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debuginfo.c

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Top level management of symbols and debugging information.   ---*/
/*---                                                  debuginfo.c ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
   This file is part of Valgrind, a dynamic binary instrumentation
   framework.

   Copyright (C) 2000-2010 Julian Seward 
      jseward@acm.org

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
   published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
   License, or (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
   02111-1307, USA.

   The GNU General Public License is contained in the file COPYING.
*/

#include "pub_core_basics.h"
#include "pub_core_vki.h"
#include "pub_core_threadstate.h"
#include "pub_core_debuginfo.h"  /* self */
#include "pub_core_demangle.h"
#include "pub_core_libcbase.h"
#include "pub_core_libcassert.h"
#include "pub_core_libcprint.h"
#include "pub_core_libcfile.h"
#include "pub_core_libcproc.h"   // VG_(getenv)
#include "pub_core_seqmatch.h"
#include "pub_core_options.h"
#include "pub_core_redir.h"      // VG_(redir_notify_{new,delete}_SegInfo)
#include "pub_core_aspacemgr.h"
#include "pub_core_machine.h"    // VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC
#include "pub_core_xarray.h"
#include "pub_core_oset.h"
#include "pub_core_stacktrace.h" // VG_(get_StackTrace) XXX: circular dependency
#include "pub_core_ume.h"

#include "priv_misc.h"           /* dinfo_zalloc/free */
#include "priv_d3basics.h"       /* ML_(pp_GX) */
#include "priv_tytypes.h"
#include "priv_storage.h"
#include "priv_readdwarf.h"
#include "priv_readstabs.h"
#if defined(VGO_linux)
# include "priv_readelf.h"
# include "priv_readdwarf3.h"
# include "priv_readpdb.h"
#elif defined(VGO_aix5)
# include "pub_core_debuglog.h"
# include "pub_core_libcproc.h"
# include "pub_core_libcfile.h"
# include "priv_readxcoff.h"
#elif defined(VGO_darwin)
# include "priv_readmacho.h"
# include "priv_readpdb.h"
#endif


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- The _svma / _avma / _image / _bias naming scheme     ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* JRS 11 Jan 07: I find the different kinds of addresses involved in
   debuginfo reading confusing.  Recently I arrived at some
   terminology which makes it clearer (to me, at least).  There are 3
   kinds of address used in the debuginfo reading process:
 
   stated VMAs - the address where (eg) a .so says a symbol is, that
                 is, what it tells you if you consider the .so in
                 isolation
 
   actual VMAs - the address where (eg) said symbol really wound up
                 after the .so was mapped into memory
 
   image addresses - pointers into the copy of the .so (etc)
                     transiently mmaped aboard whilst we read its info

   Additionally I use the term 'bias' to denote the difference
   between stated and actual VMAs for a given entity.

   This terminology is not used consistently, but a start has been
   made.  readelf.c and the call-frame info reader in readdwarf.c now
   use it.  Specifically, various variables and structure fields have
   been annotated with _avma / _svma / _image / _bias.  In places _img
   is used instead of _image for the sake of brevity.
*/


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- fwdses                                               ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

static void cfsi_cache__invalidate ( void );


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Root structure                                       ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* The root structure for the entire debug info system.  It is a
   linked list of DebugInfos. */
static DebugInfo* debugInfo_list = NULL;


/* Find 'di' in the debugInfo_list and move it one step closer the the
   front of the list, so as to make subsequent searches for it
   cheaper.  When used in a controlled way, makes a major improvement
   in some DebugInfo-search-intensive situations, most notably stack
   unwinding on amd64-linux. */
static void move_DebugInfo_one_step_forward ( DebugInfo* di )
{
   DebugInfo *di0, *di1, *di2;
   if (di == debugInfo_list)
      return; /* already at head of list */
   vg_assert(di != NULL);
   di0 = debugInfo_list;
   di1 = NULL;
   di2 = NULL;
   while (True) {
      if (di0 == NULL || di0 == di) break;
      di2 = di1;
      di1 = di0;
      di0 = di0->next;
   }
   vg_assert(di0 == di);
   if (di0 != NULL && di1 != NULL && di2 != NULL) {
      DebugInfo* tmp;
      /* di0 points to di, di1 to its predecessor, and di2 to di1's
         predecessor.  Swap di0 and di1, that is, move di0 one step
         closer to the start of the list. */
      vg_assert(di2->next == di1);
      vg_assert(di1->next == di0);
      tmp = di0->next;
      di2->next = di0;
      di0->next = di1;
      di1->next = tmp;
   }
   else
   if (di0 != NULL && di1 != NULL && di2 == NULL) {
      /* it's second in the list. */
      vg_assert(debugInfo_list == di1);
      vg_assert(di1->next == di0);
      di1->next = di0->next;
      di0->next = di1;
      debugInfo_list = di0;
   }
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Notification (acquire/discard) helpers               ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Gives out unique abstract handles for allocated DebugInfos.  See
   comment in priv_storage.h, declaration of struct _DebugInfo, for
   details. */
static ULong handle_counter = 1;

/* Allocate and zero out a new DebugInfo record. */
static 
DebugInfo* alloc_DebugInfo( const UChar* filename,
                            const UChar* memname )
{
   Bool       traceme;
   DebugInfo* di;

   vg_assert(filename);

   di = ML_(dinfo_zalloc)("di.debuginfo.aDI.1", sizeof(DebugInfo));
   di->handle    = handle_counter++;
   di->filename  = ML_(dinfo_strdup)("di.debuginfo.aDI.2", filename);
   di->memname   = memname ? ML_(dinfo_strdup)("di.debuginfo.aDI.3", memname)
                           : NULL;

   /* Everything else -- pointers, sizes, arrays -- is zeroed by calloc.
      Now set up the debugging-output flags. */
   traceme 
      = VG_(string_match)( VG_(clo_trace_symtab_patt), filename )
        || (memname && VG_(string_match)( VG_(clo_trace_symtab_patt), 
                                          memname ));
   if (traceme) {
      di->trace_symtab = VG_(clo_trace_symtab);
      di->trace_cfi    = VG_(clo_trace_cfi);
      di->ddump_syms   = VG_(clo_debug_dump_syms);
      di->ddump_line   = VG_(clo_debug_dump_line);
      di->ddump_frames = VG_(clo_debug_dump_frames);
   }

   return di;
}


/* Free a DebugInfo, and also all the stuff hanging off it. */
static void free_DebugInfo ( DebugInfo* di )
{
   Word i, j, n;
   struct strchunk *chunk, *next;
   TyEnt* ent;
   GExpr* gexpr;

   vg_assert(di != NULL);
   if (di->filename)   ML_(dinfo_free)(di->filename);
   if (di->symtab)     ML_(dinfo_free)(di->symtab);
   if (di->loctab)     ML_(dinfo_free)(di->loctab);
   if (di->cfsi)       ML_(dinfo_free)(di->cfsi);
   if (di->cfsi_exprs) VG_(deleteXA)(di->cfsi_exprs);
   if (di->fpo)        ML_(dinfo_free)(di->fpo);

   for (chunk = di->strchunks; chunk != NULL; chunk = next) {
      next = chunk->next;
      ML_(dinfo_free)(chunk);
   }

   /* Delete the two admin arrays.  These lists exist primarily so
      that we can visit each object exactly once when we need to
      delete them. */
   if (di->admin_tyents) {
      n = VG_(sizeXA)(di->admin_tyents);
      for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
         ent = (TyEnt*)VG_(indexXA)(di->admin_tyents, i);
         /* Dump anything hanging off this ent */
         ML_(TyEnt__make_EMPTY)(ent);
      }
      VG_(deleteXA)(di->admin_tyents);
      di->admin_tyents = NULL;
   }

   if (di->admin_gexprs) {
      n = VG_(sizeXA)(di->admin_gexprs);
      for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
         gexpr = *(GExpr**)VG_(indexXA)(di->admin_gexprs, i);
         ML_(dinfo_free)(gexpr);
      }
      VG_(deleteXA)(di->admin_gexprs);
      di->admin_gexprs = NULL;
   }

   /* Dump the variable info.  This is kinda complex: we must take
      care not to free items which reside in either the admin lists
      (as we have just freed them) or which reside in the DebugInfo's
      string table. */
   if (di->varinfo) {
      for (i = 0; i < VG_(sizeXA)(di->varinfo); i++) {
         OSet* scope = *(OSet**)VG_(indexXA)(di->varinfo, i);
         if (!scope) continue;
         /* iterate over all entries in 'scope' */
         VG_(OSetGen_ResetIter)(scope);
         while (True) {
            DiAddrRange* arange = VG_(OSetGen_Next)(scope);
            if (!arange) break;
            /* for each var in 'arange' */
            vg_assert(arange->vars);
            for (j = 0; j < VG_(sizeXA)( arange->vars ); j++) {
               DiVariable* var = (DiVariable*)VG_(indexXA)(arange->vars,j);
               vg_assert(var);
               /* Nothing to free in var: all the pointer fields refer
                  to stuff either on an admin list, or in
                  .strchunks */
            }
            VG_(deleteXA)(arange->vars);
            /* Don't free arange itself, as OSetGen_Destroy does
               that */
         }
         VG_(OSetGen_Destroy)(scope);
      }
      VG_(deleteXA)(di->varinfo);
   }

   ML_(dinfo_free)(di);
}


/* 'si' is a member of debugInfo_list.  Find it, remove it from the
   list, notify m_redir that this has happened, and free all storage
   reachable from it.
*/
static void discard_DebugInfo ( DebugInfo* di )
{
#  if defined(VGP_ppc32_aix5)
   HChar* reason = "__unload";
#  elif defined(VGP_ppc64_aix5)
   HChar* reason = "kunload64";
#  else
   HChar* reason = "munmap";
#  endif

   DebugInfo** prev_next_ptr = &debugInfo_list;
   DebugInfo*  curr          =  debugInfo_list;

   while (curr) {
      if (curr == di) {
         /* Found it;  remove from list and free it. */
         if (curr->have_dinfo
             && (VG_(clo_verbosity) > 1 || VG_(clo_trace_redir)))
            VG_(message)(Vg_DebugMsg, 
                         "Discarding syms at %#lx-%#lx in %s due to %s()\n",
                         di->text_avma, 
                         di->text_avma + di->text_size,
                         curr->filename ? curr->filename : (UChar*)"???",
                         reason);
         vg_assert(*prev_next_ptr == curr);
         *prev_next_ptr = curr->next;
         if (curr->have_dinfo)
            VG_(redir_notify_delete_DebugInfo)( curr );
         free_DebugInfo(curr);
         return;
      }
      prev_next_ptr = &curr->next;
      curr          =  curr->next;
   }

   /* Not found. */
}


/* Repeatedly scan debugInfo_list, looking for DebugInfos with text
   AVMAs intersecting [start,start+length), and call discard_DebugInfo
   to get rid of them.  This modifies the list, hence the multiple
   iterations.  Returns True iff any such DebugInfos were found.
*/
static Bool discard_syms_in_range ( Addr start, SizeT length )
{
   Bool       anyFound = False;
   Bool       found;
   DebugInfo* curr;

   while (True) {
      found = False;

      curr = debugInfo_list;
      while (True) {
         if (curr == NULL)
            break;
         if (curr->text_present
             && curr->text_size > 0
             && (start+length - 1 < curr->text_avma 
                 || curr->text_avma + curr->text_size - 1 < start)) {
            /* no overlap */
       } else {
          found = True;
          break;
       }
       curr = curr->next;
      }

      if (!found) break;
      anyFound = True;
      discard_DebugInfo( curr );
   }

   return anyFound;
}


/* Does [s1,+len1) overlap [s2,+len2) ?  Note: does not handle
   wraparound at the end of the address space -- just asserts in that
   case. */
static Bool ranges_overlap (Addr s1, SizeT len1, Addr s2, SizeT len2 )
{
   Addr e1, e2;
   if (len1 == 0 || len2 == 0) 
      return False;
   e1 = s1 + len1 - 1;
   e2 = s2 + len2 - 1;
   /* Assert that we don't have wraparound.  If we do it would imply
      that file sections are getting mapped around the end of the
      address space, which sounds unlikely. */
   vg_assert(s1 <= e1);
   vg_assert(s2 <= e2);
   if (e1 < s2 || e2 < s1) return False;
   return True;
}


/* Do the basic rx_ and rw_ mappings of the two DebugInfos overlap in
   any way? */
static Bool do_DebugInfos_overlap ( DebugInfo* di1, DebugInfo* di2 )
{
   vg_assert(di1);
   vg_assert(di2);

   if (di1->have_rx_map && di2->have_rx_map
       && ranges_overlap(di1->rx_map_avma, di1->rx_map_size,
                         di2->rx_map_avma, di2->rx_map_size))
      return True;

   if (di1->have_rx_map && di2->have_rw_map
       && ranges_overlap(di1->rx_map_avma, di1->rx_map_size,
                         di2->rw_map_avma, di2->rw_map_size))
      return True;

   if (di1->have_rw_map && di2->have_rx_map
       && ranges_overlap(di1->rw_map_avma, di1->rw_map_size,
                         di2->rx_map_avma, di2->rx_map_size))
      return True;

   if (di1->have_rw_map && di2->have_rw_map
       && ranges_overlap(di1->rw_map_avma, di1->rw_map_size,
                         di2->rw_map_avma, di2->rw_map_size))
      return True;

   return False;
}


/* Discard all elements of debugInfo_list whose .mark bit is set.
*/
static void discard_marked_DebugInfos ( void )
{
   DebugInfo* curr;

   while (True) {

      curr = debugInfo_list;
      while (True) {
         if (!curr)
            break;
         if (curr->mark)
            break;
       curr = curr->next;
      }

      if (!curr) break;
      discard_DebugInfo( curr );

   }
}


/* Discard any elements of debugInfo_list which overlap with diRef.
   Clearly diRef must have its rx_ and rw_ mapping information set to
   something sane. */
#if defined(VGO_aix5)
__attribute__((unused))
#endif
static void discard_DebugInfos_which_overlap_with ( DebugInfo* diRef )
{
   DebugInfo* di;
   /* Mark all the DebugInfos in debugInfo_list that need to be
      deleted.  First, clear all the mark bits; then set them if they
      overlap with siRef.  Since siRef itself is in this list we at
      least expect its own mark bit to be set. */
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di; di = di->next) {
      di->mark = do_DebugInfos_overlap( di, diRef );
      if (di == diRef) {
         vg_assert(di->mark);
         di->mark = False;
      }
   }
   discard_marked_DebugInfos();
}


/* Find the existing DebugInfo for (memname,filename) or if not found,
   create one.  In the latter case memname and filename are strdup'd
   into VG_AR_DINFO, and the new DebugInfo is added to
   debugInfo_list. */
static
DebugInfo* find_or_create_DebugInfo_for ( UChar* filename, UChar* memname )
{
   DebugInfo* di;
   vg_assert(filename);
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di; di = di->next) {
      vg_assert(di->filename);
      if (0==VG_(strcmp)(di->filename, filename)
          && ( (memname && di->memname) 
                  ? 0==VG_(strcmp)(memname, di->memname)
                  : True ))
         break;
   }
   if (!di) {
      di = alloc_DebugInfo(filename, memname);
      vg_assert(di);
      di->next = debugInfo_list;
      debugInfo_list = di;
   }
   return di;
}


