 3);
         switch( imm8_count_s ) {
           case 0:  assign( srcDWord, mkexpr(src_lane_0) ); break;
           case 1:  assign( srcDWord, mkexpr(src_lane_1) ); break;
           case 2:  assign( srcDWord, mkexpr(src_lane_2) ); break;
           case 3:  assign( srcDWord, mkexpr(src_lane_3) ); break;
           default: vassert(0);                             break;
         }

         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "insertps $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8,
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 
                          1/* const imm8 is 1 byte after the amode */ );
         assign( srcDWord, loadLE( Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         imm8 = (Int)insn[2+alen+1];
         imm8_count_s = 0;
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "insertps $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      IRTemp dst_lane_0 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp dst_lane_1 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp dst_lane_2 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      IRTemp dst_lane_3 = IRTemp_INVALID;
      breakup128to32s( dstVec,
                       &dst_lane_3, &dst_lane_2, &dst_lane_1, &dst_lane_0 );

      imm8_count_d = ((imm8 >> 4) & 3);
      switch( imm8_count_d ) {
         case 0:  dst_lane_0 = srcDWord; break;
         case 1:  dst_lane_1 = srcDWord; break;
         case 2:  dst_lane_2 = srcDWord; break;
         case 3:  dst_lane_3 = srcDWord; break;
         default: vassert(0);            break;
      }

      imm8_zmask = (imm8 & 15);
      IRTemp zero_32 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      assign( zero_32, mkU32(0) );

      IRExpr* ire_vec_128 = mk128from32s( 
                               ((imm8_zmask & 8) == 8) ? zero_32 : dst_lane_3, 
                               ((imm8_zmask & 4) == 4) ? zero_32 : dst_lane_2, 
                               ((imm8_zmask & 2) == 2) ? zero_32 : dst_lane_1, 
                               ((imm8_zmask & 1) == 1) ? zero_32 : dst_lane_0 );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), ire_vec_128 );
 
      goto decode_success;
   }


  /* 66 0F 3A 14 /r ib = PEXTRB r/m16, xmm, imm8
     Extract Byte from xmm, store in mem or zero-extend + store in gen.reg. (XMM) */
  if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
       && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x14 ) {

     Int imm8;
     IRTemp xmm_vec  = newTemp(Ity_V128);
     IRTemp sel_lane = newTemp(Ity_I32);
     IRTemp shr_lane = newTemp(Ity_I32);

     modrm = insn[3];
     assign( xmm_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );
     breakup128to32s( xmm_vec, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );

     if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
        imm8 = (Int)insn[3+1];
     } else {
        addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
        imm8 = (Int)insn[3+alen];
     }
     switch( (imm8 >> 2) & 3 ) {
        case 0:  assign( sel_lane, mkexpr(t0) ); break;
        case 1:  assign( sel_lane, mkexpr(t1) ); break;
        case 2:  assign( sel_lane, mkexpr(t2) ); break;
        case 3:  assign( sel_lane, mkexpr(t3) ); break;
        default: vassert(0);
     }
     assign( shr_lane, 
             binop( Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(sel_lane), mkU8(((imm8 & 3)*8)) ) );

     if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
        putIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), 
                   unop( Iop_32Uto64, 
                         binop(Iop_And32, mkexpr(shr_lane), mkU32(255)) ) );

        delta += 3+1+1;
        DIP( "pextrb $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8, 
             nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ), 
             nameIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
     } else {
        storeLE( mkexpr(addr), unop(Iop_32to8, mkexpr(shr_lane) ) );
        delta += 3+alen+1;
        DIP( "$%d, pextrb %s,%s\n", 
             imm8, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ), dis_buf );
     }

     goto decode_success;
  }


   /* 66 0F 3A 16 /r ib = PEXTRD reg/mem32, xmm2, imm8
      Extract Doubleword int from xmm reg and store in gen.reg or mem. (XMM) 
      Note that this insn has the same opcodes as PEXTRQ, but 
      here the REX.W bit is _not_ present */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2  /* REX.W is _not_ present */
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x16 ) {

      Int imm8_10;
      IRTemp xmm_vec   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp src_dword = newTemp(Ity_I32);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( xmm_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );
      breakup128to32s( xmm_vec, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8_10 = (Int)(insn[3+1] & 3);
      } else { 
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
         imm8_10 = (Int)(insn[3+alen] & 3);
      }

      switch ( imm8_10 ) {
         case 0:  assign( src_dword, mkexpr(t0) ); break;
         case 1:  assign( src_dword, mkexpr(t1) ); break;
         case 2:  assign( src_dword, mkexpr(t2) ); break;
         case 3:  assign( src_dword, mkexpr(t3) ); break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         putIReg32( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkexpr(src_dword) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "pextrd $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8_10,
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameIReg32( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(src_dword) );
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "pextrd $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8_10, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ), dis_buf );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 REX.W 0F 3A 16 /r ib = PEXTRQ reg/mem64, xmm2, imm8
      Extract Quadword int from xmm reg and store in gen.reg or mem. (XMM) 
      Note that this insn has the same opcodes as PEXTRD, but 
      here the REX.W bit is present */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 8  /* REX.W is present */
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x16 ) {

      Int imm8_0;
      IRTemp xmm_vec   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp src_qword = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( xmm_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8_0 = (Int)(insn[3+1] & 1);
      } else {
         addr   = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
         imm8_0 = (Int)(insn[3+alen] & 1);
      }
      switch ( imm8_0 ) {
         case 0:  assign( src_qword, unop(Iop_V128to64,   mkexpr(xmm_vec)) ); break;
         case 1:  assign( src_qword, unop(Iop_V128HIto64, mkexpr(xmm_vec)) ); break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         putIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), mkexpr(src_qword) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "pextrq $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8_0,
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(src_qword) );
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "pextrq $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8_0, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ), dis_buf );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0F 3A 15 /r ib = PEXTRW r/m16, xmm, imm8
      Extract Word from xmm, store in mem or zero-extend + store in gen.reg. (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x15 ) {

      Int imm8_20;
      IRTemp xmm_vec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp src_word = newTemp(Ity_I16);

      modrm = insn[3];
      assign( xmm_vec, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );
      breakup128to32s( xmm_vec, &t3, &t2, &t1, &t0 );

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8_20 = (Int)(insn[3+1] & 7);
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
         imm8_20 = (Int)(insn[3+alen] & 7);
      }

      switch ( imm8_20 ) {
         case 0:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t0)) ); break;
         case 1:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t0)) ); break;
         case 2:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t1)) ); break;
         case 3:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t1)) ); break;
         case 4:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t2)) ); break;
         case 5:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t2)) ); break;
         case 6:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32to16,   mkexpr(t3)) ); break;
         case 7:  assign( src_word, unop(Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(t3)) ); break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         putIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm), unop(Iop_16Uto64, mkexpr(src_word)) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "pextrw $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8_20, 
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(src_word) );
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "pextrw $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8_20, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ), dis_buf );
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 REX.W 0F 3A 22 /r ib = PINSRQ xmm1, r/m64, imm8
      Extract Quadword int from gen.reg/mem64 and insert into xmm1 */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 8  /* REX.W is present */
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x22 ) {

      Int imm8_0;
      IRTemp src_elems = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp src_vec   = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      modrm = insn[3];

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8_0 = (Int)(insn[3+1] & 1);
         assign( src_elems, getIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "pinsrq $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8_0,
              nameIReg64( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
         imm8_0 = (Int)(insn[3+alen] & 1);
         assign( src_elems, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "pinsrq $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8_0, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      UShort mask = 0;
      if ( imm8_0 == 0 ) { 
         mask = 0xFF00; 
         assign( src_vec,  binop( Iop_64HLtoV128, mkU64(0), mkexpr(src_elems) ) );
      } else {
         mask = 0x00FF;
         assign( src_vec, binop( Iop_64HLtoV128, mkexpr(src_elems), mkU64(0) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_OrV128, mkexpr(src_vec),
                        binop( Iop_AndV128, 
                               getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
                               mkV128(mask) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 no-REX.W 0F 3A 22 /r ib = PINSRD xmm1, r/m32, imm8
      Extract Doubleword int from gen.reg/mem32 and insert into xmm1 */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 /* REX.W is NOT present */
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A && insn[2] == 0x22 ) {

      Int imm8_10;
      IRTemp src_elems = newTemp(Ity_I32);
      IRTemp src_vec   = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp z32       = newTemp(Ity_I32);

      modrm = insn[3];

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         imm8_10 = (Int)(insn[3+1] & 3);
         assign( src_elems, getIReg32( eregOfRexRM(pfx,modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "pinsrd $%d, %s,%s\n", imm8_10,
              nameIReg32( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 1 );
         imm8_10 = (Int)(insn[3+alen] & 3);
         assign( src_elems, loadLE( Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "pinsrd $%d, %s,%s\n", 
              imm8_10, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      assign(z32, mkU32(0));

      UShort mask = 0;
      switch (imm8_10) {
         case 3:  mask = 0x0FFF;
                  assign(src_vec, mk128from32s(src_elems, z32, z32, z32));
                  break;
         case 2:  mask = 0xF0FF;
                  assign(src_vec, mk128from32s(z32, src_elems, z32, z32));
                  break;
         case 1:  mask = 0xFF0F;
                  assign(src_vec, mk128from32s(z32, z32, src_elems, z32));
                  break;
         case 0:  mask = 0xFFF0;
                  assign(src_vec, mk128from32s(z32, z32, z32, src_elems));
                  break;
         default: vassert(0);
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_OrV128, mkexpr(src_vec),
                        binop( Iop_AndV128, 
                               getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
                               mkV128(mask) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 37 = PCMPGTQ
      64x2 comparison (signed, presumably; the Intel docs don't say :-)
   */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x37) {
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G( vbi, pfx, delta+3, 
                                 "pcmpgtq", Iop_CmpGT64Sx2, False );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 3D /r = PMAXSD xmm1, xmm2/m128
      Maximum of Packed Signed Double Word Integers (XMM) 
      66 0F 38 39 /r = PMINSD xmm1, xmm2/m128
      Minimum of Packed Signed Double Word Integers (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38
        && (insn[2] == 0x3D || insn[2] == 0x39)) {
      Bool isMAX = insn[2] == 0x3D;
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G(
                 vbi, pfx, delta+3, 
                 isMAX ? "pmaxsd" : "pminsd",
                 isMAX ? Iop_Max32Sx4 : Iop_Min32Sx4,
                 False
              );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 3F /r = PMAXUD xmm1, xmm2/m128
      Maximum of Packed Unsigned Doubleword Integers (XMM)
      66 0F 38 3B /r = PMINUD xmm1, xmm2/m128
      Minimum of Packed Unsigned Doubleword Integers (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38
        && (insn[2] == 0x3F || insn[2] == 0x3B)) {
      Bool isMAX = insn[2] == 0x3F;
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G(
                 vbi, pfx, delta+3, 
                 isMAX ? "pmaxud" : "pminud",
                 isMAX ? Iop_Max32Ux4 : Iop_Min32Ux4,
                 False
              );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 3E /r = PMAXUW xmm1, xmm2/m128
      Maximum of Packed Unsigned Word Integers (XMM)
      66 0F 38 3A /r = PMINUW xmm1, xmm2/m128
      Minimum of Packed Unsigned Word Integers (XMM)
   */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38
        && (insn[2] == 0x3E || insn[2] == 0x3A)) {
      Bool isMAX = insn[2] == 0x3E;
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G(
                 vbi, pfx, delta+3, 
                 isMAX ? "pmaxuw" : "pminuw",
                 isMAX ? Iop_Max16Ux8 : Iop_Min16Ux8,
                 False
              );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 38 3C /r = PMAXSB xmm1, xmm2/m128
      8Sx16 (signed) max
      66 0F 38 38 /r = PMINSB xmm1, xmm2/m128
      8Sx16 (signed) min
   */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38
        && (insn[2] == 0x3C || insn[2] == 0x38)) {
      Bool isMAX = insn[2] == 0x3C;
      delta = dis_SSEint_E_to_G(
                 vbi, pfx, delta+3, 
                 isMAX ? "pmaxsb" : "pminsb",
                 isMAX ? Iop_Max8Sx16 : Iop_Min8Sx16,
                 False
              );
      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0f 38 20 /r = PMOVSXBW xmm1, xmm2/m64 
      Packed Move with Sign Extend from Byte to Word (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x20 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovsxbw %s,%s\n",
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else { 
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_64UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovsxbw %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }
     
      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_SarN16x8, 
                        binop( Iop_ShlN16x8, 
                               binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16,
                                      IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ),
                                      mkexpr(srcVec) ),
                               mkU8(8) ),
                        mkU8(8) ) );
     
      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 21 /r = PMOVSXBD xmm1, xmm2/m32 
      Packed Move with Sign Extend from Byte to DWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x21 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovsxbd %s,%s\n",
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) )  );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_32UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovsxbd %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      IRTemp zeroVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      assign( zeroVec, IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_SarN32x4, 
                        binop( Iop_ShlN32x4, 
                               binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, 
                                      mkexpr(zeroVec), 
                                      binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, 
                                             mkexpr(zeroVec), 
                                             mkexpr(srcVec) ) ), 
                               mkU8(24) ), mkU8(24) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 22 /r = PMOVSXBQ xmm1, xmm2/m16
      Packed Move with Sign Extend from Byte to QWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x22 ) {
     
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcBytes = newTemp(Ity_I16);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcBytes, getXMMRegLane16( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 0 ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovsxbq %s,%s\n",
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcBytes, loadLE( Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovsxbq %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM( pfx, modrm ),
                 binop( Iop_64HLtoV128,
                        unop( Iop_8Sto64,
                              unop( Iop_16HIto8,
                                    mkexpr(srcBytes) ) ),
                        unop( Iop_8Sto64,
                              unop( Iop_16to8, mkexpr(srcBytes) ) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 23 /r = PMOVSXWD xmm1, xmm2/m64 
      Packed Move with Sign Extend from Word to DWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x23 ) {

      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovsxwd %s,%s\n", 
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_64UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovsxwd %s,%s\n", 
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_SarN32x4, 
                        binop( Iop_ShlN32x4, 
                               binop( Iop_InterleaveLO16x8, 
                                      IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ), 
                                      mkexpr(srcVec) ), 
                               mkU8(16) ), 
                        mkU8(16) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 24 /r = PMOVSXWQ xmm1, xmm2/m32
      Packed Move with Sign Extend from Word to QWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x24 ) {

      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcBytes = newTemp(Ity_I32);