/* Debuginfo reading for 'di' has just been successfully completed.
   Check that the invariants stated in
   "Comment_on_IMPORTANT_CFSI_REPRESENTATIONAL_INVARIANTS" in
   priv_storage.h are observed. */
static void check_CFSI_related_invariants ( DebugInfo* di )
{
   DebugInfo* di2 = NULL;
   vg_assert(di);
   /* This fn isn't called until after debuginfo for this object has
      been successfully read.  And that shouldn't happen until we have
      both a r-x and rw- mapping for the object.  Hence: */
   vg_assert(di->have_rx_map);
   vg_assert(di->have_rw_map);
   /* degenerate case: r-x section is empty */
   if (di->rx_map_size == 0) {
      vg_assert(di->cfsi == NULL);
      return;
   }
   /* normal case: r-x section is nonempty */
   /* invariant (0) */
   vg_assert(di->rx_map_size > 0);
   /* invariant (1) */
   for (di2 = debugInfo_list; di2; di2 = di2->next) {
      if (di2 == di)
         continue;
      if (di2->rx_map_size == 0)
         continue;
      vg_assert(di->rx_map_avma + di->rx_map_size <= di2->rx_map_avma
                || di2->rx_map_avma + di2->rx_map_size <= di->rx_map_avma);
   }
   di2 = NULL;
   /* invariant (2) */
   if (di->cfsi) {
      vg_assert(di->cfsi_minavma <= di->cfsi_maxavma); /* duh! */
      vg_assert(di->cfsi_minavma >= di->rx_map_avma);
      vg_assert(di->cfsi_maxavma < di->rx_map_avma + di->rx_map_size);
   }
   /* invariants (3) and (4) */
   if (di->cfsi) {
      Word i;
      vg_assert(di->cfsi_used > 0);
      vg_assert(di->cfsi_size > 0);
      for (i = 0; i < di->cfsi_used; i++) {
         DiCfSI* cfsi = &di->cfsi[i];
         vg_assert(cfsi->len > 0);
         vg_assert(cfsi->base >= di->cfsi_minavma);
         vg_assert(cfsi->base + cfsi->len - 1 <= di->cfsi_maxavma);
         if (i > 0) {
            DiCfSI* cfsip = &di->cfsi[i-1];
            vg_assert(cfsip->base + cfsip->len <= cfsi->base);
         }
      }
   } else {
      vg_assert(di->cfsi_used == 0);
      vg_assert(di->cfsi_size == 0);
   }
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--- TOP LEVEL: INITIALISE THE DEBUGINFO SYSTEM             ---*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/

void VG_(di_initialise) ( void )
{
   /* There's actually very little to do here, since everything
      centers around the DebugInfos in debugInfo_list, they are
      created and destroyed on demand, and each one is treated more or
      less independently. */
   vg_assert(debugInfo_list == NULL);

   /* flush the CFI fast query cache. */
   cfsi_cache__invalidate();
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--- TOP LEVEL: NOTIFICATION (ACQUIRE/DISCARD INFO) (LINUX) ---*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/

#if defined(VGO_linux)  ||  defined(VGO_darwin)

/* The debug info system is driven by notifications that a text
   segment has been mapped in, or unmapped.  When that happens it
   tries to acquire/discard whatever info is available for the
   corresponding object.  This section contains the notification
   handlers. */

/* Notify the debuginfo system about a new mapping.  This is the way
   new debug information gets loaded.  If allow_SkFileV is True, it
   will try load debug info if the mapping at 'a' belongs to Valgrind;
   whereas normally (False) it will not do that.  This allows us to
   carefully control when the thing will read symbols from the
   Valgrind executable itself.

   If a call to VG_(di_notify_mmap) causes debug info to be read, then
   the returned ULong is an abstract handle which can later be used to
   refer to the debuginfo read as a result of this specific mapping,
   in later queries to m_debuginfo.  In this case the handle value
   will be one or above.  If the returned value is zero, no debug info
   was read. */

ULong VG_(di_notify_mmap)( Addr a, Bool allow_SkFileV )
{
   NSegment const * seg;
   HChar*     filename;
   Bool       ok, is_rx_map, is_rw_map;
   DebugInfo* di;
   ULong      di_handle;
   SysRes     fd;
   Int        nread;
   HChar      buf1k[1024];
   Bool       debug = False;
   SysRes     statres;
   struct vg_stat statbuf;

   /* In short, figure out if this mapping is of interest to us, and
      if so, try to guess what ld.so is doing and when/if we should
      read debug info. */
   seg = VG_(am_find_nsegment)(a);
   vg_assert(seg);

   if (debug)
      VG_(printf)("di_notify_mmap-1: %#lx-%#lx %c%c%c\n",
                  seg->start, seg->end, 
                  seg->hasR ? 'r' : '-',
                  seg->hasW ? 'w' : '-',seg->hasX ? 'x' : '-' );

   /* guaranteed by aspacemgr-linux.c, sane_NSegment() */
   vg_assert(seg->end > seg->start);

   /* Ignore non-file mappings */
   if ( ! (seg->kind == SkFileC
           || (seg->kind == SkFileV && allow_SkFileV)) )
      return 0;

   /* If the file doesn't have a name, we're hosed.  Give up. */
   filename = VG_(am_get_filename)( (NSegment*)seg );
   if (!filename)
      return 0;

   if (debug)
      VG_(printf)("di_notify_mmap-2: %s\n", filename);

   /* Only try to read debug information from regular files.  */
   statres = VG_(stat)(filename, &statbuf);

   /* stat dereferences symlinks, so we don't expect it to succeed and
      yet produce something that is a symlink. */
   vg_assert(sr_isError(statres) || ! VKI_S_ISLNK(statbuf.mode));

   /* Don't let the stat call fail silently.  Filter out some known
      sources of noise before complaining, though. */
   if (sr_isError(statres)) {
      DebugInfo fake_di;
      Bool quiet = VG_(strstr)(filename, "/var/run/nscd/") != NULL;
      if (!quiet && VG_(clo_verbosity) > 1) {
         VG_(memset)(&fake_di, 0, sizeof(fake_di));
         fake_di.filename = filename;
         ML_(symerr)(&fake_di, True, "failed to stat64/stat this file");
      }
      return 0;
   }

   /* Finally, the point of all this stattery: if it's not a regular file,
      don't try to read debug info from it. */
   if (! VKI_S_ISREG(statbuf.mode))
      return 0;

   /* no uses of statbuf below here. */

   /* Now we have to guess if this is a text-like mapping, a data-like
      mapping, neither or both.  The rules are:

        text if:   x86-linux    r and x
                   other-linux  r and x and not w

        data if:   x86-linux    r and w
                   other-linux  r and w and not x

      Background: On x86-linux, objects are typically mapped twice:

      1b8fb000-1b8ff000 r-xp 00000000 08:02 4471477 vgpreload_memcheck.so
      1b8ff000-1b900000 rw-p 00004000 08:02 4471477 vgpreload_memcheck.so

      whereas ppc32-linux mysteriously does this:

      118a6000-118ad000 r-xp 00000000 08:05 14209428 vgpreload_memcheck.so
      118ad000-118b6000 ---p 00007000 08:05 14209428 vgpreload_memcheck.so
      118b6000-118bd000 rwxp 00000000 08:05 14209428 vgpreload_memcheck.so

      The third mapping should not be considered to have executable
      code in.  Therefore a test which works for both is: r and x and
      NOT w.  Reading symbols from the rwx segment -- which overlaps
      the r-x segment in the file -- causes the redirection mechanism
      to redirect to addresses in that third segment, which is wrong
      and causes crashes.

      JRS 28 Dec 05: unfortunately icc 8.1 on x86 has been seen to
      produce executables with a single rwx segment rather than a
      (r-x,rw-) pair. That means the rules have to be modified thusly:

      x86-linux:   consider if r and x
      all others:  consider if r and x and not w

      2009 Aug 16: apply similar kludge to ppc32-linux.
      See http://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=190820
   */
   is_rx_map = False;
   is_rw_map = False;
#  if defined(VGA_x86) || defined(VGA_ppc32)
   is_rx_map = seg->hasR && seg->hasX;
   is_rw_map = seg->hasR && seg->hasW;
#  elif defined(VGA_amd64) || defined(VGA_ppc64) || defined(VGA_arm)
   is_rx_map = seg->hasR && seg->hasX && !seg->hasW;
   is_rw_map = seg->hasR && seg->hasW && !seg->hasX;
#  else
#    error "Unknown platform"
#  endif

   if (debug)
      VG_(printf)("di_notify_mmap-3: is_rx_map %d, is_rw_map %d\n",
                  (Int)is_rx_map, (Int)is_rw_map);

   /* If it is neither text-ish nor data-ish, we're not interested. */
   if (!(is_rx_map || is_rw_map))
      return 0;

   /* Peer at the first few bytes of the file, to see if it is an ELF */
   /* object file. Ignore the file if we do not have read permission. */
   VG_(memset)(buf1k, 0, sizeof(buf1k));
   fd = VG_(open)( filename, VKI_O_RDONLY, 0 );
   if (sr_isError(fd)) {
      if (sr_Err(fd) != VKI_EACCES) {
         DebugInfo fake_di;
         VG_(memset)(&fake_di, 0, sizeof(fake_di));
         fake_di.filename = filename;
         ML_(symerr)(&fake_di, True, "can't open file to inspect ELF header");
      }
      return 0;
   }
   nread = VG_(read)( sr_Res(fd), buf1k, sizeof(buf1k) );
   VG_(close)( sr_Res(fd) );

   if (nread == 0)
      return 0;
   if (nread < 0) {
      DebugInfo fake_di;
      VG_(memset)(&fake_di, 0, sizeof(fake_di));
      fake_di.filename = filename;
      ML_(symerr)(&fake_di, True, "can't read file to inspect ELF header");
      return 0;
   }
   vg_assert(nread > 0 && nread <= sizeof(buf1k) );

   /* We're only interested in mappings of object files. */
   // Nb: AIX5 doesn't use this file and so isn't represented here.
#if defined(VGO_linux)
   if (!ML_(is_elf_object_file)( buf1k, (SizeT)nread ))
      return 0;
#elif defined(VGO_darwin)
   if (!ML_(is_macho_object_file)( buf1k, (SizeT)nread ))
      return 0;
#else
#  error "unknown OS"
#endif

   /* See if we have a DebugInfo for this filename.  If not,
      create one. */
   di = find_or_create_DebugInfo_for( filename, NULL/*membername*/ );
   vg_assert(di);

   if (is_rx_map) {
      /* We have a text-like mapping.  Note the details. */
      if (!di->have_rx_map) {
         di->have_rx_map = True;
         di->rx_map_avma = a;
         di->rx_map_size = seg->end + 1 - seg->start;
         di->rx_map_foff = seg->offset;
      } else {
         /* FIXME: complain about a second text-like mapping */
      }
   }

   if (is_rw_map) {
      /* We have a data-like mapping.  Note the details. */
      if (!di->have_rw_map) {
         di->have_rw_map = True;
         di->rw_map_avma = a;
         di->rw_map_size = seg->end + 1 - seg->start;
         di->rw_map_foff = seg->offset;
      } else {
         /* FIXME: complain about a second data-like mapping */
      }
   }

   /* If we don't have an rx and rw mapping, or if we already have
      debuginfo for this mapping for whatever reason, go no
      further. */
   if ( ! (di->have_rx_map && di->have_rw_map && !di->have_dinfo) )
      return 0;

   /* Ok, so, finally, let's try to read the debuginfo. */
   vg_assert(di->filename);
   TRACE_SYMTAB("\n");
   TRACE_SYMTAB("------ start ELF OBJECT "
                "------------------------------\n");
   TRACE_SYMTAB("------ name = %s\n", di->filename);
   TRACE_SYMTAB("\n");

   /* We're going to read symbols and debug info for the avma
      ranges [rx_map_avma, +rx_map_size) and [rw_map_avma,
      +rw_map_size).  First get rid of any other DebugInfos which
      overlap either of those ranges (to avoid total confusion). */
   discard_DebugInfos_which_overlap_with( di );

   /* .. and acquire new info. */
   // Nb: AIX5 doesn't use this file and so isn't represented here.
#if defined(VGO_linux)
   ok = ML_(read_elf_debug_info)( di );
#elif defined(VGO_darwin)
   ok = ML_(read_macho_debug_info)( di );
#else
#  error "unknown OS"
#endif

   if (ok) {

      TRACE_SYMTAB("\n------ Canonicalising the "
                   "acquired info ------\n");
      /* invalidate the CFI unwind cache. */
      cfsi_cache__invalidate();
      /* prepare read data for use */
      ML_(canonicaliseTables)( di );
      /* notify m_redir about it */
      TRACE_SYMTAB("\n------ Notifying m_redir ------\n");
      VG_(redir_notify_new_DebugInfo)( di );
      /* Note that we succeeded */
      di->have_dinfo = True;
      tl_assert(di->handle > 0);
      di_handle = di->handle;
      /* Check invariants listed in
         Comment_on_IMPORTANT_REPRESENTATIONAL_INVARIANTS in
         priv_storage.h. */
      check_CFSI_related_invariants(di);

   } else {
      TRACE_SYMTAB("\n------ ELF reading failed ------\n");
      /* Something went wrong (eg. bad ELF file).  Should we delete
         this DebugInfo?  No - it contains info on the rw/rx
         mappings, at least. */
      di_handle = 0;
      vg_assert(di->have_dinfo == False);
   }

   TRACE_SYMTAB("\n");
   TRACE_SYMTAB("------ name = %s\n", di->filename);
   TRACE_SYMTAB("------ end ELF OBJECT "
                "------------------------------\n");
   TRACE_SYMTAB("\n");

   return di_handle;
}


/* Unmap is simpler - throw away any SegInfos intersecting 
   [a, a+len).  */
void VG_(di_notify_munmap)( Addr a, SizeT len )
{
   Bool anyFound;
   if (0) VG_(printf)("DISCARD %#lx %#lx\n", a, a+len);
   anyFound = discard_syms_in_range(a, len);
   if (anyFound)
      cfsi_cache__invalidate();
}


/* Uh, this doesn't do anything at all.  IIRC glibc (or ld.so, I don't
   remember) does a bunch of mprotects on itself, and if we follow
   through here, it causes the debug info for that object to get
   discarded. */
void VG_(di_notify_mprotect)( Addr a, SizeT len, UInt prot )
{
   Bool exe_ok = toBool(prot & VKI_PROT_EXEC);
#  if defined(VGA_x86)
   exe_ok = exe_ok || toBool(prot & VKI_PROT_READ);
#  endif
   if (0 && !exe_ok) {
      Bool anyFound = discard_syms_in_range(a, len);
      if (anyFound)
         cfsi_cache__invalidate();
   }
}

/*--------- PDB (windows debug info) reading --------- */

/* this should really return ULong, as per VG_(di_notify_mmap). */
void VG_(di_notify_pdb_debuginfo)( Int fd_obj, Addr avma_obj,
                                   SizeT total_size,
                                   PtrdiffT unknown_purpose__reloc )
{
   Int    i, r, sz_exename;
   ULong  obj_mtime, pdb_mtime;
   Char   exename[VKI_PATH_MAX];
   Char*  pdbname = NULL;
   Char*  dot;
   SysRes sres;
   Int    fd_pdbimage;
   SizeT  n_pdbimage;
   struct vg_stat stat_buf;

   if (VG_(clo_verbosity) > 0) {
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg, "\n");
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg,
         "LOAD_PDB_DEBUGINFO(fd=%d, avma=%#lx, total_size=%lu, "
         "uu_reloc=%#lx)\n", 
         fd_obj, avma_obj, total_size, unknown_purpose__reloc
      );
   }

   /* 'fd' refers to the .exe/.dll we're dealing with.  Get its modification
      time into obj_mtime. */
   r = VG_(fstat)(fd_obj, &stat_buf);
   if (r == -1)
      goto out; /* stat failed ?! */
   vg_assert(r == 0);
   obj_mtime = stat_buf.mtime;

   /* and get its name into exename[]. */
   vg_assert(VKI_PATH_MAX > 100); /* to ensure /proc/self/fd/%d is safe */
   VG_(memset)(exename, 0, sizeof(exename));
   VG_(sprintf)(exename, "/proc/self/fd/%d", fd_obj);
   /* convert exename from a symlink to real name .. overwrites the
      old contents of the buffer.  Ick. */
   sz_exename = VG_(readlink)(exename, exename, sizeof(exename)-2 );
   if (sz_exename == -1)
      goto out; /* readlink failed ?! */
   vg_assert(sz_exename >= 0 && sz_exename < sizeof(exename));
   vg_assert(exename[sizeof(exename)-1] == 0);

   if (VG_(clo_verbosity) > 0) {
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg, "LOAD_PDB_DEBUGINFO: objname: %s\n", exename);
   }