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         assign( srcBytes, getXMMRegLane32( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 0 ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovsxwq %s,%s\n", 
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ), 
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcBytes, loadLE( Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovsxwq %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM( pfx, modrm ), 
                 binop( Iop_64HLtoV128, 
                        unop( Iop_16Sto64, 
                              unop( Iop_32HIto16, mkexpr(srcBytes) ) ), 
                        unop( Iop_16Sto64, 
                              unop( Iop_32to16, mkexpr(srcBytes) ) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 25 /r = PMOVSXDQ xmm1, xmm2/m64
      Packed Move with Sign Extend from Double Word to Quad Word (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx )
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x25 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcBytes = newTemp(Ity_I64);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcBytes, getXMMRegLane64( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 0 ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovsxdq %s,%s\n", 
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcBytes, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovsxdq %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_64HLtoV128, 
                        unop( Iop_32Sto64, 
                              unop( Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(srcBytes) ) ), 
                        unop( Iop_32Sto64, 
                              unop( Iop_64to32, mkexpr(srcBytes) ) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 30 /r = PMOVZXBW xmm1, xmm2/m64 
      Packed Move with Zero Extend from Byte to Word (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x30 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovzxbw %s,%s\n",
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_64UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovzxbw %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, 
                        IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ), mkexpr(srcVec) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 31 /r = PMOVZXBD xmm1, xmm2/m32 
      Packed Move with Zero Extend from Byte to DWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x31 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovzxbd %s,%s\n",
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_32UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovzxbd %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      IRTemp zeroVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      assign( zeroVec, IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM( pfx, modrm ), 
                 binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16,
                        mkexpr(zeroVec),
                        binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, 
                               mkexpr(zeroVec), mkexpr(srcVec) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 32 /r = PMOVZXBQ xmm1, xmm2/m16
      Packed Move with Zero Extend from Byte to QWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x32 ) {

      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovzxbq %s,%s\n",
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_32UtoV128, 
                       unop( Iop_16Uto32, loadLE( Ity_I16, mkexpr(addr) ) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovzxbq %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      IRTemp zeroVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      assign( zeroVec, IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM( pfx, modrm ), 
                 binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, 
                        mkexpr(zeroVec), 
                        binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, 
                               mkexpr(zeroVec), 
                               binop( Iop_InterleaveLO8x16, 
                                      mkexpr(zeroVec), mkexpr(srcVec) ) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 33 /r = PMOVZXWD xmm1, xmm2/m64 
      Packed Move with Zero Extend from Word to DWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x33 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovzxwd %s,%s\n", 
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_64UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovzxwd %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_InterleaveLO16x8,  
                        IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ),
                        mkexpr(srcVec) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 34 /r = PMOVZXWQ xmm1, xmm2/m32
      Packed Move with Zero Extend from Word to QWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x34 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg( modrm ) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovzxwq %s,%s\n", 
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_32UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovzxwq %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      IRTemp zeroVec = newTemp( Ity_V128 );
      assign( zeroVec, IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ) );

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM( pfx, modrm ),
                 binop( Iop_InterleaveLO16x8, 
                        mkexpr(zeroVec), 
                        binop( Iop_InterleaveLO16x8, 
                               mkexpr(zeroVec), mkexpr(srcVec) ) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 35 /r = PMOVZXDQ xmm1, xmm2/m64
      Packed Move with Zero Extend from DWord to QWord (XMM) */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x35 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp srcVec = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( srcVec, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmovzxdq %s,%s\n", 
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( srcVec, 
                 unop( Iop_64UtoV128, loadLE( Ity_I64, mkexpr(addr) ) ) );
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmovzxdq %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_InterleaveLO32x4, 
                        IRExpr_Const( IRConst_V128(0) ), 
                        mkexpr(srcVec) ) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0f 38 40 /r = PMULLD xmm1, xmm2/m128
      32x4 integer multiply from xmm2/m128 to xmm1 */
   if ( have66noF2noF3( pfx ) 
        && sz == 2 
        && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x38 && insn[2] == 0x40 ) {
  
      modrm = insn[3];

      IRTemp argL = newTemp(Ity_V128);
      IRTemp argR = newTemp(Ity_V128);

      if ( epartIsReg(modrm) ) {
         assign( argL, getXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
         delta += 3+1;
         DIP( "pmulld %s,%s\n",
              nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
              nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( argL, loadLE( Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr) ));
         delta += 3+alen;
         DIP( "pmulld %s,%s\n",
              dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      assign(argR, getXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ));

      putXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 
                 binop( Iop_Mul32x4, mkexpr(argL), mkexpr(argR)) );

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* F3 0F B8  = POPCNT{W,L,Q}
      Count the number of 1 bits in a register
    */
   if (haveF3noF2(pfx) /* so both 66 and 48 are possibilities */
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xB8) {
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      /*IRType*/ ty  = szToITy(sz);
      IRTemp     src = newTemp(ty);
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign(src, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("popcnt%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm),
             nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0);
         assign(src, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("popcnt%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf,
             nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm));
      }

      IRTemp result = gen_POPCOUNT(ty, src);
      putIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(result));

      // Update flags.  This is pretty lame .. perhaps can do better
      // if this turns out to be performance critical.
      // O S A C P are cleared.  Z is set if SRC == 0.
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1,
            binop(Iop_Shl64,
                  unop(Iop_1Uto64,
                       binop(Iop_CmpEQ64,
                             widenUto64(mkexpr(src)),
                             mkU64(0))),
                  mkU8(AMD64G_CC_SHIFT_Z))));

      goto decode_success;
   }


   /* 66 0F 3A 0B /r ib = ROUNDSD imm8, xmm2/m64, xmm1
      (Partial implementation only -- only deal with cases where
      the rounding mode is specified directly by the immediate byte.)
      66 0F 3A 0A /r ib = ROUNDSS imm8, xmm2/m32, xmm1
      (Limitations ditto)
   */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A
       && (insn[2] == 0x0B || insn[2] == 0x0A)) {

      Bool   isD = insn[2] == 0x0B;
      IRTemp src = newTemp(isD ? Ity_F64 : Ity_F32);
      IRTemp res = newTemp(isD ? Ity_F64 : Ity_F32);
      Int    imm = 0;

      modrm = insn[3];

      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign( src, 
                 isD ? getXMMRegLane64F( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 0 )
                     : getXMMRegLane32F( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 0 ) );
         imm = insn[3+1];
         if (imm & ~3) goto decode_failure;
         delta += 3+1+1;
         DIP( "rounds%c $%d,%s,%s\n",
              isD ? 'd' : 's',
              imm, nameXMMReg( eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ),
                   nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( src, loadLE( isD ? Ity_F64 : Ity_F32, mkexpr(addr) ));
         imm = insn[3+alen];
         if (imm & ~3) goto decode_failure;
         delta += 3+alen+1;
         DIP( "roundsd $%d,%s,%s\n",
              imm, dis_buf, nameXMMReg( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm) ) );
      }

      /* (imm & 3) contains an Intel-encoded rounding mode.  Because
         that encoding is the same as the encoding for IRRoundingMode,
         we can use that value directly in the IR as a rounding
         mode. */
      assign(res, binop(isD ? Iop_RoundF64toInt : Iop_RoundF32toInt,
                  mkU32(imm & 3), mkexpr(src)) );

      if (isD)
         putXMMRegLane64F( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 0, mkexpr(res) );
      else
         putXMMRegLane32F( gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm), 0, mkexpr(res) );

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* F3 0F BD -- LZCNT (count leading zeroes.  An AMD extension,
      which we can only decode if we're sure this is an AMD cpu that
      supports LZCNT, since otherwise it's BSR, which behaves
      differently. */
   if (haveF3noF2(pfx) /* so both 66 and 48 are possibilities */
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0xBD
       && 0 != (archinfo->hwcaps & VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_LZCNT)) {
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      /*IRType*/ ty  = szToITy(sz);
      IRTemp     src = newTemp(ty);
      modrm = insn[2];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign(src, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
         delta += 2+1;
         DIP("lzcnt%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm),
             nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+2, dis_buf, 0);
         assign(src, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)));
         delta += 2+alen;
         DIP("lzcnt%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf,
             nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm));
      }

      IRTemp res = gen_LZCNT(ty, src);
      putIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(res));

      // Update flags.  This is pretty lame .. perhaps can do better
      // if this turns out to be performance critical.
      // O S A P are cleared.  Z is set if RESULT == 0.
      // C is set if SRC is zero.
      IRTemp src64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRTemp res64 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(src64, widenUto64(mkexpr(src)));
      assign(res64, widenUto64(mkexpr(res)));

      IRTemp oszacp = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(
         oszacp,
         binop(Iop_Or64,
               binop(Iop_Shl64,
                     unop(Iop_1Uto64,
                          binop(Iop_CmpEQ64, mkexpr(res64), mkU64(0))),
                     mkU8(AMD64G_CC_SHIFT_Z)),
               binop(Iop_Shl64,
                     unop(Iop_1Uto64,
                          binop(Iop_CmpEQ64, mkexpr(src64), mkU64(0))),
                     mkU8(AMD64G_CC_SHIFT_C))
         )
      );

      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, mkexpr(oszacp) ));

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* 66 0F 3A 63 /r ib = PCMPISTRI imm8, xmm2/m128, xmm1
      (selected special cases that actually occur in glibc,
       not by any means a complete implementation.)
   */
   if (have66noF2noF3(pfx) 
       && sz == 2 
       && insn[0] == 0x0F && insn[1] == 0x3A
       && insn[2] == 0x63) {

      UInt  regNoL = 0;
      UInt  regNoR = 0;
      UChar imm    = 0;

      /* This is a nasty kludge.  We need to pass 2 x V128 to the
         helper (which is clean).  Since we can't do that, use a dirty
         helper to compute the results directly from the XMM regs in
         the guest state.  That means for the memory case, we need to
         move the left operand into a pseudo-register (XMM16, let's
         call it). */
      modrm = insn[3];
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         regNoL = eregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm);
         regNoR = gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm);
         imm = insn[3+1];
         delta += 3+1+1;
      } else {
         regNoL = 16; /* use XMM16 as an intermediary */
         regNoR = gregOfRexRM(pfx, modrm);
         addr = disAMode( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta+3, dis_buf, 0 );
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_XMM16, loadLE(Ity_V128, mkexpr(addr)) ));
         imm = insn[3+alen];
         delta += 3+alen+1;
      }

      /* Now we know the XMM reg numbers for the operands, and the
         immediate byte.  Is it one we can actually handle? */
      void*  fn = NULL;
      HChar* nm = NULL;
      switch (imm) {
         case 0x08: fn = &amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_08;
                    nm = "amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_08"; break;
         case 0x0C: fn = &amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_0C;
                    nm = "amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_0C"; break;
         case 0x3A: fn = &amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_3A;
                    nm = "amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_3A"; break;
         case 0x4A: fn = &amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_4A;
                    nm = "amd64g_dirtyhelper_ISTRI_4A"; break;
         default:   goto decode_failure;
      }
      vassert(fn); vassert(nm);

      UInt gstOffL = regNoL == 16 ? OFFB_XMM16 : xmmGuestRegOffset(regNoL);
      UInt gstOffR = xmmGuestRegOffset(regNoR);

      IRTemp resT = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      IRDirty* d
         = unsafeIRDirty_1_N( resT, 0/*regparms*/,
                              nm, fn,
                              mkIRExprVec_2( mkIRExpr_HWord(gstOffL),
                                             mkIRExpr_HWord(gstOffR)) );
      /* It's not really a dirty call, but we can't use the clean
         helper mechanism here for the very lame reason that we can't
         pass 2 x V128s by value to a helper.  Hence this roundabout
         scheme. */
      d->needsBBP = True;
      d->nFxState = 2;
      d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[0].offset = gstOffL;
      d->fxState[0].size   = sizeof(U128);
      d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Read;
      d->fxState[1].offset = gstOffR;
      d->fxState[1].size   = sizeof(U128);
      stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );

      /* Now resT[15:0] holds what the Intel docs call IntRes2, and
         resT[31:16] holds the new OSZACP values.  We must park the
         resultin ECX and update the condition codes. */
      putIReg64(R_RCX, binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(resT), mkU64(0xFFFF)));

      stmt( IRStmt_Put(
               OFFB_CC_DEP1,
               binop(Iop_And64, binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(resT), mkU8(16)),
                                mkU64(0xFFFF))
      ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));

      if (regNoL == 16) {
         DIP("pcmpistri $%x,%s,%s\n",
             (UInt)imm, dis_buf, nameXMMReg(regNoR));
      } else {
         DIP("pcmpistri $%x,%s,%s\n",
             (UInt)imm, nameXMMReg(regNoL), nameXMMReg(regNoR));
      }

      goto decode_success;
   }

   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */
   /* --- end of the SSE4 decoder                      --- */
   /* ---------------------------------------------------- */

   /*after_sse_decoders:*/

   /* Get the primary opcode. */
   opc = getUChar(delta); delta++;

   /* We get here if the current insn isn't SSE, or this CPU doesn't
      support SSE. */

   switch (opc) {

   /* ------------------------ Control flow --------------- */

   case 0xC2: /* RET imm16 */
      if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      d64 = getUDisp16(delta); 
      delta += 2;
      dis_ret(vbi, d64);
      dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      DIP("ret %lld\n", d64);
      break;

   case 0xC3: /* RET */
      if (have66orF2(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      /* F3 is acceptable on AMD. */
      dis_ret(vbi, 0);
      dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      DIP(haveF3(pfx) ? "rep ; ret\n" : "ret\n");
      break;
      
   case 0xE8: /* CALL J4 */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      d64 = getSDisp32(delta); delta += 4;
      d64 += (guest_RIP_bbstart+delta); 
      /* (guest_RIP_bbstart+delta) == return-to addr, d64 == call-to addr */
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64); 
      assign(t1, binop(Iop_Sub64, getIReg64(R_RSP), mkU64(8)));
      putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t1));
      storeLE( mkexpr(t1), mkU64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta));
      t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(t2, mkU64((Addr64)d64));
      make_redzone_AbiHint(vbi, t1, t2/*nia*/, "call-d32");
      if (resteerOkFn( callback_opaque, (Addr64)d64) ) {
         /* follow into the call target. */
         dres.whatNext   = Dis_ResteerU;
         dres.continueAt = d64;
      } else {
         jmp_lit(Ijk_Call,d64);
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      }
      DIP("call 0x%llx\n",d64);
      break;

//.. //--    case 0xC8: /* ENTER */ 
//.. //--       d32 = getUDisp16(eip); eip += 2;
//.. //--       abyte = getUChar(delta); delta++;
//.. //-- 
//.. //--       vg_assert(sz == 4);           
//.. //--       vg_assert(abyte == 0);
//.. //-- 
//.. //--       t1 = newTemp(cb); t2 = newTemp(cb);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, GET,   sz, ArchReg, R_EBP, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, GET,    4, ArchReg, R_ESP, TempReg, t2);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, SUB,    4, Literal, 0,     TempReg, t2);
//.. //--       uLiteral(cb, sz);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, PUT,    4, TempReg, t2,    ArchReg, R_ESP);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, STORE,  4, TempReg, t1,    TempReg, t2);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, PUT,    4, TempReg, t2,    ArchReg, R_EBP);
//.. //--       if (d32) {
//.. //--          uInstr2(cb, SUB,    4, Literal, 0,     TempReg, t2);
//.. //--          uLiteral(cb, d32);
//.. //--          uInstr2(cb, PUT,    4, TempReg, t2,    ArchReg, R_ESP);
//.. //--       }
//.. //--       DIP("enter 0x%x, 0x%x", d32, abyte);
//.. //--       break;

   case 0xC9: /* LEAVE */
      /* In 64-bit mode this defaults to a 64-bit operand size.  There
         is no way to encode a 32-bit variant.  Hence sz==4 but we do
         it as if sz=8. */
      if (sz != 4) 
         goto decode_failure;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64); 
      t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(t1, getIReg64(R_RBP));
      /* First PUT RSP looks redundant, but need it because RSP must
         always be up-to-date for Memcheck to work... */
      putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t1));
      assign(t2, loadLE(Ity_I64,mkexpr(t1)));
      putIReg64(R_RBP, mkexpr(t2));
      putIReg64(R_RSP, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(t1), mkU64(8)) );
      DIP("leave\n");
      break;

//.. //--    /* ---------------- Misc weird-ass insns --------------- */
//.. //-- 
//.. //--    case 0x27: /* DAA */
//.. //--    case 0x2F: /* DAS */
//.. //--       t1 = newTemp(cb);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, GET, 1, ArchReg, R_AL, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       /* Widen %AL to 32 bits, so it's all defined when we push it. */
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, WIDEN, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uWiden(cb, 1, False);
//.. //--       uInstr0(cb, CALLM_S, 0);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, PUSH, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, CALLM, 0, Lit16, 
//.. //--                   opc == 0x27 ? VGOFF_(helper_DAA) : VGOFF_(helper_DAS) );
//.. //--       uFlagsRWU(cb, FlagsAC, FlagsSZACP, FlagO);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, POP, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uInstr0(cb, CALLM_E, 0);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, PUT, 1, TempReg, t1, ArchReg, R_AL);
//.. //--       DIP(opc == 0x27 ? "daa\n" : "das\n");
//.. //--       break;
//.. //-- 
//.. //--    case 0x37: /* AAA */
//.. //--    case 0x3F: /* AAS */
//.. //--       t1 = newTemp(cb);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, GET, 2, ArchReg, R_EAX, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       /* Widen %AL to 32 bits, so it's all defined when we push it. */
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, WIDEN, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uWiden(cb, 2, False);
//.. //--       uInstr0(cb, CALLM_S, 0);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, PUSH, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, CALLM, 0, Lit16, 
//.. //--                   opc == 0x37 ? VGOFF_(helper_AAA) : VGOFF_(helper_AAS) );
//.. //--       uFlagsRWU(cb, FlagA, FlagsAC, FlagsEmpty);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, POP, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uInstr0(cb, CALLM_E, 0);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, PUT, 2, TempReg, t1, ArchReg, R_EAX);
//.. //--       DIP(opc == 0x37 ? "aaa\n" : "aas\n");
//.. //--       break;
//.. //-- 
//.. //--    case 0xD4: /* AAM */
//.. //--    case 0xD5: /* AAD */
//.. //--       d32 = getUChar(delta); delta++;
//.. //--       if (d32 != 10) VG_(core_panic)("disInstr: AAM/AAD but base not 10 !");
//.. //--       t1 = newTemp(cb);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, GET, 2, ArchReg, R_EAX, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       /* Widen %AX to 32 bits, so it's all defined when we push it. */
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, WIDEN, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uWiden(cb, 2, False);
//.. //--       uInstr0(cb, CALLM_S, 0);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, PUSH, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, CALLM, 0, Lit16, 
//.. //--                   opc == 0xD4 ? VGOFF_(helper_AAM) : VGOFF_(helper_AAD) );
//.. //--       uFlagsRWU(cb, FlagsEmpty, FlagsSZP, FlagsEmpty);
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, POP, 4, TempReg, t1);
//.. //--       uInstr0(cb, CALLM_E, 0);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, PUT, 2, TempReg, t1, ArchReg, R_EAX);
//.. //--       DIP(opc == 0xD4 ? "aam\n" : "aad\n");
//.. //--       break;

   /* ------------------------ CWD/CDQ -------------------- */

   case 0x98: /* CBW */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      if (sz == 8) {
         putIRegRAX( 8, unop(Iop_32Sto64, getIRegRAX(4)) );
         DIP(/*"cdqe\n"*/"cltq");
         break;
      }
      if (sz == 4) {
         putIRegRAX( 4, unop(Iop_16Sto32, getIRegRAX(2)) );
         DIP("cwtl\n");
         break;
      }
      if (sz == 2) {
         putIRegRAX( 2, unop(Iop_8Sto16, getIRegRAX(1)) );
         DIP("cbw\n");
         break;
      }
      goto decode_failure;

   case 0x99: /* CWD/CDQ/CQO */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      ty = szToITy(sz);
      putIRegRDX( sz, 
                  binop(mkSizedOp(ty,Iop_Sar8), 
                        getIRegRAX(sz),
                        mkU8(sz == 2 ? 15 : (sz == 4 ? 31 : 63))) );
      DIP(sz == 2 ? "cwd\n" 
                  : (sz == 4 ? /*"cdq\n"*/ "cltd\n" 
                             : "cqo\n"));
      break;

   /* ------------------------ FPU ops -------------------- */

   case 0x9E: /* SAHF */
      codegen_SAHF();
      DIP("sahf\n");
      break;

   case 0x9F: /* LAHF */
      codegen_LAHF();
      DIP("lahf\n");
      break;

   case 0x9B: /* FWAIT */
      /* ignore? */
      DIP("fwait\n");
      break;

   case 0xD8:
   case 0xD9:
   case 0xDA:
   case 0xDB:
   case 0xDC:
   case 0xDD:
   case 0xDE:
   case 0xDF: {
      Bool redundantREXWok = False;

      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) 
         goto decode_failure;

      /* kludge to tolerate redundant rex.w prefixes (should do this
         properly one day) */
      /* mono 1.1.18.1 produces 48 D9 FA, which is rex.w fsqrt */
      if ( (opc == 0xD9 && getUChar(delta+0) == 0xFA)/*fsqrt*/ )
         redundantREXWok = True;

      if ( (sz == 4
           || (sz == 8 && redundantREXWok))
           && haveNo66noF2noF3(pfx)) {
         Long delta0    = delta;
         Bool decode_OK = False;
         delta = dis_FPU ( &decode_OK, vbi, pfx, delta );
         if (!decode_OK) {
            delta = delta0;
            goto decode_failure;
         }
         break;
      } else {
         goto decode_failure;
      }
   }

   /* ------------------------ INT ------------------------ */

   case 0xCC: /* INT 3 */
      jmp_lit(Ijk_SigTRAP, guest_RIP_bbstart + delta);
      dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      DIP("int $0x3\n");
      break;

   case 0xCD: { /* INT imm8 */
      IRJumpKind jk = Ijk_Boring;
      if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      d64 = getUChar(delta); delta++;
      switch (d64) {
         case 32: jk = Ijk_Sys_int32; break;
         default: goto decode_failure;
      }
      guest_RIP_next_mustcheck = True;
      guest_RIP_next_assumed = guest_RIP_bbstart + delta;
      jmp_lit(jk, guest_RIP_next_assumed);
      /* It's important that all ArchRegs carry their up-to-date value
         at this point.  So we declare an end-of-block here, which
         forces any TempRegs caching ArchRegs to be flushed. */
      dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      DIP("int $0x%02x\n", (UInt)d64);
      break;
   }

   /* ------------------------ Jcond, byte offset --------- */

   case 0xEB: /* Jb (jump, byte offset) */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      if (sz != 4) 
         goto decode_failure; /* JRS added 2004 July 11 */
      d64 = (guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+1) + getSDisp8(delta); 
      delta++;
      if (resteerOkFn(callback_opaque,d64)) {
         dres.whatNext   = Dis_ResteerU;
         dres.continueAt = d64;
      } else {
         jmp_lit(Ijk_Boring,d64);
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      }
      DIP("jmp-8 0x%llx\n", d64);
      break;

   case 0xE9: /* Jv (jump, 16/32 offset) */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      if (sz != 4) 
         goto decode_failure; /* JRS added 2004 July 11 */
      d64 = (guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+sz) + getSDisp(sz,delta); 
      delta += sz;
      if (resteerOkFn(callback_opaque,d64)) {
         dres.whatNext   = Dis_ResteerU;
         dres.continueAt = d64;
      } else {
         jmp_lit(Ijk_Boring,d64);
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      }
      DIP("jmp 0x%llx\n", d64);
      break;

   case 0x70:
   case 0x71:
   case 0x72: /* JBb/JNAEb (jump below) */
   case 0x73: /* JNBb/JAEb (jump not below) */
   case 0x74: /* JZb/JEb (jump zero) */
   case 0x75: /* JNZb/JNEb (jump not zero) */
   case 0x76: /* JBEb/JNAb (jump below or equal) */
   case 0x77: /* JNBEb/JAb (jump not below or equal) */
   case 0x78: /* JSb (jump negative) */
   case 0x79: /* JSb (jump not negative) */
   case 0x7A: /* JP (jump parity even) */
   case 0x7B: /* JNP/JPO (jump parity odd) */
   case 0x7C: /* JLb/JNGEb (jump less) */
   case 0x7D: /* JGEb/JNLb (jump greater or equal) */
   case 0x7E: /* JLEb/JNGb (jump less or equal) */
   case 0x7F: /* JGb/JNLEb (jump greater) */
    { Long   jmpDelta;
      HChar* comment  = "";
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      jmpDelta = getSDisp8(delta);
      vassert(-128 <= jmpDelta && jmpDelta < 128);
      d64 = (guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+1) + jmpDelta;
      delta++;
      if (resteerCisOk
          && vex_control.guest_chase_cond
          && (Addr64)d64 != (Addr64)guest_RIP_bbstart
          && jmpDelta < 0
          && resteerOkFn( callback_opaque, d64) ) {
         /* Speculation: assume this backward branch is taken.  So we
            need to emit a side-exit to the insn following this one,
            on the negation of the condition, and continue at the
            branch target address (d64).  If we wind up back at the
            first instruction of the trace, just stop; it's better to
            let the IR loop unroller handle that case. */
         stmt( IRStmt_Exit( 
                  mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(
                     (AMD64Condcode)(1 ^ (opc - 0x70))),
                  Ijk_Boring,
                  IRConst_U64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta) ) );
         dres.whatNext   = Dis_ResteerC;
         dres.continueAt = d64;
         comment = "(assumed taken)";
      }
      else
      if (resteerCisOk
          && vex_control.guest_chase_cond
          && (Addr64)d64 != (Addr64)guest_RIP_bbstart
          && jmpDelta >= 0
          && resteerOkFn( callback_opaque, guest_RIP_bbstart+delta ) ) {
         /* Speculation: assume this forward branch is not taken.  So
            we need to emit a side-exit to d64 (the dest) and continue
            disassembling at the insn immediately following this
            one. */
         stmt( IRStmt_Exit( 
                  mk_amd64g_calculate_condition((AMD64Condcode)(opc - 0x70)),
                  Ijk_Boring,
                  IRConst_U64(d64) ) );
         dres.whatNext   = Dis_ResteerC;
         dres.continueAt = guest_RIP_bbstart+delta;
         comment = "(assumed not taken)";
      }
      else {
         /* Conservative default translation - end the block at this
            point. */
         jcc_01( (AMD64Condcode)(opc - 0x70), 
                 guest_RIP_bbstart+delta,
                 d64 );
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
      }
      DIP("j%s-8 0x%llx %s\n", name_AMD64Condcode(opc - 0x70), d64, comment);
      break;
    }

   case 0xE3: 
      /* JRCXZ or JECXZ, depending address size override. */
      if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      d64 = (guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+1) + getSDisp8(delta); 
      delta++;
      if (haveASO(pfx)) {
         /* 32-bit */
         stmt( IRStmt_Exit( binop(Iop_CmpEQ64, 
                            unop(Iop_32Uto64, getIReg32(R_RCX)), 
                            mkU64(0)),
               Ijk_Boring,
               IRConst_U64(d64)) 
             );
         DIP("jecxz 0x%llx\n", d64);
      } else {
         /* 64-bit */
         stmt( IRStmt_Exit( binop(Iop_CmpEQ64, 
                                  getIReg64(R_RCX), 
                                  mkU64(0)),
               Ijk_Boring,
               IRConst_U64(d64)) 
             );
         DIP("jrcxz 0x%llx\n", d64);
      }
      break;

   case 0xE0: /* LOOPNE disp8: decrement count, jump if count != 0 && ZF==0 */
   case 0xE1: /* LOOPE  disp8: decrement count, jump if count != 0 && ZF==1 */
   case 0xE2: /* LOOP   disp8: decrement count, jump if count != 0 */
    { /* The docs say this uses rCX as a count depending on the
         address size override, not the operand one.  Since we don't
         handle address size overrides, I guess that means RCX. */
      IRExpr* zbit  = NULL;
      IRExpr* count = NULL;
      IRExpr* cond  = NULL;
      HChar*  xtra  = NULL;

      if (have66orF2orF3(pfx) || haveASO(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      d64 = guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+1 + getSDisp8(delta);
      delta++;
      putIReg64(R_RCX, binop(Iop_Sub64, getIReg64(R_RCX), mkU64(1)));

      count = getIReg64(R_RCX);
      cond = binop(Iop_CmpNE64, count, mkU64(0));
      switch (opc) {
         case 0xE2: 
            xtra = ""; 
            break;
         case 0xE1: 
            xtra = "e"; 
            zbit = mk_amd64g_calculate_condition( AMD64CondZ );
      cond = mkAnd1(cond, zbit);
            break;
         case 0xE0: 
            xtra = "ne";
            zbit = mk_amd64g_calculate_condition( AMD64CondNZ );
      cond = mkAnd1(cond, zbit);
            break;
         default:
          vassert(0);
      }
      stmt( IRStmt_Exit(cond, Ijk_Boring, IRConst_U64(d64)) );

      DIP("loop%s 0x%llx\n", xtra, d64);
      break;
    }

   /* ------------------------ IMUL ----------------------- */

   case 0x69: /* IMUL Iv, Ev, Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_imul_I_E_G ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, sz );
      break;
   case 0x6B: /* IMUL Ib, Ev, Gv */
      delta = dis_imul_I_E_G ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, 1 );
      break;

   /* ------------------------ MOV ------------------------ */

   case 0x88: /* MOV Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_mov_G_E(vbi, pfx, 1, delta);
      break;

   case 0x89: /* MOV Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_mov_G_E(vbi, pfx, sz, delta);
      break;

   case 0x8A: /* MOV Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_mov_E_G(vbi, pfx, 1, delta);
      break;
 
   case 0x8B: /* MOV Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_mov_E_G(vbi, pfx, sz, delta);
      break;
 
   case 0x8D: /* LEA M,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      if (sz != 4 && sz != 8)
         goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) 
         goto decode_failure;
      /* NOTE!  this is the one place where a segment override prefix
         has no effect on the address calculation.  Therefore we clear
         any segment override bits in pfx. */
      addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, clearSegBits(pfx), delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      delta += alen;
      /* This is a hack.  But it isn't clear that really doing the
         calculation at 32 bits is really worth it.  Hence for leal,
         do the full 64-bit calculation and then truncate it. */
      putIRegG( sz, pfx, modrm, 
                         sz == 4
                            ? unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(addr))
                            : mkexpr(addr)
              );
      DIP("lea%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf, 
                            nameIRegG(sz,pfx,modrm));
      break;