   /* Try to get the PDB file name from the executable. */
   pdbname = ML_(find_name_of_pdb_file)(exename);
   if (pdbname) {
      vg_assert(VG_(strlen)(pdbname) >= 5); /* 5 = strlen("X.pdb") */
      /* So we successfully extracted a name from the PE file.  But it's
         likely to be of the form
            e:\foo\bar\xyzzy\wibble.pdb
         and we need to change it into something we can actually open
         in Wine-world, which basically means turning it into
            $HOME/.wine/drive_e/foo/bar/xyzzy/wibble.pdb
         We also take into account $WINEPREFIX, if it is set.
         For the moment, if the name isn't fully qualified, just forget it
         (we'd have to root around to find where the pdb actually is)
      */
      /* Change all the backslashes to forward slashes */
      for (i = 0; pdbname[i]; i++) {
         if (pdbname[i] == '\\')
            pdbname[i] = '/';
      }
      Bool is_quald
         = ('a' <= VG_(tolower)(pdbname[0]) && VG_(tolower)(pdbname[0]) <= 'z')
           && pdbname[1] == ':'
           && pdbname[2] == '/';
      HChar* home = VG_(getenv)("HOME");
      HChar* wpfx = VG_(getenv)("WINEPREFIX");
      if (is_quald && wpfx) {
         /* Change e:/foo/bar/xyzzy/wibble.pdb
                to $WINEPREFIX/drive_e/foo/bar/xyzzy/wibble.pdb
         */
         Int mashedSzB = VG_(strlen)(pdbname) + VG_(strlen)(wpfx) + 50/*misc*/;
         HChar* mashed = ML_(dinfo_zalloc)("di.debuginfo.dnpdi.1", mashedSzB);
         VG_(sprintf)(mashed, "%s/drive_%c%s",
                      wpfx, pdbname[0], &pdbname[2]);
         vg_assert(mashed[mashedSzB-1] == 0);
         ML_(dinfo_free)(pdbname);
         pdbname = mashed;
      }
      else if (is_quald && home && !wpfx) {
         /* Change e:/foo/bar/xyzzy/wibble.pdb
                to $HOME/.wine/drive_e/foo/bar/xyzzy/wibble.pdb
         */
         Int mashedSzB = VG_(strlen)(pdbname) + VG_(strlen)(home) + 50/*misc*/;
         HChar* mashed = ML_(dinfo_zalloc)("di.debuginfo.dnpdi.2", mashedSzB);
         VG_(sprintf)(mashed, "%s/.wine/drive_%c%s",
                      home, pdbname[0], &pdbname[2]);
         vg_assert(mashed[mashedSzB-1] == 0);
         ML_(dinfo_free)(pdbname);
         pdbname = mashed;
      } else {
         /* It's not a fully qualified path, or neither $HOME nor $WINE
            are set (strange).  Give up. */
         ML_(dinfo_free)(pdbname);
         pdbname = NULL;
      }
   }

   /* Try s/exe/pdb/ if we don't have a valid pdbname. */
   if (!pdbname) {
      /* Try to find a matching PDB file from which to read debuginfo.
         Windows PE files have symbol tables and line number information,
         but MSVC doesn't seem to use them. */
      /* Why +5 ?  Because in the worst case, we could find a dot as the
         last character of pdbname, and we'd then put "pdb" right after
         it, hence extending it a bit. */
      pdbname = ML_(dinfo_zalloc)("di.debuginfo.lpd1", sz_exename+5);
      VG_(strcpy)(pdbname, exename);
      vg_assert(pdbname[sz_exename+5-1] == 0);
      dot = VG_(strrchr)(pdbname, '.');
      if (!dot)
         goto out; /* there's no dot in the exe's name ?! */
      if (dot[1] == 0)
         goto out; /* hmm, path ends in "." */

      if ('A' <= dot[1] && dot[1] <= 'Z')
         VG_(strcpy)(dot, ".PDB");
      else
         VG_(strcpy)(dot, ".pdb");

      vg_assert(pdbname[sz_exename+5-1] == 0);
   }

   /* See if we can find it, and check it's in-dateness. */
   sres = VG_(stat)(pdbname, &stat_buf);
   if (sr_isError(sres)) {
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg, "Warning: Missing or un-stat-able %s\n",
                               pdbname);
   if (VG_(clo_verbosity) > 0)
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg, "LOAD_PDB_DEBUGINFO: missing: %s\n", pdbname);
      goto out;
   }
   pdb_mtime = stat_buf.mtime;

   if (obj_mtime > pdb_mtime + 60ULL) {
      /* PDB file is older than PE file.  Really, the PDB should be
         newer than the PE, but that doesn't always seem to be the
         case.  Allow the PDB to be up to one minute older.
         Otherwise, it's probably out of date, in which case ignore it
         or we will either (a) print wrong stack traces or more likely
         (b) crash.
      */
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg,
                   "Warning:       %s (mtime = %llu)\n"
                   " is older than %s (mtime = %llu)\n",
                   pdbname, pdb_mtime, exename, obj_mtime);
   }

   sres = VG_(open)(pdbname, VKI_O_RDONLY, 0);
   if (sr_isError(sres)) {
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg, "Warning: Can't open %s\n", pdbname);
      goto out;
   }

   /* Looks promising; go on to try and read stuff from it. */
   fd_pdbimage = sr_Res(sres);
   n_pdbimage  = stat_buf.size;
   sres = VG_(am_mmap_file_float_valgrind)( n_pdbimage, VKI_PROT_READ,
                                            fd_pdbimage, 0 );
   if (sr_isError(sres)) {
      VG_(close)(fd_pdbimage);
      goto out;
   }

   if (VG_(clo_verbosity) > 0)
      VG_(message)(Vg_UserMsg, "LOAD_PDB_DEBUGINFO: pdbname: %s\n", pdbname);

   /* play safe; always invalidate the CFI cache.  I don't know if
      this is necessary, but anyway .. */
   cfsi_cache__invalidate();
   /* dump old info for this range, if any */
   discard_syms_in_range( avma_obj, total_size );

   { void* pdbimage = (void*)sr_Res(sres);
     DebugInfo* di = find_or_create_DebugInfo_for(exename, NULL/*membername*/ );

     /* this di must be new, since we just nuked any old stuff in the range */
     vg_assert(di && !di->have_rx_map && !di->have_rw_map);
     vg_assert(!di->have_dinfo);

     /* don't set up any of the di-> fields; let
        ML_(read_pdb_debug_info) do it. */
     ML_(read_pdb_debug_info)( di, avma_obj, unknown_purpose__reloc,
                               pdbimage, n_pdbimage, pdbname, pdb_mtime );
     // JRS fixme: take notice of return value from read_pdb_debug_info,
     // and handle failure
     vg_assert(di->have_dinfo); // fails if PDB read failed
     VG_(am_munmap_valgrind)( (Addr)pdbimage, n_pdbimage );
     VG_(close)(fd_pdbimage);
   }

  out:
   if (pdbname) ML_(dinfo_free)(pdbname);
}

#endif /* defined(VGO_linux) || defined(VGO_darwin) */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                       ---*/
/*--- TOP LEVEL: NOTIFICATION (ACQUIRE/DISCARD INFO) (AIX5) ---*/
/*---                                                       ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/

#if defined(VGO_aix5)

/* The supplied parameters describe a code segment and its associated
   data segment, that have recently been mapped in -- so we need to
   read debug info for it -- or conversely, have recently been dumped,
   in which case the relevant debug info has to be unloaded. */

ULong VG_(di_aix5_notify_segchange)( 
               Addr   code_start,
               Word   code_len,
               Addr   data_start,
               Word   data_len,
               UChar* file_name,
               UChar* mem_name,
               Bool   is_mainexe,
               Bool   acquire )
{
   ULong hdl = 0;

   /* play safe; always invalidate the CFI cache.  Not
      that it should be used on AIX, but still .. */
   cfsi_cache__invalidate();

   if (acquire) {

      Bool       ok;
      DebugInfo* di;
      di = find_or_create_DebugInfo_for( file_name, mem_name );
      vg_assert(di);

      if (code_len > 0) {
         di->text_present = True;
         di->text_svma = 0; /* don't know yet */
         di->text_bias = 0; /* don't know yet */
         di->text_avma = code_start;
         di->text_size = code_len;
      }
      if (data_len > 0) {
         di->data_present = True;
         di->data_svma = 0; /* don't know yet */
         di->data_bias = 0; /* don't know yet */
         di->data_avma = data_start;
         di->data_size = data_len;
      }

      /* These need to be filled in in order to keep various
         assertions in storage.c happy.  In particular see
         "Comment_Regarding_Text_Range_Checks" in that file. */
      di->have_rx_map = True;
      di->rx_map_avma = code_start;
      di->rx_map_size = code_len;
      di->have_rw_map = True;
      di->rw_map_avma = data_start;
      di->rw_map_size = data_len;

      ok = ML_(read_xcoff_debug_info) ( di, is_mainexe );

      if (ok) {
         /* prepare read data for use */
         ML_(canonicaliseTables)( di );
         /* notify m_redir about it */
         VG_(redir_notify_new_DebugInfo)( di );
         /* Note that we succeeded */
         di->have_dinfo = True;
         hdl = di->handle;
         vg_assert(hdl > 0);
         /* Check invariants listed in
            Comment_on_IMPORTANT_REPRESENTATIONAL_INVARIANTS in
            priv_storage.h. */
         check_CFSI_related_invariants(di);
      } else {
         /*  Something went wrong (eg. bad XCOFF file). */
         discard_DebugInfo( di );
         di = NULL;
      }

   } else {

      /* Dump all the debugInfos whose text segments intersect
         code_start/code_len. */
      /* CFI cache is always invalidated at start of this routine.
         Hence it's safe to ignore the return value of
         discard_syms_in_range. */
      if (code_len > 0)
         (void)discard_syms_in_range( code_start, code_len );

   }

   return hdl;
}
        

#endif /* defined(VGO_aix5) */


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                      ---*/
/*--- TOP LEVEL: QUERYING EXISTING DEBUG INFO              ---*/
/*---                                                      ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

void VG_(di_discard_ALL_debuginfo)( void )
{
   DebugInfo *di, *di2;
   di = debugInfo_list;
   while (di) {
      di2 = di->next;
      VG_(printf)("XXX rm %p\n", di);
      free_DebugInfo( di );
      di = di2;
   }
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Use of symbol table & location info to create        ---*/
/*--- plausible-looking stack dumps.                       ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Search all symtabs that we know about to locate ptr.  If found, set
   *pdi to the relevant DebugInfo, and *symno to the symtab entry
   *number within that.  If not found, *psi is set to NULL.
   If findText==True,  only text symbols are searched for.
   If findText==False, only data symbols are searched for.
*/
static void search_all_symtabs ( Addr ptr, /*OUT*/DebugInfo** pdi,
                                           /*OUT*/Word* symno,
                                 Bool match_anywhere_in_sym,
                                 Bool findText )
{
   Word       sno;
   DebugInfo* di;
   Bool       inRange;

   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {

      if (findText) {
         /* Consider any symbol in the r-x mapped area to be text.
            See Comment_Regarding_Text_Range_Checks in storage.c for
            details. */
         inRange = di->have_rx_map
                   && di->rx_map_size > 0
                   && di->rx_map_avma <= ptr
                   && ptr < di->rx_map_avma + di->rx_map_size;
      } else {
         inRange = (di->data_present
                    && di->data_size > 0
                    && di->data_avma <= ptr 
                    && ptr < di->data_avma + di->data_size)
                   ||
                   (di->sdata_present
                    && di->sdata_size > 0
                    && di->sdata_avma <= ptr 
                    && ptr < di->sdata_avma + di->sdata_size)
                   ||
                   (di->bss_present
                    && di->bss_size > 0
                    && di->bss_avma <= ptr 
                    && ptr < di->bss_avma + di->bss_size)
                   ||
                   (di->sbss_present
                    && di->sbss_size > 0
                    && di->sbss_avma <= ptr 
                    && ptr < di->sbss_avma + di->sbss_size)
                   ||
                   (di->rodata_present
                    && di->rodata_size > 0
                    && di->rodata_avma <= ptr 
                    && ptr < di->rodata_avma + di->rodata_size);
      }

      if (!inRange) continue;

      sno = ML_(search_one_symtab) ( 
               di, ptr, match_anywhere_in_sym, findText );
      if (sno == -1) goto not_found;
      *symno = sno;
      *pdi = di;
      return;

   }
  not_found:
   *pdi = NULL;
}


/* Search all loctabs that we know about to locate ptr.  If found, set
   *pdi to the relevant DebugInfo, and *locno to the loctab entry
   *number within that.  If not found, *pdi is set to NULL. */
static void search_all_loctabs ( Addr ptr, /*OUT*/DebugInfo** pdi,
                                           /*OUT*/Word* locno )
{
   Word       lno;
   DebugInfo* di;
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {
      if (di->text_present
          && di->text_size > 0
          && di->text_avma <= ptr 
          && ptr < di->text_avma + di->text_size) {
         lno = ML_(search_one_loctab) ( di, ptr );
         if (lno == -1) goto not_found;
         *locno = lno;
         *pdi = di;
         return;
      }
   }
  not_found:
   *pdi = NULL;
}


/* The whole point of this whole big deal: map a code address to a
   plausible symbol name.  Returns False if no idea; otherwise True.
   Caller supplies buf and nbuf.  If do_cxx_demangling is False, don't do
   C++ demangling, regardless of VG_(clo_demangle) -- probably because the
   call has come from VG_(get_fnname_raw)().  findText
   indicates whether we're looking for a text symbol or a data symbol
   -- caller must choose one kind or the other. */
static
Bool get_sym_name ( Bool do_cxx_demangling, Bool do_z_demangling,
                    Bool do_below_main_renaming,
                    Addr a, Char* buf, Int nbuf,
                    Bool match_anywhere_in_sym, Bool show_offset,
                    Bool findText, /*OUT*/PtrdiffT* offsetP )
{
   DebugInfo* di;
   Word       sno;
   PtrdiffT   offset;

   search_all_symtabs ( a, &di, &sno, match_anywhere_in_sym, findText );
   if (di == NULL) 
      return False;

   VG_(demangle) ( do_cxx_demangling, do_z_demangling,
                   di->symtab[sno].name, buf, nbuf );

   /* Do the below-main hack */
   // To reduce the endless nuisance of multiple different names 
   // for "the frame below main()" screwing up the testsuite, change all
   // known incarnations of said into a single name, "(below main)", if
   // --show-below-main=yes.
   if ( do_below_main_renaming && ! VG_(clo_show_below_main) &&
        Vg_FnNameBelowMain == VG_(get_fnname_kind)(buf) )
   {
      VG_(strncpy_safely)(buf, "(below main)", nbuf);
   }
   offset = a - di->symtab[sno].addr;
   if (offsetP) *offsetP = offset;

   if (show_offset && offset != 0) {
      Char     buf2[12];
      Char*    symend = buf + VG_(strlen)(buf);
      Char*    end = buf + nbuf;
      Int      len;

      len = VG_(sprintf)(buf2, "%c%ld",
                   offset < 0 ? '-' : '+',
                   offset < 0 ? -offset : offset);
      vg_assert(len < (Int)sizeof(buf2));

      if (len < (end - symend)) {
       Char *cp = buf2;
       VG_(memcpy)(symend, cp, len+1);
      }
   }

   buf[nbuf-1] = 0; /* paranoia */

   return True;
}

/* ppc64-linux only: find the TOC pointer (R2 value) that should be in
   force at the entry point address of the function containing
   guest_code_addr.  Returns 0 if not known. */
Addr VG_(get_tocptr) ( Addr guest_code_addr )
{
   DebugInfo* si;
   Word       sno;
   search_all_symtabs ( guest_code_addr, 
                        &si, &sno,
                        True/*match_anywhere_in_fun*/,
                        True/*consider text symbols only*/ );
   if (si == NULL) 
      return 0;
   else
      return si->symtab[sno].tocptr;
}