//..    case 0x8C: /* MOV Sw,Ew -- MOV from a SEGMENT REGISTER */
//..       delta = dis_mov_Sw_Ew(sorb, sz, delta);
//..       break;
//.. 
//..    case 0x8E: /* MOV Ew,Sw -- MOV to a SEGMENT REGISTER */
//..       delta = dis_mov_Ew_Sw(sorb, delta);
//..       break;
 
   case 0xA0: /* MOV Ob,AL */
      if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      sz = 1;
      /* Fall through ... */
   case 0xA1: /* MOV Ov,eAX */
      if (sz != 8 && sz != 4 && sz != 2 && sz != 1) 
         goto decode_failure;
      d64 = getDisp64(delta); 
      delta += 8;
      ty = szToITy(sz);
      addr = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( addr, handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, mkU64(d64)) );
      putIRegRAX(sz, loadLE( ty, mkexpr(addr) ));
      DIP("mov%c %s0x%llx, %s\n", nameISize(sz), 
                                  segRegTxt(pfx), d64,
                                  nameIRegRAX(sz));
      break;

   case 0xA2: /* MOV AL,Ob */
      if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      sz = 1;
      /* Fall through ... */
   case 0xA3: /* MOV eAX,Ov */
      if (sz != 8 && sz != 4 && sz != 2 && sz != 1) 
         goto decode_failure;
      d64 = getDisp64(delta); 
      delta += 8;
      ty = szToITy(sz);
      addr = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( addr, handleAddrOverrides(vbi, pfx, mkU64(d64)) );
      storeLE( mkexpr(addr), getIRegRAX(sz) );
      DIP("mov%c %s, %s0x%llx\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRAX(sz),
                                  segRegTxt(pfx), d64);
      break;

   /* XXXX be careful here with moves to AH/BH/CH/DH */
   case 0xB0: /* MOV imm,AL */
   case 0xB1: /* MOV imm,CL */
   case 0xB2: /* MOV imm,DL */
   case 0xB3: /* MOV imm,BL */
   case 0xB4: /* MOV imm,AH */
   case 0xB5: /* MOV imm,CH */
   case 0xB6: /* MOV imm,DH */
   case 0xB7: /* MOV imm,BH */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      d64 = getUChar(delta); 
      delta += 1;
      putIRegRexB(1, pfx, opc-0xB0, mkU8(d64));
      DIP("movb $%lld,%s\n", d64, nameIRegRexB(1,pfx,opc-0xB0));
      break;

   case 0xB8: /* MOV imm,eAX */
   case 0xB9: /* MOV imm,eCX */
   case 0xBA: /* MOV imm,eDX */
   case 0xBB: /* MOV imm,eBX */
   case 0xBC: /* MOV imm,eSP */
   case 0xBD: /* MOV imm,eBP */
   case 0xBE: /* MOV imm,eSI */
   case 0xBF: /* MOV imm,eDI */
      /* This is the one-and-only place where 64-bit literals are
         allowed in the instruction stream. */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      if (sz == 8) {
         d64 = getDisp64(delta);
         delta += 8;
         putIRegRexB(8, pfx, opc-0xB8, mkU64(d64));
         DIP("movabsq $%lld,%s\n", (Long)d64, 
                                   nameIRegRexB(8,pfx,opc-0xB8));
      } else {
         d64 = getSDisp(imin(4,sz),delta);
         delta += imin(4,sz);
         putIRegRexB(sz, pfx, opc-0xB8, 
                         mkU(szToITy(sz), d64 & mkSizeMask(sz)));
         DIP("mov%c $%lld,%s\n", nameISize(sz), 
                                 (Long)d64, 
                                 nameIRegRexB(sz,pfx,opc-0xB8));
      }
      break;

   case 0xC6: /* MOV Ib,Eb */
      sz = 1;
      goto do_Mov_I_E;
   case 0xC7: /* MOV Iv,Ev */
      goto do_Mov_I_E;

   do_Mov_I_E:
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         delta++; /* mod/rm byte */
         d64 = getSDisp(imin(4,sz),delta); 
         delta += imin(4,sz);
         putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, 
                      mkU(szToITy(sz), d64 & mkSizeMask(sz)));
         DIP("mov%c $%lld, %s\n", nameISize(sz), 
                                  (Long)d64, 
                                  nameIRegE(sz,pfx,modrm));
      } else {
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 
                           /*xtra*/imin(4,sz) );
         delta += alen;
         d64 = getSDisp(imin(4,sz),delta);
         delta += imin(4,sz);
         storeLE(mkexpr(addr), 
                 mkU(szToITy(sz), d64 & mkSizeMask(sz)));
         DIP("mov%c $%lld, %s\n", nameISize(sz), (Long)d64, dis_buf);
      }
      break;

   /* ------------------------ MOVx ------------------------ */

   case 0x63: /* MOVSX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      if (haveREX(pfx) && 1==getRexW(pfx)) {
         vassert(sz == 8);
         /* movsx r/m32 to r64 */
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            delta++;
            putIRegG(8, pfx, modrm, 
                             unop(Iop_32Sto64, 
                                  getIRegE(4, pfx, modrm)));
            DIP("movslq %s,%s\n",
                nameIRegE(4, pfx, modrm),
                nameIRegG(8, pfx, modrm));
            break;
         } else {
            addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
            delta += alen;
            putIRegG(8, pfx, modrm, 
                             unop(Iop_32Sto64, 
                                  loadLE(Ity_I32, mkexpr(addr))));
            DIP("movslq %s,%s\n", dis_buf, 
                nameIRegG(8, pfx, modrm));
            break;
         }
      } else {
         goto decode_failure;
      }

   /* ------------------------ opl imm, A ----------------- */

   case 0x04: /* ADD Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, False, Iop_Add8, True, delta, "add" );
      break;
   case 0x05: /* ADD Iv, eAX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A(sz, False, Iop_Add8, True, delta, "add" );
      break;

   case 0x0C: /* OR Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, False, Iop_Or8, True, delta, "or" );
      break;
   case 0x0D: /* OR Iv, eAX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, False, Iop_Or8, True, delta, "or" );
      break;

   case 0x14: /* ADC Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, True, Iop_Add8, True, delta, "adc" );
      break;
//.. //--    case 0x15: /* ADC Iv, eAX */
//.. //--       delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, ADC, True, delta, "adc" );
//.. //--       break;

   case 0x1C: /* SBB Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, True, Iop_Sub8, True, delta, "sbb" );
      break;
//.. //--    case 0x1D: /* SBB Iv, eAX */
//.. //--       delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, SBB, True, delta, "sbb" );
//.. //--       break;
//.. //-- 
   case 0x24: /* AND Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, False, Iop_And8, True, delta, "and" );
      break;
   case 0x25: /* AND Iv, eAX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, False, Iop_And8, True, delta, "and" );
      break;

   case 0x2C: /* SUB Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A(1, False, Iop_Sub8, True, delta, "sub" );
      break;
   case 0x2D: /* SUB Iv, eAX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, False, Iop_Sub8, True, delta, "sub" );
      break;

   case 0x34: /* XOR Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, False, Iop_Xor8, True, delta, "xor" );
      break;
   case 0x35: /* XOR Iv, eAX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, False, Iop_Xor8, True, delta, "xor" );
      break;

   case 0x3C: /* CMP Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, False, Iop_Sub8, False, delta, "cmp" );
      break;
   case 0x3D: /* CMP Iv, eAX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, False, Iop_Sub8, False, delta, "cmp" );
      break;

   case 0xA8: /* TEST Ib, AL */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( 1, False, Iop_And8, False, delta, "test" );
      break;
   case 0xA9: /* TEST Iv, eAX */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op_imm_A( sz, False, Iop_And8, False, delta, "test" );
      break;

   /* ------------------------ opl Ev, Gv ----------------- */
 
   case 0x02: /* ADD Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Add8, True, 1, delta, "add" );
      break;
   case 0x03: /* ADD Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Add8, True, sz, delta, "add" );
      break;

   case 0x0A: /* OR Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Or8, True, 1, delta, "or" );
      break;
   case 0x0B: /* OR Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Or8, True, sz, delta, "or" );
      break;

   case 0x12: /* ADC Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Add8, True, 1, delta, "adc" );
      break;
   case 0x13: /* ADC Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Add8, True, sz, delta, "adc" );
      break;

   case 0x1A: /* SBB Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Sub8, True, 1, delta, "sbb" );
      break;
   case 0x1B: /* SBB Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Sub8, True, sz, delta, "sbb" );
      break;

   case 0x22: /* AND Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_And8, True, 1, delta, "and" );
      break;
   case 0x23: /* AND Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_And8, True, sz, delta, "and" );
      break;

   case 0x2A: /* SUB Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, True, 1, delta, "sub" );
      break;
   case 0x2B: /* SUB Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, True, sz, delta, "sub" );
      break;

   case 0x32: /* XOR Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Xor8, True, 1, delta, "xor" );
      break;
   case 0x33: /* XOR Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Xor8, True, sz, delta, "xor" );
      break;

   case 0x3A: /* CMP Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, False, 1, delta, "cmp" );
      break;
   case 0x3B: /* CMP Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, False, sz, delta, "cmp" );
      break;

   case 0x84: /* TEST Eb,Gb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_And8, False, 1, delta, "test" );
      break;
   case 0x85: /* TEST Ev,Gv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_E_G ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_And8, False, sz, delta, "test" );
      break;

   /* ------------------------ opl Gv, Ev ----------------- */

   case 0x00: /* ADD Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Add8, True, 1, delta, "add" );
      break;
   case 0x01: /* ADD Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Add8, True, sz, delta, "add" );
      break;

   case 0x08: /* OR Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Or8, True, 1, delta, "or" );
      break;
   case 0x09: /* OR Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Or8, True, sz, delta, "or" );
      break;

   case 0x10: /* ADC Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Add8, True, 1, delta, "adc" );
      break;
   case 0x11: /* ADC Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Add8, True, sz, delta, "adc" );
      break;

   case 0x18: /* SBB Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Sub8, True, 1, delta, "sbb" );
      break;
   case 0x19: /* SBB Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, True, Iop_Sub8, True, sz, delta, "sbb" );
      break;

   case 0x20: /* AND Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_And8, True, 1, delta, "and" );
      break;
   case 0x21: /* AND Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_And8, True, sz, delta, "and" );
      break;

   case 0x28: /* SUB Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, True, 1, delta, "sub" );
      break;
   case 0x29: /* SUB Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, True, sz, delta, "sub" );
      break;

   case 0x30: /* XOR Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Xor8, True, 1, delta, "xor" );
      break;
   case 0x31: /* XOR Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Xor8, True, sz, delta, "xor" );
      break;

   case 0x38: /* CMP Gb,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, False, 1, delta, "cmp" );
      break;
   case 0x39: /* CMP Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_op2_G_E ( vbi, pfx, False, Iop_Sub8, False, sz, delta, "cmp" );
      break;

   /* ------------------------ POP ------------------------ */

   case 0x58: /* POP eAX */
   case 0x59: /* POP eCX */
   case 0x5A: /* POP eDX */
   case 0x5B: /* POP eBX */
   case 0x5D: /* POP eBP */
   case 0x5E: /* POP eSI */
   case 0x5F: /* POP eDI */
   case 0x5C: /* POP eSP */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      if (sz == 4)
         sz = 8; /* there is no encoding for 32-bit pop in 64-bit mode */
      t1 = newTemp(szToITy(sz)); 
      t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(t2, getIReg64(R_RSP));
      assign(t1, loadLE(szToITy(sz),mkexpr(t2)));
      putIReg64(R_RSP, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(t2), mkU64(sz)));
      putIRegRexB(sz, pfx, opc-0x58, mkexpr(t1));
      DIP("pop%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRexB(sz,pfx,opc-0x58));
      break;

   case 0x9D: /* POPF */
      /* Note.  There is no encoding for a 32-bit popf in 64-bit mode.
         So sz==4 actually means sz==8. */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4);
      if (sz == 4) sz = 8;
      if (sz != 8) goto decode_failure; // until we know a sz==2 test case exists
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64); t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(t2, getIReg64(R_RSP));
      assign(t1, widenUto64(loadLE(szToITy(sz),mkexpr(t2))));
      putIReg64(R_RSP, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(t2), mkU64(sz)));
      /* t1 is the flag word.  Mask out everything except OSZACP and 
         set the flags thunk to AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY. */
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, 
                        binop(Iop_And64,
                              mkexpr(t1), 
                              mkU64( AMD64G_CC_MASK_C | AMD64G_CC_MASK_P 
                                     | AMD64G_CC_MASK_A | AMD64G_CC_MASK_Z 
                                     | AMD64G_CC_MASK_S| AMD64G_CC_MASK_O )
                             )
                       )
          );

      /* Also need to set the D flag, which is held in bit 10 of t1.
         If zero, put 1 in OFFB_DFLAG, else -1 in OFFB_DFLAG. */
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
               OFFB_DFLAG,
               IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                  unop(Iop_32to8,
                  unop(Iop_64to32,
                       binop(Iop_And64, 
                             binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(10)), 
                             mkU64(1)))),
                  mkU64(1), 
                  mkU64(0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFULL))) 
          );

      /* And set the ID flag */
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( 
               OFFB_IDFLAG,
               IRExpr_Mux0X( 
                  unop(Iop_32to8,
                  unop(Iop_64to32,
                       binop(Iop_And64, 
                             binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(21)), 
                             mkU64(1)))),
                  mkU64(0), 
                  mkU64(1))) 
          );

      DIP("popf%c\n", nameISize(sz));
      break;

//..    case 0x61: /* POPA */
//..       /* This is almost certainly wrong for sz==2.  So ... */
//..       if (sz != 4) goto decode_failure;
//.. 
//..       /* t5 is the old %ESP value. */
//..       t5 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
//..       assign( t5, getIReg(4, R_ESP) );
//.. 
//..       /* Reload all the registers, except %esp. */
//..       putIReg(4,R_EAX, loadLE(Ity_I32, binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(28)) ));
//..       putIReg(4,R_ECX, loadLE(Ity_I32, binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(24)) ));
//..       putIReg(4,R_EDX, loadLE(Ity_I32, binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(20)) ));
//..       putIReg(4,R_EBX, loadLE(Ity_I32, binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(16)) ));
//..       /* ignore saved %ESP */
//..       putIReg(4,R_EBP, loadLE(Ity_I32, binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32( 8)) ));
//..       putIReg(4,R_ESI, loadLE(Ity_I32, binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32( 4)) ));
//..       putIReg(4,R_EDI, loadLE(Ity_I32, binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32( 0)) ));
//.. 
//..       /* and move %ESP back up */
//..       putIReg( 4, R_ESP, binop(Iop_Add32, mkexpr(t5), mkU32(8*4)) );
//.. 
//..       DIP("pusha%c\n", nameISize(sz));
//..       break;

   case 0x8F: { /* POPQ m64 / POPW m16 */
      Int   len;
      UChar rm;
      /* There is no encoding for 32-bit pop in 64-bit mode.
         So sz==4 actually means sz==8. */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4);
      if (sz == 4) sz = 8;
      if (sz != 8) goto decode_failure; // until we know a sz==2 test case exists

      rm = getUChar(delta);

      /* make sure this instruction is correct POP */
      if (epartIsReg(rm) || gregLO3ofRM(rm) != 0)
         goto decode_failure;
      /* and has correct size */
      vassert(sz == 8);      
       
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t1, getIReg64(R_RSP) );
      assign( t3, loadLE(Ity_I64, mkexpr(t1)) );
       
      /* Increase RSP; must be done before the STORE.  Intel manual
         says: If the RSP register is used as a base register for
         addressing a destination operand in memory, the POP
         instruction computes the effective address of the operand
         after it increments the RSP register.  */
      putIReg64(R_RSP, binop(Iop_Add64, mkexpr(t1), mkU64(sz)) );

      addr = disAMode ( &len, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
      storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t3) );

      DIP("popl %s\n", dis_buf);

      delta += len;
      break;
   }

//.. //--    case 0x1F: /* POP %DS */
//.. //--       dis_pop_segreg( cb, R_DS, sz ); break;
//.. //--    case 0x07: /* POP %ES */
//.. //--       dis_pop_segreg( cb, R_ES, sz ); break;
//.. //--    case 0x17: /* POP %SS */
//.. //--       dis_pop_segreg( cb, R_SS, sz ); break;

   /* ------------------------ PUSH ----------------------- */

   case 0x50: /* PUSH eAX */
   case 0x51: /* PUSH eCX */
   case 0x52: /* PUSH eDX */
   case 0x53: /* PUSH eBX */
   case 0x55: /* PUSH eBP */
   case 0x56: /* PUSH eSI */
   case 0x57: /* PUSH eDI */
   case 0x54: /* PUSH eSP */
      /* This is the Right Way, in that the value to be pushed is
         established before %rsp is changed, so that pushq %rsp
         correctly pushes the old value. */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      if (sz == 4)
         sz = 8; /* there is no encoding for 32-bit push in 64-bit mode */
      ty = sz==2 ? Ity_I16 : Ity_I64;
      t1 = newTemp(ty); 
      t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(t1, getIRegRexB(sz, pfx, opc-0x50));
      assign(t2, binop(Iop_Sub64, getIReg64(R_RSP), mkU64(sz)));
      putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t2) );
      storeLE(mkexpr(t2),mkexpr(t1));
      DIP("push%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRexB(sz,pfx,opc-0x50));
      break;

   case 0x68: /* PUSH Iv */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      /* Note, sz==4 is not possible in 64-bit mode.  Hence ... */
      if (sz == 4) sz = 8;
      d64 = getSDisp(imin(4,sz),delta); 
      delta += imin(4,sz);
      goto do_push_I;
   case 0x6A: /* PUSH Ib, sign-extended to sz */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      /* Note, sz==4 is not possible in 64-bit mode.  Hence ... */
      if (sz == 4) sz = 8;
      d64 = getSDisp8(delta); delta += 1;
      goto do_push_I;
   do_push_I:
      ty = szToITy(sz);
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      t2 = newTemp(ty);
      assign( t1, binop(Iop_Sub64,getIReg64(R_RSP),mkU64(sz)) );
      putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t1) );
      /* stop mkU16 asserting if d32 is a negative 16-bit number
         (bug #132813) */
      if (ty == Ity_I16)
         d64 &= 0xFFFF;
      storeLE( mkexpr(t1), mkU(ty,d64) );
      DIP("push%c $%lld\n", nameISize(sz), (Long)d64);
      break;

   case 0x9C: /* PUSHF */ {
      /* Note.  There is no encoding for a 32-bit pushf in 64-bit
         mode.  So sz==4 actually means sz==8. */
      /* 24 July 06: has also been seen with a redundant REX prefix,
         so must also allow sz==8. */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 2 || sz == 4 || sz == 8);
      if (sz == 4) sz = 8;
      if (sz != 8) goto decode_failure; // until we know a sz==2 test case exists

      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t1, binop(Iop_Sub64,getIReg64(R_RSP),mkU64(sz)) );
      putIReg64(R_RSP, mkexpr(t1) );

      t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t2, mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all() );

      /* Patch in the D flag.  This can simply be a copy of bit 10 of
         baseBlock[OFFB_DFLAG]. */
      t3 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t3, binop(Iop_Or64,
                        mkexpr(t2),
                        binop(Iop_And64,
                              IRExpr_Get(OFFB_DFLAG,Ity_I64),
                              mkU64(1<<10))) 
            );

      /* And patch in the ID flag. */
      t4 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t4, binop(Iop_Or64,
                        mkexpr(t3),
                        binop(Iop_And64,
                              binop(Iop_Shl64, IRExpr_Get(OFFB_IDFLAG,Ity_I64), 
                                               mkU8(21)),
                              mkU64(1<<21)))
            );

      /* if sz==2, the stored value needs to be narrowed. */
      if (sz == 2)
        storeLE( mkexpr(t1), unop(Iop_32to16,
                             unop(Iop_64to32,mkexpr(t4))) );
      else 
        storeLE( mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(t4) );

      DIP("pushf%c\n", nameISize(sz));
      break;
   }

//..    case 0x60: /* PUSHA */
//..       /* This is almost certainly wrong for sz==2.  So ... */
//..       if (sz != 4) goto decode_failure;
//.. 
//..       /* This is the Right Way, in that the value to be pushed is
//..          established before %esp is changed, so that pusha
//..          correctly pushes the old %esp value.  New value of %esp is
//..          pushed at start. */
//..       /* t0 is the %ESP value we're going to push. */
//..       t0 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
//..       assign( t0, getIReg(4, R_ESP) );
//.. 
//..       /* t5 will be the new %ESP value. */
//..       t5 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
//..       assign( t5, binop(Iop_Sub32, mkexpr(t0), mkU32(8*4)) );
//.. 
//..       /* Update guest state before prodding memory. */
//..       putIReg(4, R_ESP, mkexpr(t5));
//.. 
//..       /* Dump all the registers. */
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(28)), getIReg(4,R_EAX) );
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(24)), getIReg(4,R_ECX) );
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(20)), getIReg(4,R_EDX) );
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(16)), getIReg(4,R_EBX) );
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32(12)), mkexpr(t0) /*esp*/);
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32( 8)), getIReg(4,R_EBP) );
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32( 4)), getIReg(4,R_ESI) );
//..       storeLE( binop(Iop_Add32,mkexpr(t5),mkU32( 0)), getIReg(4,R_EDI) );
//.. 
//..       DIP("pusha%c\n", nameISize(sz));
//..       break;
//.. 
//.. 
//.. //--    case 0x0E: /* PUSH %CS */
//.. //--       dis_push_segreg( cb, R_CS, sz ); break;
//.. //--    case 0x1E: /* PUSH %DS */
//.. //--       dis_push_segreg( cb, R_DS, sz ); break;
//.. //--    case 0x06: /* PUSH %ES */
//.. //--       dis_push_segreg( cb, R_ES, sz ); break;
//.. //--    case 0x16: /* PUSH %SS */
//.. //--       dis_push_segreg( cb, R_SS, sz ); break;
//.. 
//..    /* ------------------------ SCAS et al ----------------- */
//.. 
//..    case 0xA4: /* MOVS, no REP prefix */
//..    case 0xA5: 
//..       dis_string_op( dis_MOVS, ( opc == 0xA4 ? 1 : sz ), "movs", sorb );
//..       break;
//.. 
//..   case 0xA6: /* CMPSb, no REP prefix */
//.. //--    case 0xA7:
//..      dis_string_op( dis_CMPS, ( opc == 0xA6 ? 1 : sz ), "cmps", sorb );
//..      break;
//.. //-- 
//.. //--    
    case 0xAC: /* LODS, no REP prefix */
    case 0xAD:
       dis_string_op( dis_LODS, ( opc == 0xAC ? 1 : sz ), "lods", pfx );
       break;
//.. 
//..    case 0xAE: /* SCAS, no REP prefix */
//..    case 0xAF:
//..       dis_string_op( dis_SCAS, ( opc == 0xAE ? 1 : sz ), "scas", sorb );
//..       break;


   case 0xFC: /* CLD */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_DFLAG, mkU64(1)) );
      DIP("cld\n");
      break;

   case 0xFD: /* STD */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_DFLAG, mkU64(-1ULL)) );
      DIP("std\n");
      break;

   case 0xF8: /* CLC */
   case 0xF9: /* STC */
   case 0xF5: /* CMC */
      t0 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t0, mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all() );
      switch (opc) {
         case 0xF8: 
            assign( t1, binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(t0), 
                                         mkU64(~AMD64G_CC_MASK_C)));
            DIP("clc\n");
            break;
         case 0xF9: 
            assign( t1, binop(Iop_Or64, mkexpr(t0), 
                                        mkU64(AMD64G_CC_MASK_C)));
            DIP("stc\n");
            break;
         case 0xF5: 
            assign( t1, binop(Iop_Xor64, mkexpr(t0), 
                                         mkU64(AMD64G_CC_MASK_C)));
            DIP("cmc\n");
            break;
         default: 
            vpanic("disInstr(x64)(clc/stc/cmc)");
      }
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, mkexpr(t1) ));
      /* Set NDEP even though it isn't used.  This makes redundant-PUT
         elimination of previous stores to this field work better. */
      stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));
      break;

//..    /* REPNE prefix insn */
//..    case 0xF2: { 
//..       Addr32 eip_orig = guest_eip_bbstart + delta - 1;
//..       vassert(sorb == 0);
//..       abyte = getUChar(delta); delta++;
//.. 
//..       if (abyte == 0x66) { sz = 2; abyte = getUChar(delta); delta++; }
//..       whatNext = Dis_StopHere;         
//.. 
//..       switch (abyte) {
//..       /* According to the Intel manual, "repne movs" should never occur, but
//..        * in practice it has happened, so allow for it here... */
//..       case 0xA4: sz = 1;   /* REPNE MOVS<sz> */
//..         goto decode_failure;
//.. //--       case 0xA5: 
//..         //         dis_REP_op ( CondNZ, dis_MOVS, sz, eip_orig,
//..         //                              guest_eip_bbstart+delta, "repne movs" );
//..         //         break;
//.. //-- 
//.. //--       case 0xA6: sz = 1;   /* REPNE CMPS<sz> */
//.. //--       case 0xA7:
//.. //--          dis_REP_op ( cb, CondNZ, dis_CMPS, sz, eip_orig, eip, "repne cmps" );
//.. //--          break;
//.. //-- 
//..       case 0xAE: sz = 1;   /* REPNE SCAS<sz> */
//..       case 0xAF:
//..          dis_REP_op ( X86CondNZ, dis_SCAS, sz, eip_orig,
//..                                  guest_eip_bbstart+delta, "repne scas" );
//..          break;
//.. 
//..       default:
//..          goto decode_failure;
//..       }
//..       break;
//..    }

   /* ------ AE: SCAS variants ------ */
   case 0xAE:
   case 0xAF:
      /* F2 AE/AF: repne scasb/repne scas{w,l,q} */
      if (haveASO(pfx)) 
         goto decode_failure;
      if (haveF2(pfx) && !haveF3(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xAE)
            sz = 1;
         dis_REP_op ( AMD64CondNZ, dis_SCAS, sz, 
                      guest_RIP_curr_instr,
                      guest_RIP_bbstart+delta, "repne scas", pfx );
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
         break;
      }
      /* F3 AE/AF: repe scasb/repe scas{w,l,q} */
      if (haveASO(pfx)) 
         goto decode_failure;
      if (!haveF2(pfx) && haveF3(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xAE)
            sz = 1;
         dis_REP_op ( AMD64CondZ, dis_SCAS, sz, 
                      guest_RIP_curr_instr,
                      guest_RIP_bbstart+delta, "repe scas", pfx );
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
         break;
      }
      /* AE/AF: scasb/scas{w,l,q} */
      if (!haveF2(pfx) && !haveF3(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xAE)
            sz = 1;
         dis_string_op( dis_SCAS, sz, "scas", pfx );
         break;
      }
      goto decode_failure;

   /* ------ A6, A7: CMPS variants ------ */
   case 0xA6:
   case 0xA7:
      /* F3 A6/A7: repe cmps/rep cmps{w,l,q} */
      if (haveASO(pfx)) 
         goto decode_failure;
      if (haveF3(pfx) && !haveF2(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xA6)
            sz = 1;
         dis_REP_op ( AMD64CondZ, dis_CMPS, sz, 
                      guest_RIP_curr_instr,
                      guest_RIP_bbstart+delta, "repe cmps", pfx );
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
         break;
      }
      goto decode_failure;

   /* ------ AA, AB: STOS variants ------ */
   case 0xAA:
   case 0xAB:
      /* F3 AA/AB: rep stosb/rep stos{w,l,q} */
      if (haveASO(pfx)) 
         goto decode_failure;
      if (haveF3(pfx) && !haveF2(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xAA)
            sz = 1;
         dis_REP_op ( AMD64CondAlways, dis_STOS, sz,
                      guest_RIP_curr_instr,
                      guest_RIP_bbstart+delta, "rep stos", pfx );
        dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
        break;
      }
      /* AA/AB: stosb/stos{w,l,q} */
      if (!haveF3(pfx) && !haveF2(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xAA)
            sz = 1;
         dis_string_op( dis_STOS, sz, "stos", pfx );
         break;
      }
      goto decode_failure;

   /* ------ A4, A5: MOVS variants ------ */
   case 0xA4:
   case 0xA5:
      /* F3 A4: rep movsb */
      if (haveASO(pfx)) 
         goto decode_failure;
      if (haveF3(pfx) && !haveF2(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xA4)
            sz = 1;
         dis_REP_op ( AMD64CondAlways, dis_MOVS, sz,
                      guest_RIP_curr_instr,
                      guest_RIP_bbstart+delta, "rep movs", pfx );
        dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
        break;
      }
      /* A4: movsb */
      if (!haveF3(pfx) && !haveF2(pfx)) {
         if (opc == 0xA4)
            sz = 1;
         dis_string_op( dis_MOVS, sz, "movs", pfx );
         break;
      }
      goto decode_failure;


   /* ------------------------ XCHG ----------------------- */

   /* XCHG reg,mem automatically asserts LOCK# even without a LOCK
      prefix.  Therefore, surround it with a IRStmt_MBE(Imbe_BusLock)
      and IRStmt_MBE(Imbe_BusUnlock) pair.  But be careful; if it is
      used with an explicit LOCK prefix, we don't want to end up with
      two IRStmt_MBE(Imbe_BusLock)s -- one made here and one made by
      the generic LOCK logic at the top of disInstr. */
   case 0x86: /* XCHG Gb,Eb */
      sz = 1;
      /* Fall through ... */
   case 0x87: /* XCHG Gv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      ty = szToITy(sz);
      t1 = newTemp(ty); t2 = newTemp(ty);
      if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
         assign(t1, getIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
         assign(t2, getIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm));
         putIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(t1));
         putIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(t2));
         delta++;
         DIP("xchg%c %s, %s\n", 
             nameISize(sz), nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm), 
                            nameIRegE(sz, pfx, modrm));
      } else {
         *expect_CAS = True;
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         assign( t1, loadLE(ty, mkexpr(addr)) );
         assign( t2, getIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm) );
         casLE( mkexpr(addr),
                mkexpr(t1), mkexpr(t2), guest_RIP_curr_instr );
         putIRegG( sz, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(t1) );
         delta += alen;
         DIP("xchg%c %s, %s\n", nameISize(sz), 
                                nameIRegG(sz, pfx, modrm), dis_buf);
      }
      break;

   case 0x90: /* XCHG eAX,eAX */
      /* detect and handle F3 90 (rep nop) specially */
      if (!have66(pfx) && !haveF2(pfx) && haveF3(pfx)) {
         DIP("rep nop (P4 pause)\n");
         /* "observe" the hint.  The Vex client needs to be careful not
            to cause very long delays as a result, though. */
         jmp_lit(Ijk_Yield, guest_RIP_bbstart+delta);
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
         break;
      }
      /* detect and handle NOPs specially */
      if (/* F2/F3 probably change meaning completely */
          !haveF2orF3(pfx)
          /* If REX.B is 1, we're not exchanging rAX with itself */
          && getRexB(pfx)==0 ) {
         DIP("nop\n");
         break;
      }
      /* else fall through to normal case. */
   case 0x91: /* XCHG rAX,rCX */
   case 0x92: /* XCHG rAX,rDX */
   case 0x93: /* XCHG rAX,rBX */
   case 0x94: /* XCHG rAX,rSP */
   case 0x95: /* XCHG rAX,rBP */
   case 0x96: /* XCHG rAX,rSI */
   case 0x97: /* XCHG rAX,rDI */