/* This is available to tools... always demangle C++ names,
   match anywhere in function, but don't show offsets. */
Bool VG_(get_fnname) ( Addr a, Char* buf, Int nbuf )
{
   return get_sym_name ( /*C++-demangle*/True, /*Z-demangle*/True,
                         /*below-main-renaming*/True,
                         a, buf, nbuf,
                         /*match_anywhere_in_fun*/True, 
                         /*show offset?*/False,
                         /*text syms only*/True,
                         /*offsetP*/NULL );
}

/* This is available to tools... always demangle C++ names,
   match anywhere in function, and show offset if nonzero. */
Bool VG_(get_fnname_w_offset) ( Addr a, Char* buf, Int nbuf )
{
   return get_sym_name ( /*C++-demangle*/True, /*Z-demangle*/True,
                         /*below-main-renaming*/True,
                         a, buf, nbuf,
                         /*match_anywhere_in_fun*/True, 
                         /*show offset?*/True,
                         /*text syms only*/True,
                         /*offsetP*/NULL );
}

/* This is available to tools... always demangle C++ names,
   only succeed if 'a' matches first instruction of function,
   and don't show offsets. */
Bool VG_(get_fnname_if_entry) ( Addr a, Char* buf, Int nbuf )
{
   return get_sym_name ( /*C++-demangle*/True, /*Z-demangle*/True,
                         /*below-main-renaming*/True,
                         a, buf, nbuf,
                         /*match_anywhere_in_fun*/False, 
                         /*show offset?*/False,
                         /*text syms only*/True,
                         /*offsetP*/NULL );
}

/* This is only available to core... don't C++-demangle, don't Z-demangle,
   don't rename below-main, match anywhere in function, and don't show
   offsets. */
Bool VG_(get_fnname_raw) ( Addr a, Char* buf, Int nbuf )
{
   return get_sym_name ( /*C++-demangle*/False, /*Z-demangle*/False,
                         /*below-main-renaming*/False,
                         a, buf, nbuf,
                         /*match_anywhere_in_fun*/True, 
                         /*show offset?*/False,
                         /*text syms only*/True,
                         /*offsetP*/NULL );
}

/* This is only available to core... don't demangle C++ names, but do
   do Z-demangling and below-main-renaming, match anywhere in function, and
   don't show offsets. */
Bool VG_(get_fnname_no_cxx_demangle) ( Addr a, Char* buf, Int nbuf )
{
   return get_sym_name ( /*C++-demangle*/False, /*Z-demangle*/True,
                         /*below-main-renaming*/True,
                         a, buf, nbuf,
                         /*match_anywhere_in_fun*/True, 
                         /*show offset?*/False,
                         /*text syms only*/True,
                         /*offsetP*/NULL );
}

Vg_FnNameKind VG_(get_fnname_kind) ( Char* name )
{
   if (VG_STREQ("main", name)) {
      return Vg_FnNameMain;

   } else if (
#      if defined(VGO_linux)
       VG_STREQ("__libc_start_main",  name) ||  // glibc glibness
       VG_STREQ("generic_start_main", name) ||  // Yellow Dog doggedness
#      elif defined(VGO_aix5)
       VG_STREQ("__start", name)            ||  // AIX aches
#      elif defined(VGO_darwin)
       // See readmacho.c for an explanation of this.
       VG_STREQ("start_according_to_valgrind", name) ||  // Darwin, darling
#      else
#        error "Unknown OS"
#      endif
       0) {
      return Vg_FnNameBelowMain;

   } else {
      return Vg_FnNameNormal;
   }
}

Vg_FnNameKind VG_(get_fnname_kind_from_IP) ( Addr ip )
{
   // We don't need a big buffer;  all the special names are small.
   #define BUFLEN 50
   Char buf[50];

   // We don't demangle, because it's faster not to, and the special names
   // we're looking for won't be demangled.
   if (VG_(get_fnname_raw) ( ip, buf, BUFLEN )) {
      buf[BUFLEN-1] = '\0';      // paranoia
      return VG_(get_fnname_kind)(buf);
   } else {
      return Vg_FnNameNormal;    // Don't know the name, treat it as normal.
   }
}

/* Looks up data_addr in the collection of data symbols, and if found
   puts its name (or as much as will fit) into dname[0 .. n_dname-1],
   which is guaranteed to be zero terminated.  Also data_addr's offset
   from the symbol start is put into *offset. */
Bool VG_(get_datasym_and_offset)( Addr data_addr,
                                  /*OUT*/Char* dname, Int n_dname,
                                  /*OUT*/PtrdiffT* offset )
{
   Bool ok;
   vg_assert(n_dname > 1);
   ok = get_sym_name ( /*C++-demangle*/False, /*Z-demangle*/False,
                       /*below-main-renaming*/False,
                       data_addr, dname, n_dname,
                       /*match_anywhere_in_sym*/True, 
                       /*show offset?*/False,
                       /*data syms only please*/False,
                       offset );
   if (!ok)
      return False;
   dname[n_dname-1] = 0;
   return True;
}

/* Map a code address to the name of a shared object file or the
   executable.  Returns False if no idea; otherwise True.  Doesn't
   require debug info.  Caller supplies buf and nbuf. */
Bool VG_(get_objname) ( Addr a, Char* buf, Int nbuf )
{
   Int used;
   DebugInfo* di;
   const NSegment *seg;
   HChar* filename;
   vg_assert(nbuf > 0);
   /* Look in the debugInfo_list to find the name.  In most cases we
      expect this to produce a result. */
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {
      if (di->text_present
          && di->text_size > 0
          && di->text_avma <= a 
          && a < di->text_avma + di->text_size) {
         VG_(strncpy_safely)(buf, di->filename, nbuf);
         if (di->memname) {
            used = VG_(strlen)(buf);
            if (used < nbuf) 
               VG_(strncpy_safely)(&buf[used], "(", nbuf-used);
            used = VG_(strlen)(buf);
            if (used < nbuf) 
               VG_(strncpy_safely)(&buf[used], di->memname, nbuf-used);
            used = VG_(strlen)(buf);
            if (used < nbuf) 
               VG_(strncpy_safely)(&buf[used], ")", nbuf-used);
         }
         buf[nbuf-1] = 0;
         return True;
      }
   }
   /* Last-ditch fallback position: if we don't find the address in
      the debugInfo_list, ask the address space manager whether it
      knows the name of the file associated with this mapping.  This
      allows us to print the names of exe/dll files in the stack trace
      when running programs under wine. */
   if ( (seg = VG_(am_find_nsegment(a))) != NULL 
        && (filename = VG_(am_get_filename)(seg)) != NULL ) {
      VG_(strncpy_safely)(buf, filename, nbuf);
      return True;
   }
   return False;
}

/* Map a code address to its DebugInfo.  Returns NULL if not found.  Doesn't
   require debug info. */
DebugInfo* VG_(find_DebugInfo) ( Addr a )
{
   static UWord n_search = 0;
   DebugInfo* di;
   n_search++;
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {
      if (di->text_present
          && di->text_size > 0
          && di->text_avma <= a 
          && a < di->text_avma + di->text_size) {
         if (0 == (n_search & 0xF))
            move_DebugInfo_one_step_forward( di );
         return di;
      }
   }
   return NULL;
}

/* Map a code address to a filename.  Returns True if successful.  */
Bool VG_(get_filename)( Addr a, Char* filename, Int n_filename )
{
   DebugInfo* si;
   Word       locno;
   search_all_loctabs ( a, &si, &locno );
   if (si == NULL) 
      return False;
   VG_(strncpy_safely)(filename, si->loctab[locno].filename, n_filename);
   return True;
}

/* Map a code address to a line number.  Returns True if successful. */
Bool VG_(get_linenum)( Addr a, UInt* lineno )
{
   DebugInfo* si;
   Word       locno;
   search_all_loctabs ( a, &si, &locno );
   if (si == NULL) 
      return False;
   *lineno = si->loctab[locno].lineno;

   return True;
}

/* Map a code address to a filename/line number/dir name info.
   See prototype for detailed description of behaviour.
*/
Bool VG_(get_filename_linenum) ( Addr a, 
                                 /*OUT*/Char* filename, Int n_filename,
                                 /*OUT*/Char* dirname,  Int n_dirname,
                                 /*OUT*/Bool* dirname_available,
                                 /*OUT*/UInt* lineno )
{
   DebugInfo* si;
   Word       locno;

   vg_assert( (dirname == NULL && dirname_available == NULL)
              ||
              (dirname != NULL && dirname_available != NULL) );

   search_all_loctabs ( a, &si, &locno );
   if (si == NULL) {
      if (dirname_available) {
         *dirname_available = False;
         *dirname = 0;
      }
      return False;
   }

   VG_(strncpy_safely)(filename, si->loctab[locno].filename, n_filename);
   *lineno = si->loctab[locno].lineno;

   if (dirname) {
      /* caller wants directory info too .. */
      vg_assert(n_dirname > 0);
      if (si->loctab[locno].dirname) {
         /* .. and we have some */
         *dirname_available = True;
         VG_(strncpy_safely)(dirname, si->loctab[locno].dirname,
                                      n_dirname);
      } else {
         /* .. but we don't have any */
         *dirname_available = False;
         *dirname = 0;
      }
   }

   return True;
}


/* Map a function name to its entry point and toc pointer.  Is done by
   sequential search of all symbol tables, so is very slow.  To
   mitigate the worst performance effects, you may specify a soname
   pattern, and only objects matching that pattern are searched.
   Therefore specify "*" to search all the objects.  On TOC-afflicted
   platforms, a symbol is deemed to be found only if it has a nonzero
   TOC pointer.  */
Bool VG_(lookup_symbol_SLOW)(UChar* sopatt, UChar* name, 
                             Addr* pEnt, Addr* pToc)
{
   Bool     require_pToc = False;
   Int      i;
   DebugInfo* si;
   Bool     debug = False;
#  if defined(VG_PLAT_USES_PPCTOC)
   require_pToc = True;
#  endif
   for (si = debugInfo_list; si; si = si->next) {
      if (debug)
         VG_(printf)("lookup_symbol_SLOW: considering %s\n", si->soname);
      if (!VG_(string_match)(sopatt, si->soname)) {
         if (debug)
            VG_(printf)(" ... skip\n");
         continue;
      }
      for (i = 0; i < si->symtab_used; i++) {
         if (0==VG_(strcmp)(name, si->symtab[i].name)
             && (require_pToc ? si->symtab[i].tocptr : True)) {
            *pEnt = si->symtab[i].addr;
            *pToc = si->symtab[i].tocptr;
            return True;
         }
      }
   }
   return False;
}


/* VG_(describe_IP): print into buf info on code address, function
   name and filename. */

/* Copy str into buf starting at n, but not going past buf[n_buf-1]
   and always ensuring that buf is zero-terminated. */

static Int putStr ( Int n, Int n_buf, Char* buf, Char* str ) 
{
   vg_assert(n_buf > 0);
   vg_assert(n >= 0 && n < n_buf);
   for (; n < n_buf-1 && *str != 0; n++,str++)
      buf[n] = *str;
   vg_assert(n >= 0 && n < n_buf);
   buf[n] = '\0';
   return n;
}

/* Same as putStr, but escaping chars for XML output, and
   also not adding more than count chars to n_buf. */

static Int putStrEsc ( Int n, Int n_buf, Int count, Char* buf, Char* str ) 
{
   Char alt[2];
   vg_assert(n_buf > 0);
   vg_assert(count >= 0 && count < n_buf);
   vg_assert(n >= 0 && n < n_buf);
   for (; *str != 0; str++) {
      vg_assert(count >= 0);
      if (count <= 0)
         goto done;
      switch (*str) {
         case '&': 
            if (count < 5) goto done;
            n = putStr( n, n_buf, buf, "&amp;"); 
            count -= 5;
            break;
         case '<': 
            if (count < 4) goto done;
            n = putStr( n, n_buf, buf, "&lt;"); 
            count -= 4;
            break;
         case '>': 
            if (count < 4) goto done;
            n = putStr( n, n_buf, buf, "&gt;"); 
            count -= 4;
            break;
         default:
            if (count < 1) goto done;
            alt[0] = *str;
            alt[1] = 0;
            n = putStr( n, n_buf, buf, alt );
            count -= 1;
            break;
      }
   }
  done:
   vg_assert(count >= 0); /* should not go -ve in loop */
   vg_assert(n >= 0 && n < n_buf);
   return n;
}

Char* VG_(describe_IP)(Addr eip, Char* buf, Int n_buf)
{
#  define APPEND(_str) \
      n = putStr(n, n_buf, buf, _str)
#  define APPEND_ESC(_count,_str) \
      n = putStrEsc(n, n_buf, (_count), buf, (_str))
#  define BUF_LEN    4096

   UInt  lineno; 
   UChar ibuf[50];
   Int   n = 0;
   static UChar buf_fn[BUF_LEN];
   static UChar buf_obj[BUF_LEN];
   static UChar buf_srcloc[BUF_LEN];
   static UChar buf_dirname[BUF_LEN];
   Bool  know_dirinfo = False;
   Bool  know_fnname  = VG_(clo_sym_offsets)
                        ? VG_(get_fnname_w_offset) (eip, buf_fn, BUF_LEN)
                        : VG_(get_fnname) (eip, buf_fn, BUF_LEN);
   Bool  know_objname = VG_(get_objname)(eip, buf_obj, BUF_LEN);
   Bool  know_srcloc  = VG_(get_filename_linenum)(
                           eip, 
                           buf_srcloc,  BUF_LEN, 
                           buf_dirname, BUF_LEN, &know_dirinfo,
                           &lineno 
                        );
   if (VG_(clo_xml)) {

      Bool   human_readable = True;
      HChar* maybe_newline  = human_readable ? "\n      " : "";
      HChar* maybe_newline2 = human_readable ? "\n    "   : "";

      /* Print in XML format, dumping in as much info as we know.
         Ensure all tags are balanced even if the individual strings
         are too long.  Allocate 1/10 of BUF_LEN to the object name,
         6/10s to the function name, 1/10 to the directory name and
         1/10 to the file name, leaving 1/10 for all the fixed-length
         stuff. */
      APPEND("<frame>");
      VG_(sprintf)(ibuf,"<ip>0x%llX</ip>", (ULong)eip);
      APPEND(maybe_newline);
      APPEND(ibuf);
      if (know_objname) {
         APPEND(maybe_newline);
         APPEND("<obj>");
         APPEND_ESC(1*BUF_LEN/10, buf_obj);
         APPEND("</obj>");
      }
      if (know_fnname) {
         APPEND(maybe_newline);
         APPEND("<fn>");
         APPEND_ESC(6*BUF_LEN/10, buf_fn);
         APPEND("</fn>");
      }
      if (know_srcloc) {
         if (know_dirinfo) {
            APPEND(maybe_newline);
            APPEND("<dir>");
            APPEND_ESC(1*BUF_LEN/10, buf_dirname);
            APPEND("</dir>");
         }
         APPEND(maybe_newline);
         APPEND("<file>");
         APPEND_ESC(1*BUF_LEN/10, buf_srcloc);
         APPEND("</file>");
         APPEND(maybe_newline);
         APPEND("<line>");
         VG_(sprintf)(ibuf,"%d",lineno);
         APPEND(ibuf);
         APPEND("</line>");
      }
      APPEND(maybe_newline2);
      APPEND("</frame>");

   } else {

      /* Print for humans to read */
      //
      // Possible forms:
      //
      //   0x80483BF: really (a.c:20)
      //   0x80483BF: really (in /foo/a.out)
      //   0x80483BF: really (in ???)
      //   0x80483BF: ??? (in /foo/a.out)
      //   0x80483BF: ??? (a.c:20)
      //   0x80483BF: ???
      //
      VG_(sprintf)(ibuf,"0x%llX: ", (ULong)eip);
      APPEND(ibuf);
      if (know_fnname) {
         APPEND(buf_fn);
      } else {
         APPEND("???");
      }
      if (know_srcloc) {
         APPEND(" (");
         APPEND(buf_srcloc);
         APPEND(":");
         VG_(sprintf)(ibuf,"%d",lineno);
         APPEND(ibuf);
         APPEND(")");
      } else if (know_objname) {
         APPEND(" (in ");
         APPEND(buf_obj);
         APPEND(")");
      } else if (know_fnname) {
         // Nb: do this in two steps because "??)" is a trigraph!
         APPEND(" (in ???");
         APPEND(")");
      }

   }
   return buf;

#  undef APPEND
#  undef APPEND_ESC
#  undef BUF_LEN
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--- TOP LEVEL: FOR UNWINDING THE STACK USING               ---*/
/*---            DWARF3 .eh_frame INFO                       ---*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Gather up all the constant pieces of info needed to evaluate
   a CfiExpr into one convenient struct. */
typedef
   struct {
      D3UnwindRegs* uregs;
      Addr          min_accessible;
      Addr          max_accessible;
   }
   CfiExprEvalContext;

/* Evaluate the CfiExpr rooted at ix in exprs given the context eec.
   *ok is set to False on failure, but not to True on success.  The
   caller must set it to True before calling. */
__attribute__((noinline))
static
UWord evalCfiExpr ( XArray* exprs, Int ix, 
                    CfiExprEvalContext* eec, Bool* ok )
{
   UWord wL, wR;
   Addr  a;
   CfiExpr* e;
   vg_assert(sizeof(Addr) == sizeof(UWord));
   e = VG_(indexXA)( exprs, ix );
   switch (e->tag) {
      case Cex_Binop:
         wL = evalCfiExpr( exprs, e->Cex.Binop.ixL, eec, ok );
         if (!(*ok)) return 0;
         wR = evalCfiExpr( exprs, e->Cex.Binop.ixR, eec, ok );
         if (!(*ok)) return 0;
         switch (e->Cex.Binop.op) {
            case Cop_Add: return wL + wR;
            case Cop_Sub: return wL - wR;
            case Cop_And: return wL & wR;
            case Cop_Mul: return wL * wR;
            default: goto unhandled;
         }
         /*NOTREACHED*/
      case Cex_CfiReg:
         switch (e->Cex.CfiReg.reg) {
#           if defined(VGA_x86) || defined(VGA_amd64)
            case Creg_IA_IP: return eec->uregs->xip;
            case Creg_IA_SP: return eec->uregs->xsp;
            case Creg_IA_BP: return eec->uregs->xbp;
#           elif defined(VGA_arm)
            case Creg_ARM_R13: return eec->uregs->r13;
            case Creg_ARM_R12: return eec->uregs->r12;
            case Creg_ARM_R15: return eec->uregs->r15;
            case Creg_ARM_R14: return eec->uregs->r14;
#           elif defined(VGA_ppc32) || defined(VGA_ppc64)
#           else
#             error "Unsupported arch"
#           endif
            default: goto unhandled;
         }
         /*NOTREACHED*/
      case Cex_Const:
         return e->Cex.Const.con;
      case Cex_Deref:
         a = evalCfiExpr( exprs, e->Cex.Deref.ixAddr, eec, ok );
         if (!(*ok)) return 0;
         if (a < eec->min_accessible
             || (a + sizeof(UWord) - 1) > eec->max_accessible) {
            *ok = False;
            return 0;
         }
         /* let's hope it doesn't trap! */
         return * ((UWord*)a);
      default: 
         goto unhandled;
   }
   /*NOTREACHED*/
  unhandled:
   VG_(printf)("\n\nevalCfiExpr: unhandled\n");
   ML_(ppCfiExpr)( exprs, ix );
   VG_(printf)("\n");
   vg_assert(0);
   /*NOTREACHED*/
   return 0;
}


/* Search all the DebugInfos in the entire system, to find the DiCfSI
   that pertains to 'ip'. 

   If found, set *diP to the DebugInfo in which it resides, and
   *ixP to the index in that DebugInfo's cfsi array.

   If not found, set *diP to (DebugInfo*)1 and *ixP to zero.
*/
__attribute__((noinline))
static void find_DiCfSI ( /*OUT*/DebugInfo** diP, 
                          /*OUT*/Word* ixP,
                          Addr ip )
{
   DebugInfo* di;
   Word       i = -1;

   static UWord n_search = 0;
   static UWord n_steps = 0;
   n_search++;

   if (0) VG_(printf)("search for %#lx\n", ip);

   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {
      Word j;
      n_steps++;

      /* Use the per-DebugInfo summary address ranges to skip
         inapplicable DebugInfos quickly. */
      if (di->cfsi_used == 0)
         continue;
      if (ip < di->cfsi_minavma || ip > di->cfsi_maxavma)
         continue;

      /* It might be in this DebugInfo.  Search it. */
      j = ML_(search_one_cfitab)( di, ip );
      vg_assert(j >= -1 && j < (Word)di->cfsi_used);

      if (j != -1) {
         i = j;
         break; /* found it */
      }
   }

   if (i == -1) {

      /* we didn't find it. */
      *diP = (DebugInfo*)1;
      *ixP = 0;

   } else {

      /* found it. */
      /* ensure that di is 4-aligned (at least), so it can't possibly
         be equal to (DebugInfo*)1. */
      vg_assert(di && VG_IS_4_ALIGNED(di));
      vg_assert(i >= 0 && i < di->cfsi_used);
      *diP = di;
      *ixP = i;

      /* Start of performance-enhancing hack: once every 64 (chosen
         hackily after profiling) successful searches, move the found
         DebugInfo one step closer to the start of the list.  This
         makes future searches cheaper.  For starting konqueror on
         amd64, this in fact reduces the total amount of searching
         done by the above find-the-right-DebugInfo loop by more than
         a factor of 20. */
      if ((n_search & 0xF) == 0) {
         /* Move di one step closer to the start of the list. */
         move_DebugInfo_one_step_forward( di );
      }
      /* End of performance-enhancing hack. */

      if (0 && ((n_search & 0x7FFFF) == 0))
         VG_(printf)("find_DiCfSI: %lu searches, "
                     "%lu DebugInfos looked at\n", 
                     n_search, n_steps);

   }

}


/* Now follows a mechanism for caching queries to find_DiCfSI, since
   they are extremely frequent on amd64-linux, during stack unwinding.

   Each cache entry binds an ip value to a (di, ix) pair.  Possible
   values:

   di is non-null, ix >= 0  ==>  cache slot in use, "di->cfsi[ix]"
   di is (DebugInfo*)1      ==>  cache slot in use, no associated di
   di is NULL               ==>  cache slot not in use

   Hence simply zeroing out the entire cache invalidates all
   entries.

   Why not map ip values directly to DiCfSI*'s?  Because this would
   cause problems if/when the cfsi array is moved due to resizing.
   Instead we cache .cfsi array index value, which should be invariant
   across resizing.  (That said, I don't think the current
   implementation will resize whilst during queries, since the DiCfSI
   records are added all at once, when the debuginfo for an object is
   read, and is not changed ever thereafter. */

#define N_CFSI_CACHE 511

typedef
   struct { Addr ip; DebugInfo* di; Word ix; }
   CFSICacheEnt;

static CFSICacheEnt cfsi_cache[N_CFSI_CACHE];

static void cfsi_cache__invalidate ( void ) {
   VG_(memset)(&cfsi_cache, 0, sizeof(cfsi_cache));
}


static inline CFSICacheEnt* cfsi_cache__find ( Addr ip )
{
   UWord         hash = ip % N_CFSI_CACHE;
   CFSICacheEnt* ce = &cfsi_cache[hash];
   static UWord  n_q = 0, n_m = 0;

   n_q++;
   if (0 && 0 == (n_q & 0x1FFFFF))
      VG_(printf)("QQQ %lu %lu\n", n_q, n_m);

   if (LIKELY(ce->ip == ip) && LIKELY(ce->di != NULL)) {
      /* found an entry in the cache .. */
   } else {
      /* not found in cache.  Search and update. */
      n_m++;
      ce->ip = ip;
      find_DiCfSI( &ce->di, &ce->ix, ip );
   }

   if (UNLIKELY(ce->di == (DebugInfo*)1)) {
      /* no DiCfSI for this address */
      return NULL;
   } else {
      /* found a DiCfSI for this address */
      return ce;
   }
}


inline
static Addr compute_cfa ( D3UnwindRegs* uregs,
                          Addr min_accessible, Addr max_accessible,
                          DebugInfo* di, DiCfSI* cfsi )
{
   CfiExprEvalContext eec;
   Addr               cfa;
   Bool               ok;

   /* Compute the CFA. */
   cfa = 0;
   switch (cfsi->cfa_how) {
#     if defined(VGA_x86) || defined(VGA_amd64)
      case CFIC_IA_SPREL: 
         cfa = cfsi->cfa_off + uregs->xsp;
         break;
      case CFIC_IA_BPREL: 
         cfa = cfsi->cfa_off + uregs->xbp;
         break;
#     elif defined(VGA_arm)
      case CFIC_ARM_R13REL: 
         cfa = cfsi->cfa_off + uregs->r13;
         break;
      case CFIC_ARM_R12REL: 
         cfa = cfsi->cfa_off + uregs->r12;
         break;
      case CFIC_ARM_R11REL: 
         cfa = cfsi->cfa_off + uregs->r11;
         break;
#     elif defined(VGA_ppc32) || defined(VGA_ppc64)
#     else
#       error "Unsupported arch"
#     endif
      case CFIC_EXPR: /* available on all archs */
         if (0) {
            VG_(printf)("CFIC_EXPR: ");
            ML_(ppCfiExpr)(di->cfsi_exprs, cfsi->cfa_off);
            VG_(printf)("\n");
         }
         eec.uregs          = uregs;
         eec.min_accessible = min_accessible;
         eec.max_accessible = max_accessible;
         ok = True;
         cfa = evalCfiExpr(di->cfsi_exprs, cfsi->cfa_off, &eec, &ok );
         if (!ok) return 0;
         break;
      default: 
         vg_assert(0);
   }
   return cfa;
}


/* Get the call frame address (CFA) given an IP/SP/FP triple. */
/* NOTE: This function may rearrange the order of entries in the
   DebugInfo list. */
Addr ML_(get_CFA) ( Addr ip, Addr sp, Addr fp,
                    Addr min_accessible, Addr max_accessible )
{
   CFSICacheEnt* ce;
   DebugInfo*    di;
   DiCfSI*       cfsi;

   ce = cfsi_cache__find(ip);

   if (UNLIKELY(ce == NULL))
      return 0; /* no info.  Nothing we can do. */

   di = ce->di;
   cfsi = &di->cfsi[ ce->ix ];

   /* Temporary impedance-matching kludge so that this keeps working
      on x86-linux and amd64-linux. */
#  if defined(VGA_x86) || defined(VGA_amd64)
   { D3UnwindRegs uregs;
     uregs.xip = ip;
     uregs.xsp = sp;
     uregs.xbp = fp;
     return compute_cfa(&uregs,
                        min_accessible,  max_accessible, di, cfsi);
   }
#  else
   return 0; /* indicates failure */
#  endif
}


/* The main function for DWARF2/3 CFI-based stack unwinding.  Given a
   set of registers in UREGS, modify it to hold the register values
   for the previous frame, if possible.  Returns True if successful.
   If not successful, *UREGS is not changed.

   For x86 and amd64, the unwound registers are: {E,R}IP,
   {E,R}SP, {E,R}BP.

   For arm, the unwound registers are: R11 R12 R13 R14 R15.
*/
Bool VG_(use_CF_info) ( /*MOD*/D3UnwindRegs* uregsHere,
                        Addr min_accessible,
                        Addr max_accessible )
{
   Bool               ok;
   DebugInfo*         di;
   DiCfSI*            cfsi = NULL;
   Addr               cfa, ipHere = 0;
   CFSICacheEnt*      ce;
   CfiExprEvalContext eec;
   D3UnwindRegs       uregsPrev;

#  if defined(VGA_x86) || defined(VGA_amd64)
   ipHere = uregsHere->xip;
#  elif defined(VGA_arm)
   ipHere = uregsHere->r15;
#  elif defined(VGA_ppc32) || defined(VGA_ppc64)
#  else
#    error "Unknown arch"
#  endif
   ce = cfsi_cache__find(ipHere);

   if (UNLIKELY(ce == NULL))
      return False; /* no info.  Nothing we can do. */

   di = ce->di;
   cfsi = &di->cfsi[ ce->ix ];

   if (0) {
      VG_(printf)("found cfisi: "); 
      ML_(ppDiCfSI)(di->cfsi_exprs, cfsi);
   }

   VG_(bzero_inline)(&uregsPrev, sizeof(uregsPrev));

   /* First compute the CFA. */
   cfa = compute_cfa(uregsHere,
                     min_accessible, max_accessible, di, cfsi);
   if (UNLIKELY(cfa == 0))
      return False;

   /* Now we know the CFA, use it to roll back the registers we're
      interested in. */

#  define COMPUTE(_prev, _here, _how, _off)             \
      do {                                              \
         switch (_how) {                                \
            case CFIR_UNKNOWN:                          \
               return False;                            \
            case CFIR_SAME:                             \
               _prev = _here; break;                    \
            case CFIR_MEMCFAREL: {                      \
               Addr a = cfa + (Word)_off;               \
               if (a < min_accessible                   \
                   || a > max_accessible-sizeof(Addr))  \
                  return False;                         \
               _prev = *(Addr*)a;                       \
               break;                                   \
            }                                           \
            case CFIR_CFAREL:                           \
               _prev = cfa + (Word)_off;                \
               break;                                   \
            case CFIR_EXPR:                             \
               if (0)                                   \
                  ML_(ppCfiExpr)(di->cfsi_exprs,_off);  \
               eec.uregs = uregsHere;                   \
               eec.min_accessible = min_accessible;     \
               eec.max_accessible = max_accessible;     \
               ok = True;                               \
               _prev = evalCfiExpr(di->cfsi_exprs, _off, &eec, &ok ); \
               if (!ok) return False;                   \
               break;                                   \
            default:                                    \
               vg_assert(0);                            \
         }                                              \
      } while (0)

#  if defined(VGA_x86) || defined(VGA_amd64)
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.xip, uregsHere->xip, cfsi->ra_how, cfsi->ra_off);
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.xsp, uregsHere->xsp, cfsi->sp_how, cfsi->sp_off);
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.xbp, uregsHere->xbp, cfsi->bp_how, cfsi->bp_off);
#  elif defined(VGA_arm)
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.r15, uregsHere->r15, cfsi->ra_how,  cfsi->ra_off);
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.r14, uregsHere->r14, cfsi->r14_how, cfsi->r14_off);
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.r13, uregsHere->r13, cfsi->r13_how, cfsi->r13_off);
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.r12, uregsHere->r12, cfsi->r12_how, cfsi->r12_off);
   COMPUTE(uregsPrev.r11, uregsHere->r11, cfsi->r11_how, cfsi->r11_off);
#  elif defined(VGA_ppc32) || defined(VGA_ppc64)
#  else
#    error "Unknown arch"
#  endif

#  undef COMPUTE

   *uregsHere = uregsPrev;
   return True;
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--- TOP LEVEL: FOR UNWINDING THE STACK USING               ---*/
/*---            MSVC FPO INFO                               ---*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/

Bool VG_(use_FPO_info) ( /*MOD*/Addr* ipP,
                         /*MOD*/Addr* spP,
                         /*MOD*/Addr* fpP,
                         Addr min_accessible,
                         Addr max_accessible )
{
   Word       i;
   DebugInfo* di;
   FPO_DATA*  fpo = NULL;
   Addr       spHere;

   static UWord n_search = 0;
   static UWord n_steps = 0;
   n_search++;

   if (0) VG_(printf)("search FPO for %#lx\n", *ipP);

   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {
      n_steps++;