      /* guard against mutancy */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;

      /* sz == 2 could legitimately happen, but we don't handle it yet */
      if (sz == 2) goto decode_failure; /* awaiting test case */

      codegen_xchg_rAX_Reg ( pfx, sz, opc - 0x90 );
      break;

//.. //--    /* ------------------------ XLAT ----------------------- */
//.. //-- 
//.. //--    case 0xD7: /* XLAT */
//.. //--       t1 = newTemp(cb); t2 = newTemp(cb);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, GET, sz, ArchReg, R_EBX, TempReg, t1); /* get eBX */
//.. //--       handleAddrOverrides( cb, sorb, t1 );               /* make t1 DS:eBX */
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, GET, 1, ArchReg, R_AL, TempReg, t2); /* get AL */
//.. //--       /* Widen %AL to 32 bits, so it's all defined when we add it. */
//.. //--       uInstr1(cb, WIDEN, 4, TempReg, t2);
//.. //--       uWiden(cb, 1, False);
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, ADD, sz, TempReg, t2, TempReg, t1);  /* add AL to eBX */
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, LOAD, 1, TempReg, t1,  TempReg, t2); /* get byte at t1 into t2 */
//.. //--       uInstr2(cb, PUT, 1, TempReg, t2, ArchReg, R_AL); /* put byte into AL */
//.. //-- 
//.. //--       DIP("xlat%c [ebx]\n", nameISize(sz));
//.. //--       break;

   /* ------------------------ IN / OUT ----------------------- */
 
   case 0xE4: /* IN imm8, AL */
      sz = 1; 
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      abyte = getUChar(delta); delta++;
      assign(t1, mkU64( abyte & 0xFF ));
      DIP("in%c $%d,%s\n", nameISize(sz), (Int)abyte, nameIRegRAX(sz));
      goto do_IN;
   case 0xE5: /* IN imm8, eAX */
      if (!(sz == 2 || sz == 4)) goto decode_failure;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      abyte = getUChar(delta); delta++;
      assign(t1, mkU64( abyte & 0xFF ));
      DIP("in%c $%d,%s\n", nameISize(sz), (Int)abyte, nameIRegRAX(sz));
      goto do_IN;
   case 0xEC: /* IN %DX, AL */
      sz = 1; 
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(t1, unop(Iop_16Uto64, getIRegRDX(2)));
      DIP("in%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRDX(2), 
                                         nameIRegRAX(sz));
      goto do_IN;
   case 0xED: /* IN %DX, eAX */
      if (!(sz == 2 || sz == 4)) goto decode_failure;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign(t1, unop(Iop_16Uto64, getIRegRDX(2)));
      DIP("in%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRDX(2), 
                                         nameIRegRAX(sz));
      goto do_IN;
   do_IN: {
      /* At this point, sz indicates the width, and t1 is a 64-bit
         value giving port number. */
      IRDirty* d;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 1 || sz == 2 || sz == 4);
      ty = szToITy(sz);
      t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      d = unsafeIRDirty_1_N( 
             t2,
             0/*regparms*/, 
             "amd64g_dirtyhelper_IN", 
             &amd64g_dirtyhelper_IN,
             mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(t1), mkU64(sz) )
          );
      /* do the call, dumping the result in t2. */
      stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
      putIRegRAX(sz, narrowTo( ty, mkexpr(t2) ) );
      break;
   }

   case 0xE6: /* OUT AL, imm8 */
      sz = 1;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      abyte = getUChar(delta); delta++;
      assign( t1, mkU64( abyte & 0xFF ) );
      DIP("out%c %s,$%d\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRAX(sz), (Int)abyte);
      goto do_OUT;
   case 0xE7: /* OUT eAX, imm8 */
      if (!(sz == 2 || sz == 4)) goto decode_failure;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      abyte = getUChar(delta); delta++;
      assign( t1, mkU64( abyte & 0xFF ) );
      DIP("out%c %s,$%d\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRAX(sz), (Int)abyte);
      goto do_OUT;
   case 0xEE: /* OUT AL, %DX */
      sz = 1;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t1, unop(Iop_16Uto64, getIRegRDX(2)) );
      DIP("out%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRAX(sz),
                                          nameIRegRDX(2));
      goto do_OUT;
   case 0xEF: /* OUT eAX, %DX */
      if (!(sz == 2 || sz == 4)) goto decode_failure;
      t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
      assign( t1, unop(Iop_16Uto64, getIRegRDX(2)) );
      DIP("out%c %s,%s\n", nameISize(sz), nameIRegRAX(sz),
                                          nameIRegRDX(2));
      goto do_OUT;
   do_OUT: {
      /* At this point, sz indicates the width, and t1 is a 64-bit
         value giving port number. */
      IRDirty* d;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      vassert(sz == 1 || sz == 2 || sz == 4);
      ty = szToITy(sz);
      d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N( 
             0/*regparms*/, 
             "amd64g_dirtyhelper_OUT", 
             &amd64g_dirtyhelper_OUT,
             mkIRExprVec_3( mkexpr(t1),
                            widenUto64( getIRegRAX(sz) ), 
                            mkU64(sz) )
          );
      stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
      break;
   }

   /* ------------------------ (Grp1 extensions) ---------- */

   case 0x80: /* Grp1 Ib,Eb */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      sz    = 1;
      d_sz  = 1;
      d64   = getSDisp8(delta + am_sz);
      delta = dis_Grp1 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, d64 );
      break;

   case 0x81: /* Grp1 Iv,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = imin(sz,4);
      d64   = getSDisp(d_sz, delta + am_sz);
      delta = dis_Grp1 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, d64 );
      break;

   case 0x83: /* Grp1 Ib,Ev */
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = 1;
      d64   = getSDisp8(delta + am_sz);
      delta = dis_Grp1 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, d64 );
      break;

   /* ------------------------ (Grp2 extensions) ---------- */

   case 0xC0: { /* Grp2 Ib,Eb */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = 1;
      d64   = getUChar(delta + am_sz);
      sz    = 1;
      delta = dis_Grp2 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, 
                         mkU8(d64 & 0xFF), NULL, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }
   case 0xC1: { /* Grp2 Ib,Ev */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = 1;
      d64   = getUChar(delta + am_sz);
      delta = dis_Grp2 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, 
                         mkU8(d64 & 0xFF), NULL, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }
   case 0xD0: { /* Grp2 1,Eb */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = 0;
      d64   = 1;
      sz    = 1;
      delta = dis_Grp2 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, 
                         mkU8(d64), NULL, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }
   case 0xD1: { /* Grp2 1,Ev */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = 0;
      d64   = 1;
      delta = dis_Grp2 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, 
                         mkU8(d64), NULL, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }
   case 0xD2: { /* Grp2 CL,Eb */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = 0;
      sz    = 1;
      delta = dis_Grp2 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, 
                         getIRegCL(), "%cl", &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }
   case 0xD3: { /* Grp2 CL,Ev */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      modrm = getUChar(delta);
      am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
      d_sz  = 0;
      delta = dis_Grp2 ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, d_sz, sz, 
                         getIRegCL(), "%cl", &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }

   /* ------------------------ (Grp3 extensions) ---------- */

   case 0xF6: { /* Grp3 Eb */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_Grp3 ( vbi, pfx, 1, delta, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }
   case 0xF7: { /* Grp3 Ev */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_Grp3 ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }

   /* ------------------------ (Grp4 extensions) ---------- */

   case 0xFE: { /* Grp4 Eb */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_Grp4 ( vbi, pfx, delta, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }

   /* ------------------------ (Grp5 extensions) ---------- */

   case 0xFF: { /* Grp5 Ev */
      Bool decode_OK = True;
      if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
      delta = dis_Grp5 ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, &dres, &decode_OK );
      if (!decode_OK) goto decode_failure;
      break;
   }

   /* ------------------------ Escapes to 2-byte opcodes -- */

   case 0x0F: {
      opc = getUChar(delta); delta++;
      switch (opc) {

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- Grp8 =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xBA: { /* Grp8 Ib,Ev */
         Bool decode_OK = False;
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         am_sz = lengthAMode(pfx,delta);
         d64   = getSDisp8(delta + am_sz);
         delta = dis_Grp8_Imm ( vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, am_sz, sz, d64,
                                &decode_OK );
         if (!decode_OK)
            goto decode_failure;
         break;
      }

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- BSF/BSR -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xBC: /* BSF Gv,Ev */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_bs_E_G ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, True );
         break;
      case 0xBD: /* BSR Gv,Ev */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_bs_E_G ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, False );
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- BSWAP -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xC8: /* BSWAP %eax */
      case 0xC9:
      case 0xCA:
      case 0xCB:
      case 0xCC:
      case 0xCD:
      case 0xCE:
      case 0xCF: /* BSWAP %edi */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         /* According to the AMD64 docs, this insn can have size 4 or
            8. */
         if (sz == 4) {
            t1 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
            t2 = newTemp(Ity_I32);
            assign( t1, getIRegRexB(4, pfx, opc-0xC8) );
            assign( t2,
               binop(Iop_Or32,
                  binop(Iop_Shl32, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(24)),
               binop(Iop_Or32,
                  binop(Iop_And32, binop(Iop_Shl32, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(8)),
                                   mkU32(0x00FF0000)),
               binop(Iop_Or32,
                  binop(Iop_And32, binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(8)),
                                   mkU32(0x0000FF00)),
                  binop(Iop_And32, binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(t1), mkU8(24)),
                                   mkU32(0x000000FF) )
               )))
            );
            putIRegRexB(4, pfx, opc-0xC8, mkexpr(t2));
            DIP("bswapl %s\n", nameIRegRexB(4, pfx, opc-0xC8));
            break;
         }
       else if (sz == 8) {
            IRTemp m8  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            IRTemp s8  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            IRTemp m16 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            IRTemp s16 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            IRTemp m32 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            t1 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            t2 = newTemp(Ity_I64);
            assign( t1, getIRegRexB(8, pfx, opc-0xC8) );

            assign( m8, mkU64(0xFF00FF00FF00FF00ULL) );
            assign( s8,
                    binop(Iop_Or64,
                          binop(Iop_Shr64,
                                binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(t1),mkexpr(m8)),
                                mkU8(8)),
                          binop(Iop_And64,
                                binop(Iop_Shl64,mkexpr(t1),mkU8(8)),
                                mkexpr(m8))
                         ) 
                  );

            assign( m16, mkU64(0xFFFF0000FFFF0000ULL) );
            assign( s16,
                    binop(Iop_Or64,
                          binop(Iop_Shr64,
                                binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(s8),mkexpr(m16)),
                                mkU8(16)),
                          binop(Iop_And64,
                                binop(Iop_Shl64,mkexpr(s8),mkU8(16)),
                                mkexpr(m16))
                         ) 
                  );

            assign( m32, mkU64(0xFFFFFFFF00000000ULL) );
            assign( t2,
                    binop(Iop_Or64,
                          binop(Iop_Shr64,
                                binop(Iop_And64,mkexpr(s16),mkexpr(m32)),
                                mkU8(32)),
                          binop(Iop_And64,
                                binop(Iop_Shl64,mkexpr(s16),mkU8(32)),
                                mkexpr(m32))
                         ) 
                  );

            putIRegRexB(8, pfx, opc-0xC8, mkexpr(t2));
            DIP("bswapq %s\n", nameIRegRexB(8, pfx, opc-0xC8));
            break;
         } else {
            goto decode_failure;
         }

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- BT/BTS/BTR/BTC =-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      /* All of these are possible at sizes 2, 4 and 8, but until a
         size 2 test case shows up, only handle sizes 4 and 8. */

      case 0xA3: /* BT Gv,Ev */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 8 && sz != 4 && sz != 2) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_bt_G_E ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, BtOpNone );
         break;
      case 0xB3: /* BTR Gv,Ev */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 8 && sz != 4 && sz != 2) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_bt_G_E ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, BtOpReset );
         break;
      case 0xAB: /* BTS Gv,Ev */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 8 && sz != 4 && sz != 2) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_bt_G_E ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, BtOpSet );
         break;
      case 0xBB: /* BTC Gv,Ev */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 8 && sz != 4 && sz != 2) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_bt_G_E ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta, BtOpComp );
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- CMOV =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
 
      case 0x40:
      case 0x41:
      case 0x42: /* CMOVBb/CMOVNAEb (cmov below) */
      case 0x43: /* CMOVNBb/CMOVAEb (cmov not below) */
      case 0x44: /* CMOVZb/CMOVEb (cmov zero) */
      case 0x45: /* CMOVNZb/CMOVNEb (cmov not zero) */
      case 0x46: /* CMOVBEb/CMOVNAb (cmov below or equal) */
      case 0x47: /* CMOVNBEb/CMOVAb (cmov not below or equal) */
      case 0x48: /* CMOVSb (cmov negative) */
      case 0x49: /* CMOVSb (cmov not negative) */
      case 0x4A: /* CMOVP (cmov parity even) */
      case 0x4B: /* CMOVNP (cmov parity odd) */
      case 0x4C: /* CMOVLb/CMOVNGEb (cmov less) */
      case 0x4D: /* CMOVGEb/CMOVNLb (cmov greater or equal) */
      case 0x4E: /* CMOVLEb/CMOVNGb (cmov less or equal) */
      case 0x4F: /* CMOVGb/CMOVNLEb (cmov greater) */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_cmov_E_G(vbi, pfx, sz, (AMD64Condcode)(opc - 0x40), delta);
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- CMPXCHG -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xB0: { /* CMPXCHG Gb,Eb */
         Bool ok = True;
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_cmpxchg_G_E ( &ok, vbi, pfx, 1, delta );
         if (!ok) goto decode_failure;
         break;
      }
      case 0xB1: { /* CMPXCHG Gv,Ev (allowed in 16,32,64 bit) */
         Bool ok = True;
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 2 && sz != 4 && sz != 8) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_cmpxchg_G_E ( &ok, vbi, pfx, sz, delta );
         if (!ok) goto decode_failure;
         break;
      }

      case 0xC7: { /* CMPXCHG8B Ev, CMPXCHG16B Ev */
         IRType  elemTy     = sz==4 ? Ity_I32 : Ity_I64;
         IRTemp  expdHi     = newTemp(elemTy);
         IRTemp  expdLo     = newTemp(elemTy);
         IRTemp  dataHi     = newTemp(elemTy);
         IRTemp  dataLo     = newTemp(elemTy);
         IRTemp  oldHi      = newTemp(elemTy);
         IRTemp  oldLo      = newTemp(elemTy);
         IRTemp  flags_old  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp  flags_new  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp  success    = newTemp(Ity_I1);
         IROp    opOR       = sz==4 ? Iop_Or32    : Iop_Or64;
         IROp    opXOR      = sz==4 ? Iop_Xor32   : Iop_Xor64;
         IROp    opCasCmpEQ = sz==4 ? Iop_CasCmpEQ32 : Iop_CasCmpEQ64;
         IRExpr* zero       = sz==4 ? mkU32(0)    : mkU64(0);
         IRTemp expdHi64    = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRTemp expdLo64    = newTemp(Ity_I64);