      /* Use the per-DebugInfo summary address ranges to skip
         inapplicable DebugInfos quickly. */
      if (di->fpo == NULL)
         continue;
      if (*ipP < di->fpo_minavma || *ipP > di->fpo_maxavma)
         continue;

      i = ML_(search_one_fpotab)( di, *ipP );
      if (i != -1) {
         Word j;
         if (0) {
            /* debug printing only */
            VG_(printf)("look for %#lx  size %ld i %ld\n",
                        *ipP, di->fpo_size, i);
            for (j = 0; j < di->fpo_size; j++)
               VG_(printf)("[%02ld] %#x %d\n", 
                            j, di->fpo[j].ulOffStart, di->fpo[j].cbProcSize);
         }
         vg_assert(i >= 0 && i < di->fpo_size);
         fpo = &di->fpo[i];
         break;
      }
   }

   if (fpo == NULL)
      return False;

   if (0 && ((n_search & 0x7FFFF) == 0))
      VG_(printf)("VG_(use_FPO_info): %lu searches, "
                  "%lu DebugInfos looked at\n",
                  n_search, n_steps);


   /* Start of performance-enhancing hack: once every 64 (chosen
      hackily after profiling) successful searches, move the found
      DebugInfo one step closer to the start of the list.  This makes
      future searches cheaper.  For starting konqueror on amd64, this
      in fact reduces the total amount of searching done by the above
      find-the-right-DebugInfo loop by more than a factor of 20. */
   if ((n_search & 0x3F) == 0) {
      /* Move si one step closer to the start of the list. */
      //move_DebugInfo_one_step_forward( di );
   }
   /* End of performance-enhancing hack. */

   if (0) {
      VG_(printf)("found fpo: ");
      //ML_(ppFPO)(fpo);
   }

   /*
   Stack layout is:
   %esp->
      4*.cbRegs  {%edi, %esi, %ebp, %ebx}
      4*.cdwLocals
      return_pc
      4*.cdwParams
   prior_%esp->

   Typical code looks like:
      sub $4*.cdwLocals,%esp
         Alternative to above for >=4KB (and sometimes for smaller):
            mov $size,%eax
            call __chkstk  # WinNT performs page-by-page probe!
               __chkstk is much like alloc(), except that on return
               %eax= 5+ &CALL.  Thus it could be used as part of
               Position Independent Code to locate the Global Offset Table.
      push %ebx
      push %ebp
      push %esi
         Other once-only instructions often scheduled >here<.
      push %edi

   If the pc is within the first .cbProlog bytes of the function,
   then you must disassemble to see how many registers have been pushed,
   because instructions in the prolog may be scheduled for performance.
   The order of PUSH is always %ebx, %ebp, %esi, %edi, with trailing
   registers not pushed when .cbRegs < 4.  This seems somewhat strange
   because %ebp is the register whose usage you want to minimize,
   yet it is in the first half of the PUSH list.

   I don't know what happens when the compiler constructs an outgoing CALL.
   %esp could move if outgoing parameters are PUSHed, and this affects
   traceback for errors during the PUSHes. */
 
   spHere = *spP;

   *ipP = *(Addr *)(spHere + 4*(fpo->cbRegs + fpo->cdwLocals));
   *spP =           spHere + 4*(fpo->cbRegs + fpo->cdwLocals + 1 
                                            + fpo->cdwParams);
   *fpP = *(Addr *)(spHere + 4*2);
   return True;
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--- TOP LEVEL: GENERATE DESCRIPTION OF DATA ADDRESSES      ---*/
/*---            FROM DWARF3 DEBUG INFO                      ---*/
/*---                                                        ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Try to make p2XA(dst, fmt, args..) turn into
   VG_(xaprintf_no_f_c)(dst, fmt, args) without having to resort to
   vararg macros.  As usual with everything to do with varargs, it's
   an ugly hack.

   //#define p2XA(dstxa, format, args...)
   //   VG_(xaprintf_no_f_c)(dstxa, format, ##args)
*/
#define  p2XA  VG_(xaprintf_no_f_c)

/* Add a zero-terminating byte to DST, which must be an XArray* of
   HChar. */
static void zterm_XA ( XArray* dst )
{
   HChar zero = 0;
   (void) VG_(addBytesToXA)( dst, &zero, 1 );
}


/* Evaluate the location expression/list for var, to see whether or
   not data_addr falls within the variable.  If so also return the
   offset of data_addr from the start of the variable.  Note that
   regs, which supplies ip,sp,fp values, will be NULL for global
   variables, and non-NULL for local variables. */
static Bool data_address_is_in_var ( /*OUT*/PtrdiffT* offset,
                                     XArray* /* TyEnt */ tyents,
                                     DiVariable*   var,
                                     RegSummary*   regs,
                                     Addr          data_addr,
                                     const DebugInfo* di )
{
   MaybeULong mul;
   SizeT      var_szB;
   GXResult   res;
   Bool       show = False;

   vg_assert(var->name);
   vg_assert(var->gexpr);

   /* Figure out how big the variable is. */
   mul = ML_(sizeOfType)(tyents, var->typeR);
   /* If this var has a type whose size is unknown, zero, or
      impossibly large, it should never have been added.  ML_(addVar)
      should have rejected it. */
   vg_assert(mul.b == True);
   vg_assert(mul.ul > 0);
   if (sizeof(void*) == 4) vg_assert(mul.ul < (1ULL << 32));
   /* After this point, we assume we can truncate mul.ul to a host word
      safely (without loss of info). */

   var_szB = (SizeT)mul.ul; /* NB: truncate to host word */

   if (show) {
      VG_(printf)("VVVV: data_address_%#lx_is_in_var: %s :: ",
                  data_addr, var->name );
      ML_(pp_TyEnt_C_ishly)( tyents, var->typeR );
      VG_(printf)("\n");
   }

   /* ignore zero-sized vars; they can never match anything. */
   if (var_szB == 0) {
      if (show)
         VG_(printf)("VVVV: -> Fail (variable is zero sized)\n");
      return False;
   }

   res = ML_(evaluate_GX)( var->gexpr, var->fbGX, regs, di );

   if (show) {
      VG_(printf)("VVVV: -> ");
      ML_(pp_GXResult)( res );
      VG_(printf)("\n");
   }

   if (res.kind == GXR_Addr 
       && res.word <= data_addr
       && data_addr < res.word + var_szB) {
      *offset = data_addr - res.word;
      return True;
   } else {
      return False;
   }
}


/* Format the acquired information into DN(AME)1 and DN(AME)2, which
   are XArray*s of HChar, that have been initialised by the caller.
   Resulting strings will be zero terminated.  Information is
   formatted in an understandable way.  Not so easy.  If frameNo is
   -1, this is assumed to be a global variable; else a local
   variable. */
static void format_message ( /*MOD*/XArray* /* of HChar */ dn1,
                             /*MOD*/XArray* /* of HChar */ dn2,
                             Addr     data_addr,
                             DiVariable* var,
                             PtrdiffT var_offset,
                             PtrdiffT residual_offset,
                             XArray* /*UChar*/ described,
                             Int      frameNo, 
                             ThreadId tid )
{
   Bool   have_descr, have_srcloc;
   Bool   xml       = VG_(clo_xml);
   UChar* vo_plural = var_offset == 1 ? "" : "s";
   UChar* ro_plural = residual_offset == 1 ? "" : "s";
   UChar* basetag   = "auxwhat"; /* a constant */
   UChar tagL[32], tagR[32], xagL[32], xagR[32];

   vg_assert(frameNo >= -1);
   vg_assert(dn1 && dn2);
   vg_assert(described);
   vg_assert(var && var->name);
   have_descr = VG_(sizeXA)(described) > 0
                && *(UChar*)VG_(indexXA)(described,0) != '\0';
   have_srcloc = var->fileName && var->lineNo > 0;

   tagL[0] = tagR[0] = xagL[0] = xagR[0] = 0;
   if (xml) {
      VG_(sprintf)(tagL, "<%s>",   basetag); // <auxwhat>
      VG_(sprintf)(tagR, "</%s>",  basetag); // </auxwhat>
      VG_(sprintf)(xagL, "<x%s>",  basetag); // <xauxwhat>
      VG_(sprintf)(xagR, "</x%s>", basetag); // </xauxwhat>
   }

#  define TAGL(_xa) p2XA(_xa, "%s", tagL)
#  define TAGR(_xa) p2XA(_xa, "%s", tagR)
#  define XAGL(_xa) p2XA(_xa, "%s", xagL)
#  define XAGR(_xa) p2XA(_xa, "%s", xagR)
#  define TXTL(_xa) p2XA(_xa, "%s", "<text>")
#  define TXTR(_xa) p2XA(_xa, "%s", "</text>")

   /* ------ local cases ------ */

   if ( frameNo >= 0 && (!have_srcloc) && (!have_descr) ) {
      /* no srcloc, no description:
         Location 0x7fefff6cf is 543 bytes inside local var "a",
         in frame #1 of thread 1
      */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside local var \"%t\",",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
         TAGR( dn1 );
         TAGL( dn2 );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "in frame #%d of thread %d", frameNo, (Int)tid );
         TAGR( dn2 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside local var \"%s\",",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "in frame #%d of thread %d", frameNo, (Int)tid );
      }
   } 
   else
   if ( frameNo >= 0 && have_srcloc && (!have_descr) ) {
      /* no description:
         Location 0x7fefff6cf is 543 bytes inside local var "a"
         declared at dsyms7.c:17, in frame #1 of thread 1
      */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside local var \"%t\"",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
         TAGR( dn1 );
         XAGL( dn2 );
         TXTL( dn2 );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "declared at %t:%d, in frame #%d of thread %d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo, frameNo, (Int)tid );
         TXTR( dn2 );
         // FIXME: also do <dir>
         p2XA( dn2,
               " <file>%t</file> <line>%d</line> ", 
               var->fileName, var->lineNo );
         XAGR( dn2 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside local var \"%s\"",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "declared at %s:%d, in frame #%d of thread %d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo, frameNo, (Int)tid );
      }
   }
   else
   if ( frameNo >= 0 && (!have_srcloc) && have_descr ) {
      /* no srcloc:
         Location 0x7fefff6cf is 2 bytes inside a[3].xyzzy[21].c2
         in frame #1 of thread 1
      */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %t%t",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (HChar*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         TAGR( dn1 );
         TAGL( dn2 );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "in frame #%d of thread %d", frameNo, (Int)tid );
         TAGR( dn2 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %s%s",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (HChar*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "in frame #%d of thread %d", frameNo, (Int)tid );
      }
   } 
   else
   if ( frameNo >= 0 && have_srcloc && have_descr ) {
      /* Location 0x7fefff6cf is 2 bytes inside a[3].xyzzy[21].c2,
         declared at dsyms7.c:17, in frame #1 of thread 1 */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %t%t,",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (HChar*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         TAGR( dn1 );
         XAGL( dn2 );
         TXTL( dn2 );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "declared at %t:%d, in frame #%d of thread %d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo, frameNo, (Int)tid );
         TXTR( dn2 );
         // FIXME: also do <dir>
         p2XA( dn2,
               " <file>%t</file> <line>%d</line> ",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo );
         XAGR( dn2 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %s%s,",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (HChar*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "declared at %s:%d, in frame #%d of thread %d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo, frameNo, (Int)tid );
      }
   }
   else
   /* ------ global cases ------ */
   if ( frameNo >= -1 && (!have_srcloc) && (!have_descr) ) {
      /* no srcloc, no description:
         Location 0x7fefff6cf is 543 bytes inside global var "a"
      */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside global var \"%t\"",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
         TAGR( dn1 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside global var \"%s\"",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
      }
   } 
   else
   if ( frameNo >= -1 && have_srcloc && (!have_descr) ) {
      /* no description:
         Location 0x7fefff6cf is 543 bytes inside global var "a"
         declared at dsyms7.c:17
      */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside global var \"%t\"",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
         TAGR( dn1 );
         XAGL( dn2 );
         TXTL( dn2 );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "declared at %t:%d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo);
         TXTR( dn2 );
         // FIXME: also do <dir>
         p2XA( dn2,
               " <file>%t</file> <line>%d</line> ",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo );
         XAGR( dn2 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside global var \"%s\"",
               data_addr, var_offset, vo_plural, var->name );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "declared at %s:%d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo);
      }
   }
   else
   if ( frameNo >= -1 && (!have_srcloc) && have_descr ) {
      /* no srcloc:
         Location 0x7fefff6cf is 2 bytes inside a[3].xyzzy[21].c2,
         a global variable
      */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %t%t,",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (HChar*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         TAGR( dn1 );
         TAGL( dn2 );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "a global variable");
         TAGR( dn2 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %s%s,",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (char*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "a global variable");
      }
   } 
   else
   if ( frameNo >= -1 && have_srcloc && have_descr ) {
      /* Location 0x7fefff6cf is 2 bytes inside a[3].xyzzy[21].c2,
         a global variable declared at dsyms7.c:17 */
      if (xml) {
         TAGL( dn1 );
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %t%t,",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (HChar*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         TAGR( dn1 );
         XAGL( dn2 );
         TXTL( dn2 );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "a global variable declared at %t:%d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo);
         TXTR( dn2 );
         // FIXME: also do <dir>
         p2XA( dn2,
               " <file>%t</file> <line>%d</line> ",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo );
         XAGR( dn2 );
      } else {
         p2XA( dn1,
               "Location 0x%lx is %lu byte%s inside %s%s,",
               data_addr, residual_offset, ro_plural, var->name,
               (HChar*)(VG_(indexXA)(described,0)) );
         p2XA( dn2,
               "a global variable declared at %s:%d",
               var->fileName, var->lineNo);
      }
   }
   else 
      vg_assert(0);

   /* Zero terminate both strings */
   zterm_XA( dn1 );
   zterm_XA( dn2 );

#  undef TAGL
#  undef TAGR
#  undef XAGL
#  undef XAGR
#  undef TXTL
#  undef TXTR
}


/* Determine if data_addr is a local variable in the frame
   characterised by (ip,sp,fp), and if so write its description at the
   ends of DNAME{1,2}, which are XArray*s of HChar, that have been
   initialised by the caller, zero terminate both, and return True.
   If it's not a local variable in said frame, return False. */
static 
Bool consider_vars_in_frame ( /*MOD*/XArray* /* of HChar */ dname1,
                              /*MOD*/XArray* /* of HChar */ dname2,
                              Addr data_addr,
                              Addr ip, Addr sp, Addr fp,
                              /* shown to user: */
                              ThreadId tid, Int frameNo )
{
   Word       i;
   DebugInfo* di;
   RegSummary regs;
   Bool debug = False;

   static UInt n_search = 0;
   static UInt n_steps = 0;
   n_search++;
   if (debug)
      VG_(printf)("QQQQ: cvif: ip,sp,fp %#lx,%#lx,%#lx\n", ip,sp,fp);
   /* first, find the DebugInfo that pertains to 'ip'. */
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di; di = di->next) {
      n_steps++;
      /* text segment missing? unlikely, but handle it .. */
      if (!di->text_present || di->text_size == 0)
         continue;
      /* Ok.  So does this text mapping bracket the ip? */
      if (di->text_avma <= ip && ip < di->text_avma + di->text_size)
         break;
   }
 
   /* Didn't find it.  Strange -- means ip is a code address outside
      of any mapped text segment.  Unlikely but not impossible -- app
      could be generating code to run. */
   if (!di)
      return False;

   if (0 && ((n_search & 0x1) == 0))
      VG_(printf)("consider_vars_in_frame: %u searches, "
                  "%u DebugInfos looked at\n", 
                  n_search, n_steps);
   /* Start of performance-enhancing hack: once every ??? (chosen
      hackily after profiling) successful searches, move the found
      DebugInfo one step closer to the start of the list.  This makes
      future searches cheaper. */
   if ((n_search & 0xFFFF) == 0) {
      /* Move si one step closer to the start of the list. */
      move_DebugInfo_one_step_forward( di );
   }
   /* End of performance-enhancing hack. */

   /* any var info at all? */
   if (!di->varinfo)
      return False;

   /* Work through the scopes from most deeply nested outwards,
      looking for code address ranges that bracket 'ip'.  The
      variables on each such address range found are in scope right
      now.  Don't descend to level zero as that is the global
      scope. */
   regs.ip = ip;
   regs.sp = sp;
   regs.fp = fp;

   /* "for each scope, working outwards ..." */
   for (i = VG_(sizeXA)(di->varinfo) - 1; i >= 1; i--) {
      XArray*      vars;
      Word         j;
      DiAddrRange* arange;
      OSet*        this_scope 
         = *(OSet**)VG_(indexXA)( di->varinfo, i );
      if (debug)
         VG_(printf)("QQQQ:   considering scope %ld\n", (Word)i);
      if (!this_scope)
         continue;
      /* Find the set of variables in this scope that
         bracket the program counter. */
      arange = VG_(OSetGen_LookupWithCmp)(
                  this_scope, &ip, 
                  ML_(cmp_for_DiAddrRange_range)
               );
      if (!arange)
         continue;
      /* stay sane */
      vg_assert(arange->aMin <= arange->aMax);
      /* It must bracket the ip we asked for, else
         ML_(cmp_for_DiAddrRange_range) is somehow broken. */
      vg_assert(arange->aMin <= ip && ip <= arange->aMax);
      /* It must have an attached XArray of DiVariables. */
      vars = arange->vars;
      vg_assert(vars);
      /* But it mustn't cover the entire address range.  We only
         expect that to happen for the global scope (level 0), which
         we're not looking at here.  Except, it may cover the entire
         address range, but in that case the vars array must be
         empty. */
      vg_assert(! (arange->aMin == (Addr)0
                   && arange->aMax == ~(Addr)0
                   && VG_(sizeXA)(vars) > 0) );
      for (j = 0; j < VG_(sizeXA)( vars ); j++) {
         DiVariable* var = (DiVariable*)VG_(indexXA)( vars, j );
         PtrdiffT    offset;
         if (debug)
            VG_(printf)("QQQQ:    var:name=%s %#lx-%#lx %#lx\n",
                        var->name,arange->aMin,arange->aMax,ip);
         if (data_address_is_in_var( &offset, di->admin_tyents,
                                     var, &regs,
                                     data_addr, di )) {
            PtrdiffT residual_offset = 0;
            XArray* described = ML_(describe_type)( &residual_offset,
                                                    di->admin_tyents, 
                                                    var->typeR, offset );
            format_message( dname1, dname2,
                            data_addr, var, offset, residual_offset,
                            described, frameNo, tid );
            VG_(deleteXA)( described );
            return True;
         }
      }
   }

   return False;
}

/* Try to form some description of DATA_ADDR by looking at the DWARF3
   debug info we have.  This considers all global variables, and all
   frames in the stacks of all threads.  Result is written at the ends
   of DNAME{1,2}V, which are XArray*s of HChar, that have been
   initialised by the caller, and True is returned.  If no description
   is created, False is returned.  Regardless of the return value,
   DNAME{1,2}V are guaranteed to be zero terminated after the call.

   Note that after the call, DNAME{1,2} may have more than one
   trailing zero, so callers should establish the useful text length
   using VG_(strlen) on the contents, rather than VG_(sizeXA) on the
   XArray itself.
*/
Bool VG_(get_data_description)( 
        /*MOD*/ void* /* really, XArray* of HChar */ dname1v,
        /*MOD*/ void* /* really, XArray* of HChar */ dname2v,
        Addr data_addr
     )
{
#  define N_FRAMES 8
   Addr ips[N_FRAMES], sps[N_FRAMES], fps[N_FRAMES];
   UInt n_frames;

   Addr       stack_min, stack_max;
   ThreadId   tid;
   Bool       found;
   DebugInfo* di;
   Word       j;

   XArray*    dname1 = (XArray*)dname1v;
   XArray*    dname2 = (XArray*)dname2v;

   if (0) VG_(printf)("get_data_description: dataaddr %#lx\n", data_addr);
   /* First, see if data_addr is (or is part of) a global variable.
      Loop over the DebugInfos we have.  Check data_addr against the
      outermost scope of all of them, as that should be a global
      scope. */
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {
      OSet*        global_scope;
      Word         gs_size;
      Addr         zero;
      DiAddrRange* global_arange;
      Word         i;
      XArray*      vars;

      /* text segment missing? unlikely, but handle it .. */
      if (!di->text_present || di->text_size == 0)
         continue;
      /* any var info at all? */
      if (!di->varinfo)
         continue;
      /* perhaps this object didn't contribute any vars at all? */
      if (VG_(sizeXA)( di->varinfo ) == 0)
         continue;
      global_scope = *(OSet**)VG_(indexXA)( di->varinfo, 0 );
      vg_assert(global_scope);
      gs_size = VG_(OSetGen_Size)( global_scope );
      /* The global scope might be completely empty if this
         compilation unit declared locals but nothing global. */
      if (gs_size == 0)
          continue;
      /* But if it isn't empty, then it must contain exactly one
         element, which covers the entire address range. */
      vg_assert(gs_size == 1);
      /* Fish out the global scope and check it is as expected. */
      zero = 0;
      global_arange 
         = VG_(OSetGen_Lookup)( global_scope, &zero );
      /* The global range from (Addr)0 to ~(Addr)0 must exist */
      vg_assert(global_arange);
      vg_assert(global_arange->aMin == (Addr)0
                && global_arange->aMax == ~(Addr)0);
      /* Any vars in this range? */
      if (!global_arange->vars)
         continue;
      /* Ok, there are some vars in the global scope of this
         DebugInfo.  Wade through them and see if the data addresses
         of any of them bracket data_addr. */
      vars = global_arange->vars;
      for (i = 0; i < VG_(sizeXA)( vars ); i++) {
         PtrdiffT offset;
         DiVariable* var = (DiVariable*)VG_(indexXA)( vars, i );
         vg_assert(var->name);
         /* Note we use a NULL RegSummary* here.  It can't make any
            sense for a global variable to have a location expression
            which depends on a SP/FP/IP value.  So don't supply any.
            This means, if the evaluation of the location
            expression/list requires a register, we have to let it
            fail. */
         if (data_address_is_in_var( &offset, di->admin_tyents, var, 
                                     NULL/* RegSummary* */, 
                                     data_addr, di )) {
            PtrdiffT residual_offset = 0;
            XArray* described = ML_(describe_type)( &residual_offset,
                                                    di->admin_tyents,
                                                    var->typeR, offset );
            format_message( dname1, dname2,
                            data_addr, var, offset, residual_offset,
                            described, -1/*frameNo*/, tid );
            VG_(deleteXA)( described );
            zterm_XA( dname1 );
            zterm_XA( dname2 );
            return True;
         }
      }
   }

   /* Ok, well it's not a global variable.  So now let's snoop around
      in the stacks of all the threads.  First try to figure out which
      thread's stack data_addr is in. */

   /* --- KLUDGE --- Try examining the top frame of all thread stacks.
      This finds variables which are not stack allocated but are not
      globally visible either; specifically it appears to pick up
      variables which are visible only within a compilation unit.
      These will have the address range of the compilation unit and
      tend to live at Scope level 1. */
   VG_(thread_stack_reset_iter)(&tid);
   while ( VG_(thread_stack_next)(&tid, &stack_min, &stack_max) ) {
      if (stack_min >= stack_max)
         continue; /* ignore obviously stupid cases */
      if (consider_vars_in_frame( dname1, dname2,
                                  data_addr,
                                  VG_(get_IP)(tid),
                                  VG_(get_SP)(tid), 
                                  VG_(get_FP)(tid), tid, 0 )) {
         zterm_XA( dname1 );
         zterm_XA( dname2 );
         return True;
      }
   }
   /* --- end KLUDGE --- */

   /* Perhaps it's on a thread's stack? */
   found = False;
   VG_(thread_stack_reset_iter)(&tid);
   while ( VG_(thread_stack_next)(&tid, &stack_min, &stack_max) ) {
      if (stack_min >= stack_max)
         continue; /* ignore obviously stupid cases */
      if (stack_min - VG_STACK_REDZONE_SZB <= data_addr
          && data_addr <= stack_max) {
         found = True;
         break;
      }
   }
   if (!found) {
      zterm_XA( dname1 );
      zterm_XA( dname2 );
      return False;
   }

   /* We conclude data_addr is in thread tid's stack.  Unwind the
      stack to get a bunch of (ip,sp,fp) triples describing the
      frames, and for each frame, consider the local variables. */
   n_frames = VG_(get_StackTrace)( tid, ips, N_FRAMES,
                                   sps, fps, 0/*first_ip_delta*/ );

   /* As a result of KLUDGE above, starting the loop at j = 0
      duplicates examination of the top frame and so isn't necessary.
      Oh well. */
   vg_assert(n_frames >= 0 && n_frames <= N_FRAMES);
   for (j = 0; j < n_frames; j++) {
      if (consider_vars_in_frame( dname1, dname2,
                                  data_addr,
                                  ips[j], 
                                  sps[j], fps[j], tid, j )) {
         zterm_XA( dname1 );
         zterm_XA( dname2 );
         return True;
      }
      /* Now, it appears that gcc sometimes appears to produce
         location lists whose ranges don't actually cover the call
         instruction, even though the address of the variable in
         question is passed as a parameter in the call.  AFAICS this
         is simply a bug in gcc - how can the variable be claimed not
         exist in memory (on the stack) for the duration of a call in
         which its address is passed?  But anyway, in the particular
         case I investigated (memcheck/tests/varinfo6.c, call to croak
         on line 2999, local var budget declared at line 3115
         appearing not to exist across the call to mainSort on line
         3143, "gcc.orig (GCC) 3.4.4 20050721 (Red Hat 3.4.4-2)" on
         amd64), the variable's location list does claim it exists
         starting at the first byte of the first instruction after the
         call instruction.  So, call consider_vars_in_frame a second
         time, but this time add 1 to the IP.  GDB handles this
         example with no difficulty, which leads me to believe that
         either (1) I misunderstood something, or (2) GDB has an
         equivalent kludge. */
      if (j > 0 /* this is a non-innermost frame */
          && consider_vars_in_frame( dname1, dname2,
                                     data_addr,
                                     ips[j] + 1, 
                                     sps[j], fps[j], tid, j )) {
         zterm_XA( dname1 );
         zterm_XA( dname2 );
         return True;
      }
   }

   /* We didn't find anything useful. */
   zterm_XA( dname1 );
   zterm_XA( dname2 );
   return False;
#  undef N_FRAMES
}


//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//                                                              //
// Support for other kinds of queries to the Dwarf3 var info    //
//                                                              //
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

/* Figure out if the variable 'var' has a location that is linearly
   dependent on a stack pointer value, or a frame pointer value, and
   if it is, add a description of it to 'blocks'.  Otherwise ignore
   it.  If 'arrays_only' is True, also ignore it unless it has an
   array type. */

static 
void analyse_deps ( /*MOD*/XArray* /* of FrameBlock */ blocks,
                    XArray* /* TyEnt */ tyents,
                    Addr ip, const DebugInfo* di, DiVariable* var,
                    Bool arrays_only )
{
   GXResult   res_sp_6k, res_sp_7k, res_fp_6k, res_fp_7k;
   RegSummary regs;
   MaybeULong mul;
   Bool       isVec;
   TyEnt*     ty;

   Bool debug = False;
   if (0&&debug)
      VG_(printf)("adeps: var %s\n", var->name );

   /* Figure out how big the variable is. */
   mul = ML_(sizeOfType)(tyents, var->typeR);
   /* If this var has a type whose size is unknown, zero, or
      impossibly large, it should never have been added.  ML_(addVar)
      should have rejected it. */
   vg_assert(mul.b == True);
   vg_assert(mul.ul > 0);
   if (sizeof(void*) == 4) vg_assert(mul.ul < (1ULL << 32));
   /* After this point, we assume we can truncate mul.ul to a host word
      safely (without loss of info). */

   /* skip if non-array and we're only interested in arrays */
   ty = ML_(TyEnts__index_by_cuOff)( tyents, NULL, var->typeR );
   vg_assert(ty);
   vg_assert(ty->tag == Te_UNKNOWN || ML_(TyEnt__is_type)(ty));
   if (ty->tag == Te_UNKNOWN)
      return; /* perhaps we should complain in this case? */
   isVec = ty->tag == Te_TyArray;
   if (arrays_only && !isVec)
      return;

   if (0) {ML_(pp_TyEnt_C_ishly)(tyents, var->typeR);
           VG_(printf)("  %s\n", var->name);}

   /* Do some test evaluations of the variable's location expression,
      in order to guess whether it is sp-relative, fp-relative, or
      none.  A crude hack, which can be interpreted roughly as finding
      the first derivative of the location expression w.r.t. the
      supplied frame and stack pointer values. */
   regs.fp   = 0;
   regs.ip   = ip;
   regs.sp   = 6 * 1024;
   res_sp_6k = ML_(evaluate_GX)( var->gexpr, var->fbGX, &regs, di );

   regs.fp   = 0;
   regs.ip   = ip;
   regs.sp   = 7 * 1024;
   res_sp_7k = ML_(evaluate_GX)( var->gexpr, var->fbGX, &regs, di );

   regs.fp   = 6 * 1024;
   regs.ip   = ip;
   regs.sp   = 0;
   res_fp_6k = ML_(evaluate_GX)( var->gexpr, var->fbGX, &regs, di );

   regs.fp   = 7 * 1024;
   regs.ip   = ip;
   regs.sp   = 0;
   res_fp_7k = ML_(evaluate_GX)( var->gexpr, var->fbGX, &regs, di );

   vg_assert(res_sp_6k.kind == res_sp_7k.kind);
   vg_assert(res_sp_6k.kind == res_fp_6k.kind);
   vg_assert(res_sp_6k.kind == res_fp_7k.kind);

   if (res_sp_6k.kind == GXR_Addr) {
      StackBlock block;
      GXResult res;
      UWord sp_delta = res_sp_7k.word - res_sp_6k.word;
      UWord fp_delta = res_fp_7k.word - res_fp_6k.word;
      tl_assert(sp_delta == 0 || sp_delta == 1024);
      tl_assert(fp_delta == 0 || fp_delta == 1024);

      if (sp_delta == 0 && fp_delta == 0) {
         /* depends neither on sp nor fp, so it can't be a stack
            local.  Ignore it. */
      }
      else
      if (sp_delta == 1024 && fp_delta == 0) {
         regs.sp = regs.fp = 0;
         regs.ip = ip;
         res = ML_(evaluate_GX)( var->gexpr, var->fbGX, &regs, di );
         tl_assert(res.kind == GXR_Addr);
         if (debug)
         VG_(printf)("   %5ld .. %5ld (sp) %s\n",
                     res.word, res.word + ((UWord)mul.ul) - 1, var->name);
         block.base  = res.word;
         block.szB   = (SizeT)mul.ul;
         block.spRel = True;
         block.isVec = isVec;
         VG_(memset)( &block.name[0], 0, sizeof(block.name) );
         if (var->name)
            VG_(strncpy)( &block.name[0], var->name, sizeof(block.name)-1 );
         block.name[ sizeof(block.name)-1 ] = 0;
         VG_(addToXA)( blocks, &block );
      }
      else
      if (sp_delta == 0 && fp_delta == 1024) {
         regs.sp = regs.fp = 0;
         regs.ip = ip;
         res = ML_(evaluate_GX)( var->gexpr, var->fbGX, &regs, di );
         tl_assert(res.kind == GXR_Addr);
         if (debug)
         VG_(printf)("   %5ld .. %5ld (FP) %s\n",
                     res.word, res.word + ((UWord)mul.ul) - 1, var->name);
         block.base  = res.word;
         block.szB   = (SizeT)mul.ul;
         block.spRel = False;
         block.isVec = isVec;
         VG_(memset)( &block.name[0], 0, sizeof(block.name) );
         if (var->name)
            VG_(strncpy)( &block.name[0], var->name, sizeof(block.name)-1 );
         block.name[ sizeof(block.name)-1 ] = 0;
         VG_(addToXA)( blocks, &block );
      }
      else {
         vg_assert(0);
      }
   }
}