         /* Translate this using a DCAS, even if there is no LOCK
            prefix.  Life is too short to bother with generating two
            different translations for the with/without-LOCK-prefix
            cases. */
         *expect_CAS = True;

       /* Decode, and generate address. */
         if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 4 && sz != 8) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz == 8 && !(archinfo->hwcaps & VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_CX16))
            goto decode_failure;
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) goto decode_failure;
         if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 1) goto decode_failure;
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += alen;

         /* cmpxchg16b requires an alignment check. */
         if (sz == 8)
            gen_SEGV_if_not_16_aligned( addr );

         /* Get the expected and new values. */
         assign( expdHi64, getIReg64(R_RDX) );
         assign( expdLo64, getIReg64(R_RAX) );

         /* These are the correctly-sized expected and new values.
            However, we also get expdHi64/expdLo64 above as 64-bits
            regardless, because we will need them later in the 32-bit
            case (paradoxically). */
         assign( expdHi, sz==4 ? unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(expdHi64))
                               : mkexpr(expdHi64) );
         assign( expdLo, sz==4 ? unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(expdLo64))
                               : mkexpr(expdLo64) );
         assign( dataHi, sz==4 ? getIReg32(R_RCX) : getIReg64(R_RCX) );
         assign( dataLo, sz==4 ? getIReg32(R_RBX) : getIReg64(R_RBX) );

         /* Do the DCAS */
         stmt( IRStmt_CAS(
                  mkIRCAS( oldHi, oldLo, 
                           Iend_LE, mkexpr(addr), 
                           mkexpr(expdHi), mkexpr(expdLo),
                           mkexpr(dataHi), mkexpr(dataLo)
               )));

         /* success when oldHi:oldLo == expdHi:expdLo */
         assign( success,
                 binop(opCasCmpEQ,
                       binop(opOR,
                             binop(opXOR, mkexpr(oldHi), mkexpr(expdHi)),
                             binop(opXOR, mkexpr(oldLo), mkexpr(expdLo))
                       ),
                       zero
                 ));

         /* If the DCAS is successful, that is to say oldHi:oldLo ==
            expdHi:expdLo, then put expdHi:expdLo back in RDX:RAX,
            which is where they came from originally.  Both the actual
            contents of these two regs, and any shadow values, are
            unchanged.  If the DCAS fails then we're putting into
            RDX:RAX the value seen in memory. */
         /* Now of course there's a complication in the 32-bit case
            (bah!): if the DCAS succeeds, we need to leave RDX:RAX
            unchanged; but if we use the same scheme as in the 64-bit
            case, we get hit by the standard rule that a write to the
            bottom 32 bits of an integer register zeros the upper 32
            bits.  And so the upper halves of RDX and RAX mysteriously
            become zero.  So we have to stuff back in the original
            64-bit values which we previously stashed in
            expdHi64:expdLo64, even if we're doing a cmpxchg8b. */
         /* It's just _so_ much fun ... */
         putIRegRDX( 8,
                     IRExpr_Mux0X( unop(Iop_1Uto8, mkexpr(success)),
                                   sz == 4 ? unop(Iop_32Uto64, mkexpr(oldHi))
                                           : mkexpr(oldHi),
                                   mkexpr(expdHi64)
                   ));
         putIRegRAX( 8,
                     IRExpr_Mux0X( unop(Iop_1Uto8, mkexpr(success)),
                                   sz == 4 ? unop(Iop_32Uto64, mkexpr(oldLo))
                                           : mkexpr(oldLo),
                                   mkexpr(expdLo64)
                   ));

         /* Copy the success bit into the Z flag and leave the others
            unchanged */
         assign( flags_old, widenUto64(mk_amd64g_calculate_rflags_all()));
         assign( 
            flags_new,
            binop(Iop_Or64,
                  binop(Iop_And64, mkexpr(flags_old), 
                                   mkU64(~AMD64G_CC_MASK_Z)),
                  binop(Iop_Shl64,
                        binop(Iop_And64,
                              unop(Iop_1Uto64, mkexpr(success)), mkU64(1)), 
                        mkU8(AMD64G_CC_SHIFT_Z)) ));

         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_OP,   mkU64(AMD64G_CC_OP_COPY) ));
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP1, mkexpr(flags_new) ));
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_DEP2, mkU64(0) ));
         /* Set NDEP even though it isn't used.  This makes
            redundant-PUT elimination of previous stores to this field
            work better. */
         stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_CC_NDEP, mkU64(0) ));

         /* Sheesh.  Aren't you glad it was me and not you that had to
          write and validate all this grunge? */

       DIP("cmpxchg8b %s\n", dis_buf);
       break;

      }

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- CPUID -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xA2: { /* CPUID */
         /* Uses dirty helper: 
               void amd64g_dirtyhelper_CPUID ( VexGuestAMD64State* )
            declared to mod rax, wr rbx, rcx, rdx
         */
         IRDirty* d     = NULL;
         HChar*   fName = NULL;
         void*    fAddr = NULL;
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (archinfo->hwcaps == (VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_SSE3
                                  |VEX_HWCAPS_AMD64_CX16)) {
            fName = "amd64g_dirtyhelper_CPUID_sse3_and_cx16";
            fAddr = &amd64g_dirtyhelper_CPUID_sse3_and_cx16; 
            /* This is a Core-2-like machine */
            /* fName = "amd64g_dirtyhelper_CPUID_sse42_and_cx16"; */
            /* fAddr = &amd64g_dirtyhelper_CPUID_sse42_and_cx16; */
            /* This is a Core-i5-like machine */
         }
         else {
            /* Give a CPUID for at least a baseline machine, SSE2
               only, and no CX16 */
            fName = "amd64g_dirtyhelper_CPUID_baseline";
            fAddr = &amd64g_dirtyhelper_CPUID_baseline;
         }

         vassert(fName); vassert(fAddr);
         d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N ( 0/*regparms*/, 
                                 fName, fAddr, mkIRExprVec_0() );
         /* declare guest state effects */
         d->needsBBP = True;
         d->nFxState = 4;
         d->fxState[0].fx     = Ifx_Modify;
         d->fxState[0].offset = OFFB_RAX;
         d->fxState[0].size   = 8;
         d->fxState[1].fx     = Ifx_Write;
         d->fxState[1].offset = OFFB_RBX;
         d->fxState[1].size   = 8;
         d->fxState[2].fx     = Ifx_Modify;
         d->fxState[2].offset = OFFB_RCX;
         d->fxState[2].size   = 8;
         d->fxState[3].fx     = Ifx_Write;
         d->fxState[3].offset = OFFB_RDX;
         d->fxState[3].size   = 8;
         /* execute the dirty call, side-effecting guest state */
         stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
         /* CPUID is a serialising insn.  So, just in case someone is
            using it as a memory fence ... */
         stmt( IRStmt_MBE(Imbe_Fence) );
         DIP("cpuid\n");
         break;
      }

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- MOVZX, MOVSX =-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xB6: /* MOVZXb Eb,Gv */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 2 && sz != 4 && sz != 8)
            goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_movx_E_G ( vbi, pfx, delta, 1, sz, False );
         break;
      case 0xB7: /* MOVZXw Ew,Gv */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 4 && sz != 8)
            goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_movx_E_G ( vbi, pfx, delta, 2, sz, False );
         break;

      case 0xBE: /* MOVSXb Eb,Gv */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 2 && sz != 4 && sz != 8)
            goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_movx_E_G ( vbi, pfx, delta, 1, sz, True );
         break;
      case 0xBF: /* MOVSXw Ew,Gv */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         if (sz != 4 && sz != 8)
            goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_movx_E_G ( vbi, pfx, delta, 2, sz, True );
         break;

//.. //--       /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= MOVNTI -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
//.. //-- 
//.. //--       case 0xC3: /* MOVNTI Gv,Ev */
//.. //--          vg_assert(sz == 4);
//.. //--          modrm = getUChar(eip);
//.. //--          vg_assert(!epartIsReg(modrm));
//.. //--          t1 = newTemp(cb);
//.. //--          uInstr2(cb, GET, 4, ArchReg, gregOfRM(modrm), TempReg, t1);
//.. //--          pair = disAMode ( cb, sorb, eip, dis_buf );
//.. //--          t2 = LOW24(pair);
//.. //--          eip += HI8(pair);
//.. //--          uInstr2(cb, STORE, 4, TempReg, t1, TempReg, t2);
//.. //--          DIP("movnti %s,%s\n", nameIReg(4,gregOfRM(modrm)), dis_buf);
//.. //--          break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- MUL/IMUL =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xAF: /* IMUL Ev, Gv */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         delta = dis_mul_E_G ( vbi, pfx, sz, delta );
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- NOPs =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0x1F:
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) goto decode_failure;
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += alen;
         DIP("nop%c %s\n", nameISize(sz), dis_buf);
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- Jcond d32 -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
      case 0x80:
      case 0x81:
      case 0x82: /* JBb/JNAEb (jump below) */
      case 0x83: /* JNBb/JAEb (jump not below) */
      case 0x84: /* JZb/JEb (jump zero) */
      case 0x85: /* JNZb/JNEb (jump not zero) */
      case 0x86: /* JBEb/JNAb (jump below or equal) */
      case 0x87: /* JNBEb/JAb (jump not below or equal) */
      case 0x88: /* JSb (jump negative) */
      case 0x89: /* JSb (jump not negative) */
      case 0x8A: /* JP (jump parity even) */
      case 0x8B: /* JNP/JPO (jump parity odd) */
      case 0x8C: /* JLb/JNGEb (jump less) */
      case 0x8D: /* JGEb/JNLb (jump greater or equal) */
      case 0x8E: /* JLEb/JNGb (jump less or equal) */
      case 0x8F: /* JGb/JNLEb (jump greater) */
       { Long   jmpDelta;
         HChar* comment  = "";
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         jmpDelta = getSDisp32(delta);
         d64 = (guest_RIP_bbstart+delta+4) + jmpDelta;
         delta += 4;
         if (resteerCisOk
             && vex_control.guest_chase_cond
             && (Addr64)d64 != (Addr64)guest_RIP_bbstart
             && jmpDelta < 0
             && resteerOkFn( callback_opaque, d64) ) {
            /* Speculation: assume this backward branch is taken.  So
               we need to emit a side-exit to the insn following this
               one, on the negation of the condition, and continue at
               the branch target address (d64).  If we wind up back at
               the first instruction of the trace, just stop; it's
               better to let the IR loop unroller handle that case. */
            stmt( IRStmt_Exit( 
                     mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(
                        (AMD64Condcode)(1 ^ (opc - 0x80))),
                     Ijk_Boring,
                     IRConst_U64(guest_RIP_bbstart+delta) ) );
            dres.whatNext   = Dis_ResteerC;
            dres.continueAt = d64;
            comment = "(assumed taken)";
         }
         else
         if (resteerCisOk
             && vex_control.guest_chase_cond
             && (Addr64)d64 != (Addr64)guest_RIP_bbstart
             && jmpDelta >= 0
             && resteerOkFn( callback_opaque, guest_RIP_bbstart+delta ) ) {
            /* Speculation: assume this forward branch is not taken.
               So we need to emit a side-exit to d64 (the dest) and
               continue disassembling at the insn immediately
               following this one. */
            stmt( IRStmt_Exit( 
                     mk_amd64g_calculate_condition((AMD64Condcode)
                                                   (opc - 0x80)),
                     Ijk_Boring,
                     IRConst_U64(d64) ) );
            dres.whatNext   = Dis_ResteerC;
            dres.continueAt = guest_RIP_bbstart+delta;
            comment = "(assumed not taken)";
         }
         else {
            /* Conservative default translation - end the block at
               this point. */
            jcc_01( (AMD64Condcode)(opc - 0x80), 
                    guest_RIP_bbstart+delta,
                    d64 );
            dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
         }
         DIP("j%s-32 0x%llx %s\n", name_AMD64Condcode(opc - 0x80), d64, comment);
         break;
       }

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- PREFETCH =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
      case 0x0D: /* 0F 0D /0 -- prefetch mem8 */
                 /* 0F 0D /1 -- prefetchw mem8 */
         if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) goto decode_failure;
         if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 0 && gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 1)
            goto decode_failure;

         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += alen;

         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
            case 0: DIP("prefetch %s\n", dis_buf); break;
            case 1: DIP("prefetchw %s\n", dis_buf); break;
            default: vassert(0); /*NOTREACHED*/
         }
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- RDTSC -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
      case 0x31: { /* RDTSC */
         IRTemp   val  = newTemp(Ity_I64);
         IRExpr** args = mkIRExprVec_0();
         IRDirty* d    = unsafeIRDirty_1_N ( 
                            val, 
                            0/*regparms*/, 
                            "amd64g_dirtyhelper_RDTSC", 
                            &amd64g_dirtyhelper_RDTSC, 
                            args 
                         );
         if (have66orF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         /* execute the dirty call, dumping the result in val. */
         stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
         putIRegRDX(4, unop(Iop_64HIto32, mkexpr(val)));
         putIRegRAX(4, unop(Iop_64to32, mkexpr(val)));
         DIP("rdtsc\n");
         break;
      }