/* Get an XArray of StackBlock which describe the stack (auto) blocks
   for this ip.  The caller is expected to free the XArray at some
   point.  If 'arrays_only' is True, only array-typed blocks are
   returned; otherwise blocks of all types are returned. */

void* /* really, XArray* of StackBlock */
      VG_(di_get_stack_blocks_at_ip)( Addr ip, Bool arrays_only )
{
   /* This is a derivation of consider_vars_in_frame() above. */
   Word       i;
   DebugInfo* di;
   RegSummary regs;
   Bool debug = False;

   XArray* res = VG_(newXA)( ML_(dinfo_zalloc), "di.debuginfo.dgsbai.1",
                             ML_(dinfo_free),
                             sizeof(StackBlock) );

   static UInt n_search = 0;
   static UInt n_steps = 0;
   n_search++;
   if (debug)
      VG_(printf)("QQQQ: dgsbai: ip %#lx\n", ip);
   /* first, find the DebugInfo that pertains to 'ip'. */
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di; di = di->next) {
      n_steps++;
      /* text segment missing? unlikely, but handle it .. */
      if (!di->text_present || di->text_size == 0)
         continue;
      /* Ok.  So does this text mapping bracket the ip? */
      if (di->text_avma <= ip && ip < di->text_avma + di->text_size)
         break;
   }
 
   /* Didn't find it.  Strange -- means ip is a code address outside
      of any mapped text segment.  Unlikely but not impossible -- app
      could be generating code to run. */
   if (!di)
      return res; /* currently empty */

   if (0 && ((n_search & 0x1) == 0))
      VG_(printf)("VG_(di_get_stack_blocks_at_ip): %u searches, "
                  "%u DebugInfos looked at\n", 
                  n_search, n_steps);
   /* Start of performance-enhancing hack: once every ??? (chosen
      hackily after profiling) successful searches, move the found
      DebugInfo one step closer to the start of the list.  This makes
      future searches cheaper. */
   if ((n_search & 0xFFFF) == 0) {
      /* Move si one step closer to the start of the list. */
      move_DebugInfo_one_step_forward( di );
   }
   /* End of performance-enhancing hack. */

   /* any var info at all? */
   if (!di->varinfo)
      return res; /* currently empty */

   /* Work through the scopes from most deeply nested outwards,
      looking for code address ranges that bracket 'ip'.  The
      variables on each such address range found are in scope right
      now.  Don't descend to level zero as that is the global
      scope. */
   regs.ip = ip;
   regs.sp = 0;
   regs.fp = 0;

   /* "for each scope, working outwards ..." */
   for (i = VG_(sizeXA)(di->varinfo) - 1; i >= 1; i--) {
      XArray*      vars;
      Word         j;
      DiAddrRange* arange;
      OSet*        this_scope 
         = *(OSet**)VG_(indexXA)( di->varinfo, i );
      if (debug)
         VG_(printf)("QQQQ:   considering scope %ld\n", (Word)i);
      if (!this_scope)
         continue;
      /* Find the set of variables in this scope that
         bracket the program counter. */
      arange = VG_(OSetGen_LookupWithCmp)(
                  this_scope, &ip, 
                  ML_(cmp_for_DiAddrRange_range)
               );
      if (!arange)
         continue;
      /* stay sane */
      vg_assert(arange->aMin <= arange->aMax);
      /* It must bracket the ip we asked for, else
         ML_(cmp_for_DiAddrRange_range) is somehow broken. */
      vg_assert(arange->aMin <= ip && ip <= arange->aMax);
      /* It must have an attached XArray of DiVariables. */
      vars = arange->vars;
      vg_assert(vars);
      /* But it mustn't cover the entire address range.  We only
         expect that to happen for the global scope (level 0), which
         we're not looking at here.  Except, it may cover the entire
         address range, but in that case the vars array must be
         empty. */
      vg_assert(! (arange->aMin == (Addr)0
                   && arange->aMax == ~(Addr)0
                   && VG_(sizeXA)(vars) > 0) );
      for (j = 0; j < VG_(sizeXA)( vars ); j++) {
         DiVariable* var = (DiVariable*)VG_(indexXA)( vars, j );
         if (debug)
            VG_(printf)("QQQQ:    var:name=%s %#lx-%#lx %#lx\n", 
                        var->name,arange->aMin,arange->aMax,ip);
         analyse_deps( res, di->admin_tyents, ip,
                       di, var, arrays_only );
      }
   }

   return res;
}


/* Get an array of GlobalBlock which describe the global blocks owned
   by the shared object characterised by the given di_handle.  Asserts
   if the handle is invalid.  The caller is responsible for freeing
   the array at some point.  If 'arrays_only' is True, only
   array-typed blocks are returned; otherwise blocks of all types are
   returned. */

void* /* really, XArray* of GlobalBlock */
      VG_(di_get_global_blocks_from_dihandle) ( ULong di_handle,
                                                Bool  arrays_only )
{
   /* This is a derivation of consider_vars_in_frame() above. */

   DebugInfo* di;
   XArray* gvars; /* XArray* of GlobalBlock */
   Word nScopes, scopeIx;

   /* The first thing to do is find the DebugInfo that
      pertains to 'di_handle'. */
   tl_assert(di_handle > 0);
   for (di = debugInfo_list; di; di = di->next) {
      if (di->handle == di_handle)
         break;
   }

   /* If this fails, we were unable to find any DebugInfo with the
      given handle.  This is considered an error on the part of the
      caller. */
   tl_assert(di != NULL);

   /* we'll put the collected variables in here. */
   gvars = VG_(newXA)( ML_(dinfo_zalloc), "di.debuginfo.dggbfd.1",
                       ML_(dinfo_free), sizeof(GlobalBlock) );
   tl_assert(gvars);

   /* any var info at all? */
   if (!di->varinfo)
      return gvars;

   /* we'll iterate over all the variables we can find, even if
      it seems senseless to visit stack-allocated variables */
   /* Iterate over all scopes */
   nScopes = VG_(sizeXA)( di->varinfo );
   for (scopeIx = 0; scopeIx < nScopes; scopeIx++) {

      /* Iterate over each (code) address range at the current scope */
      DiAddrRange* range;
      OSet* /* of DiAddrInfo */ scope
         = *(OSet**)VG_(indexXA)( di->varinfo, scopeIx );
      tl_assert(scope);
      VG_(OSetGen_ResetIter)(scope);
      while ( (range = VG_(OSetGen_Next)(scope)) ) {

         /* Iterate over each variable in the current address range */
         Word nVars, varIx;
         tl_assert(range->vars);
         nVars = VG_(sizeXA)( range->vars );
         for (varIx = 0; varIx < nVars; varIx++) {

            Bool        isVec;
            GXResult    res;
            MaybeULong  mul;
            GlobalBlock gb;
            TyEnt*      ty;
            DiVariable* var = VG_(indexXA)( range->vars, varIx );
            tl_assert(var->name);
            if (0) VG_(printf)("at depth %ld var %s ", scopeIx, var->name );

            /* Now figure out if this variable has a constant address
               (that is, independent of FP, SP, phase of moon, etc),
               and if so, what the address is.  Any variable with a
               constant address is deemed to be a global so we collect
               it. */
            if (0) { VG_(printf)("EVAL: "); ML_(pp_GX)(var->gexpr);
                     VG_(printf)("\n"); }
            res = ML_(evaluate_trivial_GX)( var->gexpr, di );

            /* Not a constant address => not interesting */
            if (res.kind != GXR_Addr) {
               if (0) VG_(printf)("FAIL\n");
               continue;
            }

            /* Ok, it's a constant address.  See if we want to collect
               it. */
            if (0) VG_(printf)("%#lx\n", res.word);

            /* Figure out how big the variable is. */
            mul = ML_(sizeOfType)(di->admin_tyents, var->typeR);

            /* If this var has a type whose size is unknown, zero, or
               impossibly large, it should never have been added.
               ML_(addVar) should have rejected it. */
            vg_assert(mul.b == True);
            vg_assert(mul.ul > 0);
            if (sizeof(void*) == 4) vg_assert(mul.ul < (1ULL << 32));
            /* After this point, we assume we can truncate mul.ul to a
               host word safely (without loss of info). */

            /* skip if non-array and we're only interested in
               arrays */
            ty = ML_(TyEnts__index_by_cuOff)( di->admin_tyents, NULL,
                                              var->typeR );
            vg_assert(ty);
            vg_assert(ty->tag == Te_UNKNOWN || ML_(TyEnt__is_type)(ty));
            if (ty->tag == Te_UNKNOWN)
               continue; /* perhaps we should complain in this case? */

            isVec = ty->tag == Te_TyArray;
            if (arrays_only && !isVec) continue;

            /* Ok, so collect it! */
            tl_assert(var->name);
            tl_assert(di->soname);
            if (0) VG_(printf)("XXXX %s %s %d\n", var->name,
                                var->fileName?(HChar*)var->fileName
                                             :"??",var->lineNo);
            VG_(memset)(&gb, 0, sizeof(gb));
            gb.addr  = res.word;
            gb.szB   = (SizeT)mul.ul;
            gb.isVec = isVec;
            VG_(strncpy)(&gb.name[0], var->name, sizeof(gb.name)-1);
            VG_(strncpy)(&gb.soname[0], di->soname, sizeof(gb.soname)-1);
            tl_assert(gb.name[ sizeof(gb.name)-1 ] == 0);
            tl_assert(gb.soname[ sizeof(gb.soname)-1 ] == 0);

            VG_(addToXA)( gvars, &gb );

         } /* for (varIx = 0; varIx < nVars; varIx++) */

      } /* while ( (range = VG_(OSetGen_Next)(scope)) ) */

   } /* for (scopeIx = 0; scopeIx < nScopes; scopeIx++) */

   return gvars;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- DebugInfo accessor functions                         ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

const DebugInfo* VG_(next_DebugInfo)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   if (di == NULL)
      return debugInfo_list;
   return di->next;
}

Addr VG_(DebugInfo_get_text_avma)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->text_present ? di->text_avma : 0; 
}

SizeT VG_(DebugInfo_get_text_size)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->text_present ? di->text_size : 0; 
}

Addr VG_(DebugInfo_get_plt_avma)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->plt_present ? di->plt_avma : 0; 
}

SizeT VG_(DebugInfo_get_plt_size)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->plt_present ? di->plt_size : 0; 
}

Addr VG_(DebugInfo_get_gotplt_avma)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->gotplt_present ? di->gotplt_avma : 0; 
}

SizeT VG_(DebugInfo_get_gotplt_size)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->gotplt_present ? di->gotplt_size : 0; 
}

const UChar* VG_(DebugInfo_get_soname)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->soname;
}

const UChar* VG_(DebugInfo_get_filename)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->filename;
}

PtrdiffT VG_(DebugInfo_get_text_bias)(const DebugInfo* di)
{
   return di->text_present ? di->text_bias : 0;
}

Int VG_(DebugInfo_syms_howmany) ( const DebugInfo *si )
{
   return si->symtab_used;
}

void VG_(DebugInfo_syms_getidx) ( const DebugInfo *si, 
                                        Int idx,
                                  /*OUT*/Addr*   avma,
                                  /*OUT*/Addr*   tocptr,
                                  /*OUT*/UInt*   size,
                                  /*OUT*/HChar** name,
                                  /*OUT*/Bool*   isText,
                                  /*OUT*/Bool*   isIFunc )
{
   vg_assert(idx >= 0 && idx < si->symtab_used);
   if (avma)    *avma    = si->symtab[idx].addr;
   if (tocptr)  *tocptr  = si->symtab[idx].tocptr;
   if (size)    *size    = si->symtab[idx].size;
   if (name)    *name    = (HChar*)si->symtab[idx].name;
   if (isText)  *isText  = si->symtab[idx].isText;
   if (isIFunc) *isIFunc = si->symtab[idx].isIFunc;
}


/*------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- SectKind query functions                             ---*/
/*------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Convert a VgSectKind to a string, which must be copied if you want
   to change it. */
const HChar* VG_(pp_SectKind)( VgSectKind kind )
{
   switch (kind) {
      case Vg_SectUnknown: return "Unknown";
      case Vg_SectText:    return "Text";
      case Vg_SectData:    return "Data";
      case Vg_SectBSS:     return "BSS";
      case Vg_SectGOT:     return "GOT";
      case Vg_SectPLT:     return "PLT";
      case Vg_SectOPD:     return "OPD";
      case Vg_SectGOTPLT:  return "GOTPLT";
      default:             vg_assert(0);
   }
}

/* Given an address 'a', make a guess of which section of which object
   it comes from.  If name is non-NULL, then the last n_name-1
   characters of the object's name is put in name[0 .. n_name-2], and
   name[n_name-1] is set to zero (guaranteed zero terminated). */

VgSectKind VG_(DebugInfo_sect_kind)( /*OUT*/UChar* name, SizeT n_name, 
                                     Addr a)
{
   DebugInfo* di;
   VgSectKind res = Vg_SectUnknown;

   for (di = debugInfo_list; di != NULL; di = di->next) {

      if (0)
         VG_(printf)(
            "addr=%#lx di=%p %s got=%#lx,%ld plt=%#lx,%ld "
            "data=%#lx,%ld bss=%#lx,%ld\n",
            a, di, di->filename,
            di->got_avma,  di->got_size,
            di->plt_avma,  di->plt_size,
            di->data_avma, di->data_size,
            di->bss_avma,  di->bss_size);

      if (di->text_present
          && di->text_size > 0
          && a >= di->text_avma && a < di->text_avma + di->text_size) {
         res = Vg_SectText;
         break;
      }
      if (di->data_present
          && di->data_size > 0
          && a >= di->data_avma && a < di->data_avma + di->data_size) {
         res = Vg_SectData;
         break;
      }
      if (di->sdata_present
          && di->sdata_size > 0
          && a >= di->sdata_avma && a < di->sdata_avma + di->sdata_size) {
         res = Vg_SectData;
         break;
      }
      if (di->bss_present
          && di->bss_size > 0
          && a >= di->bss_avma && a < di->bss_avma + di->bss_size) {
         res = Vg_SectBSS;
         break;
      }
      if (di->sbss_present
          && di->sbss_size > 0
          && a >= di->sbss_avma && a < di->sbss_avma + di->sbss_size) {
         res = Vg_SectBSS;
         break;
      }
      if (di->plt_present
          && di->plt_size > 0
          && a >= di->plt_avma && a < di->plt_avma + di->plt_size) {
         res = Vg_SectPLT;
         break;
      }
      if (di->got_present
          && di->got_size > 0
          && a >= di->got_avma && a < di->got_avma + di->got_size) {
         res = Vg_SectGOT;
         break;
      }
      if (di->gotplt_present
          && di->gotplt_size > 0
          && a >= di->gotplt_avma && a < di->gotplt_avma + di->gotplt_size) {
         res = Vg_SectGOTPLT;
         break;
      }
      if (di->opd_present
          && di->opd_size > 0
          && a >= di->opd_avma && a < di->opd_avma + di->opd_size) {
         res = Vg_SectOPD;
         break;
      }
      /* we could also check for .eh_frame, if anyone really cares */
   }

   vg_assert( (di == NULL && res == Vg_SectUnknown)
              || (di != NULL && res != Vg_SectUnknown) );

   if (name) {

      vg_assert(n_name >= 8);

      if (di && di->filename) {
         Int i, j;
         Int fnlen = VG_(strlen)(di->filename);
         Int start_at = 1 + fnlen - n_name;
         if (start_at < 0) start_at = 0;
         vg_assert(start_at < fnlen);
         i = start_at; j = 0;
         while (True) {
            vg_assert(j >= 0 && j < n_name);
            vg_assert(i >= 0 && i <= fnlen);
            name[j] = di->filename[i];
            if (di->filename[i] == 0) break;
            i++; j++;
         }
         vg_assert(i == fnlen);
      } else {
         VG_(snprintf)(name, n_name, "%s", "???");
      }

      name[n_name-1] = 0;
   }

   return res;

}

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- end                                                          ---*/
/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/

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