//..       /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- PUSH/POP Sreg =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
//.. 
//..       case 0xA1: /* POP %FS */
//..          dis_pop_segreg( R_FS, sz ); break;
//..       case 0xA9: /* POP %GS */
//..          dis_pop_segreg( R_GS, sz ); break;
//.. 
//..       case 0xA0: /* PUSH %FS */
//..          dis_push_segreg( R_FS, sz ); break;
//..       case 0xA8: /* PUSH %GS */
//..          dis_push_segreg( R_GS, sz ); break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- SETcc Eb =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
      case 0x90:
      case 0x91:
      case 0x92: /* set-Bb/set-NAEb (set if below) */
      case 0x93: /* set-NBb/set-AEb (set if not below) */
      case 0x94: /* set-Zb/set-Eb (set if zero) */
      case 0x95: /* set-NZb/set-NEb (set if not zero) */
      case 0x96: /* set-BEb/set-NAb (set if below or equal) */
      case 0x97: /* set-NBEb/set-Ab (set if not below or equal) */
      case 0x98: /* set-Sb (set if negative) */
      case 0x99: /* set-Sb (set if not negative) */
      case 0x9A: /* set-P (set if parity even) */
      case 0x9B: /* set-NP (set if parity odd) */
      case 0x9C: /* set-Lb/set-NGEb (set if less) */
      case 0x9D: /* set-GEb/set-NLb (set if greater or equal) */
      case 0x9E: /* set-LEb/set-NGb (set if less or equal) */
      case 0x9F: /* set-Gb/set-NLEb (set if greater) */
         if (haveF2orF3(pfx)) goto decode_failure;
         t1 = newTemp(Ity_I8);
         assign( t1, unop(Iop_1Uto8,mk_amd64g_calculate_condition(opc-0x90)) );
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) {
            delta++;
            putIRegE(1, pfx, modrm, mkexpr(t1));
            DIP("set%s %s\n", name_AMD64Condcode(opc-0x90), 
                              nameIRegE(1,pfx,modrm));
         } else {
            addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
            delta += alen;
            storeLE( mkexpr(addr), mkexpr(t1) );
            DIP("set%s %s\n", name_AMD64Condcode(opc-0x90), dis_buf);
         }
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- SHLD/SHRD -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xA4: /* SHLDv imm8,Gv,Ev */
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         d64   = delta + lengthAMode(pfx, delta);
         vex_sprintf(dis_buf, "$%d", (Int)getUChar(d64));
         delta = dis_SHLRD_Gv_Ev ( 
                    vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, sz, 
                    mkU8(getUChar(d64)), True, /* literal */
                    dis_buf, True /* left */ );
         break;
      case 0xA5: /* SHLDv %cl,Gv,Ev */
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         delta = dis_SHLRD_Gv_Ev ( 
                    vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, sz,
                    getIRegCL(), False, /* not literal */
                    "%cl", True /* left */ );
         break;

      case 0xAC: /* SHRDv imm8,Gv,Ev */
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         d64   = delta + lengthAMode(pfx, delta);
         vex_sprintf(dis_buf, "$%d", (Int)getUChar(d64));
         delta = dis_SHLRD_Gv_Ev ( 
                    vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, sz, 
                    mkU8(getUChar(d64)), True, /* literal */
                    dis_buf, False /* right */ );
         break;
      case 0xAD: /* SHRDv %cl,Gv,Ev */
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         delta = dis_SHLRD_Gv_Ev ( 
                    vbi, pfx, delta, modrm, sz, 
                    getIRegCL(), False, /* not literal */
                    "%cl", False /* right */);
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- SYSCALL -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
      case 0x05: /* SYSCALL */
         guest_RIP_next_mustcheck = True;
         guest_RIP_next_assumed = guest_RIP_bbstart + delta;
         putIReg64( R_RCX, mkU64(guest_RIP_next_assumed) );
         /* It's important that all guest state is up-to-date
            at this point.  So we declare an end-of-block here, which
            forces any cached guest state to be flushed. */
         jmp_lit(Ijk_Sys_syscall, guest_RIP_next_assumed);
         dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
         DIP("syscall\n");
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- XADD -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0xC0: { /* XADD Gb,Eb */ 
         Bool decode_OK = False;
         delta = dis_xadd_G_E ( &decode_OK, vbi, pfx, 1, delta );
         if (!decode_OK)
            goto decode_failure;
         break;
      }
      case 0xC1: { /* XADD Gv,Ev */ 
         Bool decode_OK = False;
         delta = dis_xadd_G_E ( &decode_OK, vbi, pfx, sz, delta );
         if (!decode_OK)
            goto decode_failure;
         break;
      }

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- MMXery =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      case 0x71: 
      case 0x72: 
      case 0x73: /* PSLLgg/PSRAgg/PSRLgg mmxreg by imm8 */

      case 0x6E: /* MOVD (src)ireg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0x7E: /* MOVD (src)mmxreg, (dst)ireg-or-mem */
      case 0x7F: /* MOVQ (src)mmxreg, (dst)mmxreg-or-mem */
      case 0x6F: /* MOVQ (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xFC: 
      case 0xFD: 
      case 0xFE: /* PADDgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xEC: 
      case 0xED: /* PADDSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xDC:
      case 0xDD: /* PADDUSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xF8: 
      case 0xF9: 
      case 0xFA: /* PSUBgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xE8: 
      case 0xE9: /* PSUBSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xD8: 
      case 0xD9: /* PSUBUSgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xE5: /* PMULHW (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xD5: /* PMULLW (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xF5: /* PMADDWD (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0x74: 
      case 0x75: 
      case 0x76: /* PCMPEQgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0x64: 
      case 0x65: 
      case 0x66: /* PCMPGTgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0x6B: /* PACKSSDW (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0x63: /* PACKSSWB (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0x67: /* PACKUSWB (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0x68: 
      case 0x69: 
      case 0x6A: /* PUNPCKHgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0x60: 
      case 0x61: 
      case 0x62: /* PUNPCKLgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xDB: /* PAND (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xDF: /* PANDN (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xEB: /* POR (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xEF: /* PXOR (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */

      case 0xF1: /* PSLLgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xF2: 
      case 0xF3: 

      case 0xD1: /* PSRLgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xD2: 
      case 0xD3: 

      case 0xE1: /* PSRAgg (src)mmxreg-or-mem, (dst)mmxreg */
      case 0xE2: 
      {
         Long delta0    = delta-1;
         Bool decode_OK = False;

         /* If sz==2 this is SSE, and we assume sse idec has
            already spotted those cases by now. */
         if (sz != 4 && sz != 8)
            goto decode_failure;
         if (have66orF2orF3(pfx))
            goto decode_failure;

         delta = dis_MMX ( &decode_OK, vbi, pfx, sz, delta-1 );
         if (!decode_OK) {
            delta = delta0;
            goto decode_failure;
         }
         break;
      }

      case 0x0E: /* FEMMS */
      case 0x77: /* EMMS */
         if (sz != 4)
            goto decode_failure;
         do_EMMS_preamble();
         DIP("{f}emms\n");
         break;

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- SGDT and SIDT =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */
      case 0x01: /* 0F 01 /0 -- SGDT */
                 /* 0F 01 /1 -- SIDT */
      {
          /* This is really revolting, but ... since each processor
             (core) only has one IDT and one GDT, just let the guest
             see it (pass-through semantics).  I can't see any way to
             construct a faked-up value, so don't bother to try. */
         modrm = getUChar(delta);
         addr = disAMode ( &alen, vbi, pfx, delta, dis_buf, 0 );
         delta += alen;
         if (epartIsReg(modrm)) goto decode_failure;
         if (gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 0 && gregLO3ofRM(modrm) != 1)
            goto decode_failure;
         switch (gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) {
            case 0: DIP("sgdt %s\n", dis_buf); break;
            case 1: DIP("sidt %s\n", dis_buf); break;
            default: vassert(0); /*NOTREACHED*/
         }

         IRDirty* d = unsafeIRDirty_0_N (
                          0/*regparms*/,
                          "amd64g_dirtyhelper_SxDT",
                          &amd64g_dirtyhelper_SxDT,
                          mkIRExprVec_2( mkexpr(addr),
                                         mkU64(gregLO3ofRM(modrm)) )
                      );
         /* declare we're writing memory */
         d->mFx   = Ifx_Write;
         d->mAddr = mkexpr(addr);
         d->mSize = 6;
         stmt( IRStmt_Dirty(d) );
         break;
      }

      /* =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- unimp2 =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= */

      default:
         goto decode_failure;
   } /* switch (opc) for the 2-byte opcodes */
   goto decode_success;
   } /* case 0x0F: of primary opcode */

   /* ------------------------ ??? ------------------------ */
  
  default:
  decode_failure:
   /* All decode failures end up here. */
   vex_printf("vex amd64->IR: unhandled instruction bytes: "
              "0x%x 0x%x 0x%x 0x%x 0x%x 0x%x\n",
              (Int)getUChar(delta_start+0),
              (Int)getUChar(delta_start+1),
              (Int)getUChar(delta_start+2),
              (Int)getUChar(delta_start+3),
              (Int)getUChar(delta_start+4),
              (Int)getUChar(delta_start+5) );

   /* Tell the dispatcher that this insn cannot be decoded, and so has
      not been executed, and (is currently) the next to be executed.
      RIP should be up-to-date since it made so at the start of each
      insn, but nevertheless be paranoid and update it again right
      now. */
   stmt( IRStmt_Put( OFFB_RIP, mkU64(guest_RIP_curr_instr) ) );
   jmp_lit(Ijk_NoDecode, guest_RIP_curr_instr);
   dres.whatNext = Dis_StopHere;
   dres.len      = 0;
   /* We also need to say that a CAS is not expected now, regardless
      of what it might have been set to at the start of the function,
      since the IR that we've emitted just above (to synthesis a
      SIGILL) does not involve any CAS, and presumably no other IR has
      been emitted for this (non-decoded) insn. */
   *expect_CAS = False;
   return dres;

   } /* switch (opc) for the main (primary) opcode switch. */

  decode_success:
   /* All decode successes end up here. */
   DIP("\n");
   dres.len = (Int)toUInt(delta - delta_start);
   return dres;
}

#undef DIP
#undef DIS


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Top-level fn                                         ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Disassemble a single instruction into IR.  The instruction
   is located in host memory at &guest_code[delta]. */

DisResult disInstr_AMD64 ( IRSB*        irsb_IN,
                           Bool         put_IP,
                           Bool         (*resteerOkFn) ( void*, Addr64 ),
                           Bool         resteerCisOk,
                           void*        callback_opaque,
                           UChar*       guest_code_IN,
                           Long         delta,
                           Addr64       guest_IP,
                           VexArch      guest_arch,
                           VexArchInfo* archinfo,
                           VexAbiInfo*  abiinfo,
                           Bool         host_bigendian_IN )
{
   Int       i, x1, x2;
   Bool      expect_CAS, has_CAS;
   DisResult dres;

   /* Set globals (see top of this file) */
   vassert(guest_arch == VexArchAMD64);
   guest_code           = guest_code_IN;
   irsb                 = irsb_IN;
   host_is_bigendian    = host_bigendian_IN;
   guest_RIP_curr_instr = guest_IP;
   guest_RIP_bbstart    = guest_IP - delta;

   /* We'll consult these after doing disInstr_AMD64_WRK. */
   guest_RIP_next_assumed   = 0;
   guest_RIP_next_mustcheck = False;

   x1 = irsb_IN->stmts_used;
   expect_CAS = False;
   dres = disInstr_AMD64_WRK ( &expect_CAS, put_IP, resteerOkFn,
                               resteerCisOk,
                               callback_opaque,
                               delta, archinfo, abiinfo );
   x2 = irsb_IN->stmts_used;
   vassert(x2 >= x1);

   /* If disInstr_AMD64_WRK tried to figure out the next rip, check it
      got it right.  Failure of this assertion is serious and denotes
      a bug in disInstr. */
   if (guest_RIP_next_mustcheck 
       && guest_RIP_next_assumed != guest_RIP_curr_instr + dres.len) {
      vex_printf("\n");
      vex_printf("assumed next %%rip = 0x%llx\n", 
                 guest_RIP_next_assumed );
      vex_printf(" actual next %%rip = 0x%llx\n", 
                 guest_RIP_curr_instr + dres.len );
      vpanic("disInstr_AMD64: disInstr miscalculated next %rip");
   }

   /* See comment at the top of disInstr_AMD64_WRK for meaning of
      expect_CAS.  Here, we (sanity-)check for the presence/absence of
      IRCAS as directed by the returned expect_CAS value. */
   has_CAS = False;
   for (i = x1; i < x2; i++) {
      if (irsb_IN->stmts[i]->tag == Ist_CAS)
         has_CAS = True;
   }

   if (expect_CAS != has_CAS) {
      /* inconsistency detected.  re-disassemble the instruction so as
         to generate a useful error message; then assert. */
      vex_traceflags |= VEX_TRACE_FE;
      dres = disInstr_AMD64_WRK ( &expect_CAS, put_IP, resteerOkFn,
                                  resteerCisOk,
                                  callback_opaque,
                                  delta, archinfo, abiinfo );
      for (i = x1; i < x2; i++) {
         vex_printf("\t\t");
         ppIRStmt(irsb_IN->stmts[i]);
         vex_printf("\n");
      }
      /* Failure of this assertion is serious and denotes a bug in
         disInstr. */
      vpanic("disInstr_AMD64: inconsistency in LOCK prefix handling");
   }

   return dres;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Unused stuff                                         ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

// A potentially more Memcheck-friendly version of gen_LZCNT, if
// this should ever be needed.
//
//static IRTemp gen_LZCNT ( IRType ty, IRTemp src )
//{
//   /* Scheme is simple: propagate the most significant 1-bit into all
//      lower positions in the word.  This gives a word of the form
//      0---01---1.  Now invert it, giving a word of the form
//      1---10---0, then do a population-count idiom (to count the 1s,
//      which is the number of leading zeroes, or the word size if the
//      original word was 0.
//   */
//   Int i;
//   IRTemp t[7];
//   for (i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
//      t[i] = newTemp(ty);
//   }
//   if (ty == Ity_I64) {
//      assign(t[0], binop(Iop_Or64, mkexpr(src),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(src),  mkU8(1))));
//      assign(t[1], binop(Iop_Or64, mkexpr(t[0]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t[0]), mkU8(2))));
//      assign(t[2], binop(Iop_Or64, mkexpr(t[1]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t[1]), mkU8(4))));
//      assign(t[3], binop(Iop_Or64, mkexpr(t[2]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t[2]), mkU8(8))));
//      assign(t[4], binop(Iop_Or64, mkexpr(t[3]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t[3]), mkU8(16))));
//      assign(t[5], binop(Iop_Or64, mkexpr(t[4]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr64, mkexpr(t[4]), mkU8(32))));
//      assign(t[6], unop(Iop_Not64, mkexpr(t[5])));
//      return gen_POPCOUNT(ty, t[6]);
//   }
//   if (ty == Ity_I32) {
//      assign(t[0], binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(src),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(src),  mkU8(1))));
//      assign(t[1], binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(t[0]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(t[0]), mkU8(2))));
//      assign(t[2], binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(t[1]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(t[1]), mkU8(4))));
//      assign(t[3], binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(t[2]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(t[2]), mkU8(8))));
//      assign(t[4], binop(Iop_Or32, mkexpr(t[3]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr32, mkexpr(t[3]), mkU8(16))));
//      assign(t[5], unop(Iop_Not32, mkexpr(t[4])));
//      return gen_POPCOUNT(ty, t[5]);
//   }
//   if (ty == Ity_I16) {
//      assign(t[0], binop(Iop_Or16, mkexpr(src),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr16, mkexpr(src),  mkU8(1))));
//      assign(t[1], binop(Iop_Or16, mkexpr(t[0]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr16, mkexpr(t[0]), mkU8(2))));
//      assign(t[2], binop(Iop_Or16, mkexpr(t[1]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr16, mkexpr(t[1]), mkU8(4))));
//      assign(t[3], binop(Iop_Or16, mkexpr(t[2]),
//                                   binop(Iop_Shr16, mkexpr(t[2]), mkU8(8))));
//      assign(t[4], unop(Iop_Not16, mkexpr(t[3])));
//      return gen_POPCOUNT(ty, t[4]);
//   }
//   vassert(0);
//}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- end                                       guest_amd64_toIR.c ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/

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